Cow Puja – Tradition Of Gai Puja on Tihar / Deepavali / Diwali Festival


This article is dedicated to Hindus of all over the world related to cow puja or gai pujan. There are really nice photos of cow photos collected from various sources. It is giving a message to all Hindu whether they are Indian or Nepali.

As we know Deepawali/Tihar is the greatest festival of Nepal. And it is also the major and longest festival of Nepal. Tihar is celebrating long 5 days. Tihar/Diwali often falls in the month of Kartik -Mangsir (Nepali calendar) or October- November.

Enjoy watching cow pooja photos. Thanks to all of the units who provided such a great photos.

Cow Puja on Tihar | Deepavali | Diwali 2019 (Gai Tihar in Nepal)

Tihar festival is also known as Deepawali or Diwali in India and Nepal. This festival is a festival of lights.  This festival lasts for five days and people worship Laxmi – the Goddess of Wealth.

Nepali woman is worshiping the cow
Nepali woman is worshiping a cow

All the houses are cleaned and decorated with the belief that Goddess Laxmi will enter the house that is the cleanest and people lit candles, oil lamps and other lights and the whole place looks illuminating. During the five days, crows, dogs, and cows are worshipped and honored with vermilion, garland and delicious food for what they have done in the lives of humans.

On the day of Govardhan Puja (Cow Puja), on the 4th day of Tihar/Deepawali/Diwali, Cows are worshiped. Let’s see, how the people of Hindu religion worship the Cow during the festival.

The five-day celebration of lights, known as Tihar respects Yama, the God of Death, in the meantime the love of Laxmi, the Goddess of Wealth rules the merriment.


On a principal day, Kaag Tihar is the day of the crow, the witness of Yama is adored. The second-day Kukur Tihar is for reversing the dogs as the specialists of Yama. On the third day is Gai Tihar and Laxmi Puja.

On this day cow is offered petitions and nourishment in the morning, and Goddess Laxmi is offered to expand supplications and puja at night. The fourth day is for the draft creature, bulls when the Newari people group additionally performs Maha Puja committed to one.

The fifth day is Brothers’ Day when sisters put tika on their siblings’ brows and give favors. This celebration is noted for illuminating of homes with candles, oil-wick lights, and electric lights. Houses everywhere throughout the nation are lit up with additional lights and finished with festoons.

An incredible view can be had of the splendidly lit-up Kathmandu city from the Swoyambhunath Stupa. The festivals start with the reverence of crows and dogs. Leaf dishes of rice, incense and light are set out for the dull courier, while dogs are revered and offered treats.

Amid the day known as Laxmi Puja, the Goddess of Wealth is invited to individuals’ homes by making a way of impressions driving into the house. All lights are continued and the entryways and windows kept open to let in the goddess.

Lines of lights are set along windows and entryways, with the solid expectation that Laxmi, the Goddess of Wealth notification and enter. The day likewise has a place with the dairy animals that speak to Laxmi. Bhai Tika is the day individuals anticipate.

In a few groups, sisters and siblings acknowledge tika from each other. Bhai implies sibling in Nepali. Siblings and sisters respect each other and the sisters implore Yama, the God of Death, for their siblings’ advance, flourishing and lifespan.

The siblings convey blessings to their sisters and the celebration closes with devouring. It is likewise customary to go from house to house singing Tihar melodies and giving gifts, whereupon the occupants of the house give cash consequently.

Firecrackers likewise fill the skies regardless of an administration restriction on fireworks.

History of Tihar Festival

This is the story behind the celebration festivities. As indicated by Hindu folklore, once there was a lord who was in his last days of life. His soothsayer revealed to him that a serpent would come and end his life away.

To get away, the ruler was encouraged to lay down with lit oil lights around his overnight boardinghouse around the castle on Laxmi Puja day, so the goddess would shield him from the serpent. On the day the serpent arrived, Laxmi Puja persuaded the serpent not to hurt the lord.

Rather, the serpent took the ruler to Yama Raj, Lord of the Underworld. Yama Raj saw that the ruler’s days on earth were numbered zero. The astute serpent composed quickly a seven preceding the zero; accordingly, the ruler lived seventy more years.

From that point on, Tihar is broadly commended venerating Laxmi Puja and Yama Raj; as such, the celebration is a festival of life and flourishing.

Cow Puja in Tihar / Deepawali Festival of Hindu

The third day of Tihar is concerning worshipping the mother of the universe – cow. On the morning of the third day is Gai Tihar (worship of the cow). In Hinduism, cow signifies prosperity and wealth.

Per Hinduism, the human child is fed breast milk by its human mother for beneath 3 years. Once substitution, the cow acts because the mother providing milk for the remainder of the human life – through childhood, adult age and maturity.

Cows are idolized with oil light-weight, the garland of flower and red color (abir). Flour, sel roti, rice and metric capacity unit are fed to cows.  Disciples attempt to pass mediate four legs of the cow.

