Where is Nepal in terms of Education
Education is the basic need of human beings. It creates awareness, and develops logical power; it is an important factor that brings positive changes in individuals and society. Education brings qualitative change in people’s lives.
So, if a society has educated people, it is much easier to develop. Education is a must for the development of a society as it helps eradicate social evils, increase people’s skill and knowledge. To mark the importance of education, we celebrate 8th September as International Education Day.
Nepal has a very short history of formal education. Durbar High School is the first educational institute of Nepal. In 2007 BS, there were only 321 primary and 11 secondary schools.
Tri-Chandra was the only college providing higher education. Similarly, in 2007 B.S. 5.3 percent males and 0.7 percent females were literate. At present, altogether, there are about thirty thousand educational institutions and about 57 percent of people are literate.
Where is Nepal in terms of health: – Heath in Nepal
Health is a condition of one’s body and mind. A state of well-being that is free from disease is health. Very few people have easy access to health facilities. People are deprived of health facility due to poverty. There are no health centers in many areas and communities.
Health services are very expensive in Nepal as there is no health insurance system. There is only one doctor providing service to approximately 16000 people. Doctors do not like working in remote areas. People living in remote, as well as urban areas, still believe in witch doctors. In many remote areas, there are either not enough health posts or there are health posts without doctors and medical equipment.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease o; infirmity.” Similarly, the definition of health has changed over time.
Health also refers to “the resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept tha emphasizes social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.” Basically, then are two aspects of health – physical and mental.
Physical health is related to the physical aspects of a person such as the normal condition and functioning of body parts. A physically healthy body should have the capacity to perform usual physical works.
Mental health refers to people’s cognitive and emotional well-being. A person who enjoys; good mental health does not have a mental disorder.
According to WHO, mental health is “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”.
High maternal and child mortality rate, low life expectancy, and lack of medical facilities are some of the major problems of health in Nepal. According to the Nepal Population and Health Survey, 2064, the maternal mortality rate is 281 per 100,000; child mortality rate 14 per 1,000; infant mortality rate 48 per 1000; and neonatal mortality rate 34 per 1,000.
The average age of Nepalese has reached 62 years. The percentage of underweight (weight for height) has increased from 11 to 13, and underweight (weight for age) has decreased from 43 percent to 39 percent. However, the dismal condition of health sen ice providing agencies, especially a lack of health workers, medicine, and equipment, has made it difficult for the people to obtain necessary and quality health services.
Where is Nepal in Corruption ranking and development in Nepal
It is no secret that corruption is a big problem in Nepal. According to Transparency International (TI), the country is ranked 143 (down from 121) among 181 countries on its scale of anti-corruption. New Zealand is the least corrupt and Somalia the most. In 2018, Nepal has been ranked 124 least corrupt nation out of 175 countries according to the corruption perception index. It was 154 in 2011 and 90 in 2004.
The “Corruption Perception Index”, a perceived corruption index in the public sector, stood at 69 points in 2018 in Nepal. The scale ranges from 0 to 100, with more corruption the higher the value. Therefore, the result is slightly below the average compared to other countries. Compared to the previous year, in 2018 the level of corruption remained unchanged. In the long term, however, it has declined moderately in recent years.
TI says the reason for his apparently untamable corruption is: political instability and a weak (power) executive. Although this year was relatively quiet in Nepal, corruption has increased as the law enforcement agency has become weaker due to several issues related to the transition.
Nepal is already behind in the war against the dominant corruption, bad governance, and dysfunction of its state mechanisms. The current growth in the price of oil is also considered an indicator of the strong influence of the black market, working together with political players, in the mechanisms of state power.
It is not only the poor local politicians trying to take hold, who participate in looting the state. The so-called superior leaders of the majority parties have not totally given up their rights to plunder the state. Except for Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, all the prime ministers of the past two decades are on the list. The culture of corruption is not limited to the government or politicians.
Unfortunately, social life has fallen ill. Marriages – with demands for expensive gifts to the bride’s family. And the willingness to ignore the boyfriend’s imperfections if he has a good position in government (where he can extract economic and political benefits) – affect the sanctity of social relationships.
Recently, due to a large number of Nepalese workers traveling in search of jobs abroad, immigration and border security have become big business for agents seeking excessive benefits. In immigration, illegal travelers are the main sources of income. Normally, legal travelers are not on the list of sources of income. The types and amounts of illegal travelers are incredible.
The majority of the illegal work is done with the consent and coordination of the superior agents of the ministry and the department. The percentage of such income is distributed immediately by the agents. So, it is foolish to blame only the lower immigration agents for corruption issues.
Corruption is entrenched in Nepal. The culture, social relations, business and government, everything is affected by this disease. Unless people and government work together to stop the social acceptance of this practice, it is unlikely that honesty will return to Nepal.
Where is Nepal in HDI (The rank of Nepal in the human development index)
The Human Development Index is a composite indicator representing human development in countries and regions of the world that is compiled by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). And is used in a special series of United Nations (UN) reports on human development.
It is calculated annually by experts from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) together with a group of independent international experts who, in addition to analytical work, use statistical data from national institutions and international organizations in their work. Used in publications of the special series of UNDP human development reports.
The concept of human development is one of the best-known intellectual products developed by UNDP. The main program elements of the project are the concept of human development per se, as well as global, national and regional reports on this topic.
In 1990, UNDP published the first report assessing the economic and social progress of the countries of the world, which formulated the concept of human development: Human development is a process of expanding the range of choices. The most important elements of choice are to live a long and healthy life, get an education and have a decent standard of living. Additional elements of choice include political freedom, guaranteed human rights and self-esteem.
This system of views is focused on improving the quality of human life, expanding and improving its capabilities in all areas. The concept of human development changed the so-called classical theories of economic development. This was based on the gross national product indicator, considered man only as a driving force of economic development. And proclaimed economic growth as the main goal of social progress.
In the 2010 Human Development Report, the definition of “human development” was substantially complemented. According to the authors of the project, the definition of human development as the empowerment of human choice is fundamental, but not sufficient.
Human development involves the preservation of positive results for a long time and opposition to processes that lead to the oppression of people and reinforce structural injustice.
Therefore, principles such as social justice, sustainability, and respect for human rights are also key. Based on this, experts of the organization proposed a new, more precise definition that corresponds to the practice and research on human development issues.
Human development is the process of expanding the freedom of people to live a long, healthy and creative life, to realize other goals, which, in their opinion, possess value. Actively participate in ensuring justice and sustainability of development on the planet.
The main strategic tool for the concept of human development is the Human Development Index, which was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul-Haq. The initial idea of the study, which at the time was considered radical, was fairly simple.
Social development should be assessed not only by national income, as has been practiced for a long time. But also by achievements in health and education, which are measurable in most countries.
It was assumed that this series of parameters, which has a direct statistical expression, affects the quality of life and, therefore, reflects its state. The Index is based not on the subjective assessments of experts, but on real numbers taken from official sources. Therefore it is considered that it is relatively objective and amenable to verification.
