Reasons To Celebrate World Food Day: – World Food Day (WFD) was established in November 1979 by the member states of the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) at the 20th General Assembly of the organization.
Dr. Parlomani, a Hungarian delegation led by the Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and Food, proposed the idea of playing an important role in the 20th FAO General Assembly and launching the WFD worldwide.
Since then, WFD has been observed in more than 150 countries every year. Increase awareness and knowledge about the problems and reasons behind hunger and poverty.
Why are world food days celebrated?
Today, the world produces more food than ever. In fact, 17% more food is produced per person than 30 years ago. But about a third of the world’s food is never consumed. For example, the amount of food that is wasted alone in Latin America can feed some 300 million people.
Despite the fact that the world is producing enough food, 975 million people worldwide are still hungry. The current global interest tends to be directed towards the production of sufficient food, but dealing with food consumption patterns and food loss is equally important.
The sustainability of the food system must address both food consumption and production in a world with limited resources at the same time. On October 16, World Food Day (WFD) 2016, promoted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and associated organizations, highlights the need for sustainable use of natural resources and Reduction of food losses.
The theme of the weather is changing. Food and agriculture must also focus on addressing how agriculture and the food system must adapt to climate change to sustain some 9.6 billion people in 2050 in a sustainable way. Agriculture is an important source of greenhouse gases, but in theory it could be quite the opposite.
After all, agriculture is based on the cultivation of plants, which extract carbon from the air and convert it into food. However, it is difficult to find a business that cultivates carbon from the air. It is difficult for carbon producers to know how much and what happens.
There is a need for an economical and easy way to control where the gas moves over time. Most of the greenhouse gases produced in agriculture come from animals.
Livestock in particular is an important source of methane from greenhouse gases. Some farmers capture part of this gas and convert the fertilizer into energy, but biodigesters that need to capture methane rarely pay for themselves.
Climate change affects the food production system in several ways. For example, falling rainfall and rising temperatures can directly affect the quality and quantity of key crops and put people at risk of hunger and malnutrition.
This is especially relevant for poor families who depend on their food production. The problem of weakening is that many of the poorest households do not have enough land and resources to produce enough food, or lack the purchasing power to access enough food to maintain daily calorie intake. Poverty is a clear indicator of hunger.
However, poverty is often unsolved global challenges that underlie economic growth and development, such as conflicts, economic development stagnation, climate change, rising food prices, overfishing of ecosystems or climate disasters. It is the result.
These challenges must be addressed to promote global sustainability and ensure food security.
FAO in Geneva is holding a round table of experts in collaboration with the World Food Program and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies for World Food Day. The discussion will focus on climate change adaptation strategies in the areas of forestry, agriculture, livestock management, loss and waste of food, natural resources, fisheries and food systems.
As a member of the panel, IUCN will specifically discuss nature-based solutions and actions to protect, manage and restore ecosystems. The benefits of happiness and biodiversity.
We have seen cases of increased droughts and floods as a result of climate change in some parts of the world that are already in serious food insecurity. If the world warms up more than the current trend for 2050, the decrease in performance will be exacerbated. The increase in water scarcity limits the ability of farmers to expand and improve food production.
Some reasons to celebrate World Food Day are:
1. Remind people about the value of food.
The main reason for food waste in rich countries is the loss of food value. You can throw something of little value. But few people are wasting valuable things. The waste of food that we can see everywhere (home, restaurant, supermarket, industry …) is only the result of this low value given to food.
We are talking about two values:
-Economic value: The food was not as cheap as it is today. Today, the average household spends 12% of its income on food, compared with 30% in the 1960s
-Moral value: Today most of the actors who waste food assume it. Unfortunately, it is accepted worldwide. This is good news for food providers. This fills the pocket every time you buy a previously purchased product for a bottle.
We all know that food is very important and is taken in everyday life. Food and liquids contain certain nutrients that are very important for physical and mental development, so food affects our body and our mental and social health.
Every time we eat nutritious foods or liquids, our bodies digest minerals, vitamins, fats, proteins, carbohydrates, simple but essential fats and water from these dietary and nutritious liquids.
