In addition, all household members, including women, children and the elderly, must be able to obtain food in a completely safe state.
Growing and eating plants is one of the easiest ways to produce food. Taking advantage of your knowledge and understanding of biology, you can make this simple process more efficient and productive to increase quality as well.
This includes improving soil quality and plant productivity, or reducing losses due to pests and diseases or during storage. Sustainability is also important in food production.
The method we use should be useful for many generations, not a few seasons. Sustainability includes the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from agricultural methods.
5. Makes people aware of new technologies and methods that can be used to increase the life of food and its production
Food production has become a very large industry, and people will produce more and more products without paying much attention to how people are maintained over time.
This makes it easier for people to produce large amounts of food at any time, making it difficult for food production to become unsustainable.
This is when people always need sustainable food production so much that they need to know more about how they can start solving simply by going to a grocery store or a local farmers market.
A common mistake is that the food in the supermarket is as fresh as possible. However, the freshest food is often removed from the field on the day of purchase.
Some people who buy these foods will get maximum nutrition from the food. But it also makes it easier for people to get the right foods that are healthier than they think they get from the foods they eat.
This can be a bit difficult for people, they should realize that this gives them a healthy option. The food in the supermarket can pass weeks before it arrives at the table.
This means that most of the vitamins have left the plant and other beneficial elements of the plant have generally become starch.
6. It provides time to regularly analyze the nutritional status of the world.
Nutrition problems persist throughout the life cycle. Malnutrition begins in the womb and lasts from adolescence to adulthood, especially for girls and women. It also covers generations.
Malnutrition that occurs during childhood, puberty and pregnancy can have an adverse additive effect on the birth weight of a baby.
Babies with low birth weight (LBW) whose fetus suffers from intrauterine growth retardation (RCIU) are born malnourished and have a much higher risk of dying in the neonatal period or later.
If they survive, they are less likely to catch up with this lost growth later and are more likely to experience various developmental disorders.
Therefore, babies with low birth weight are more likely to be underweight or stunted early in life.
The consequences of being born malnourished extend to adulthood. Most growth slowdowns that result in low weight and stunted growth occur within a relatively short period of time. From n before birth to 2 years. Malnutrition in early childhood has serious consequences. Children with low weight tend to have more serious illnesses, such as diarrhea and pneumonia.
There is a strong exponential relationship between low weight and mortality. Of the 11.6 million deaths that occurred in children under 5 in developing countries in 1995, an estimated 6.3 million (54%) were associated with low weight.
Most of these deaths can be attributed to the potentiating effects of mild to moderate malnutrition. The nutrition and health of school-age children in developing countries has only recently begun to attract attention. The long-standing assumption was that for the school age, the child survived the most important period and was no longer vulnerable.
However, many infectious diseases that affect preschoolers persist until the school year. Until recently, data on the nutritional status of school-age children were not collected on a regular basis, despite the growing evidence of malnutrition in this age group.
In adolescence, a second period of rapid growth can serve as a window of opportunity to compensate for early childhood growth, but the potential for a great recovery at this time is limited. Even if adolescents catch up with some of their growth, the impact of early childhood malnutrition on cognitive development and behavior may not be completely corrected for.
In addition to the direct impact on their health and productivity, stunted adult growth and low weight increase the likelihood of a child being born with low birth weight. And the cycle changes.
7. It also attracts the attention of the private sector for the food industry.
FAO believes that the private sector is an important ally in the fight against famine again. In recent decades, food and agricultural governance has changed globally with new technical, knowledge-based, financial and management and innovation resources.
The private sector has been instrumental in driving these changes. Support the fight against hunger and malnutrition through an effective commitment to the private sector by strengthening FAO’s activities in agriculture, fisheries, forestry, natural resource management and food value chains from farmers to consumers. I can
How does FAO define the “private sector”?