The HDI had its drawbacks, which its compilers frankly recognized: in particular, it was based on national averages that hid the asymmetry of the distribution of benefits. And therefore in many cases could not reflect the real situation in the countries studied.
However, in general, he successfully performed his task. The high level of trust in the UN and its specialized structures, including UNDP, as well as methodological foundations, made the HDI one of the most authoritative classifications characterizing social development.
In the Human Development Index (HDI) ranking, Nepal is ranked 149 out of 189 countries, according to the 2017 Human Development Report, published by the UN Development Program. During the year, Nepal dropped to five positions – in 2017 it was in 144th place.
But still remains in the category of countries with medium human development along with India (130), Bhutan (134), Bangladesh (136) and Pakistan (150). In South Asia, only Sri Lanka (76) and the Maldives (101) are classified as countries with a high level of human development. And Bangladesh is noted as a country that has made great progress in terms of human development.
Among the SAARC countries, Nepal has overtaken only Pakistan (150) and Afghanistan (168). The latter, by the way, belongs to the group of countries with low human development. According to a report, from 1990 to 2017, the HDI value of Nepal increased by 51.9 percent.
Life expectancy at birth in Nepal increased by 16.3 years, the average duration of schooling increased by 2.9 years, and the expected duration of study – by 4.7 years. Gross national income per capita increased by about 111.6% over the same period. The report shows Nepal’s progress in all indicators, however, on average, less than in other countries.
According to the report, the average life expectancy of Nepalese has increased from 54.3 years in 1990 to 70.6 years in 2017. This figure is higher than the average group of countries with an average HDI (69.1 years). However, in terms of gross national product per capita ($ 2,471), Nepal is below the average level of countries in the same group, which is $ 6,849.
With regard to inequalities in human development, inequalities in education in Nepal are higher than average inequalities adjusted for HDI. The inequality in the education of countries with an average HDI is 33.1, while in Nepal this figure is 40.9.
With regard to the coefficient of human inequality, inequality in life expectancy and income inequality, Nepal is less unfair than the average for countries with an average HDI. On the gender development index (reflecting the gender gap in human development), Nepal’s position (0.925) is better than the average for countries with an average HDI (0.878) and an average for South Asia (0.837).
Where is Nepal in world happiness index (The rank of Nepal in the world happiness index)
The International Happiness Index is an index that reflects the well-being of people and the environment in different countries of the world. It was proposed by the New Economics Foundation in July 2006. The main objective of the index is to reflect the “real” welfare of nations.
To compare the standard of living in different countries, GDP per capita or HDI is used. But these indices may not always reflect the real state of affairs. In particular, comparing the value of GDP is considered inappropriate, since the ultimate goal of most people is not to be rich, but to be happy and healthy.
The Index is based on common utilitarian principles that most people want to live a long and fulfilling life. And countries strive to do everything possible to achieve the maximum well-being of their citizens, using their available resources wisely and without damaging the environment. Three indicators are used to calculate the index: people’s subjective satisfaction with life, life expectancy and the so-called “ecological footprint”.
For the first time the index was calculated in 2006 – it includes 178 countries. The second time the calculation was made in 2009 – only 143 countries were included in it. At the end of 2009, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica were the “happiest” countries. The most “unhappy”: Zimbabwe, Tanzania, and Botswana.
According to the 2018 global happiness index, Finland is the happiest country in the world. Norway, Denmark, Iceland, and Switzerland complete the top five places in the table. Nepal ranked 100 which was one step higher from last year according to the global happiness survey from United Nations sustainable development solution network.
So Nepal is slowly making its way to top. It can be assumed that Nepal is much more happy than those developed countries such as Ukraine, Russia. It is because happiness cannot be gone by money. Nepal is a poor and small country deteriorated by the earthquake. But still, people have managed to arise from the devastation towards happiness.
Where is Nepal in terms of Tourism
Many people from around the world visit Nepal every year. They come to Nepal to enjoy the natural beauty, adventure tourism and hospitability of our friendly people. They interact with our people.
They become good friends of ours and contribute largely towards international co-operation and understanding. On the other hand, our own people are also visiting foreign countries in increasing number. All these enhance our friendly relation with other people and countries.
The tourism industry is a service sector industry. It produces and provides services and goods needed for tourists. It includes business activities or services connected to lodging, feeding, guiding, transporting, translating or interpreting, communicating, entertaining, etc. Hotels, lodges, restaurant, travel and trekking agencies, guides, interpreters, banks, airlines, means of transportation, etc come into play in this industry.
It is considered as the export-oriented industry as the goods and services produced are basically mean for foreign tourists, and such an industry earns foreign currencies.
Tourism has been one of the biggest and fastest expanding industries not only in Nepal but all over the world. according to the estimate of the World Travel and Tourism Organization, this sector provides about 10% employment to the world’s workforce and earns about 8% total GDP.
There are different types of tourism in Nepal: conference tourism, festival tourism, rural tourism, sports tourism, adventure tourism, holidaying tourism, business tourism, religious and cultural tourism, eco-tourism, etc.
Tourism is Nepal’s largest source of foreign currency income and the largest industry as an economic entry. In possession of eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, the country is one of the most important destinations for global mountaineering, for climbers and for all people in search of adventure.
The religious/spiritual heritage of Hinduism and Buddhism also forms part of its most important attractions. Mount Everest, the mountain with the highest peak in the world, is located on the border of Nepal with Tibet. But in addition to mountain climbing, other types of adventure tourism and ecotourism are also important attractions for visitors.
The town of Lumbini, birthplace of Gautama Buddha, is located in the south of the western Nepalese region. There are also other important places of religious pilgrimage scattered throughout the state. The tourism industry is understood as a way of alleviating poverty and achieving greater internal social equity.
According to 2012 statistics, there was a growth compared to previous years of 9.8%; according to data from the “Nepal Tourism Board (NTB)”. A total of just under 600,000 foreign tourists entered the country by air, again in 2012. Tourism in Nepal has been severely affected, at least temporarily, by the Nepal earthquake of 25 April 2015.
In 2007, the number of international tourists visiting Nepal was 526.705, with an increase of 37.2% compared to the previous year. In 2008, the number of tourists decreased by 5% to 500,277. In 2008, 55.9% of foreign visitors came from Asia (18.2% of India), while Western Europeans accounted for 27.5%, 7.6% were from North America. 3.2% from Australia and the Pacific Ocean region, 2.6% from Eastern Europe, 1.5% from Latin America, 0.3% from Africa and 1.4% from other countries.
According to the Ministry of Tourism, the main tourist activities include adventures in nature such as mountain bike tours, bungee jumping, climbing and mountaineering, trekking and hiking on foot.
Bird viewing, paragliding and hot air ballooning over the Himalayan mountains for the nature lovers. Explore waterways by raft, kayaking or canoeing and finally, jungle safaris (the latter especially in the Terai region) are the activities that can be done in Nepal.
