Name of Months in Nepali : Nepali Months Name
Here is name of months in Nepali. Here is the Nepali month’s name. There are 12 months in Nepal. The name of months are derived from the Nepali sambat, Bikram Sambat (Bikram Samvat विक्रम संवत्) which is abbreviated B.S. or V.S..
This Nepali Sambat, Bikram Sambat was established by Indian Emperor Vikramaditya. Nepal, the land of Mount Everest is a country of highly diverse and rich in geography, culture, and religions. These Nepali months’ names are not matched with English months. It is different from them.
These names are 12 months Nepali calendar. These months are official months of Nepal approved by the Nepal Government. Nepali calendar is a Lunar Calendar, which is about 57 years ahead of the English Calendar. You will also know the Nepali months in English.
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2 months Nepali calendar and months in the Nepali language.
Name of Months in Nepali : Nepali Months Name
Different types of customs are on-trend all over the world. However, Bikram Sambat has been described as an old and historical counterpart. Especially in the Eastern philosophy of the Vedic Sanatan rites. English year A.D. is 56.7 years later than Nepali Bikram Sambat.
There are scientific and natural causes in the Nepali Sambat unlike other calendars used in the world. The New Year celebrated in the Chaitra Shukla Pratipada is celebrated based on the moon. And on the 1st of Baisakh, the new year is celebrated based on solar position.
The governmental affairs of Nepal are done according to Bikram Sambat. There are differences among scholars regarding the practice of this Sambat. According to some scholars, it was founded by Vikramaditya, a magnificent king of India 57 years before the beginning of AD.
According to another statement, during the reign of Anshuvarma, a king named Bikramjit operated the Sankhu kingdom of Nepal. And worshiped Bajrayogini and protected the people of the state from famine.
From that time it is said that he also used Vikramaditya Samvat. According to another saying, there was no king named Vikramaditya fifty-seven years ago in India. So Bikram Sambat is Nepalese own original Sambat.
Similarly, it is said that Bikram Sambat was probably used based on the name of the sun, not by any king or person.
It is the official calendar used in Nepal since the time of Shree Teen Chandra Shamsher. According to Bikram Sambat, every new year starts on the 1st of the month of Baisakh. Since Bikram Sambat is related to the Sun, the months are also related to the names of the planet constellations.
|S.N.||Name of month in Nepal||Name of month in Nepal||Months in A.D.||Days in month|
|1||Baisakh||बैसाख||April – May||30 / 31|
|2||Jesth/Jeth||जेस्ठ/जेठ||May – June||31 / 32|
|3||Asar/Aasad||असार/ आषाढ़||June- July||31 / 32|
|4||Sawan/Srawan||साउन/श्रावण||July – August||31 / 32|
|5||Bhadau/Bhadra||भदौ/भाद्र||August – September||31 / 32|
|6||Aaswin||आस्विन/ असोज||September – October||30 / 31|
|7||Kartik||कार्तिक||October – November||29 / 30|
|8||Mangsir||मार्ग/मंसिर||November – December||29 / 30|
|9||Push, Paush||पुष /पुस/पौस||December-January||29 / 30|
|10||Magh||माघ||January – February||29 / 30|
|11||Falgun||फाल्गुन||February – March||29 / 30|
|12||Chait, Chaitra||चैत/चैत्र||March – April||30 / 31|
Name of Months in Nepal : Nepali Months Name with detail information
Names of 12 Nepali months according to Bikram Sambat
According to Bikram Sambat, the month of Baishakh is considered as the first month and Chaitra month is considered as the last month. The months of Bikram Sambat seem to have been used widely in the area where the Nepali, as well as the Hindu religion, are inhabited. According to Bikram Sambat in the Hindu system, the names of the 12 months are as follows.
Baisakh is the first month of the Nepali official calendar. New Year is celebrated in Nepal on the 1st of Baishakh. According to the solar month, the beginning of Baisakh begins on the day of Mesh(Aries) Sankranti.