A private sector includes a company, company or company, regardless of size, ownership or structure. FAO believes that private organizations cover a wide range of organizations ranging from peasant organizations, cooperatives, small businesses to the largest international companies.
This includes private financial institutions. Industry and industrial associations. A consortium that represents the interests of the private sector. The academy, research institutions and charities are not included in this definition.
Advantages of the partnership with FAO:
- Increase responsible and productive investment in agriculture, increase the efficiency of the supply chain and advance data and science.
- Increase entrepreneurship and dissemination services (especially technology transfer) at the country level, creating jobs and strengthening local agribusinesses.
- Improve knowledge management and dissemination, including lessons learned, current information and experience.
- Promote the implementation of sustainable business practices incorporated in corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs.
For private companies, a partnership with FAO can create:
- Increase the international voice, strengthen government dialogue and create opportunities to contribute to the development of international policies, food and agricultural standards setting processes and national planning frameworks.
- Improve the coherence of national requirements with international standards and improve the ease of doing business.
- Participate in the process of establishing a code of conduct for responsible business practices. Create an environment conducive to responsible and productive investment.
- Creation of high-level stadiums that help to achieve fairer competition and an environment.
8. Encourage governments to focus more on agriculture during this era of industrialization.
In the early 1900s, more than half of Americans were farmers or lived in rural communities. 1 Most American farm diversified, producing complementary crops and animal species on the same farm.
It has autonomy over a wide range of transactions in the management of crops and animals. The animals were generally kept outdoors.
While this situation still exists, the industrialization of agriculture has fundamentally changed the way in which most food is produced in the United States and in many other parts of the world.
During the short period of the twentieth century, agriculture has changed significantly since it was first adopted 13,000 years ago. It is said that modern American agriculture is “the most efficient in the world, at least in terms of production costs in dollars and cents.” 1 The costs of industrialization for public health and ecosystems are not reflected in food prices.
The purpose of specialization is to increase efficiency by reducing the scope of tasks and roles involved in production. For example, various farmers may need to manage and care for many different vegetable crops, composting operations, flocks of laying hens, sows and piglets.
On the contrary, specialized farmers can concentrate all their knowledge, skills and equipment in one or two companies, such as the cultivation of corn and soybeans and the fattening of cattle.
During the industrialization process, specialization was applied to almost all aspects of food production.
Diversified farms have replaced genetically uniform monocultures that planted a kind of crop (corn, wheat, soy, etc.) at the same time in a very large area.
Meat, milk and egg production is largely separated from crop production, and for a single purpose (for example, breeding, feeding or slaughter) a single breed of animals during their specific life. Now includes facilities to house. Farmers who were once trained in a wide range of trade fell into a more professional role.
Special breeding has also been applied to animal genetics because selective breeding has produced only one result, for example, large breasts or animals designed to increase milk production. Compared to chickens from the 1930s, chickens raised today for meat (“broilers”) grow almost twice as much in less than half the time and use less than half of the food.
Expenditure on animal health, such as heart failure in broilers and the increased risk of breast infection in dairy cows raised to increase milk production.
Similar to work on assembly lines, skilled labor often includes repetitive tasks that can be performed on machines. This means that routine tasks such as planting, crop harvesting, milking cows, feeding and killing animals can be mechanized, reducing the need for (and possibly eliminating) human and animal labor. Between 1900 and 2000, the proportion of the US workforce involved in agriculture decreased from 41% to 2%.
In some cases, mechanization has significantly improved efficiency. Grain and bean crops such as corn, wheat, rice and soybeans should be harvested (harvested) from the field and removed from the inedible parts of the plant (threshing). Doing this manually requires a lot of time and effort.
By hand, a person can typically thresh about 15-40 kg of grain per hour by hitting the harvested crop against a hard surface and shaking the grain from the inedible shell. At the same time, a mechanized threshing can process 450-600 kg of rice, sorghum or beans, or 1,500-2,000 kg of corn.