The main religion in Nepal is Hinduism and the temple of Pashupatinath, the largest temple in the world dedicated to Lord Shiva, located in Kathmandu, attracts many pilgrims and tourists. Other places of Hindu pilgrimage are the Swargadwari temple complex in the Pyuthan district.
The Janaki Mandir in Janakpur is located in the region of Mithila. Lake Gosainkunda near Dhunche; the temples of Devghat; the Manakamana temple in the Gorkha district. The Pathibhara Devi temple near Phungling and the “Mahamrityunjaya Shivasan Nepal” in the District of Palpa where the largest metal Shiva idol in the world is located.
Buddhism constitutes the largest religious minority in the country. The World Heritage site of Lumbini, which is traditionally the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, is a vital place of pilgrimage. Another important Buddhist site is Swayambhunath, the monkey temple in Kathmandu. The inner valley of the Terai of Dang is a sacred place for both Hindus and other Indian religions.
Kalika and Malika Devi in the Chhillikot hill, the Ambekeshawori temple, the Krishna temple, the Dharapani temple are among the holy places in the Dang district. Chillikot Hill is also a good place to visit the city and also an ancient royal palace. The temple of Muktinath is a sacred place for Hindus and Buddhists. The site is located in the Muktinath Valley in the Mustang district.
In addition to the Kathmandu valley in Nepal, many other scenic spots, famous for their history or beauty, attracting tourists. Such as:
- Pokhara Valley (possible by road or air)
- Dhulikhel (possible by road)
- Panauti (possible by road)
- Tansen (by car or air, you can go to Bhairahava Airport and then by car)
- Namche Bazar (possible by air)
- Biratnagar (possible by road or air)
- Kakani (possible by road)
- Gorkha (possible by road)
- Muktinath (possible by road or by air – to Jomsom airport)
- Lumbini (by car or by air – to Bhairahava Airport)
- Chitwan (by road or air)
In 2014, Nepal welcomed more than 790,000 tourists, attracted by its cultural heritage, its landscapes, and its tradition. However, two large earthquakes caused a fall of 30% in the demand of the subsequent year, which was recovered in 2016, adding a total of 773,000 visitors. The majority of foreigners arriving in the country come from India (16%), China (14%), Sri Lanka (8%), the United States (7%) and the United Kingdom (6%).
Spain, on the other hand, contributed a flow of 12,000 travelers in 2016 (1.6%), according to the official statistics of the Nepali Government. Since 2009, this Asian country has a tourism policy that recognizes the importance of this sector for the economy and social development.
This rule establishes the goal of reaching two million visitors in the next three years. The enthusiasm of the citizens and the government, therefore, have helped Nepal to be ranked as the no.1 destination for tourism and Kathmandu the capital of the nation has been declared as the 19th best tourism destination.
For two weeks, the technical team of the international consortium formed by HIDRIA (leading company) and METCON Consulting has visited Nepal in the framework of a project recently signed with the World Bank. This project aims to develop an innovative vision and associated investment plans for the sustainable tourism development of three priority destinations in Nepal.
The destinations to intervene include the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA), one of the most popular mountain destinations internationally. Work will also be carried out in the Manaslu Conservation Area and the Banke and Bardia National Parks.
This project, which lasts approximately 6 months, seeks, on the one hand, to improve and diversify the tourist offer of a consolidated destination such as the ACA. On the other hand, to stimulate incipient destinations that have great potential.
Both strategies are aimed at ensuring that tourism continues to be a source of income for the territory and contributes to creating quality employment and improving the living conditions of the local population.
During the implementation of the project, a baseline analysis will be carried out for each of the destinations, which includes, among other aspects: the evaluation of the existing offer and tourist demand, an analysis of the situation of the local communities and their role in the activity tourism, incorporating the gender perspective, etc.
Subsequently, the vision for sustainable development and the action plan will be defined in order to achieve that desired vision. The plans will include a list of private investments, as well as development opportunities for the communities.
Where is Nepal in Technology (Technological development in Nepal)
The use and science and technology in the development of each country is considered vital. Science and technology have been considered as a powerful medium for the economic development of any country or for social change.
There are plenty of examples of why science is needed for social transformation and physical development. Developed nations are assuring this importance with high priority while developing countries like Nepal have focused their efforts to develop in science.
Today the world is moving ahead with a lot of transformation. Today, in the context of basic issues like education, health, communication, traffic, electricity, the man had no access to these in the past five and six decades. Meanwhile, the Public Science College established under the leadership of the professor of Chemistry, Amrit Prasad Pradhan, as the first college of Nepal.
As a result of the weak economic development, which depends mainly on tourism, technological development is also scarce because Nepal’s population is almost exclusively devoted to agriculture, which is very traditional.
Access to basic technologies is very limited, due to the scarcity of infrastructure. The lack of affordability of technologies and the lack of training of the population, which hardly has any technical knowledge or means to learn them.
This is mainly due to the great political instability. Currently, numerous technological projects are being developed in Nepal with the intention of modernizing the country’s technology, improving the conditions of agriculture. And mainly the construction of hydroelectric power plants.
These projects are being financed by UNICEF and the IOTD (International Organization for Technological Development). Nepal has enormous hydropower resources, the second largest in the world.
The Unified [National Energy System of Nepal] is established and functioning in the country. The development of the electric power industry is one of the primary conditions for the rapid and successful development of the agricultural industry, the growth of the people’s well-being.
However, the shortage of electricity, frequent interruptions in power supply, artificial limitation of electricity consumption. And a significant lag behind the long-term program for the commissioning of new generating capacities, the preservation of electric power losses at 25% became characteristic features of the electro power system of Nepal.
Nepal’s existing long-term energy development plans have been drafted without taking into account the specific conditions of the country. The process of energy planning should begin with the definition and prediction of the need for electric energy, taking into account the existing energy resources in the country and the possibility of their use.
An important element of Shane is the development of the direction of energy development, the basing of planned indicators and assignments for financial resources, the search for ways and possibilities of energy saving.
The technology of Nepal still seems to be the source of exchange and communication only. The country like Nepal where IT can sustain a major role in national development. But the low production of efficient manpower and the politics of the country’s instability also has been the cause for ranking Nepal in the 142nd position in Technology Development Index.
According to the International Telecommunication Union-ITU in 2010, there are 8 countries behind Nepal in the development portfolio. It seems that we have not been able to use technology in the most satisfactory way. 2028 B.S. is considered to be the year marked as the starting of use of technology in Nepal. When the computer was used for recording population data of Nepal.
Although finding internet access in villages of Nepal is very difficult. There are some cyber cafes in the tourist areas of the country. Free software for the third world is a project that consists in bringing to the most underdeveloped countries a system. So that users can surf freely on the Internet without restrictions, limitations and free of paying taxes.
