In this page, you will some facts and information about women’s human rights in Nepal.
Development unlikely to be feasible and sustainable unless there is the proportional participation of male and make- Since Nepal does such provision, it is high time to initiate it. Government and citizens should show equally be responsible for increasing women involvement in any level of work and policy formulation.
Status of Women in Nepal
Although the population of a female is greater than male in Nepal, their status is always seen. They have been always categorized as ‘second sex’ and inferior race being deprived of equal chances or opportunities. If they have already been to the leading or high post, they are discouraged and harassed.
This is due to the inequality that starts from their own ‘ family and ends at the national level. It is so because the family and nation boycott them for decision making. Their participation in the development of infrastructures is very poor. Females are social, economically, culturally and politically far behind males. They are suffering from domestic violence, cultural malpractices, and various harassments. Their situation is very poor in education, health, access to policy making, decision making, human rights, self-confidence, income generation and mainly in the participation of development work. The condition of women living in rural areas is even pathetic.
Let’s observe and evaluate the given Gender-related Indicators table to realize the actual status of females in Nepal:
|Life expectancy, 2013 (in years) (www.indexmUTtdi.com)||67.3||69.5|
|Adult literacy rate, 2013 (UNDP)||75.1%||42.8%|
|Net enrolment ratio (primary level), 2005||90.1%||83.4%|
|Net enrolment ratio (lower secondary level), 2005||49.8%||43.1%|
|Net enrolment ratio (secondary level), 2005||35.5%||29.2%|
|Enrolment in Tribhuvan University, 2004||75.1%||24.1%|
|Members of Parliament, 2005||94.1%||5.9%|
|Civil Service (Gazetted Posts), 2003||94.9%||5.1%|
About 51 % of the total population in Nepal is comprised of females. In such a situation, the development work cannot become sustainable without equal participation. If the majority is ignored, the actual progress cannot take place in a nation. Therefore, there should be equal opportunity for both men and women to bring forth economic prosperity. Equal participation ensures sustainability of the work done since there is a feeling of ‘we, ours and unity’ among each other. It also saves time, money, energy and effort. Moreover country has difficult land topography. To excel such barrier for development, the there urgency to have the equal participation of both of the genders.
Several types of research and surveys indicate that women should not be deprived of education at anY cost- Because, if a mother is educated, the whole family becomes educated and healthy. She can also assist other family members with her skill, job, and income. The lifestyle, overall civilization, standard of language, competence and performance level of the family members will grow up only if she is literate. This leads to the proper production of human resource for the development of a nation.
Efforts Made by Government to Uplift the Status of Women in Nepal
After understanding the female status, the Government of Nepal has guaranteed various rights and prerogatives to women in the new laws and constitution to empower them firmly. Some of them include the following:
■ 33 % reservation of seats has been ensured in various sectors including civil services.
■ Equal right on the parental property.
■ Acquisition of citizenship in the name of mother.
■ Right to safe abortion.
■ Positive discrimination in various agendas and priorities.
■ Encouragement for the registration of property in the name of the female with less tax or even exemption.
Solutions of the Problem related to women in Nepal
Despite such efforts, there still exists a huge gap between males and females. Thus, it should be the prime duty of government, civilians, civil society, social organizations, public and private sectors, NGOs and INGOs to collaborate and work together to empower women in Nepal. There should be awareness campaigns against the biases done against the women. And progressive society should be established by students where men and women are equal. Moreover, there should be strict implementation of the law and judicial verdicts. Such activities lead to the result of happiness, peace, security and prosperity of an individual and nation in a permanent way.
Women’s Human Rights in Nepal
Basic and fundamental rights and liberties inherent to all human to be able to live a safe, dignified, secure and civilized life are called Human Rights. Everybody regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, race, religion, language, or another status requires human rights. We are all equally entitled to our human rights simply because we are human beings. These rights are universal and often expressed and guaranteed by international and national law. They are applicable everywhere and at every time in the sense of being universal and they are egalitarian in the sense of being the same for everyone. In the absence of such basic rights, no one can achieve all round development and growth. Lack of human rights will impede a person’s full potentiality and development.
Women’s rights are an essential component of universal human rights. Women’s rights are the rights and entitlement claimed for women and girls worldwide. Women’s rights usually refer to whether women have equality with the rights of men where women and men’s capacities are the same. It primarily seeks to balance power relations between men and women so that gender equality can be achieved. Issues commonly associated with it include to the right to bodily integrity and autonomy, to vote, to hold public office, to work, to fair wages or equal pay, to own property, to education, to serve in the military, and to have marital or parental rights etc. It also means protection of women where they are subject to special circumstances such as maternity leave or more susceptible to mistreatment as traffic in women, rape, torture etc.
It is a fact that men and women have very different experiences. Women and girls often face gender-based discrimination that puts them at increased risk of poverty, violence, ill health and poor education. In Nepal, women do most of the house works as feeding kids, cleaning house, taking care of the live stocks, washing dishes and laundry. In many cases, their works are never rewarded, everyone complains- the kids, husband, and her in-laws. While life’s all decisions are made by men. Women’s literacy is 34 % which is about half of that of the male. The median age at marriage is 16.1 years for women, and the median age at first birth is about 20 years and one in five adolescent women age 15-19 are already mothers or pregnant. Many of Nepalese girls are the victim of early marriage as early as 8 years mostly in rural areas where girls are given less education than sons. Early marriage is done so parents do not have to spend much money on them.
Since 1990, many Nepali women have been able to uplift their social life through efforts by the government as well as many organizations working in the country. Nepal is able to set up a separate ministry called Ministry of Women Children and Social Welfare to look after Women’s Development and Education. A Women Rights Commission has also been provided in the constitution. The government has taken many other initiatives to increasing their roles in different fields like village councils, government offices including military, political party levels and so on. Many NGOs such as Women For Human Rights, National Women Rights Forum, Nepal, Jagaran Nepal, Saathi, CWISH, Nepal Disabled Women Association, Asha Nepal etc are working for women and children. Our constitution has mentioned National women’s commission to empower women.
photo source: guim.co.uk
Author: Dipendra Shrestha,
Women’s Status in Nepal
This article is emailed by Dipendra Shrestha, Pokhara, Nepal. Thanks to him.
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