While based on the lunar month, it begins the day after Chaitra Purnima(Full moon). According to the Shakya Sambat, Baisakh month starts 5 days post-Mesh Sankranti. In Nepal, the solar system is considered the only method. The month of Baisakh is the second month of spring.
Half of April and half of May lies in Baisakh month. According to some beliefs, Tretayug also started from the month of Baisakh. Due to the sanctity and divinity of this month, the dates of the month of Baisakh with time have been linked to folk traditions. With the opening of the doors of many Dev temples and celebrating the Mahotsavas.
Festivals of Baisakh
People of Nepal and India celebrate the following festivals in the month of Baisakh.
- Bisket Jatra in Bhaktapur: This Jatra is celebrated in Bhaktapur on the first day of Baisakh. On this day, bathing in Bagdwar, Vishnunavi Tokha, Sapantirtha and then visiting Chandeshwari Peetha relieve you from diseases.
- Vishu: In the central and far west of western Nepal, Vishu or Vikhati is celebrated on this day. On the occasion of Vishu, there is a gallowdi Jatra in various places.
- Matatirtha Aunsi: Similarly, on Baisakh Krishna Amavasya, Matatirtha Aunsi is celebrated. On this day, mother’s day is celebrated in Nepal. And those who don’t have their mothers in physical form, they bath and donate according to their capability.
- Akshaya Tritiya: Baisakh Shukla Tritiya is celebrated as the day of Akshaya Tritiya. It is believed that donating glass or pot of water mixed with jaggery, sugar or fried barley flour will bring happiness and renewable virtue.
- Ganga Jayanti: Baisakh Shukla Saptami is considered to be the birth of Gangaji. There is a belief that bathing in a sacred river that you find nearby on this day will result in virtue and happiness.
- Buddha Jayanti: On the day of Baisakh Shukla Purnima, the birth of Lord Buddha is celebrated. This day is celebrated by Buddhists around the world as a great festival. Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, holds a grand fair on this day.
- Loktantra Diwas: Baisakh 11 is celebrated all over the nation as Loktantra Diwas. This day recalls the events that took place in 2006 when Nepalese people rebelled over the restoration of democracy.
- Rato Machhendranath Jatra: This is one of the most important, complex and spectacular newars parties of the year. It starts from Baisakh Shukla pratipada to Asar Shukla Chauthi. It is celebrated in Patan in honor of the patron of the Kathmandu Valley. Rato Machhendra (the god Red Machhendra, named after the color of his face), one of the most legendary, most popular and most revered idols. Both by Hinduists com by Buddhists. The party consists of the procession ride of two images, that of Rato Machhendra and that of his son Chakuwa Dev. In two impressive vehicles, mobile temples and that are moved a little every day through the streets of Patan so that devotees can make offerings.
According to the Hindu beliefs, this month, of you take regular baths, construct well, taps. And donate water would help you earn the religious virtue. Also, it is said that eating meals on bronze dishes, beans, lentils, grams, honey should be avoided on this month.
According to Bikram sambat, Jeth is the second month of the year. The month comes post-Baisakh Purnima based on the lunar month. Based on solar month, this month begins on Brikha(Taurus) Sankranti. This is the first month of summer. Half days of May and June fall this month.
Festivals of Jeth
The Sun is in Taurus this month. People in Nepal and India celebrate the following festivals.
- Bat Sabitri Brat: Bat Sabitri Brat is the fasting ritual performed by women on the day of Krishna Amavasya. They worship Sabitri Devi and fast from the day of Chaturdashi to Aunsi. There is a perception that worshipping on this day makes the conjugal life eternal and son will be born.
- Kumar Shasthi: This day falls on the Jeth Shukla Shasthi. The worshippers fast on this day and worship Vindyawasini with the desire to have good and happy offspring.