Cows are the mothers of the universe, the sacred animal. 9 balls of garbage represent the 9 months of maternity. Some look cow as deity Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity.


The cow puja is performed by giving a tika to a cow on her forehead, and a flower garland (Flower Leis) on the neck, and giving smart meals. Homes are cleaned and therefore the doorways and windows are adorned with garlands fabricated from Sayapatri (marigolds) and Makhamali flowers (chrysanthemums).


Those activity Cow puja place her manure in numerous elements of the house; drink a drop or 2 of the cow’s water, as a vicinity of a purification method. Additionally, dip a blade of grass into the water and gently sprinkle it on every other’s body to become nearer to the mother of the universe – cow.

In the afternoon they clean their homes, paint floors with Red Mud (Rato Mato) and garbage (gobar). Tiny circle are created ahead of the most gates and adorned with colorful styles. Some folks decision it rangoli.

Small styles of footsteps are painted from the most entrance to the puja kotha. These footsteps are believed to be the footsteps of deity Lakshmi.

The Gai Puja and Govardhan Puja rituals square measure determined nowadays with the replicas of the Gai and Govardhan Mountain created out of the rubbish. Folks prepare a mix of the rubbish and ochre fashioned into a paste and applies on the cartilage of their homes and on the floors.

The cow is revered as mate or mother by Hindus and is sacred for them. Fashionable science has additionally proved that autochthonic breeds of cows absorb the energy from the sun and therefore the moon in their hump that is transmitted through milk to humans.

The cow’s square measure fed with sweets and delicacies as a part of the Gai Puja rituals. there’s the tradition of fastening the sacred thread that’s tied around one’s carpus on the occasion of the Janai Poornima competition on the tail of the cow whereas performing arts Gai Puja.

It’s believed that doing, therefore, the cow would facilitate the person’s soul cross the Baitarani stream, a legendary stream, to heaven, when the person’s death.

The rituals square measure coupled to the Hindu God Sri avatar that, in step with the legend, raised the Govardhan Mountain by his hand and guarded the folks of an area known as Gokul from torrential rains caused by Hindu deity, the God of rain.

It is believed that the rain God was maddened and thereby caused the serious soaker. Similarly, the ox is additionally idolized nowadays because it may be a terribly helpful animal in numerous agricultural works in the Asian nation that may be a preponderantly agricultural country.

In the evening, folks play cards in Lakshmi puja to welcome deity Lakshmi within the night. Folks believe Lakshmi involves the house that is clean and bright.

Lakshmi, the deity of wealth is thanked for all the advantages that were presented on the families by lighting oil lamps (Diyo) or candles on doorways and windows to welcome prosperity and well-being. It’s believed that by worshipping Lakshmi and pleasing her reciprocally, she offers them wealth. Folks worship wealth and food store these days.

Reasons Why Beef Meat in Nepal is Restricted to Eat

From the third day forward Tihar is widely known by enjoying Deusi, largely sung by the boys and Bhailo, sung by the women, together with light-weight and fireworks.

Typically ladies and children leave to neighbors, get pleasure from diversion and with ancient instruments sing ancient songs referred to as Bhailo songs.

They sing and dance all night long and reciprocally the house homeowners provide them cash, fruit and Sel roti  (a special style of Nepali bread created by rice flour and sugar) and share the bounty amongst themselves. The tradition is referred to as “Bhailo” and songs are called Bhailini songs.

Picture, Image, Photo of Hindu Culture -Worshiping Cowdung (10)

Significance of Cow Puja in Diwali / Dipawali / Deepawali / Tihar

  • – The cow is considered mother in Hinduism, as in sacred text era similarly as currently folks within the landmass age drinking cows’ milk.
  • – Cow additionally signifies prosperity and wealth as a result of an ancient sacred text civilization; the cow was the most important supply of wealth for people. Thus, the cow is considered god Laxmi.
  • – It’s believed that this specific day Laxmi visits earth. Laxmi is idolized.
  • -This day avatar came to Ayodhya once fourteen years.

Celebration of Govardan PUja

  • – Folks worship cow and show their gratitude towards the cows by garlanding and feeding them.
  • – Homes and businesses are clean. Doorways and Windows are adorned with garlands manufactured from saypatri(marigold).
  • – Ladies produce Rangoli at the doorway of the house to welcome god Laxmi and tiny styles of footsteps are painted from the doorway to puja space.
  • – Homes are lit up with Diyas and lights to welcome Laxmi.
  • – Folks wear new garments.
  • – Laxmi Puja is completed in the evening.
  • – At night, notably, ladies quit within the neighborhood to sing and dance additionally referred to as Bhailo to raise cash and foods.
  • – Most families gamble this present day in an exceedingly hope of winning a lot of Lakshmi(wealth).
  • – Youngsters get pleasure from fireworks

Tihar, Deepawali, Diwali: Cow Puja on Hindu


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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