Technology and artificial intelligence can be of great help to end poverty, hunger, ensure better health, gender equality and fight against corruption. Recently, The robot Sophia, an almost human-looking droid was in the Himalayan country as the guest star in a series of conferences organized by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
To raise awareness of the benefits of technology in developing countries such as Nepal. She had encouraged the Nepali authorities to make use of new technologies to boost development in Nepal. The android, which has a wide range of expression changes when interacting, highlighted how thanks to technological innovations.
And the internet, educational or medical services could be made available to the most remote parts of the mountainous country. She said that It is a misperception that technology is expensive, but the truth is that it is not. Many people in Nepal use smartphones, there are many applications and many are free, so there is much that can be done at low cost.
The Russian Center for Science and Culture in conjunction with the Association of Robotics of Nepal. The Russian society of information and communication technologies organized a scientific program: “Festival of science, technology, and entrepreneurship called” Yantra 7.0.
This year, the Yantra Festival 7.0 is called: “The future is in the creation of the robotics industry in Nepal by 2030” and includes international competitions in robotics for professionals, craftsmen, amateurs, engineers who consist of football and racing competitions and robots fighting in automatic and manual modes.
The main goal of the program was to bring together scientists, professionals, amateurs, and students who are close to the subject of space and robotics, as well as its development in Nepal.
The representative of the RCSC spoke about some types of Russian achievements among robotics and astronautics in Russia, and that Nepalese, who are not indifferent to this topic, can learn from Russian experience and promote this direction together.
The event was divided into two parts: presentations from panelists on the current state of space technology in Nepal. And the world, how robotics can contribute to the development of Nepalese cosmonautics. The upcoming launch of the Nepalese satellite and panel sessions for the exchange of information on the development of space technology.
Therefore, Nepal needs a radical change in the technical, economic, commercial and financial aspects when developing future plans for the development of the country’s power industry. In this context, highlighting the importance of science and technology, assuring its role.
Nepal government has given us the opportunity to celebrate the National Science Day on the basis of suggestion from the scientific and technological community. The development of any country – along with the combination of technology and science. There is also the impact of the social environment. Therefore, some work depends on matters like management of the political system, state support, manpower, and resources.
Where is Nepal in Media compare to the world (Nepal / Position and role of the media)
Nepal’s media means that all the media in Nepal is understood. Nepal is currently operating all kinds of media including newspapers, radio, television, movies, books, internet, online. In general sense, communication means talking between two or more people, exchange of information, thoughts, feelings, and emotions, and mutual understanding in each other. Mass means a whole bunch of people.
So Mass communication is the communication in a whole Mass of people at the same time. Looking at Nepal in the history of global journalism, it seems to have been developed very late. In the year 1550 in India, the press got admitted. In Nepal, when Jung Bahadur Rana returned from Britain in 1851, the press entered in Nepal. Nepali Journalism was started by Motiram Bhatta.
He served the Nepali language through literature, started attempting to publish Sudha Sagar in B.S.1950. After Sudhasagar, Gorkhapatra was the second paper published in Nepal in 1901. The book is considered to be the oldest media in Nepal. It is not yet possible to know what was the first book of Nepali language. Although in ancient times, the history of the handwritten books shows history.
The first non-religious book printed in Nepal was a Muluki Act. It is believed to be printed from 1929 to 31. In the history of Nepal, the radio has brought a great revolution in the media.
During the revolution of Bikram related to 2007, Naradumuni Thulung was broadcasting radio in the name of democracy radio from eastern Nepal. Later on in Biratnagar, another radio was operated. After the establishment of democracy, Nepal Radio was established from Kathmandu by bringing the same equipment in 2007.
Which is currently operated as a radio broadcasting media on the basis of radio Nepal. Radio Nepal, which started broadcasting at short wave at the beginning, is now broadcasting from mid-wave and FM. Apart from that, around 300 FM radio stations are operating in the country.
Initially, CNN, BBC, and International media have gone back to the online version a long time ago. However, Nepal was also not far behind for a long time. The development of online journalism was rapid in 1993 internationally. Nepal also started online journalism in 1995. Name of Mercantile is registered on the sheet of history as the first organization to launch online journalism. It started online publication by posting the Kathmandu post in 1995.
There are lots of updates online now. Trustworthy online is not too much. Setopati.com and pahilopost.com have started new scores on online journalism. These online work has been started working by keeping a reporter. Ekantipur.com, nagariknews.com, onlinekhabar.com, stimnews.com, ratopati.com, radiosarangi.com, osnepal.com are operating online. Blog sites in Nepal have a lot of news. Some blog sites have also acted as news sites.
So blogs have also started becoming news in Nepal. However, the blog is not a news site. The blog is a method for publishing a person’s journal. Various media activists, linguists, etc. Have conducted blogs.
So it can be said that the media have developed a lot in Nepal.
Role of media in the development of the nation
The role of mass media can be analyzed in relation to the role they play for society or can discuss the influence they play. Or must play on it and question the relevance of its content, be it educational, educational, informative, news, entertainment or fun.
Without demerit of these important aspects, or of others that are also important – such as the question of ownership of the media. And the scheme under which the government grants the concession of its use – one can also reflect on the function of the mass media from a very practical point of view.
The role of the communication medium is to distribute, transmit, convey the content of the communication to the desired audience. To achieve this, you must be able to generate an audience, capture and maintain your attention so that the message effectively reaches you.
The value that the media adds during the communication process results, then, in the quantity and quality of the audience that it is capable of reaching. The audience generated by each medium is diverse in terms of quantity and quality.
In modern democratic society, the most important guarantees of its stability and the effectiveness of the management of society are the availability of developed, democratically organized mass media that objectively cover political events.
Even a well-educated person without radio, television, newspapers, magazines are difficult to adequately perceive the contradictory social processes and build their behavior, activities, make responsible decisions. With the help of the media, a person is able to overcome the narrow horizon of his individual experience.
Constantly expanding their audience, the media gain authority in society, involve citizens in participation in general sociological processes. And promote their awareness of their belonging to the state and the world of politics.
The systematic direct communication of the media with citizens makes them the same primary institution of political socialization as the family, the educational system. Observers of popular publications, television commentators, leading reporters are perceived by the population and are often prominent spokespersons of the majority.
The modern world is characterized by the rapid development of information technology. Therefore, more and more attention is paid to the problems of mass-communicative processes. The sociology of mass communication in the twentieth century rather actively developed in the countries of America and Europe.
In recent years, information flows have received a powerful impetus for development due to the continuous increase in the number of databases, personal computers, human resources attracted to the sphere of communicative activities and mass communication technologies. Some researchers began to talk about the new era of “mediacracy” – the power of the media, which not only reflect and interpret reality but also construct it according to its own rules.
Even if the media tries to be as impartial as possible in covering the events in the world, they still fail to achieve this goal. Guided by the interests of the target audience, which relies on a particular publication, and, as a result, the policy of himself or his owners, the media shape the agenda of various events, focusing on some and obscuring others.
At the same time, the genre of the note goes to the background, giving way to a report, because the most important factor today is considered the “inclusion”, the direct presence and a kind of participation in current events.