- Ganga Dushera: This day falls on Jeth Shukla Dashami. The worshippers take bath in the Ganga and other sacred rivers from Amavasya to Dashami for ten days. People have faith that if they donate ten kinds of items, consume ten kinds of recipes for ten days will destroy their ten types of sins. On this day, Hindus from all over the country go for bathing in the Ganges in Haridwar. It is believed that on this day if you go to Rameshwaram and visit Lord Rameshwara. Then the sin of Brahmahatya is also removed. On this date, there is an old tradition of celebrating Lord Hrishikesh in Riddi in Palpa district of Nepal.
- Nirjala Ekadashi: The Ekadashi festival falls on the day of Jeth Shukla Ekadashi. Nirjala means without water, so devotees fast sacrificing both food and water and plant Basil seeds.
- Purnima: On the day of the Jeth Shukla Purnima, it is said that a large amount of virtue can be obtained by donating sesame, umbrella, and post taking a bath in the day. On this day in the far and middle west of Nepal, the local gods like Nainal, Musta, Adhikari, Jagannath, etc. are worshiped by the deities.
Ganatantra Diwas: This is the Republic Day in Nepal on the occasion of the establishment of democracy that took place on May 28, 2008.
Name of Nepali months
Asar month is the third month of the Bikram sambat year. According to the solar month, the month of Asar begins on the day of Mithun(Gemini) Sankranti. On the basis of the lunar month, this month begins post-Jeth Purnima. This month is the second month of Summer. Half days of June and July fall on this month. The sun lies in Gemini this month.
Festivals of this month
In the month of Asar, people of Nepal and India celebrate the following festivals.
- Bhume Sankranti: The first day of the month falls on the bhume Sankranti. There is a practice of Bhoomi puja or worship of bhumi deities on this day. The festival is celebrated mainly by the Magars of central and Far Western region of Nepal. They collect the wooden sticks of Jhumjhum and Bhakimilo during the day. In the evening they worship the Bhume deity and then beat the roof of all the residents of the locality. The elderly member of the residents then gives them. After which the Magars perform the Furka Dance and conclude the festival.
- Trishul Fair: This fair is organized in the Pashupati Area of Kathmandu on the day of Asar Krishna Ashtami.
- Jagannath Chariot Procession: On the day of Asar Shukla Dwitiya, the Jagannath Rathyatra begins.
- Chaturmash Brat: From the day of Asar Shukla Dashami, the Chaturmash (4 months) Brat begins.
- Guru Purnima/Teachers Day: On the day of Asar Shukla Purnima, this festival is celebrated in Nepal with the aim of .of respecting teachers and gurus.
- Asare Pandhra: The Asare Pandhra is our cultural festival. It is difficult to say the answer to this question – when and how did it begin? But with the tradition of farming, paddy planting, it can be speculated that it started. Paddy sown in early Asar is harvested in Mangsir. It is the same that sustains the life of the farmer. On Asare Pandhra, the tradition of eating yogurt and beaten rice is prevalent. It has economic and business importance as well.
Bhanubhakta Acharya, the Adi Poet of Nepali literature was born in the month of Asar. And the month of Asar is variously depicted in Nepali literature. Bhupi Sherchan has written a poem titled Asar.
According to the Hindu calendar, Shrawan is the fourth month in the Bikram sambat. It falls on the month of July and August of the AD calendar. It is also called the rainy month because there is a lot of rainfall in Nepal at this time. According to the solar month, the beginning of Srawan begins from the day of Shrawan Sankranti.
In the month of Shravan, people of Nepal and India celebrate the following festivals.
- Ranke Sankranti: On the first day of this month, Ranke Sankranti is celebrated for the peace of various ailments. The tradition of throwing away scabies on this date is many years old in Nepal.
- Gathamangal: On the day of Shravan Krishna Chaturdashi, Newar people of Kathmandu valley celebrate the Gathamangal festival. This festival symbolizes the expulsion of Rakshasa from Nepal. The straw figure of Rakshasa is beaten and dragged along the streets and burned at sunset.
