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Maternal Child Health in Nepal


Maternal Child Health in Nepal

This post is dedicated on the topic of maternal child health in Nepal. If we should say in single sentence about how is the maternal child health in Nepal, we have to write ‘child health in Nepal is under very bad situation but reducing…’. Because child health programme are running in Nepal more than other countries.
maternal child health in nepalLet’s go in detail about maternal child health in Nepal or maternal and child health issues in Nepal. For your kind information, I am not a specialist of child health. I am just a learner critic.
The birth of a child is a welcome event in almost all ethnic groups, castes and regions of Nepal. They celebrate child birth celebration investing huge amount. Some of the family invites to take feast in their house on the celebration of child birth.
Married couples of any regions of Nepal are expected to have children as it is want of the women of any countries. A childless/barren couple is looked down on and is considered unfortunate. A childless or barren couple is seen a symbol of unfortunate in Nepal.
In almost all the ethnic groups in Nepal, male child is favored over female child. Most of couple want male child at the first child. Although there are many child health policies in Nepal and child health program in Nepal, Nepali people still think male child is favoured. There are many reasons to be favoured male child in family. But one of the major causes are male child is valued as future bread winner and considered necessary for the continuation of the family lineage. Sex discrimination in Nepal is observed in different child birth rituals and the child rearing practices as well. It affects the factors of maternal child health in Nepal.
Because of the predominance of superstition, traditional belief and ignorance, many people in this south Asian country, Nepal especially in rural areas think illness is due to evil spirits. So they worship gods and goddess to get relief from illness. Maternal child health in Nepal is been in bad situation due to cause like this. Ignorance may cause poor condition of child health in Nepal. Traditional belief is another cause to be poor condition of child health in Nepal. When the children got illness, parents in rural areas of Nepal prefer first to go the traditional healer. Traditional healers are popular for the treatment of illnesses in rural areas. This shows the condition of maternal child health in Nepal or child health status in Nepal.
There are various factors which affects the maternal and child health situation in Nepal. Some of the factors of maternal child health in Nepal are ignorance of population, poverty of population, lack of transportation facilities in Nepal and lack of time people have because of business in their work, show unwants to go to the modern hospitals. People of many regions of Nepal still don’t go to modern health facility such as health post, hospital. Because of various factors above mentioned like ignorance, poverty, lack of transportation and time, people don’t go to modern health facility such as health post, hospital etc until it is too late. Thus in order to improve child health care, creation of awareness, provision of effective health service and easy access to these facilities are essential. These helps improve of maternal child health in Nepal for the better.
Let’s talk about history of maternal child health in Nepal. Pediatric nursing was started 1st in Bir Hospital in 1965 AD and continued until June 1970. Before that there is no any child health programme in Nepal or child health policy in Nepal, recorded child health status in Nepal and child health indicators in Nepal. After the establishment of Kanti Children Hospital in Maharajgung, nurses worked in that hospital. Now there are pediatric units in various hospitals. Now there are child health program in Nepal’s hospitals, maternal and child health program in Nepal’s hospitals. Now there is child health policy in Nepal made by government. Government publish every year ‘child health status in Nepal’, ‘child health situation in Nepal’, ”maternal and child health situation in Nepal’, ‘child health programme in Nepal’ etc. There are almost child health divisions in every hospital of Nepal. Majority of hospitals of Nepal has department of maternal child health.
Government has established policy that child health care facilities should be provided by hospitals and children’s ward should be made in regional hospitals, teaching hospitals. In addition to this, child health nurse has greater scope to practice in various areas of child health, which are in top priority of the health planning and policy such as neonatal health, MCH program, school health, adolescent health program, family health, community based child health care program and so forth. Internationally there are various specialties in Pediatrics; neonatal intensive care, oncology, nephrology, cardiology, medical/surgical, child counselor etc.
Child health care is the one of the core course in curriculum of proficiency certificate level and bachelor of nursing. These nursing personnel can provide general nursing care to the children with different health needs using nursing process in holistic approach.
There are few national studies done in Nepal about the maternal child health in Nepal. But there are many running maternal and child health program in Nepal. Hope well.
Some of the researches are focused on some of these titles

  • • child health program in Nepal
  • • maternal and child health program in Nepal
  • • child health policy in Nepal
  • • child health status in Nepal
  • • child health situation in Nepal
  • • maternal and child health situation in Nepal
  • • child health division in Nepal
  • • child health programme in Nepal
  • • child health indicators in Nepal
  • • child health issues in Nepal
  • • maternal child health in Nepal

Those researches have documented child health disparities from the perspective of caste, ethnicity, gender, religion and regional identity. Disparities on the basis of caste, ethnicity, gender, religion and regional identity are also evident in child health outcomes. Thus, social exclusion and discrimination based on caste, ethnicity, gender, religion and regional identities and their detrimental effect on social, economic, family, and political conditions and opportunities are now increasingly being recognized.
For your kind information, the morning sun is seeing. maternal and child health program in Nepal is going on the way of good. Because several maternal and child health program in Nepal are running.

Maternal Child Health in Nepal

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Written by

Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.