Using various annotation elements, half-hints or direct text, the journalist either makes you think in the right direction or makes it clear what point of view he holds. All this can be done without giving false or unverified information, without denigrating the heroes of the message. Without violating the restrictions imposed by law on the activities of the journalist and the media.
Many consumers of information do not understand the significance of the choice of the media of a particular position. They often become objects of influence, manipulation. And as a result, their picture of the world is formed in their consciousness, which is beneficial to some media or those who control them. Therefore, the role of media is greater in developing and informing the mindset of people of the nation.
Where is Nepal in terms of Trade
It is exchange or buying and selling of goods and services between the individuals or nations. Goods and services produced in one place are transported to different places and sold to the wholesalers and retailers, and who, in turn, sell them to consumers. It is an important indicator of economic development of a country. It brings money and makes a nation rich, prosperous and strong.
According to the nature and scope of the trade, it can be divided into two categories: Internal or Domestic trade and International or Foreign Trade.
Internal (Domestic) Trade of Nepal:
The supply, distribution, buying, and selling of goods and services within a country is called internal trade. In this trade, goods, and services produced in a place within the country or already imported such goods and services are transported to different places in the country and are sold and bought.
International or Foreign Trade of Nepal:
The supply or buying and selling of goods and services from one country to another country are called international or foreign trade. The goods and services required from other countries are imported and the surplus domestic goods and services are exported to other countries. Such a trade is conducted in convertible hard currencies: US dollar, Euro, etc.
The more a country can export the more it will earn foreign currency and will have the surplus of trade or favorable trade. It will be opposite of it or trade deficit if more is imported than exported. Generally, a developing country like our exports unfinished, raw materials and handicrafts, which don’t fetch much money.
What the developed countries do is just the opposite of it. There has to be at least the balance of trade or payment: the balance between import and export to have a favorable trade.
Nepal’s foreign trade is not in a favorable position. We don’t have a well-developed industrial base. What we export are mostly agricultural products, raw materials, and handicrafts, which don’t bring many foreign currencies. On the opposite, we import a lot of expensive finished goods and services, and technologies. It means Nepal has trade deficit almost with most trading countries.
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Where is Nepal Economy (National Economy in the Context of the World Economy)
Nepal is a predominantly agrarian country. Nepal is, first of all, a country where the agrarian sphere of the economy prevails. Active farming, logging and wood processing, as well as trade in mined and locally produced raw materials, is the main source of income for Nepal.
In economic terms, Nepal belongs to the least developed countries in the world. Below the poverty line live about 50% of the population. The specific historical, geographical and natural features of Nepal have a negative impact on the economic development opportunities.
Most of the country is occupied by highland massifs, the country is landlocked, sandwiched between the two largest Asian countries, China and India. And has been isolated economy elements of feudal remnants.
The basis of the economy is agriculture. Its share in the country’s GDP, according to estimates for 2008, is 33.7%. The share of industry – 16.7%, services – 49.6%. Nepal’s agriculture is represented by crop production (food crops: rice, corn, wheat, vegetables, spices, fruit crops; technical: jute, tobacco, sugar cane, opium poppy) and animal husbandry (pastoralism: cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry). It employs three-quarters of the working population.
Cultivated land occupies a fifth of the country, rice accounts for 50% of cultivated land. In 2005, the rice harvest amounted to 4.1 million tons. Potatoes (1.7 million tons), wheat and sugarcane are also grown. Nepal’s agriculture is weakly mechanized and does not provide for the country’s domestic needs. The forest area in Nepal is 33% of the territory, from 1950 to 1980, it was almost halved.
The forest is cut down mainly for fuel. Deforestation leads to the loss of fertile soils and creates the danger of landslides and floods. The shortage of cultivable land, forcing the peasants to climb higher into the mountains, clearing them from the trees, combined with commercial logging, caused Nepal to lose half of its forest cover between 1950 and 1980. Currently, forests occupy 33% of the country’s territory (2003). In the late 1990s, 19.5 million cubic meters were harvested in the forests.
By 2001 wood harvesting decreased to 13.4 million cubic meters. In the jungle of economic interest are hardwood trees, as well as bamboo and rattan. Nepal is ranked 1st in South Asia in terms of deforestation (4% per year).
The destruction of forests contributes to soil erosion and landslides, as a result of which the country loses up to 66 thousand hectares of fertile soil annually. There is a growing risk of flooding in the lower, most populated parts of the valleys.
The agricultural production of Nepal is geographically tied primarily to the Terai strip, wide river valleys and flat mountain slopes. Arable land covers 21% of the territory. More than half of the areas suitable for processing remain in the hands of only 9% of large landowners. Jute (for sale), tobacco, potatoes, sugarcane, indigo, and opium poppy are grown in significant quantities.
Vegetables, oats, spices and a number of fruit crops are also cultivated. Among the intermountain basins, the most developed agriculture are the valleys of Kathmandu and Pokhara. Grain production has declined slightly across the country, including the Terai area, which led to the need to increase grain imports from India.
Although the harvest of 1998 was higher than in and made up about 6.9 million tons of grain, it is not enough to meet domestic needs. The population of the Great Himalayas is particularly affected by food shortages. Agriculture of Nepal is poorly mechanized. Terracing is actively practiced on the lower slopes of the ranges and in the valleys in order to expand the arable land.
A lot of land resources are given for the cultivation of jute, tobacco, sugar cane and potatoes, and the cultivation of indigo and opium poppy is also well advanced. Not bad with the cultivation of fruit, vegetables, and various spices.
Animal husbandry in Nepal is less developed than farming, but it also gives off, adding to the state’s treasury. Breeding livestock in Nepal is mainly based on the exploitation of land allocated for pasture. Nepalese herders, mostly goats, and are bred, and they also contain poultry and pigs. In the highlands of northern Nepal, distant pasture cattle breeding is developed.
Almost everywhere contain cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and poultry. The livestock of oxen is concentrated in the lower intermountain valleys, and the yaks and zo (a mixture of yaks and cows) are bred high in the mountains.
The woodworking industry of Nepal is even worse developed. The whole problem of this industry rests on the shortage of raw materials, the reduction in the number of forest areas, compelling workers to cut trees all higher in the mountains. The active logging in the period from 50 to 80 years significantly reduced the amount of suitable raw materials and by 2009 the harvesting of wood decreased to 13.4 million cubic meters.
Nepal is a predominantly agricultural country, so the development of this sector is very important to achieve equity and social justice in the country. The country has a population of 28 million inhabitants, of which 78% is rural and is mainly dedicated to subsistence agriculture due to the small size of the plots.
According to the 2001 census, there are 3,364,100 of agricultural producing families with 2,653,919 ha and the average of land per family is of 0.789 ha. On the other hand, 47.31% of these properties are marginal and of a very small size even for family subsistence.
These small properties average 0.24 ha or 7 kattha (2001 census). 58.9% of the total population, some 16 million people, is landless, that is, they do not own rural or urban land. Of that total, approximately 2.3 million people (481,938 families) are landless peasants. Despite having significant water resources, irrigation works are minimal. Likewise, investment in modern agricultural technology only occurs in 1% of the land.