- Naag Panchami: On the day of Shravan Shukla Panchami, Nag Panchami falls. On this day, there is a tradition of painting snakes and sticking them in the house so there is no fear of snake and lightning. According to legend, the stone symbolizing Garuda at Changu Narayan sweats during the holiday, and the priests go to wipe it with a handkerchief. The stone was brought to the king and illuminated his water, which prevented the bites of numerous snakes.
- Malika Chaturdashi: On the day of Shravan Shukla Chaturdashi, a series of worships will be held in various goddess temples in the Midwest and Far West of Nepal. As well as in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, India. Worship is performed in one of the major temples of Nepal at the Bodimalaika Temple in Bajura.
- Janai Purnima and Raksha Bandhan: On the day of Shravan Shukla Purnima, there are two festivals Janapurnima and Raksha Bandhan are celebrated. On this day, there is the tradition of approbating the Janai(sacred thread) worn by the Hindu devotees. The Brahmans also tied the thread on the hands of Hindu devotees. On this day in the Terai region of Nepal and various parts of India, Raksha Bandhan is also celebrated. The sisters tie the threads on the hands of their brothers and seek the blessings of their long lives. On this day in West Nepal, worshipping is performed at Nainal, Musta, Adhikari, Jagannath, etc.
- Gulan Parwa: Every year, the festival starts from Shrawan Shukla Pratipada. On the occasion of the festival, there is a tradition of playing music in venues all over the country including Kathmandu valley. It is called DHA (Gulan) Baja in the Nepal language. In the Nepalese language, Gun means ninth and la means month. Thus Gulan means ninth month as it is always in the ninth month of Nepal Sambat. This festival is a special celebration of Buddhism.
Bhadra is the fifth month in the Bikram Sambat. According to the lunar system of ancient astrology, Bhadra month begins post-Shrawan Purnima. While on the basis of the solar system, the month begins on the day of Singh(Leo) Sankranti. Bhadra month is the second month of the rainy season. The half of August and September fall on this month.
Festivals of Bhadra
The following are the festivals celebrated in Nepal during the month of Bhadra.
- Krishna Janmashtami: Krishna Janmashtami is also known as Ashtami Rohini, Sri Krishna Jayanti, Sri Jayanti or sometimes simply Janmashtami in common language. The eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is the annual festival celebrated by Hindus on the occasion of Shri Krishna’s birthday. According to the Hindu calendar, Lord Krishna was born on Bhadra Krishna Ashtami midnight on Dwapar Yuga. He is known as the founder of Gyan Yoga, Karma Yoga, and Devotional Yoga. The night of the birth of Krishna is also known as Moharatri. On the day of Janmashtami, women fast, stay awake all night. And the devotees worship in lots Krishna temple giving sermons, hymns, and singing.
- Indra Jatra: Indra Jatra is celebrated in Nepal on Bhadra Shukla Chaturdashi. Unlike other holidays, Indra Jatra is celebrated by both Buddhists and Hindus. Indra Jatra is named after the rain god Indra. This is one of the oldest and most important holidays in the country, where most of the population is engaged in agriculture and depends on weather conditions. The main purpose of the holiday is to propitiate Indra. If he is satisfied, heavy rains will take place, and if not, drought and famine await the country. Also, for eight days of the festival, viewers can enjoy traditional music, dance and theatrical performances.
- Dar Khane din: Dar is the meal that is taken by women fasting the next day for Teej Brat. This day falls on Bhadra Shukla Dwitiya. Women visit their parental home on this day for the celebration of the festival Teej.
- Teej: Teej is a religious holiday in Nepal dedicated to the Hindu goddess Parvati and her union with Shiva. The word teej means third, as the holiday falls on the third day after the new moon that is Bhadra Shukla Tritiya. In Nepal, the Hartalika Teej is a public holiday. It is celebrated in the month of Bhadrapada, which begins in August or September according to the Gregorian calendar. Hartalika Teej is a three-day festival in honor of the union of Parvati and Shiva. Nepalese women observe it to cleanse their body and soul, as well as for the well-being of their family.
