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Physical Facts and Information about Nepal

Nepal does not have plenty of natural resources in terms of valuable minerals and petroleum. Though there are some indications of iron, copper, gold, zinc, limestone, slate, oil and gas, coal, sulfur, quartz, cobalt, etc, yet they are not substantially excavated. Nepal is rich in scenic beauty, water resources, and forest.

The north part consists of a beautiful range of mountains always covered with snow. Nepal has roughly 6000 rivers flowing all the year round from Mountains in the north to the plain in the south. It is estimated that all these rivers have the potential of generating 83,000 MW of hydroelectricity out of which 40,000 MW is said to be feasible.

It is said that Nepal is the second largest country in terms of water resources in the world, Brazil being the first one. Nepal possesses 2.27 percent of the world water resources. The main sources of water are Mountain Rivers, glaciers, lakes, rainfall and groundwater. Beautiful mountains and river systems could be the sectors to attract tourists.

Nepal is famous for Mountain flight, Mountain climbing, mountaineering and biking, elephant safari, hot air balloon, Bungee jumping, rafting, trekking, etc.

Another important natural resource available for Nepal is the forest. Around 40 percent of the total area of Nepal occupies the forest. Due to climatic variations from temperate to tropical, a large number of flora and fauna are found in Nepal.

Plants of medicinal values, herbs, etc are found in different regions. Many new species of herbs can be cultivated here. Different species of fruits and vegetables can be grown.  Forest is the main source of traditional fuel such as firewood and coal.

Similarly, it is the main source of fodder for livestock and raw materials for forestry-based industries. Forest in Nepal is categorized as primary forest-which is primarily intact, protected, conserved and production forest. The forest coverage in Nepal is 39.6 percent.

However, optimal utilization of natural resources is yet to be achieved. Income generating activities opportunities can be increased through community development programs and increase forest-based exports. Forest helps to maintain ecological balance in the environment. Increased deforestation in recent days has become a serious problem.

Deforestation rate was 1.4 % per year during 2000-2005, which has been decreased to 1.1% in 2010-2015  and the reason is, in recent years most of the forest are provided and handled to the community and hence it has increased the public participation of the flora and fauna.

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity with a unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 70m above sea level to the highest point on the earth, Mt Everest at 8,848m, within a distance of 150 km. Climate range from subtropical to arctic. This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems.

Mountains and rugged hills cover nearly 75 percent of Nepal’s land area. The landscape is composed of three main physiographic regions that run laterally across the country. In the south, the plains of the Tarai Region cover approximately 23 percent of Nepal’s total area and are both the main agricultural region and the most densely populated region.

To the north, the Hill Region covers approximately 42 percent of the total area and consists of mountains, hills, flatlands, and valleys with elevations ranging from 600 to 3,000 meters.

Farther north, the Himalayan Region covers nearly 35 percent of the total area and contains 200 peaks more than 6,000 meters in elevation and 13 peaks more than 8,000 meters high, including Sagarmatha (Mount Everest), the world’s highest mountain (8,850 meters). This area often experiences intense geological activity, with nearly 50 earthquakes from 1870 to 1996.

Nepal’s natural resource base is widely regarded as insufficient for economic needs, and “scenic beauty” is seen as one of the most commercially important resources. Fuel resources are especially scarce. Although some methane gas has been discovered, petroleum reserves have not materialized.

Renewable resources, particularly arable land, are perhaps the most economically important resources, but hydropower is underutilized. The most available metallic minerals are copper, gold, lead, and zinc, but only lead and zinc have been commercially viable. Nonmetallic minerals such as marble, talc, and particularly limestone have been commercially viable, and there are some deposits of dolomite and magnesite.

Capital of Nepal

Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. It has a population of 1,442,271 and is located at a latitude of 27.7 and longitude of 85.32.

Kathmandu is also the political midpoint of Nepal, home to its head of state(President previously King).

Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal and the country’s largest metropolitan city.

Quick Facts About Kathmandu, the Capital Of Nepal

City: Kathmandu

Country    Nepal

Population    1,442,271

Longitude    85.32060000

Latitude    27.70169000

Elevation    1296 meters above sea level

Nepal is Member of SAARC

Nepal is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC). The SAARC Secretariat is located in Kathmandu. Lately, she has been a member of many other international organizations and UN specialized agencies. Through these organizations and agencies, Nepal has been contributing to search the world for peace, security, and development.

Facts about SAARC countries

8 SAARC countries

Nepal is a sovereign country. It is a member of the United Nations Organization (UNO), Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and many other international organizations and agencies. Nepal has established diplomatic relations with more than 140 countries around the world. We have friendly relations and mutual co-operation and understanding with all countries far and near.

Our foreign policy is guided by “the principles of the United Nations Charter and nonalignment. Panchsheel [five principles of peaceful coexistence], international law and the value of world peace are its foundations. Nepal has so far established diplomatic relation with 138 countries around the world.

As a small, landlocked country between two larger and far stronger powers, Nepal maintains good relations with both of its neighbors: the People’s Republic of China and India.

New Constitution of Nepal 2015

New Constitution of Nepal sarkar naya sambidhan

The Constitution is the fundamental law of a nation. The Constitution is different from other laws, Acts, and rules, although the letters are derived from the Constitution. A country’s constitution contains provisions to form the government, run the administration, and formulate laws.

