Physical Environment of Central Development Region of Nepal


Physical Environment of Central Development Region of Nepal

This post is about physical environment of central development region of Nepal. Here we try to give you information about central development region of Nepal. We try to give you information about population of central development region, districts, villages in central development regions of Nepal.

Central Development Region (मध्याञ्चल, Madhyamanchal in Nepali) is best developed region than the other region of Nepal. Hetauda is the headquarters of this region. The Central Development Region consists about 27,410 square kilometer area.

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Like other development regions, this region has the same three fold geographical division – Himalayan, Hilly and Terai regions in the north, middle and south respectively. The northern part borders with China and the southern part with India. The highest mountain peaks of this region are Langtang Lirung (7232 metres), Langtang Ri (7205 metres), Gauri Shankar (7134 metres), Dorje Pahad (6979 metres), and Dorje Lakpa (6966 metres). Except the basins and lowlands, this region is not good for agriculture.

Churai, Mahabharat, many basins, tars, undulaling slopes and valleys form the Hilly region. The Kathmandu valley is a very important part of this region. It consists of the major parts of Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts. The valley is made up of lacustrine soil and hence is very fertile. Between the Churai and Mahabharat exists a low land of inner Terai. Hetauda, Chitwan and Sindhuli are important parts of inner Terai. The Terai region has fertile alluvial soil. It yields a variety of crops. The river Sunkoshi originates from the Langtang Himal and flows towards the east to mix with the Koshi along with its tributaries. The holy river Bagmati begins from Baghdwar flowing south through the Kathmandu valley. Other major rivers of this region are Trishuli. Rapti. and Narayani. Trishuli river is famous for rafting. Some other attractions are Langtang National Park, Chitwan National Park, Shivapuri Watershed and National Park and Pars a Wild Life Reserve.

In the mountainous part of this region live the Sherpas and me Bhutias. In the central hilly region, there live Tamang, Magar, Gurung, Brahman. Chhetry. etc. Newars live in the Kathmandu valley. In the hill areas of Makawanpur district, there are tribe called ‘Chepang’ with its own typical culture and language. In the terai belt live Marwadi, Muslims, Danuwar, Tharu, Musahar, etc. They speak their own languages as per their caste, community, circle, and academic background. In Janakpur and its surroundings, people speak Maithili language which is one of the ancient languages, even older than Nepali and Hindi. Most of the people of Bara and Parsa speak Bhojpuri language.

Zones in central development region of Nepal

There are 3 zones in central development region of Nepal. There are Bagmati, Narayani and Janakpur zones in central development region of Nepal.

Village development committees VDCs in central development region of Nepal

Janakpur, Nepal. Photo src

There are 1199 zones in central development region of Nepal. The full name list of VDCs in this region will be published later.

Metropolitan city in central development region of Nepal

There is one metropolitan city in central development region of Nepal. Only one metropolitan city of Nepal is Kathmandu metropolitan, located in this central development region.

Sub-Metropolitan city in central development region of Nepal

There is two sub-metropolitan city in central development region of Nepal. The name of sub-metropolitan city in this region are Lalitpur sub-metropolitan and Birgunj sub-metropolitan city.

Municipalities in central development region of Nepal

There is 17 municipalities in central development region of Nepal. The names of 17 municipalities are Janakpur, Jaleshwor, Bhimeshwor, Kamalamai, Malangwa, Bhaktapur, Madhyapur Thimi, Kirtipur, Banepa, Dhulikhel, Panauti, Bidur, Hetauda, Bharatpur, Ratnapur, Kalaiya, Gaur.

Districts in central development region of Nepal

There is 19 districts in central development region of Nepal. Dhanusa, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Sindhuli, Ramechhap, Dolkha, Sindhupalchauk, Kavreplanchauk, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Dhading, Makwanpur, Rauthat, Bara, Parsa, Chitwan

Cities in central development region of Nepal

There are many cities in this region. Main city of Nepal, Kathmandu, capital of Nepal lies in this central region. Other citie are Patan, Bharatpur, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Nagarkot, Janakpur, Hetauda, Chitwan, Birgunj etc.

Population density in central development region of Nepal

The population density in the central development region is the highest among all five development regions.

Like other development regions, this region has the same three-fold geographical division- Himalayan in the north, Hilly in the middle and Terai regions in the south. Most of the parts of Himalayan region are covered with mountains and peaks. The highest mountain peak of this region is Ganesh Himal (7163 meter), Langtang (7205 meter), Gauri Shankar (7134 meter), Pabil 7102 meter),. There are river basins and gentle slopes as well. Churai, Mahabharat, many basins, tars and valleys form the terai region. Between the Churia and Mahabharat a low land of inner Terai exists. Heauda, Chitwan and Sindhuli are important parts of the inner Terai. It lies in the Terai to the south of Churia. The Terai region has fertile alluvial soil. The river Sunkoshi originates from the Langtang Himal and flows towards the east to joins in the Koshi (Biggest river of Nepal) along with its tributaries. Bagmati river, the holy river of Hindu religion flows towards the plains of Terai in the south towards the Kathmandu valley. There are other rivers as well. The other important rivers of central development region are Trishuli and Narayani. Trishuli river is very famous for rafting.

The most important thing of the region is that it consist the capital of Nepal. The Kathmandu valley is the most important valley with three important valleys like Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur. Other two important valleys are Chiwan and Hetauda which lie in the inner Terai, southern part of Nepal. There are Langtang and Chitwan National Parks; Shivapuja Watershed and Wildlife Reserve and Parsa Wildlife Reserved in Central Development Region.

Finally, all we knew that Nepal is divided into 5 development region, 14 zones and 75 districts. There are 3 zones (Bagmati, Narayani and Janakpur), 19 districts (Dhanusa, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Sindhuli, Ramechhap, Dolkha, Sindhupalchauk, Kavreplanchauk, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Dhading, Makwanpur, Rauthat, Bara, Parsa, Chitwan), 1,199 Village Development Committees (VDCs), one metropolitan (Kathmandu), two sub-metropolitans (Lalitpur, Birgunj) and 17 municipalities (Janakpur, Jaleshwor, Bhimeshwor, Kamalamai, Malangwa, Bhaktapur, Madhyapur Thimi, Kirtipur, Banepa, Dhulikhel, Panauti, Bidur, Hetauda, Bharatpur, Ratnapur, Kalaiya, Gaur) in the central development region of Nepal.

Physical Environment of Central Development Region of Nepal

photos.imnepal.com

Written by

Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

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