World Peace Pagoda / Shanti Stupa, Pokhara Nepal: – Nepal is the birthplace of Buddha, the god of peace. Since it is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, there are many religious heritages related to Buddhism.
Shanti Stupa is one of Nepal’s most important Buddhist monuments, which was built on 27 Bhadra 2030, destroyed on 13 Shrawan 2031 and then rebuilt on 8th Jestha, 2049. It is the first Shanti Stupa of Nepal and the 71 Shanti Stupa of world.
It is a massive pagoda style Buddhist stupa located on the top of a hill (Rani Ban) just behind Phewa Lake. This stupa known locally as “hut stupa” is located at an altitude of 1200 m.
Located at the top of the hill south of Phewa Tal, the World Peace Pagoda (Shanti Stupa) is a large Buddhist stupa offering spectacular views of the Annapurnas, Phewa Tal and Pokhara. It is one of the most serene peace pagodas in the world.
It has an immense role to beautify the Pokhara valley. Located at the top of the Anada hill of the Development Committee of the village of Pumdi Bhumdi, the stupa is approximately 7 kilometers from the Mahendra pool and the main market of the valley. This stupa was designed by the Monk Nipponzan Myōhōji organization and founded by Monk Litokowo.
The stupa is painted white to symbolize peace and tranquility. Its bright white color creates a serene and calm atmosphere The structure of the dome is a symbol of peace and has four golden images of the Buddha looking towards the four directions.
It is situated on a hill on the Ananda Hill of the Pumdi Bhumdi Village Development Committee, in the district of Kaski, Nepal. This stupa is the symbol of peace where the huge idols of the Lord Buddha of Japan, Sri Lanka and Thailand have been installed. From there you can enjoy the breathtaking views of the Himalayas, the lakes and the city.
As the route is from the lake by boat, you can enjoy the experience of boating and hiking at the same time. Another option is to visit the Devi’s Fall on the way and the climbing route starts from Chhorepatan.
This Pagoda of World Peace is one of the more than 80 pagodas of world peace in the world today. They are built to inspire peace for all races and creeds. You can easily visit the World Peace Pagoda (Shanti Stupa) from Lakeside in Pokhara and it is worth the trip just for the views.
The World Peace Pagoda (Shanti Stupa) in Pokhara offers much more than a stupa. It is a lake, a small walk and a view of the mountain. Add some side trips and it’s a great excursion to do in Pokhara.
The pagoda is 115 feet high and 344 feet in diameter. The white pagoda has two levels for tourist and religious people to circumvent. The second level shows the four Buddha statues presented as souvenirs from different countries such as Japan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Nepal.
Each statue represents important events related to Buddha and named according to the place where it took place. Dharmachakra is placed under gajur (pinnacle) which means the wheel of life, the dharma and the Buddha’s teaching. The upper part of the golden gajur contains the crystal stone of Sri Lanka that symbolizes intellect and grace.
The Dhamma room with the Buddha statue is located near the pagoda of peace, where Buddhist rituals are performed daily and large bidding ceremonies are held on important dates according to the lunar calendar, as on the day of the full moon.
In addition to the stupa, a Bihar with the idol Buda and a guest house with 12 rooms inside the stupa facilities are built. A great idol of Lord Buddha made in Japan has been installed on the front of the stupa.
The western part of the stupa is equipped with the installation of an idol of Buddha received from Sri Lanka and another idol of 6 feet. received from Thailand. And in the southern part of the stupa, an idol made by a Nepalese sculpture has been installed.
The stupa is surrounded by all these idols of the Lord Buddha as souvenirs of different countries of Asia. The stupa occupies approximately 21 ground ropanis. One has to ascend 37 steps to reach the bottom of the stupa.
Magnificent lush green forest, birdsong, entire valley of Pokhara, blue lake covered Fewa and the majestic Himalayas in the background is impressive. No word can express the emotion of these happy moments. One can feel the peace of mind while standing in its premises.
A pagoda of peace is a Buddhist stupa or a monument which is built to inspire peace an designed to provide a focus to people of all races and creeds, and to help them unite in their quest for world peace.
There are several ways to access the Pagoda, even by taxi to the top; however, the best way is to cross the lake by boat and then climb the hill (approximately 1 hour) or walk towards Damside and gently climb the hill through the lush Raniban forest.
The stupa of peace is located on the plain of 21.5 Ropanies, at the apex of Anadu Hill-Top, just above Lake Fewa, on the south side. Its height is 1100 m from sea level. Before the construction of the peace stupa, the land was covered with forests and green areas.
Shanti is a Sanskrit word meaning peace, it is also widely used in the Nepalese and Hindi languages, and Shanti Stupa means the Pagoda of Peace. Shanti Stupa is the construction of the sanctuary as a symbol of peace.
