History of Nepali New Year / Origin of Nepalese New Year


This post is about the history of Nepali New Year/origin of Nepalese New Year. Christian New Year is the world’s most popularly celebrated New Year. Perhaps, everybody would like to celebrate the Christian New Year. But some few guys have known about Nepali New Year and history of Nepali New Year. Here we are going to discuss history of Nepali New year or origin of Nepali New Year.

Do you know how the Nepali New Year celebration begins? How did this Nepalese New Year celebration begin? From where did Nepalese New Year originate? When was Nepali New Year originated? What is so important about the Nepali New Year? Let’s give you an insight into the origin of Nepalese New Year in a brief form.

History of Nepali New Year / Origin of Nepalese New Year

Origin of Nepalese New Year dates back to the era of emperors. Nepali New Year is the established by emperor Vikramaditya. Nepalese New Year uses lunar months and solar sidereal year.

That is why History of Nepali New Year belongs to the history of Bikram Samvat. History of Nepalese New Year relates to the history of Vikram Samvat. Origin of Nepali New Year belongs to the origin of Vikram Samvat. Origin of Nepalese New Year relates to the origin of Bikram Samvat. We can also say that history of Nepali New Year belongs to the history of Nepali calendar. Origin of Nepali New Year relates to the origin of Nepali calendar. History of Nepali calendar belongs to emperor Vikramaditya. Origin of Nepali calendar relates to the era of king Vikramaditya. Other words, history of Vikram Samvat relates to ancient king Vikramaditya.

Happy New Year Nepali Wishes Greetings Cards Images
Happy New Year in Nepali Card Design

People of ancient Nepal thought of celebrating a special day which should be a day for beginning and end of the year. First Nepali New Year celebrations were noticed in emperor Vikramaditya’s period. He established and started the Bikram Samvat calendar.

This calendar just had twelve months. Baishakh is the first month of the year. The Nepali calendar (Bikram Samvat) originated by the cycles of the moon, beginning in spring and ending with autumn planting.
The Nepali New Year is the glory of Nepalese nationality. It is the assets of Nepal.

The Nepali New Year was started at the beginning of the Licchavi period by the first powerful King Bikramaditya. Nepali New Year started when the


The Bikram Sambat was started along with the beginning of the Licchavi period by the first powerful King Bikramaditya.

Baishakh 1st is the Official Date of Nepali New Year Celebrations

Fireworks Happy New Year Card
New Year Card

Baishakh 1- an Official Date of Nepali New Year Celebrations

The emperor Vikramaditya officially declared Baishakh 1 to be a Nepali New Year in 57 B.C. People began Nepali New Year celebrations on Baishakh 1 after many years. They ritualized the beginning of the year by acting and re-enacting the world of the past before peace proliferated. People learned Baishakh as the first month of the year and with this the tradition of following Nepali lunar calendar.

The Nepali custom celebrates their religious merriments on a varying date because it is based on the lunar calendar as opposed to their national holidays that are observed on fixed dates.

The Nepali New Year or the Navavarsha according to the locals is a religious holiday celebrated with great significance and is observed with deep respect and devotion. Just like many other countries, they commemorate the event with the hopes of having a lot of blessings and prosperity as they face the New Year.

Nepalese New Year is celebrated as a public holiday in Nepal

Bikram Samvat Calendar

The origin of Nepali New Year relates to the legendary Hindu King Vikramaditya in 57 BC.  Vikram Sambat or Vikram’s Era is the calendar established by emperor Vikramaditya. It uses lunar months and solar sidereal year. It is the official calendar of south Asian country Nepal. Vikram Samvat is also termed Bikram Sambat but is computed using the tropical year.

The Vikrama Samvat (V.S. or B.S.) is said to have been founded by the emperor Vikramaditya of Ujjain following his victory over the Sakas in 56 BC. It is a lunar calendar based on ancient Hindu tradition. The Vikram Samvat calendar is 56.7 years ahead (in the count) of the solar Gregorian calendar.

Happy New Year Nepali Wishes Greetings Cards Images
Happy New Year in Nepali Card Design

Bikram Sambat is the glory of Nepal. We the Nepalese people are lucky because Nepal was never captured by foreign imperialists.


Some people guess that Bikram era was from foreign land and Bikram Samvat was started from Madhya Pradesh of India. This is not true. By Historian Dirgha Raj Prasai.

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New Year’s Celebration Around The World

New Year celebration is a holiday celebrated on the first day of the year, January 1. It is also called New Year’s Day or New Year’s celebration day. In many parts of the world, this event is commemorated with other holidays, as well.

It is a time to give and receive gifts among family and friends and mark the passage of time. New Year’s celebration is not only a national holiday in most countries but is also widely celebrated in other nations by their communities.

Traditionally, New Year’s celebration is a day of prayer, meditation, food preparation, and wishes to friends and loved ones. For other uses, look up New Year’s Day in the lunar calendar. On the first day of the year, see January 1 on your calendar.

Most people now mark New Year’s with a luncheon meeting at home, but it is still observed with other luncheon meetings throughout the country. The first meeting of a New Year’s Day is usually on the first full moon after the year has passed. 

This can also be set by local ordinances, such as for a church, town, or city, or by a family member. Regardless of where the first New Year’s Celebration takes place, it is marked by spending a large amount of money on food, decorations, celebrations, and presents.

Some other luncheon meetings might be held in churches, where sermons are given about the new year and further preparations for celebrating it. Celebrations may also take place in the classroom or in any public space that can be decorated. 

There may be lectures on the causes and benefits of celebrating New Year’s Day, followed by poetry readings, children’s songs, parades, and fireworks.

While religious ceremonies sometimes set the first day of the New Year, it is also celebrated with great enthusiasm in many countries. Many people celebrate the event with great gusto and enthusiasm. 


It is celebrated not only in the US but also in other countries such as China, Pakistan, Iran, India, Nepal, UK, Canada, Germany, France, and others. In some places, children observe the event with a day of playing and eating outside. Adults also join in the festivities to bid the coming of the new year a fond farewell.

The timing of the events in different cultures and countries around the world may differ, but there are common aspects. The first day of a new year is always seen as a feast when family members and friends gather together to have fun and give gifts. 

It is a day for greeting and good wishes to those who have been close to us. For many cultures, it marks the beginning of the planting or re-growth of life. On the first day of the new year, the first buds of flowers start to blossom, symbolizing rebirth and renewal.

There are many ways to celebrate the first day of the New Year. For example, it could be observed in a park with a large gathering of friends and family and decorated with flowers and candles.

Another way could be to cook food and serve it to all. In some parts of America, people use the days of the New Year to throw a huge party and invite their friends and relatives. This may include a banquet with music, dance, and food.

Some people believe that the new year’s first day should be a celebration of peace and goodwill. It is also believed to usher in the blessings of health and prosperity. It is also believed to stop violence from striking the world and end conflicts. 

As we can see, New Year’s Day is celebrated in various ways around the world. Some communities mark it with parades, while others have a grand feast and other activities to mark the event.

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Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

3 thoughts on “History of Nepali New Year / Origin of Nepalese New Year

  1. Point to be noted Vikramaditya is the King of Ancient India. Bikram Samvat is an Indian Hindu calendar. Nepal is great in preserving this Ancient Indian cultures and traditions till this day…..

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