It absorbs it and transforms it into a bloodstream and energy that stimulates the body to grow and keep it healthy. For example, food plays a variety of roles in human life, so it is very interesting and worth reading.
- Our body is like a machine. Like the engine that burns fuel, the body works with the energy supplied by food. Nutritional foods serve as fuel to generate energy in mitochondria. Food glucose interacts with oxygen to form molecules of energy, carbon dioxide and water. Our bodies use food consumption to generate the driving force so that the lungs breathe the heartbeat and keep the limbs functioning.
- Go to the gym and do intense exercise for bodybuilding. This process requires proteins. Therefore, gym instructors advise you to consume these nutrients and eat a high diet that includes food. For this purpose, we recommend foods rich in protein, such as legumes, milk, eggs, vegetables rich in vitamins and meat, in order to build enough muscle and get a perfect body.
- Foods contain proteins that provide amino acids for digestion. These amino acids build proteins and play a variety of functions, from metabolic support to heart protection. Proteins are the key nutrients that sustain life, and help build somatic cells and other tissues to maintain their shape and function. In addition, our bodies use amino acids for energy when we are deficient in carbohydrates and fats.
- If you feel sick, take food and medicine to heal. Eating enough food can increase your immunity and significantly reduce symptoms such as coughs and colds. Even with most infections, diseases, diseases, patients are very debilitating because they have stopped or are not willing Eat
- Malnutrition is a type of disease caused by food shortage or excess food. An insufficient diet associated with drug administration leads to many problems, such as the accumulation of drugs and the development of drug resistance by microorganisms. This is because food is an enzymatic inducer. Therefore, with metabolism, drugs become more soluble in water and are excreted from the urine. Food provides strength to the body to safely contain drugs and drugs and metabolizes them after action in the body. Many oil-soluble drugs are well absorbed in the presence of fatty foods.
- Eating enough during an injury, fracture or inflammation can help overcome pain and discomfort during the healing process. Foods are also used as pharmaceuticals, which indicates that foods and medications can be used without overcoming various diseases such as tuberculosis, heat stroke, stomach ulcers, skin diseases and muscle pain. Of food.
- Many people with stress and depression ignore food. But interestingly, the same food can relieve stress and tension. Then, if you are nervous, you can see that if you are asked to eat enough food, you will get some relief from stress and depression. By the way, the importance of food is obvious, but I wrote on this subject, but someone can benefit from this article and can include me in the sentence.
2. Promote better forms of modern food Supply chain
Agricultural products reach consumers through the food supply chain. Each link in the food supply chain affects availability, Affordable, diverse and nutritious food quality.
The way food is treated throughout the chain affects not only the ease with which consumers can access it, but also the nutritional value and price. This determines consumer choice, dietary patterns and nutritional outcomes. Each link in the chain has the opportunity to provide more diverse and nutritious foods.
For example, proper household storage can preserve nutrients. The food processor can use more nutritional inputs or improve food during processing. Logistics companies can employ nutrient conservation techniques for storage and transportation.
Retailers can constantly provide a wider variety of foods throughout the year. At each link in the chain, good technology and management practices can preserve nutrients, reduce food loss and waste, and reduce the efficiency and price of nutritious foods.
This chapter covers (i) changes in traditional and modern food supply chains and common ways by which supply chains affect nutritional outcomes, and (ii) improve efficiency, reducing waste and nutrient losses.
Review specific opportunities to improve nutritional performance throughout the supply chain, including improving the quality of food nutrition.
3. Make people aware of the problem faced by lower section
Currently, the world produces more than enough food to feed everyone, but according to the United Nations, 815 million people (approximately 11% of the world’s population) were hungry in 2016. It was.
By 2050, our food supply will be subject to much greater stress, as the world population is expected to reach 9.8 billion. According to the World Economic Forum, demand will be 60% higher than today, but climate change, urbanization and land degradation will reduce the availability of arable land. The impact of adding water scarcity, pollution and worsening inequality to the mix is severe.