- Rishi Panchami: Rishi Panchami is the continual celebration of Teej which falls on Bhadra Shukla Panchami. On this day, women perform the ritual of purification and seek forgiveness for the sins they have done during their menstruation cycle.
- Kushe Aunsi: This is a celebration of Father’s Day, known as Gokarna Aunshi, with the worship of Shivaling in the Gokarna temple. Gokarna Aunshi is a special day dedicated to honoring your father, dead or alive. On this auspicious day, sons and daughters offer their fathers ritual food, sweets, meat, and other gifts. On the streets, you can see married daughters with a bunch of goodies who are going to meet with their fathers. The date does not coincide with International Fathers Day. The day falls on Bhadra Krishna Aunsi.
- Gaura Parwa: Gaura is an important religious and cultural festival in the Far West region of Nepal. The Gaura festival, especially in Doti and Kumaon, has been celebrated since ancient times. The Gaura festival is celebrated by organizing various events from the Panchami to the Saptami of Bhadra Krishna. The fasting of Gaura-Maheshwar fulfills one’s desires. The Gaura festival ends long-lasting separation, fostering mutual brotherhood, deepening the bond between spouses.
- Sorhasharadha starts: The sorhasharadha (16 days of ritual for peace of dead ancestors) begins from Bhadra Shukla Purnima to Aswin Aunsi. On the days of sorhasharadha, people sacrifice water daily to their ancestors and hold fast on the Tithi of their death. Some people may not know the exact tithi of their ancestors’ death. So special this is set on which they can fast for the peace of their ancestors’ souls.
- Gai Jatra: Celebrated by the Nevars on Bhadra Krishna Paksha is the festival of the Gai Jatra or Cow festival. Nowadays, the ceremony is presented only in the form of a masquerade, with dancing and singing songs. Often, the Gai Jatra festival is used as an opportunity to ridicule corrupt officials and government functionaries. As well as to demonstrate their disagreement with a particular policy or law.
The sixth month on the Bikram Sambat calendar is the Month of Asoj or Aswin. This is the first month of autumn. Half of the English months are September and half of October falls on Aswin.
The month in Bhojpuri and Tharu is called Kuwar. Based on the lunar position, the month begins right after Bhadra Purnima. While.on the basis of solar month, the asoj month begins on the day of Kanya(Virgo) Sankranti. This month is considered important for both gods and Pitri(Dead ancestors). From this month, the sun slowly starts to weaken even more.
The influence of Shani and Tamas increases. It is forbidden to do auspicious work this month also. At this time the rain is over and the sky is clear. In such a situation, our tribute in the form of pind and tarpan can now reach the fathers of heaven.
If the new struggle of life is started with the worship of fathers, remembrance of them, success is sure. Perhaps it is this sentiment that is why Ashwin is dedicated to our Pitri.
The following are the festivals celebrated in the month of Asoj.
- Sorhasharadha: The Krishna Paksha of the month of Ashwin is the time to satisfy the fathers, hence it is called the Pitri paksha. It is also known as Parwan or Mahalaya Shraddha because it is a ritual to be performed based on the tithi. In the Shraddha, three things are considered sacred: – daughter’s son (grandson), the eighth part of the day, and black sesame. There are three praiseworthy things in the Shraddha: – Outward and inward purity, without anger and haste. In the Shraddha period, reciting the Gita, Bhagwat, Pitri Samhita, Rudrasukta, Andrasukta, etc. is beneficial for purification of body, mind, and karma.
- Bishwakarma Jayanti: On first of Asoj, celebrates the day of the god Bishwakarma. This god is revered by people of physical labor who work with tools. Bishwakarma is the main deity of all masters and architects. The son of Brahma, he is the divine draftsman of the universe and the builder of the palaces of all gods. He is also the designer of all the flying chariots of the gods and weapons.
- Sambhidhan Diwas: The Constitution Day of Nepal is celebrated on Asoj 3rd. It is the first and most recent constitution in the world, drafted by the people in Nepal’s history. For the first time, the constitution has declared Nepal a secular nation.