Nichidatsu Fujii also laid the first stone with the relics of Buddha on the hilltop on September 12, 1973. Nepal has two of the eighty pagodas of peace in the world: Shanti Stupa in Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha and Shanti Stupa in Pokhara.
The existence of this symbolic peace in this beautiful place of Pokhara diffuses the fragrance of perpetual peace, pronounced by Gautam Buddha. This is the first stupa Vishwa Shanti (stupa of world peace) made in Nepal of this type. The prayer hall is named Nipponzan Myohoji.
There are two guest houses and Bihar to provide rest for the Bhikshhus and the pilgrims. This is a holy and pious place for Buddhists, as well as for all peace-loving people. Four majestic Buddha statues are placed in four directions. The eastern and front part of the stupa is occupied by a majestic and splendid Buddha statue, the wheel of the Dhamma of Japan.
On the western side, the meditative Buddha statue is erected from Sri Lanka; the north side has a large metal statue 6 feet tall, and on the south side has the metal statue that reflects the birth of Siddhartha Gautam Buddha. There is a golden pinnacle 20 feet high with 13 segments and at the apex a crystal stone from Sri Lanka is placed.
Sitting in the lap of the stupa of World Peace and seeing scenes of amazing mountains like Dhawalagiri, Machhapuchchre, Annapurna, etc., historical review of the natural and cultural heritage of Pokhara paradise 45 Tourism in Pokhara: themes, trends and future prospects for peace and prosperity seem to be closed as if the mountains were whispering some words to us personally.
At the same time, thinking about Buddha images, one can realize peace and tranquility in his mind. Many people on Buddha’s birthday come to the stupa to worship the Buddha and enjoy the scenic mountains, the forest and Lake Fewa. Therefore, the stupa of peace has been presented as Pokhara’s natural and cultural heritage.
The history of the peace stupa begins in Japan, the country that suffered the explosion of the atomic bomb in World War II. Most (though not all) peace pagodas built since the Second World War were built under the direction of Nichidatsu Fujii (1885-1985), a Buddhist monk from Japan and founder of the Nipponzan-Myōhōji Buddhist Order.
In the year 1931, In meeting with Mahatma Gandhi, Fujii was very inspired and decided to devote his life to promoting nonviolence. In 1947, he began to build Pagodas de la Paz as sanctuaries of world peace. The peace pagodas were built as a symbol of peace in Japanese cities, including Hiroshima and Nagasaki, where atomic bombs claimed the lives of more than 150,000 people, almost all of them civilians, at the end of World War II.
By the year 2000, eighty Pagodas de la Paz had been built throughout the world in Europe, Asia and the United States. The Nipponzan-Myōhōji monks of the New England Peace Pagoda received the Value of Consciousness Award on June 5, 1998 in Sherborn, Massachusetts.
The preacher of Buddhism and peace, monk Nipponzan-Myōhōji Morioka Sonin with local supporters Morioka Sonin, Dharmashilla Guruma (nun) and Min Bahadur Gurung were key figures in the construction of the pagoda. under the direction of Nichidatsu Fujii, a Buddhist monk and founder of Nipponzan-Myōhōji began to build the stupa of world peace in 2030 a. C. (1973 A.D.)
But the governmental authorities of the district of Kaski demolished it using military in 2031 B.S. (1975 A.D.). However, after the successful popular revolution in the year 2046 a. C. (1989 A.D.), which was against the despotic Panchayat system (party less), was considered stupa reconstruction.
The new government of the multiparty system gave permission to rebuild it in the year 2046 B.S. (1990 A.D.). Consequently, the stupa of La Paz was erected with 115 feet 44 of height and 344 feet of circumference. Dharmashilla Guruma of Dhamashilla Buddha Bihar, Pokhara was very positive with the proposal of Nipponzan-Myōhōji and participated in the active creation of the participation of the locals in Pokhara.
The statue of the first vice-minister of defense elected, Min Bahadur Gurung, member of the party of the congress, is placed in front of the stupa of Shanti to honor its paper in the construction of the monument in the top of the hill by means of the donation of the earth.
On November 28, 1973, the prayer room with the Buddha statue and the guest house was installed. When the construction of the pagoda reached 35 feet, the governments of Panchayati and Royal Nepal asked the interested party to destroy the pagoda and the buildings for reasons of security and urban planning.
The building was not officially “approved” by the local government. Although the construction of the pagoda was forbidden, with the continued support of Nipponzan-Myōhōji, supporters and monks worked constantly to rebuild the pagoda. Nichidatsu Fujii had predicted that one day the Shanti Stupa would be rebuilt.