Chemical and pharmaceutical contribution
In the early 1900s, synthetic fertilizers and chemical pesticides were introduced. This is an innovation that has become a characteristic of industrial crop production. In just 12 years, from 1964 to 1976, the use of synthetic and inorganic fertilizers in US crops. UU.
It almost doubled, while the use of pesticides in major US crops. UU. Increased by 143% 10. Crop diversity helps control weeds and other pests. Chemical and pharmaceutical use has also become commonplace in new industrialized models of meat, milk and egg production.
For example, a series of experiments in the 1940s and 1950s showed that when animals received drugs, they gained weight faster and with less food, so antibiotics were used in foods for pigs, birds and livestock. 13. In 2009, antibiotics sold in the United States were used in livestock production instead of human medicine.
Like other industrialization trends, the introduction of chemical and pharmaceutical products in agriculture has resulted in higher productivity, but is not without impact on health and the ecosystem.
How World Food Day is celebrated?
Organizations around the world organize events and promotional campaigns, Hunger and malnutrition. Perhaps the most spectacular celebration of this event is seen in the United States.
More than 450 organizations celebrate it in the country in its own way. One way is a conference call for World Food Day. Experts in nutrition, agriculture, economics and many other fields. Food and hunger Another way are dinner or lunch events organized by different organizations.
New celebration ideas
Avoid food waste: saving food is definitely one of the best things anyone can do to serve Causes to eradicate hunger and malnutrition. Saving means cooking everything you need, avoid wasting and don’t reduce the amount you eat!
Participate in local events: participate in local events related to the topic. If no event is performed Get organized on your local day and invite others to raise awareness.
Contributing to farmers: helping them is also a good idea because they produce the world’s food Donate cash to charities that work to resolve if possible, on this noble day If you know the problem of the farmer, or know the farmer yourself, help them on this day.
The purpose of this event is to strengthen the political will to combat hunger and malnutrition. From The only way to address these problems is to join, and this event seeks to promote that unity among different people. Governments and organizations around the world.
Some others reasons to celebrate World Food Day are:
1. The main reason behind the beginning and the celebration of World Food Day is to guarantee and promote food security worldwide, especially in the days of crisis. The establishment of the agri-food organization by the United Nations has played an important role in making this possible and achieving the objectives.
2. The annual World Food Day celebrations show the importance of food and agricultural organizations. It also raises awareness about the critical need for effective agricultural and food policies implemented by governments around the world, ensuring that all people around the world have access to sufficient food.
3. A recent study by Biodiversity International and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reviewed the level of research, storage status and documentation of 1097 cultivated vegetables.
This review is to support the absorption of a wide range of crops as “strategic assets” that help reduce high malnutrition rates. The study found that 93% of the species studied were ignored in all three areas (research, conservation, documentation), especially in Africa and the Asia Pacific region.
4. There are thousands of plants on the farm and in nature, and we can use them as food. Among these species there are millions of varieties that improve nutrition and have less impact on the environment. However, researchers, food companies and consumers often ignore these crops, and these crops receive little investment in research and development.
5. Shah focused on addressing nutritional deficiencies by strengthening staple foods with vitamins, and noted that this approach saved lives but distorted demand. “Grain crop subsidies are only 2% of agricultural land in the United States dedicated to the cultivation of fruits and vegetables,” he says.
6. Nutrition guidelines recommend taking at least 400 grams of fruits and vegetables a day. When everyone on the planet tries to consume the recommended daily intake, they notice a 22% shortage of fruits and vegetables worldwide, and a 50% drop in low-income countries.
7. Several events are held around the world to raise awareness about food supply and distribution problems and raise funds to support projects that support food cultivation and distribution. An example is Tele Food, which finances microprojects that support small producers at the grassroots level.
The purpose of this project is to increase farmers ‘productivity and improve access to food and farmers’ cash income for the local community. Fundraising events include sponsored sporting events, charity auctions, concerts and marching.
By Shishir Acharya