What is the wetland?
Wetlands are sites saturated with water or flooded for a period long enough to influence soil and vegetation components. Closer to the aquatic environment during floods, the wetland becomes almost a terrestrial environment during droughts.
The importance of wetlands
Although these environments have a bad reputation, they are nevertheless exceptional and useful ecosystems. They are an integral part of the hydrological cycle. Wetlands:
- Are characterized by high biological productivity;
- Support habitats for fauna and flora, both terrestrial and aquatic;
- Act as natural protection as a buffer zone;
- Used for the filtration of pollutants and sediments suspended in water;
- Play the role of natural regulators, retaining excess water, reducing the risk of flooding and shoreline erosion. We must not forget that they are also beautiful places for quiet and the practice of several leisure.
Actions promoting the good health of wetlands:
- Preserve the flow of water from the wet environment;
- Preserve critical upland habitats and provide a buffer zone large enough to reduce the impact of surrounding land use;
- Preserve dead trees and avoid mowing around wetlands;
- Limit the impact of recreational activities by staying on marked trails;
- Reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers that can affect the quality of water;
- Respect critical periods of nesting birds and spawning fish;
- Ensure that structures built near wetlands and along watercourses (solid wharf foundations, boathouses, etc.) do not interfere with fish and wildlife habitat.
In the case of wetlands in forest or agricultural areas:
- Avoid livestock access to the wetland using fencing or tree and shrub planting;
- Use cultural techniques and grazing management systems that promote wetland conservation;
- Selective harvesting outside nesting periods;
- Leave large-diameter trees in the forest to provide a natural habitat for species that nest (squirrels, owls, woodpeckers, flying squirrels, wood ducks).
Hasina Simsar or Wetland Area of Nepal
Introduction of Hasina Simsar
Hasina Simsar is an important area in terms of tourism, religious, cultural and biological diversity in the Sundarpur of Morang district. At first glance, the Hasina Simsar area, which looks like a place with small slopes of mountains, is not a mountain but a hollow area.
In this area, the forest water has formed the natural pond which remains filled with water all over the year. Since this area has a wide variety of flora and fauna, this site seems to be a library for those who want to study biological diversity.
This is the closest Simsar region to the major urban areas of the eastern regions like Biratnagar, Dharan, Inaruwa and Itahari. Various species of animals such as Bandel, deer, rabbit, simkukhura, monkeys can be found here. This pond also has various species of fishes.
The historicity and antiquity of the Hasina Simsar area are not that old. Maheshwar Subba had formed this place in the year 2011 B. S. It is said to have opened the shelter for displaced people from the Koshi flood.
The monasteries here are also not that old. In 2058 B. S., The Shiva temple and Budhasubba temple has been built here.
The Destination for every holiday
The Hasina Simsar area, located in the beautiful Dulari in northern Morang, is being developed as a religious tourism area. It can be reached about five kilometers north of Bansbari Chowk on the Mahendra Highway in Sundar Dulari, Morang.
The samsar area is spread over about 25 bighas. The Wetland has temples of numerous deities, flora, fauna, and animal habitat of various species. Therefore this wetland is useful not only for tourist areas but also for a picnic, study, research, and observation.
After the budget availed by the Nepal Tourism Board and district development committee, Morang an artistic water tank has been installed near the premises of this wetland.
A statue of Buddha displaying the precursor of the great Buddha containing various stages from birth and death has also been installed. Preparations are also underway to operate the boat in the lake.
Attractive gateways, symbols of different artistic peace, a statue of Pigeon, a statue of the world map, a statue of Buddha, a statue of a snake in Nagpokhari, etc., will be appealing to anyone who comes here.
There are sculptures of dinosaurs, danphes, earth, snakes, crocodiles, etc. Are also found here. Therefore, since it’s opening from 2068 B. S., It has become the favorite destination of many.
Importance of Hasina Wetland
The area occupied by wetlands is relatively small (about 6% of the land area). But they are found everywhere – from the tundra to the tropics and are among the most productive ecosystems in the world.
Hasina Wetland located on the separation of two environments – land and water, where life develops most intensively. It plays an extremely important role in the biosphere and consisted of most of the biomass and high biodiversity.
The state of wetland complexes determines the conditions for the development of many types of nature management and thus is closely connected with people’s lives.
The role of Hasina Wetland in natural processes and in the life of the human community is extremely large and diverse:
It is important, and sometimes necessary, to ensure the health, well-being, and safety of people living on or nearby. It serves as a necessary environment for the life of indigenous people preserving the traditional way of life.
And is of considerable value for the development of ecological tourism. In addition, it has special properties as part of the cultural heritage of mankind.
It is associated with the religious and cosmological beliefs of people. It is the basis of many local traditions, represents a source of aesthetic feelings, and satisfies the human need for contemplation of the wild.
It accumulates and store freshwater, regulate surface and underground runoff, maintain groundwater levels, purifies water, retains pollutants. And serve as the most important source of drinking and technically clean water for the population.
It provides conditions for the development of a number of nature management types:
- hunting facilities;
- picking berries, mushrooms, food, and medicinal plants;
- reed blanks (for construction, furniture, boats, etc.)