Richard Develer, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, is trying to reduce the risk of collapse. The garden that houses “the largest and most diverse collection of plants and fungi in the world” is an important resource for scientists studying many food safeties issues.
Of the wild rice varieties, they need less water than their domestic counterparts, and plants similar to bananas that helped stop famine amines in some parts of Ethiopia.
There is also a Millennium seed bank in the garden. Millennium Seed Bank describes Develer as an “insurance policy” against the extinction of wild plants.
4. Food security, which is promoted a lot on this day, is a right for everyone
Nepal’s food security depends on the productivity of the land managed by small producers facing productivity and sustainability challenges, and the country could have a serious impact on agricultural production.
to natural disasters. A total of 1676 households represent the agroecological area of Nepal (Terai, Hill, Mountain) in the five development areas. The study found that about 27% of rural households have unstable food and very poor food consumption patterns.
Chronic malnutrition and low weight are common. 49% of children aged 0 to 59 months are underweight and 46% are stunted. Households with poor or very poor food consumption patterns are more concentrated in the Far West and Midwest regions of the country.
In addition, households most likely to have food instability tended to participate in subsistence activities, such as trivial commerce, unskilled labor, exploitation of natural resources, handicrafts and agriculture. Nepal has become a net importer of grains in recent years.
A recent FAO / WFP food and crop evaluation mission conducted in March and April 2007 confirmed previous estimates that many people living in remote areas suffered from chronic food insecurity.
Agriculture is the backbone of the Nepalese economy and serves as the basis for most people’s livelihoods and lives.
Despite its importance, the agricultural sector faces several challenges and limitations to accommodate population growth.
This document analyzes the biophysical and socioeconomic status, food security, livelihood problems, environmental sustainability and opportunities for improvement in the agricultural sector in Nepal.
In a prosperous country, lack of food in 43 of 75 areas (especially hills and mountains) is a major concern.
Food production and distribution is very distorted. Self-sufficiency agriculture, fragmentation / small farms, poor technical knowledge, land degradation and unstable climatic events (floods, droughts, water restrictions, etc.) are important factors that lead to a reduction in agricultural productivity.
The main causes of food insecurity, especially in remote mountainous areas, are population growth, remote areas (which cause lack of transportation and distribution), low-income opportunities and lack of access to food.
On the other hand, rapid urbanization, indiscriminate use of pesticides and insufficient technical knowledge have caused environmental problems such as chemical pollution, soil / air / water pollution and land degradation.
There is a clear improvement in agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability in Nepal.
However, efforts and resources include land consolidation, crop diversification, soil and water conservation practices, infrastructure development (for example, the use of the country’s vast water resources for irrigation ), rural electrification and roads, farmers.
The focus on priority programs, such as capacity development, should focus on training, education, agricultural research and the dissemination of the poor).
However, it is necessary to verify the population growth rate to maintain the country’s capacity.
Nepal is primarily an agricultural country. The agricultural sector represents more than 80% of employment and 43% of gross domestic product (GDP).
However, the self-sufficient nature of agriculture cannot meet the growing food needs of the explosive population of Nepal.
This is illustrated by the fact that, although Nepal’s population growth is one of the fastest in South Asia, agricultural productivity is relatively stagnant.
For example, rice yield in Nepal from 1961 to 1999 increased at an average annual rate of 0.6% compared to 1.41, 1.43, 1.79 and 1.97% in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, India and Pakistan, respectively (FAO-UNDP, 2003).
Therefore, Nepal increasingly lacks food. Several socio-economic and biophysical factors contribute to the low agricultural productivity and food insecurity of Nepal.
This document describes the status and causes of food security, factors related to the decrease or decrease in agricultural production, agricultural environmental problems, improvements in productivity, sustainability and the response to the growing demand for food.
Food safety means that people can get food that meets their daily nutritional and caloric requirements. Like education, health and public safety, food security is a fundamental right and a responsibility of the government (Subedit and KC, 2001).
Food security can be expressed globally, regionally, nationally and locally, but for the general public, a level of food safety higher than that of the family makes no sense.