On May 21, 1992, after 18 years of arduous battle, the Honorable Girija Prasad Koirala arrived at the hill of Anadu and restored the first stone. Then, the construction work was completed without obstructions and the opening ceremony was held in the presence of the President of the Congress Party of Nepal and the former Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala on October 30, 1999.
The top of the hill offers a splendid view of the sunrise and sunset. TripAdvisor ranked Shanti Stupa as the second main attraction in Pokhara. The pagoda is 7 kilometers from Mahendrapool, the main business point in Pokhara. There are several ways to get to the peace pagoda.
There are many hiking trails. To cross Lake Fewa in a local boat and climb uphill through local villages that take about an hour to reach the top of the hill is the one of the popular and adventurous hiking trail There have been cases of robbery on hiking trails in previous years.
The black partial highway of Chorepatan to the stupa lasts approximately 25 minutes, which can be reached by taxi or private cars. There are still no public transports available at the foot of the stupa.
How to get to the World Peace Pagoda (Shanti Stupa);
By boat and hike: this is the most popular way to get to the World Peace Pagoda. Rent a rowing boat from Lakeside in Pokhara with or without paddle and head to the shore below the Pagoda. Once there, it is a forest inclined towards the top that takes most people 45 minutes to climb.
The road can become muddy and slippery, so be careful. Once at the top, head to the World Peace Pagoda (Shanti Stupa). There are several small cafes nearby and an excellent observation platform to see the Annapurna mountain range. To return, follow the path back to the shore and rent a boat back to the lake. Or continue past the Pagoda to the main road or the path that leads to Chhorepatan or the Bazar de Pardi.
After reaching there, take a minibus back to Lakeside in Pokhara. Costs: paddle boats have prices shown on the small dock in Lakeside. The usual fare is 500 rupees per trip or return for 800 rupees. You will have to pay 20 rupees for a life jacket as well.
My mini bus/car/ hike: now there is a road that takes 10 minutes to the world peace pagoda (Shanti Stupa). You can hire a taxi to take you there and they will wait for you and bring you back if you arrange it in advance. Alternatively, take a minibus from Lakeside to Chhorepatan (past the Pardi Bazaar) and then take the paved footpath up the hill to the pagoda.
You can also walk from the edge of the lake to the end, but the main roads can get hot and dusty. Costs: The bus costs around 5 rupees. A taxi until 500 rupees. 800 rupees to wait an hour and come back. The barter for a lower taxi cost. Caution: there is no lighting on the trails or roads that go to/from the Pagoda. The trails can loosen underfoot. There were previous reports of robberies, but none recently. Solo travelers are advised to go with someone they know well.
Things to do around the World Peace Pagoda (Shanti Stupa);
If the weather is clear, an early morning sunrise can lead to spectacular views of the Annapurna Mountains. There are some small cafes near the pagoda where you can sit and enjoy the views. The Devi Falls is a famous underground area located in Chhorepatan.
If you take the Chhorepatan / Padi Bazaar route, then it’s worth stopping at. As is Gupteshwor Mahadev cave opposite. Right next to the entrance to the cave there is a “Robotic Museum of Buddha” and, to the right of the cave, a street leading to one of the Tibetan settlements camps.
There is a small island in Phewa Tal near the coast with a Hindu temple called Taal Bharai that can be visited on the way back from the World Peace Pagoda (Shanti Stupa).
As more and more people climbed uphill, it was easy to detect the path that was returning to Phewa Lake. The trail begins just below the stupa’s terrace and descends steeply down a paved path with carved stone steps.
After passing through the forest, the trail passes near some local homes and houses large terraces overlooking Lake Phewa. The flowering trees cover the road ahead, and soon the road reached the small bay of Pumdi Bhumdi.
The Peace Pagoda is unique in its kind in the Pokhara Valley. The stupa gives a feeling and a message of peace and prosperity. Located on the top of a hill in the valley of Pokhara, the stupa has immense value and meaning from the tourist and religious point of view.
The stupa itself represents the true norms and value of the philosophy of the Lord Buddha. From the religious and tourist point of view, it is therefore suggested that interested institutions pay due attention to the conservation of the stupa and the surrounding environment. And, in addition, the stupa is supposed to stand out through the press and the national and international media.
This temple is one of the most important Buddhist monuments of our Nepal, which has attracted millions of foreign visitors and has promoted the tourism sector of Nepal and has contributed to the economy of our country. Transportation to the stupa must or can be improved to attract more tourists to the temple.
Like other cultural monuments in Nepal, its environment is not so polluted or degraded. This must be maintained in a sustainable manner. Nepal is thus a cultural country; There is much more cultural heritage here. Because this temple has attracted so many tourists in Nepal and has contributed to the national income of Nepal, it is a valuable asset of our country.
Therefore, it must be preserved.
Author: Sudip Babu Dhakal