This situation, added to the low agricultural productivity, has caused the growing population to be fed with imported products. Currently, the country has a large trade deficit with India, mainly in food. For 2009, 33% of GDP was a direct result of agricultural activity and much of the rest derived from it.
On the other hand, GDP per capita has increased significantly: for 2009 was less than $ 1,000 (as in the previous three decades), while for 2013 was estimated at the US $ 1,400. However, despite the remarkable growth of GDP, Nepal remains an extremely poor comparable only with Haiti country.
In Nepal, as in Venezuela, the question of land ownership is essential to ensure greater investment in agriculture. One recommendation that was discussed during the event was the need for farmers in both countries to have access to private land ownership. As a way to increase agricultural production for urban consumption and thus improve their living conditions.
Where is Nepal in terms of sports (Scope of sports in Nepal)
The rank of Nepal football in FIFA
The National Football Team of Nepal is the country’s representative team in official competitions. Its organization is in charge of the Football Federation of Nepal, belonging to the AFC. Although it is one of the weakest teams, in Nepal football is the most popular sport. As a nation, Nepal has a considerable territory where football is played with more enthusiasm than any other and often is the scene of exciting football matches.
The capital Kathmandu, located in an extensive valley, hosts numerous tournaments of importance throughout the year. In terms of popularity and the number of people who practice it, football undoubtedly ranks first among sports in Nepal, a country with more than 23 million inhabitants. Probably the popularity of soccer is even more surprising in this nation, predominantly if one takes into account that this kingdom of the Himalayas was closed to foreigners until the late 1940s.
With the arrival of the first foreigners in the “City of Temples”, as Kathmandu is known, some soccer fans began to play in an organized manner. Seven teams from the Kathmandu valley participated in the first tournament, which was to be played as a preamble to the national championship of Nepal – the “League of Martyrs”.
Nepal has witnessed a tremendous increase in the number of football clubs and tournaments in the country. Since the establishment in 1975 of the Nepal Football Association (ANFA in ALARA), a number of tournaments the national league championship.
For example, the top ten clubs in the first division Nepal face annually to teams of police and army of Nepal for the title of a national league. While clubs in the second and third division compete for titles of their respective leagues. The 36 regional football associations, several corporations, and government bodies provide most of the assistance that ANFA receives.
Thus helping the Nepalese AF to organize national tournaments for the clubs and for the different age categories throughout the year. Thus safeguarding the position of football as the most popular sport. The ANFA recently introduced an annual soccer calendar with tournaments for the clubs of the first division, as well as for the sub-19, sub-17, and sub-14 categories.
The number of football tournaments in Nepal has always exceeded sports events of other sports.
For the 2003-2004 season, the ANFA organized 24 tournaments throughout the country and prepared the national team and the youth team that participated in the qualification tournaments for the World Cup and the Asian Youth Championship. In the final tournament of this season, 425 clubs, mostly amateurs, participated in the Khukuri Cup in the districts, regional and superior categories. Almost 8,000 players, of which half are registered, played in the national tournament in the course of just two months.
Despite the popularity of the game, the lack of appropriate infrastructure for football, as well as coaches. And other needs, have always been an obstacle in the efforts of the AF of Nepal to increase the quality of football for players in a nation in which the official per capita income is the US $ 236.However, the penalties of Nepalese football have been alleviated to a large extent by FIFA’s determination to promote football in Nepal through youth development programs.
In the mid-1980s, FIFA provided financial assistance and sent trainers to Nepal to help launch the first youth program, which focused on finding talent from youth (in schools, for example). And providing young players the necessary knowledge both inside and outside the field. The initial five-year plan helped half of the players formed by the first youth program to reach a place in the national team.
And the team that won the gold medal in the VI Games of the South Asian Federation (SAF ) was formed almost exclusively by players prepared by the youth program. However, Nepalese football did not develop from that triumph in the successive international tournaments. As the players lacked the technique and skills to face the constant and always new challenges of football.
The ANFA asked FIFA for financial assistance to end the decline of Nepalese national football. And in 1998 FIFA agreed to donate funds through its Financial Assistance Program (FAP). In this way, the ANFA was able to build a secretariat with a football field and accommodation in Kathmandu to launch its youth development program.
The intensive two-year training period for the youth selected in 1998 produced a series of talented players who recently participated in the IX SAF Games (Pakistan, March 29-April 5). The same team previously led their group in the preliminary tournament of the Asian Cup in March 2004.
In 2002, the efforts for the development of football received an additional boost when FIFA included Nepal in its Goal Program. Thanks to FIFA, the ANFA has been able to carry out this project, which consists of the construction of regional football centers that include accommodation, offices, and playgrounds in three cities of three different regions.
The ANFA built these centers in order to discover talents hidden in towns or schools throughout the country. These centers will also provide the necessary instruction and training. In the long term, the whole country will benefit from more regional football teams from the Kathmandu club category.
The efforts of FIFA and the ANFA have paid off thereby ranking Nepal 121 on December 1993. The position, however, has declined to 161 on 4th April 2019. The lowest ranking of Nepal was in January 2016 when it ranked 196 in FIFA.
The rank of Nepal in cricket
Cricket is the second most popular sport in Nepal, catching up with football, as the country’s most popular and appreciated sport. Thanks mainly to the spread of television to rural communities and the qualifications of the national team in ICC World 2014 T20 Bangladesh. Nepal’s game season runs from September to November and begins again in March before ending in May.
The National Cricket Academy, NCA was formally opened in January 2013 by the Nepal Cricket Association to guide emerging players. And provide continuous training services for the men’s national team, under-19 teams, and the women’s national team. Since December 2012 there have been 429 senior cricket clubs and 227 junior cricket clubs in Nepal.
Cricket was introduced to Nepal by the ruling dynasty of Rana after participants returned from research in England in the 1920s. Although the game was kept very much for itself and other members of the elite. The Nepal Cricket Association was created in 1946 to promote cricket among the aristocracy. When King Tribhuvan overthrew the Rana regime in 1951, cricket began to spread to the rest of the population.
In 1961, in order to promote cricket throughout Nepal, the Nepal Cricket Association became part of the National Athletic Council. However, the game tended to be limited to Kathmandu until the 1980s.
Improvements in communication and transport infrastructure in Nepal allowed the game to expand beyond Kathmandu in the 1980s. And Nepal became a member of the ICC Affiliate in 1988. The main development program was launched in the early 1990s with regional and district established tournaments and cricket promoted in schools.
Nepal turned to become an Associate Member of the ACC in 1990 and became a full member in 1994. Interest in cricket increased rapidly in the 1990s, and the requirement to play was such that the number of teams in tournaments had to be limited until more facilities were built. Nepal became an ICC Associate Member in 1996, which was the year of the national side to be proud, played for the first time at the ACC Trophy in Kuala Lumpur.