- Jitia Parwa: Jitia festival is a great cultural festival of Tharu women. Apart from this, the Madhesi women who live in the Terai also celebrate with fervor. As males should be active along with women, this festival can be called a common feast not only for women but also for men. The festival is celebrated three days in the Saptami, Ashtami and Navami tithi of the Ashwin Krishna Paksha.
- Ghatasthapana: On the Aswin Shukla Pratipada, Ghatasthapana (installation of a vessel) in the prayer room of a Nepalese house, before the image of the goddess, a sacred vessel with water (Kalash). And a plate of sand and soil are placed in which barley is planted and daily watered from Kalash. The sprouts of barley that appear are called Jamara and are considered a sign of Durga’s blessing. On the first night of the festival, dancers in picturesque costumes. And masks perform on the streets of cities and villages, depicting the eight main goddesses and the god Shiva. This day marks the beginning of the main festival Dashain of Nepal.
- Fulpati: This is the seventh day of the Dashain festival. On this day, crowds of people gather around the central reservoir of Kathmandu Rani Pokhari to witness the arrival of the procession. At the end of the meeting ceremony, sacred gifts are transferred to the prayer room of Hanuman Dhoka Palace.
- Maha Ashtami: The eighth day, Asthami, is the day of fasting. In the temples dedicated to the goddess Durga, preparations are underway for Kalratri (black night). The mass sacrifice of thousands of buffalo, goats, rams, chickens, and ducks takes place on this day.
- Maha Navami: On this one day of the year, the Durga Temple (Taleju) on Darbar Square in the center of Kathmandu is open to the public. In temples, sacrifices continue to the goddess Durga.
- Vijaya Dashami: On this day, often called Tika (tika is a sign that is applied to the forehead from a mixture of natural red paint, rice, with the addition of jamara). Hindus visit senior relatives and superiors to receive blessings. Thousands of Nepalese are lined up in the royal palace to receive tika from the former king and queen, which is considered a great success and honor.
- Kojagrat Purnima: The last night of Dasain (Kojagrat Purnima) falls on the full moon. On this night, Nepalis prefer not to go to bed for a long time, play dice or talk in faith. That those who wait until midnight will receive the blessing of the goddess of fortune, Lakshmi.
Kartik month has special significance in Hinduism. In this month, donations, prayers, and bathing are very important and it is known as Kartik bathing. This bath is done before sunrise. Bathing and worshiping are given special importance.
There is also special legislation for lamp donation. Not only this, Brahmin Bhoj, cow donation, Tulsi donation, Amla donation and food donation also have importance. Smoking is prohibited in this month. Not only this, consumption of garlic, onion, and non-vegetarian is also prohibited.
This month the devotee should not sleep in a bed, he should sleep in the land. During this time, Sun worship is especially fruitful. Also eating lentils and sleeping in the afternoon is not considered good. Kartik month is one of the 7 months of the Hindu month.
According to the solar system, Kartik month begins on the day of Libra. According to the Moon, Kartik month begins on the following day of Kojagrat Purnima. This month is the second month of autumn. The English month half of October and half of November fall in Karik.
Major festivals of Karthik
The following major festivals are celebrated in this month of Karthik.
- Dhanteras: This is another Hindu festival held in Nepal during the celebration of Tihar. It falls on the 13th lunar day of the month of Kartik, which corresponds to the end of October or early November according to the Gregorian calendar. On this day, Nepalese around the world worship the god Dhanvantari, asking him for longevity and deliverance from terrible diseases.
- Laxmi Puja: On this day, all Nepalis pray the goddess of wealth and prosperity Laxmi. All corners of the city, doors, and windows are lit with oil lamps and candles. The city seems to glow. This is the brightest holiday in Nepal called the Festival of Lights – Tihar. It falls on Karthik Aunsi.
- Mha puja/New Year Nepal Samabt: Mha Puja means accepting offers of self-determination. MHA means the human body and Puja means to make an offer in the language of the Newar. There is a tradition of making offerings for self-determination, on the first day of the New Year in Nepal Shambat.