Conservation and restoration of wetlands allow us to protect ourselves from storms, floods, fires, and other natural disasters. So, coral reefs and mangroves protect the sea coast from wave energy, floodplain wetland complexes hold floodwaters, which reduces the risk of floods.
And peat bogs regulate the hydrological regime of vast territories, preventing the occurrence of forest-peat fires.
Hasina Wetland serves as habitats for many species of plants and animals, including rare and economically important ones. The status of populations of waterfowl and near-water birds primarily depends on the state of the wetlands.
That these species of birds need at all stages of their annual life cycle – during breeding, seasonal migrations and wintering.
Due to climate change, the simsar of Morang has been disappearing. Due to the intense demand for physical development and the implementation of short-sighted plans, the importance of Hasina simsat is decreasing. Its water is drying and is being used for other purposes.
Without sustainable destruction and alteration of the forest and natural land use around these areas. The protection of the simsar is essential while maintaining the physical development activities which should be environmentally friendly.
Along with Hasina simsar, other simsars found in Morang are the sources for Wells, ponds, etc. Sustainable conservation and management of forests around the area is the must for the protection of this simsar.
In addition to entertaining people, making them a source of income. And helping to conserve natural resources can be attained through the preservation and development of Hasina simsar.
Hasina Simsar has been providing utilities for water storage and sanitation, biodiversity shelters, herbs, daily consumables, cultural religious and historical tourist sites.
It has been instrumental in reducing the impact of climate change. Plants and herbs in the simsar help to keep the water quality clean by employing a filter for household and industrial waste. Simsar makes the environment more eco-friendly and more accessible by providing green space.
By providing habitats for various birds, amphibians, insects, fish, and animals, Simsar has also helped tremendously in conserving biodiversity. Climate change along with population growth is increasing the encroachment of the simsar.
It has been considered as a waste and water disposal site, cattle grazing, and other uses. With proper maintenance and protection, it can provide a multifaceted economic, social, cultural, recreational, educational, and research benefit to the living area. By discouraging climate change and mitigating its risks.
Notable steps are taken for Hasina Wetland
There were a lot of difficulties reaching the Hasina Simsar in Morang at the time. Hasina, which used to be deserted is now attracting a lot of tourists nowadays.
Hasina Simsar area in beautiful Haraicha Municipality-5 of Morang will be developed as a Botanical Research Center, and Religious Tourist site. The beautiful Haraicha municipality, which is the second-largest and most populous city after the Biratnagar of Morang.
As well as the central city of the east, near the Itahari area, has become a major tourist attraction. Hasina Simsar is now changing its face since the beautiful Haraicha municipality has allocated the budget needed for tourism promotion in the area.
The municipality has allocated one crore budget to Hasina Simsar for the sole identity of tourism within the municipality.
Hasina Simsar Conservation and Tourism Development Organization have launched a campaign to make the area an attractive destination. Through the budget of the municipality within one year from now.
Preparations are underway to clear the four lakes in the Simsar area and launch the jungle safari through e-rickshaws. The site has also been selected for the construction of two suspension bridges within the Simsar area.
With the construction of a 50-foot-high view tower in the Simsar area, the construction of various wild animals and the road to reach the Simsar area are under progress. Recently 5 km of road is being blackened so that the Fun park for children, jungle safari for youths.
And research center for students which are underway can be easily accessed. Two statues of red panda and ape have also been built in the simsar.
The committee will also set up a Botanical Research Center for the study of students within Simsar. There are plans to build fifty spots for those who come for a picnic to enjoy the nice views of the simsar with their family and friends. A fun park is also being constructed for children in Simsar.
The internet facility around the area of Hasina simsar has also improved. Before visitors of the area had to upload their selfies and photos of the place via the ncell or ntc mobile data.
Now with the initiation of the Hasina Simsar Conservation committee, in order to attract more tourists, have started the service of free WiFi. They are focused on providing free internet in more areas as well.
The committee has built the public toilet on the premises of the simsar as well. They also have placed the tap where the visitors can get the 24 hr supply of water. The electricity is also provided for 24 hrs so visitors do not have any difficulty for charging their mobiles, laptops or playing music.
The cost of visiting the simsar is also moderate which everyone can afford easily.
Overall the committee and local people are concentrating on developing the Hasina simsar as one of the perfect tourists’ destinations of Nepal.
Simsar Diwas Nepal
Here is some information about Simsar Nepal, Simsar area of Nepal, Simsar Diwas Nepal 2020 or Simar Diwas Nepal 2076. There are many places in Nepal that relates to Simsar area.
We are collecting information about simsar area of Nepal. We are now only gives you information about Simsar diwas in Nepal. Simsar day is celebrated in Nepal. This year Simsar diwas 2020 is on the 2nd February, Sunday.
It means Simsar diwas 2076 is on the 19th Magh. Let’s celebrate Simsar Diwas with. Let’s protect Simsar area of Nepal. Simsar area of Nepal should be preserved. It should be protected.
One of the most popular simsar area of Nepal is Hasina Simsar. Hasina Simsar area is located at Sundarpur-6,Morang, Nepal. It is very beautiful place for tourism development.
Simsar Nepal: Simar Diwas Nepal 2020, Simar Diwas Nepal 2076
Everything You Need To Understand About Hasina Wetland (Simsar), Nepal