Nepal finished the fourth of six teams in their first-round group in this competition, beating up Brunei and Japan. The competitions in which Nepal took part were :
- 1947 Madan’s generals installed the Bishnu Trophy for league tournaments.
- The 1952 Madan Memorial shield is installed.
- 1966 Maharaj Kumar Jugal Kisvor Trophy installed.
- 1965 Ram Muni Trophy set
- 1980 Jay Trophy established by the National Sports Council.
- District 2000 & Regional Level Under – 17 Tournaments started.
- The 2014 NPL was launched, based on the Twenty20 Privilege, One Day & Two Day Event.
There are 65 territories in Nepal with 17 peat wickets. International matches can only be played at Tribhuvan University International Cricket Ground. A new land of international standard is under construction in Mulpani, Kathmandu. And another will be built in Pokhara with some help from the Asian Cricket Council. The following are the largest cricket stadiums in Nepal:
- Tribhuvan University International Cricket Ground, Kirtipur, Kathmandu – the land has arranged first-class matches and won over 20,000 spectators in the past.
- Cricket Playground Pulchowk, Pulchowk, Lalitpur Design – ACC Trophy hosted
- Land Sainik Awasiya Maha Vidyalaya, Sallaghari, Bhaktapur
- Rangashala cricket ground, Pokhara, Kaski
- Cricket Ground Fapla, Dhangadi, Kailali
- District Land Sports Development Committee, Mahendranagar, Kanchanpur
- Mulpani Cricket Stadium, Mulpani, Kathmandu
Nepal National Cricket Team represents the country in international cricket matches. They have participated in international matches since 2013, including each ACC Trophy tournament, ICC 2001 Trophy, and two ICC Intercontinental Cups. Nepal also has Under-19 Cricket Teams.
Nepal National Women’s Cricket Team stands for the country in international women’s cricket matches. They debuted at the ACC Women’s Tournament in Malaysia in July 2007.
Domestic cricket is divided into 9 areas (Kathmandu, Janakpur, Birgunj, Baitadi, Biratnagar, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Pokhara and Mahendranagar along with APF and the Nepalese army). Male and female teams from these areas compete in matches of the Day and Twenty20 in various age groups. Similarly, from 2014 onwards the franchise based event involving Twenty20, One Day and Two-day tournaments was launched.
Nepal’s national cricket team
Nepal’s national cricket team is a team that shows Nepal in international cricket. They have been Associate Member of the International Cricket Board since 1996, previously a member of the Branch since 1988. Nepal was awarded Twenty20 International ICC status in June 2014. Nepal made their appearance of a maiden in the ICC a global event in the World of ICC 2014 Twenty20 in Bangladesh.
They have participated in international matches since 1996, including every ACC Trophy tournament. Nepal also participated in the ICC World Cup Definition in 2001 and 2014, the ICC Intercontinental Cup in 2004 and 2005. The ACC Fast Track Tournament in 2004, 2005 and 2006, the ACC Twenty20 Cup in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2013, the Asian Games in 2010 and 2014. ICC World Qualifier Twenty20 in 2012 and 2013 and ACC Premier League in 2014.
Unlike many other full-fledged members, partners and affiliates, where teams are mostly composed of expatriates. The national team of Nepal includes local players who usually penetrate through the ranks playing age cricket.
Nepal won their first major tournament by beating the USA in the final of the ICC World Cricket League Division Five held in Kathmandu in February 2010. Sharad Wesocher won the century and remained undefeated by 105 from 134 balls against Fiji in the tournament. Nepal played very well in the 2010 ACC Trophy Elite, winning all matches in the group stage and beating Malaysia in the semifinals with 8 runs.
But lost the final against the ODI team Afghanistan with 95 runs and finished the runners. Nepal arrived third in the 2010 ICC Four World Cricket League Division, thus remaining in Division Four of the 2012 ICC Four World Cricket League Division. In November, Nepal appeared in the 2010 Asian Games and lost against Sri Lanka in the quarterfinals. It was the first match that Nepal played against the country Full Member.
In December 2011, Nepal arranged the 2011 ACC Twenty20 Cup and finished fourth. Thus qualifying for the ICC World 2012 Qualifier Twenty20. Nepal ended the seventh in the World ICC 2012 Qualifier Twenty20 after defeating Kenya and Papua New Guinea in the playoffs. Shakti Gauchan played the first international hat-trick for Nepal against Denmark in the tournament.
In September 2012, Nepal appeared in the ICC Fourth World Cricket League Division Four, where Subash Hakurel and Anil Mandal both won a century. Subash Hakurel won 115 from 142 balls against the United States, and Anil Mandal won 113 from 134 balls against Denmark.
In the match against Malaysia, Shakti Gauchan set up a convincing victory for Nepal with a new record. The figures of a 10-8-2-3 left-handed Orthodox spinner are the best economic period of bowling ever in a limited collision.
Nepal won all six matches of the tournament and progressed to the 2013 ICC Cricket World League Division Three. Nepalese players won the best player of the match in all six matches, played by Nepal. And Basanta Regmi won a player’s tournament award after taking a total of 21 wickets in the tournament.
In October, Nepal competed in the 2012 ACC Elite Trophy and had to split the trophy with the UAE after an exciting tied final at Sharjah Cricket Stadium, UAE on October 12, 2012. The UAE sent 241, a target that looked like Nepal after their 94-controlled introductory stand. However, they consistently lost wickets, and ultimately needed 12 from the last with only two wickets in hand.
Shakti Gauchan smacked Shadip Silva, left-handed for six, but he could cope, only one escapes the last ball, hence ending in a magnificent final match in a draw. Skipper Khadka’s paragraphs won an undefeated 106 total from 77 balls against Kuwait, his age of maiden for Nepal, in the tournament.
Nepal competed in 2013, the ACC Twenty20 Cup, held at home, bases in Kirtipur and Lalitpur. Nepal easily reached the final of the tournament with a prestigious performance from their captain, Parash Khadka. And the team defeated the UAE with 6 wickets. Nepal previously had the right to the ICC World 2013 Qualifier Twenty20, reaching the semifinal of the tournament.
Nepal had to be satisfied with the status of the runners after losing the ODI team to Afghanistan with 7 wickets. The Nepalese team was supported by a huge fan after during this tournament, with an average strike of 15,000 to 20,000 (approximately 25,000 in the semifinals and finals).
During their matches, while hundreds of thousands watched live on television – undoubtedly the biggest public support outside test countries. Nepal won the ICC 2013 World Cricket League Division Three held in Bermuda and was eligible for the 2014 World Cup Qualifier.
Nepal also played in the 2013 ACC Emerging Teams Cup, where sub-23 teams of the age level of four Test countries – Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka took part along with the UAE, Afghanistan and the hosts of Singapore.
Nepal finished third in the 2013 ICC World Qualifier Twenty20, held in the UAE. And was eligible for the ICC World Twenty20 2014, defeating Hong Kong from the last ball of the exciting quarter-finals.