- Bhai tika: A day of honoring the brothers. Sisters come to brothers, or brothers go to sisters. Sisters prepare the most delicious dishes for their brothers and pray to the god Yama (god of death) for their long life, and prosperity. Brothers give sisters gifts. Even if the brothers and sisters have not seen each other for a whole year, then they must meet on this day.
- Chhath Parwa: Chhath Parwa attracts thousands of pilgrims to the holy city of Janakpur in southeast Nepal. But it is celebrated throughout Nepal, including Kathmandu. People from Terai gather along the banks of rivers, especially Bagmati, to worship.
Mangsir is the eighth month of the Hindu calendar. This month is also known as Aghan Mass. This month is very important from a religious point of view. This month is related to Lord Krishna.
Because on the Ekadashi date of Mangsir Shukla Paksha, Lord Krishna preached the Gita to the archer Arjuna in the field of Kurukshetra. Therefore, Gita Jayanti is also celebrated on this day. The month of Mangsir is the first month of the cold season.
Festivals of Mangsir
The following festivals are celebrated this month.
- Bala Chaturdashi: Nepal celebrates the Bala Chaturdashi festival. Thousands of pilgrims converge to the Pashupatinath temple complex – the most important temple in the world dedicated to the god Shiva. All night, believers burn oil lamps and perform sacred rituals. And in the morning they perform ablutions in the holy river and perform the ritual of scattering seven types of grain around the temple.
- Udhauli Parwa/Yamari Punhi: According to Nepal Sambat, Yamari Punhi is celebrated on Mangsir Shukla Purnima. Yamari Puni (Purnima) is celebrated all over the country including Kathmandu valley. In particular, people from the Newar community celebrate the festival. Yamari is a popular food of the Newar community. Udhauli festival is a great festival celebrated by Rai Limbu, one of the Bhumiputra people living in Nepal and all over the world. It is also known as Sakela Udhauli festival. Every year, the festive season, beginning on the full moon day is celebrated. To indicate the time for people, animals, and birds to migrate from the lake and to celebrate the joy of the harvest.
- Bibaha Panchami: On the fifth day of the growing moon, in late November – early December, pilgrims from all over Nepal and India gather in Gorakhpur to celebrate the marriage of Sita and Rama.
The month of Paush is the ninth month according to the Bikram Sambat. The full moon of Pausha month remains in the lunar Pushya Nakshatra and for this reason, this month is called the month of Paush.
This month, the special worship of Lord Suryanarayana(Sun) can lead to good health and respect. The month begins on the day of Sagittarius Sankranti.
Festivals on Paush
Followings festivals fall on the month of Paush.
- Christmas: Christmas is a celebration celebrated by Christians around the world on the eve of the birth of Jesus Christ. It falls on December 25, and on this day public holidays are offered throughout the world.
- Tamu Lhosar: According to the lunar calendar of the Tamang, Magar, Gurung and other Himalayan communities of Nepal celebrate Tamu Lhosar as New Year in December. The monasteries are attractively decorated with bright decorative elements. People receive blessings from monks for their progress, prosperity, and happiness. Each house raises a flag on the roof.
- Sri Swasthani Bratkatha: Starting from Pausha Shukla Purnima, the fast will continue for one month till Magh Shukla Purnima. From today onwards, most Hindus will listen and recite the Swasthani story with devout devotion in the house. Healthy fasting also takes place in different places.
Magh month is the tenth month of the Bikram Sambat calendar. The day begins on Capricorn Sankranti. Mentioning in one instance of Mahabharata, it is said that during the month of Magh, many pilgrimages are held.
At the same time, it has been told in Padmapuran that Lord Vishnu is not pleased with chanting, austerity, and charity in other months. As compared to bathing in the river and pilgrimage centers in the month of Magha.
This is the reason why in ancient Puranas, the easy way to get Lord Narayana has been told about the holy bath of the month of Magh.
