Find here 15 geographical facts about Nepal. As we all know that Nepal is a south Asian country located between China and India. Besides that, we have posted here in this post, more than this facts. You’ll get real facts about country Nepal. We all know that the Lord Buddha was born in Nepal. The highest peak of the world, Mount Everest is located in the Himalayas of Nepal. Besides these renown’s facts, we have here written only the facts related to geography of Nepal. it’s not only 10 facts about Nepal. We are not with only 10 geographical facts about Nepal.
Geography is the science that deals with the description, distribution and interaction of the diversified physical, biological and cultural features of the earth’s surface. The physical feature of the earth includes various types of landforms, climate, rivers, soil and natural vegetation. They have great influence on the way of life of people and the culture. Nepal is divided into three physical or geographical features. They are mountain region in the north, hilly region in the middle and Terai region in the south. The people have to adapt to these different physical environments.
The distribution of the population is thin in the mountain region. The climate is cold here. The landform and the soil are not suitable for agriculture but for the growth of grasses. So the people are engaged in animal rearing and dairy farming. The life is very difficult.
Geographically Nepal can be divided into three zones- Himalayan, Hilly, and Terai realms- Himalayan realm is the homeland of panoramic snowy peaks-five out of eight highest peaks in the world viz- Mt. Everest-talk:! summit in the world, Kanchanjungha, the 3rd tallest summit, Dhawalaqiri and Annapurna all over 8,000 meters. Multi-dozen rivers duo perennial and non-perennial rivers do originate from them and flow down providing endless opportunities for rafting, boating, fishing, irrigating and immense hydropower potential. In fact, the mountain region is uninhabited except some scattered settlements in the mountainous valleys and plains.
Nepal has diverse land features and climatic conditions. It has the plain land in the South, valleys, tars, basins and hills in the middle and mountains in the North. They greatly differ from each other in landforms, drainage system, and climatic conditions. It is very hot in the South, moderate in the Hill and cold in the Mountain. The Terai is hot, humid and fertile, whereas the Hill is temperate and suitable for animal husbandry, horticulture, and some crops, and the Mountain is very cold, dry and harsh.
Vegetations and lifestyles of the people are dependent on the landforms and climatic conditions. The diverse landforms and climatic conditions have made Nepal very rich in biodiversity. Such a diverse biodiversity has further influenced the lifestyles of the people. The human settlements, population distribution pattern, infrastructures, facilities, lifestyles and vegetations differ from place to place according to the geographical diversity.
The fertile plains in the Terai tars, basins and the valleys in the Hill have generally dense population. On the contrary, the mountains and hill slopes are thinly populated. Modern facilities like roads, transports, communication, health, education, employment etc also differ from place to place as per the geographical conditions.
Likewise, the hilly region does have diversional landscapes, insurmountable hills, fertile valleys, hilarious flora and fauna, tranquil lakes and so on. Hilly region is suitable for settlement due to suitable climate. Valleys in the hills have denser population due to fertile soil. The density of population is more in the Terai region due to plain land and fertile soil for agriculture. And, a low, fertile and alluvial plain the Teri realm is known as the “Food’ basket”, exhibits excellent wild lives in the dense forests. The mountain range has bitter cold winter whereas the southern belt has a hot tropical climate. The effect of the environmental differences on crops and vegetation results in equally striking variations in population density.
10+5 geographical facts about Nepal
1. Nepal is a landlocked sovereign nation located in South Asia.
photo by wikimedia.org
2. Nepal is located in the central part of Asia.
3. Nepal’s total area is 1, 47, 181 square kilometers.
4. Nepal occupies 0.03 percent of the total land area of the world.
5. Nepal occupies 0.3 percentage of a total land area of the Asia.
photo by visitnepal.com
6. Nepal is situated in latitude 260 22′ N to 300 27′ N in the northern hemisphere and of longitude 800 4′ E to 880 12′ E.
photo by google.com
7. Bhutan is 32 km far away from Nepal’s border.
8. Bangladesh is 27 km far away from Nepal’s border.
photo by wikipedia.org
9. Nepal is located between China on the northern border and India in east, west and south border.
10. Nepal is 1126 miles far away from the sea level.
11. Nepal’s east-west average length is f 885 km.
12. Nepal’s north-south average width is 193 km.
13. The maximum north-south width of Nepal is 241 km and the minimum north-south width is 145 km.
14. Nepal Standard Time (NST) is the time zone for Nepal. Time in Nepal is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) of +5:45.
15. The altitude ranges of this South Asian Nepal is from a minimum of 70 meters to a maximum of 8848 meters.
I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.