Nepal missed the qualification for the 2015 World Cup, ending ninth in the 2014 World Championships Determinant in New Zealand in January. Nepal was the best of the three combined teams on display in Group A of the 2014 ICC World Twenty20.
They comprehensively beat Hong Kong, held their own bat against Bangladesh and achieved a strong victory against Afghanistan, their first since 2004 in any format against their old rivals.
Nepal bowlers rolled a wide single or no ball during the tournament. Nepal was also the only team not to recognize 140 in the possibility of the tournament. Nepal finished third in the 2014 ACC Premier League, where they beat the United Arab Emirates ODI and Hong Kong teams and qualified for the 2014 ACC Championship.
In September, Nepal participated in the 2014 Asian Games but did not qualify outside the quarterfinals. Nepal won the 2014 ICC World Cricket League Division Three held in Malaysia and was eligible for the 2015 ICC World Cricket League Division Two. Gyanendra Malla won his century maidens, 114 from 125 balls, against Singapore in the tournament.
Nepal finished fourth in the 2015 ICC World Cricket League Division Two in Namibia and qualified for the 2015–17 ICC World Cricket League Championships. But Nepal did not advance to Division One and qualification to the 2015–17 ICC Intercontinental Cup after the end of the third in the round robin.
Basanta Regmi was the first bowler to take 100 wickets in the Cricket World League. He achieved this feat after taking 2 wickets against the Netherlands in the tournament.
On June 28, 2014, the ICC awarded T20I status to Nepal, who participated and performed exceptionally well in ICC World 2014 Twenty20. Nepal has already played three T20I matches before gaining status, as the ICC had previously announced that all matches in ICC World 2014 Twenty20 would have T20I status.
Nepal played their very first Twenty20 International series against Hong Kong in November 2014 in Sri Lanka. Initially, the series was scheduled for three matches, but only one match was played due to continuous rain and poor soil conditions.
Nepal lost the match, but Sompal Kami put in impressive work, winning 40 of 31 balls, entering No. 10. This is a world record for the highest score made by the batsman in that position. Nepal was then ranked by the ICC as 14th in ODI and 14th in T20. However, Cricket Association of Nepal has been banned by ICC in 2016 till now following the disputes of CAN over the election of its leadership.
Where is Nepal in terms of Banking
Finance is the lifeblood of trade, commerce, and industry. Nowadays, the banking sector acts as the backbone of modern business. Development of any country mainly depends upon the banking system.
The term bank is either derived from old Italian word Banca or from a French word banquet both mean a bench or money exchange table. In olden days, European money lenders or money changers used to display (show) coins of different countries in big heaps (quantity) on benches or/tables for the purpose of lending or exchanging.
There are 28 commercial banks and 78 development banks in Nepal.
Where is Nepal in terms of Employment
Due to the backward economy, Nepal is facing a huge problem of unemployment As the government fails to provide enough jobs, a large number of youths seek foreign employment About 60% of our population is under the age of 40 years, and 20 % of the population is between the ages of 15-30 years.
This means we have a large number of the economically active population. It should have been very good for the economic growth of the country. But, as there is a huge unemployment problem, a large number of our people are unemployed. According to the figures, there are more than 1.5 million youths who are unemployed. This number is ever growing every day.
Due to unemployment, youths are involved in a different type of unsocial activities like drug addictions and crime. Millions of youths enter the job market but there are very little chances of employment If a vacancy is announced in any place, there are thousands of applicants for a single post. Further, there is politics, nepotism, cronyism in every sector. There is no value system based on meritocracy.
Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Malaysia, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, India, etc are some countries where the majority of Nepalese youths go for employment. Many unemployed get into crimes. Some of the young women and girls may have to resort to prostitution.
The unemployment situation in towns and cities is even more alarming. Finding a Government job is not so easy. Most of the government offices are overstaffed. Due to political instability, industrialization is taking place very slowly. Many of the existing industries are also facing problems.
Among the total population of 26.4 million, almost 47 percent are underemployed. Underemployment especially in rural areas where the major occupation is agriculture is very big.
People engaged in agriculture are mostly underemployed as they are subsistence workers. Every year Nepalese youths between 300,000 to 400,000 enter the job market. Only ten percent of them are absorbed in the domestic market. Rest of them either seek foreign employment or live without a job.
Where is Nepal in terms of Drinking Water: Drinking Water in Nepal
We know that water is the most important resource for human life. However, the availability of clean drinking water in Nepal is not sufficient; a smooth supply of clean drinking water is an important thing. Easy access to clean drinking water is one of the fundamental rights of people, and it is the duty of any responsible government to provide clean drinking water to people.
In modern times, with the rise in population and industrial use of water, availability of clean drinking water is a major problem in the world. On the one hand, an increasing population has led to deforestation and on the other, population growth has also led to increasing demand for clean drinking water. Similarly, climate change has also negatively affected the source of water. As a result, establishing drinking water plants is becoming more expensive.
In Nepal, at present, only 85 percent of the population has access to drinking water. People use various methods such as rainwater harvesting and collecting water from fog or moist air in cold region to meet the high demand for drinking water. In the Pathivara temple of Taplejung, for example, water is collected from these methods.
In the Terai region, tube wells are the common source of water, but such water often tends to contain arsenic and affect people’s health. According to the Nepal Population and Health Survey, 2064, some 90 percent of urban households and some 80 percent of rural households have access to drinking water. In addition, an adequate measure needs to be taken to improve the quality of drinking water and maintaining already existing drinking water systems.
Where is Nepal in terms of Marketing
Marketing of Country Nepal in the World is very WEAK
We know that the economic machine has two wheels: production and consumption. Marketing is a vital connecting link between these two wheels. It reflects that marketing is not only buying and selling of goods or services in the market, it is also related to transfer of ownership and possession of goods from one person to another.
The term marketing has wider coverage. It is a comprehensive term. It includes a group of business activities in order to create consumer demand and to direct the flow of goods and services from the original producers to the final consumer in the process of distribution.
In other word, it represents all business activities involved in the determination, creation, and satisfaction of human wants at fair prices. it is not only concerned with attracting customers but also the concern with retaining customers. So, all types of organizations need marketing to achieve their goals because it is the performance of business activities to flow goods or services.
According to the American Marketing Association:
“marketing is the process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion, and distribution of ideas, goods, and services to create exchange that satisfy individual and organizational objectives.”
According to A.H. Hanson,
“Marketing is a method of creating demand, increasing demand and satisfying demand.”
Conclusion about Role of Marketing on about Where is Nepal?
Marketing of Nepal can do in the world to give the answer where is Nepal? Why visit Nepal? Things to do in Nepal etc. To a Nepal, Nepal must sell tourism activities. Nepal must promote visitor to purchase of necessary goods and services of Nepal.
So Marketing of Nepal tourism activities includes a group of tourism activities in order to create and promote tourist demand and to direct the flow of goods or services. In other word, Nepal must maintain tourism activities management or it is meeting tourist needs to achieve Nepal tourism objectives.
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