Festivals on Magh
- Makar Sankranti: It is a Hindu festival dedicated to the solar deity Surya. Celebrated annually on the day the sun transitions to Capricorn ( Makar ), when the month of the winter solstice ends and daylight begins to lengthen. It is considered an auspicious day that gives people blessings for a successful secular and spiritual life. This is the only holiday in Hinduism, based on the solar calendar, and not on the lunar.
- Sonam Lhosar: Sonam Lhosar or the Tibetan New Year in Nepal is celebrated according to the Tibetan calendar, starting on the first day of the first lunar month. The first two weeks after the New Year are considered festive.
- Basanta or Sri Panchami: This celebration glorifies Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and education. Basanta means Spring, and Panchami is the fifth day of the two-week cycle of the growing moon of the month of the Magh. It is believed that on this day the goddess Saraswati was born, and at the same time, the spring season began.
The month of Falgun is the eleventh month of the Hindu calendar. This month’s name is Falgun due to being the Falguni Nakshatra on the full moon of this month. This month is called the month of joy. Warmth begins slowly from this month, and winter begins to subside. The month begins on Aquarius Sankranti.
Festivals of Fagun month
- Valentine Day: February 14 is celebrated in many countries of the world as Valentine’s Day. Celebrating this holiday gives beloved and dear people gifts, flowers, sweets, toys, balloons and special cards (often in the shape of a heart ), with verses, love confessions or wishes of love.
- Prajatantra Diwas: On Fagun 7, Prajatantra Diwas is celebrated on the joy of the end of the 104 year-long autocratic Jahaniya Rana regime.
- Maha Shivaratri: The Shivaratri holiday is celebrated several times a year, but this one is considered the most important. It carries the prefix Maha- the great, the main one. Those who worship Shiva read Katha – stories about Shiva, and sing hymns in his honor. After the holiday, which lasts a day, the fair begins on the banks of rivers and reservoirs. Those who are awake during Shivaratri are promised material prosperity and a place in paradise in the Puranas.
- Gyalpo Lhosar: The Gyalpo Lhosar is a major festival for Buddhists. Although the festival is celebrated exclusively by the Sherpa tribe, it is also celebrated by other castes because of cultural intercourse. Public holidays are offered in Nepal during this festival. Every year in February, the Sherpa, Tibetan, and Yolmo communities gather to celebrate this Lhosar.
- Fagu Purnima or Holi: This is a two-day holiday. On the night of the first day, a bonfire called the Holika Dahan is lit. On the second day, the main colorful festival takes place. Holi is known for its water battles. People not only sprinkle dry paint on each other. But also fill cylinders and water pistols with water painted in different colors and pour water over others.
Chaitra is the last month of Bikram Sambat. The day begins on Pisces Sankranti. This month comes in the spring. It falls in March according to Christian month.
Chaitra Shukla Pratipada is considered to be the beginning of the Satyug. This date gives us the inspiration to move towards the Satyug. Worshiping Maa Durga and her forms and observing fast during Navratri in Chaitra month is said to be very fruitful.
Festivals of Chaitra Month
- Ghode Jatra: The main venue of the festival is the capital of Kathmandu. The Nepalese army on this day shows a parade, performs various tricks and arranges horse racing. The festival takes place on the Tundikel field and symbolizes the victory over the Tundi demon. The holiday attracts residents from different parts of Nepal.
- April Fool’s Day: April Fools’ Day is a worldwide holiday celebrated on April 1 in many states and countries. During this holiday, it is customary to play friends and acquaintances, or just play a trick on them.
- Chaitra Dashain: Dashain which falls in the month of Chaitra and Navratri is called Chaitra Dashain. It is also characterized by puja, Chandi lessons like in other Dashain. It is also an important place in Nepal. It is celebrated in various places throughout Nepal.
- Ram Navami: Ram Navami is a festival of Hindu religious people. This festival is celebrated on the ninth day of the Shukla Paksha of the month of Chaitra. According to the famous Hindu religion Ramayana, this day is considered as the birthday of Lord Shri Ram Chandra.
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