There are different forms of government in the world such as autocratic, democratic, republican, presidential, monarchical, military, unicameral, bicameral and so on. Each nation’s constitution explains what form of government it has and how the government, judiciary, and legislature should function. In this sense, the constitution is a written political document and the supreme law of the country. Every country has its own constitution and one country’s constitution may differ from another’s.

Nepal is Member of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

Nepal is also an active member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). NAM was established in Bandung of Indonesia in 1955 AD. Nepal is like a ‘Yam’ between two boulders. Hence, she pursues the policy of non-alignment She doesn’t take the side of any powers on any issues.

She takes her own independent course on critical foreign issues. She raises voice against any injustice and exploitation taking place anywhere. This has enhanced her position in the comity of nations. This has benefited Nepal a lot.

Nepal is a Member of the UNO

Nepal is a peace-loving country. She always wants to maintain a friendly relation with both the neighboring and other friendly countries around the world. She pursued a policy of isolation throughout the rule of the Ranas. Once the Rana ruled ended and democracy established in 1950 AD, Nepal opened up herself to the outside world. Since then, she has established diplomatic relations with many countries. Its number now has reached 138 countries.

Nepal pursues non-aligned foreign policy. Her foreign policy is founded on the principles of ‘Panchasheela’: five principles of peaceful co-existence.

Nepal became a member of the UNO in 1955 AD. Since then, she has taken a very active role in supporting the UN activities. Nepal has been elected as the temporary member of the UN Security Council twice: 1969-70 and 1988-89.

There are many high ranking Nepali UN officials serving at the UN Headquarters. Gyan Chandra Acharya is presently serving as an  Under-Secretary-General and  High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries, and Small Island Developing States. This is a matter of great pride for Nepal.

Where is Nepal in terms of Tradition

Nepal is rich in such cultures and traditions, rites and rituals, folklore and customs. The Constitution of Nepal also reflects this fact. The Constitution defines Nepal as a multi-religious, multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, and multi-cultural country.

Every society has its unique culture, tradition, folklore, social norms, values, beliefs, and religions. Such social practices are part of human life that guide society and individuals. Such customs and traditions fulfill social, communal and individual needs and create an ideal social environment in harmony with the environment and ecology.

Similarly, social norms, sentiment, and environment also influence such practices. Religious beliefs and practices guide social rites and rituals such as naming ceremony (Christening), feeding ceremony, upanayana, marriage, death rites, worshipping, feasts and festivals.

The performance of these rites and rituals may vary from community to community and from religion to religion. For example, the Brahmin and Kshetri communities observe death rates for 13 days but the Rai community observes it for 7 days.

Where is Janakpur

Janakpur is the popular place of Nepal which is also calledJanakpurdham, presently the headquarters of both Janakpur zone and Dhanushadistrict. Janakpur was the capital of ancient Mithila kingdom of King Janak’s nearly 12,000 years ago during the TretaYug.

In Devanagari script, The name Janakpurdham is composed of three words which are, ‘Janak’, ‘Pur’ and ‘Dham’, as Janak means father’, pur means village’ and Dham means ‘famous place for pilgrimage’ respectively. Janakpur was Named after the wise king, Janak, Janakpurdham, however, also incorporatesMithilanchal, or the Mithila region.

Balmiki’sepic Ramayan on Aryan culture and Ramcharitmanas by Tulsidasconfirm this. Out of the six philosophies on Aryan culture, Sankhya, Vaisheshik, Nyaya, and Mimamsa are contributions of this ancient land, which were formulated between 1000B.C. and 600 B.C.

Janakpur city has become a best and central place for both religious and cultural tourism. Until Province Assembly votes for a permanent capital, the city has been declared as a temporary capital for province no.2. Janakpur is situated about 123 km (76 mi) south-east of Kathmandu.

As of 2015, Janakpur had a population of 173,924. As this city has become the largest Sub-Metropolitan city of Nepal. Between Nepal and India, The Nepal Railways used to operate it’s railway services

The location in geographical co-ordinate in the global map is 26°43′43″N  85°55′30″E. Janakpur is situated in the Terai, and the climate of this place is humid subtropical.

As, the dry and hot windy months are April to June, as, the cold dry season lasts from October to January and whereas rainy months are July to September and short spring lasts from February to March.

Rato, Dudhmati, Jalad, Kamala, and Balan are the major rivers nearby Janakpur. It starts from Koshi River in the east to Gandaki river in the west measuring the distance of 96 Kosh (192 miles) and from the river Ganges in the south to the forests of the Himalaya in the north measuring a distance of 64 Kosh (128miles).

The Ganges flows in the south and the Koshi in the east. The Gandaki flows in the west and the Himalayan forest in the north covering the sacred rivers like the Kamala, Triyuga, Amrita, Ghemu, Bagmati, and Laxman, that glorious part of Mithila is the home of learning.

From the above definitions, the boundary of ancient Janakpur (Mithila) extends into neighboring Indian territory also. Even Indian scholars on Mithilaacknowledge Janakpurdham to be the main center of Mithila.

Janakpurdham is the world’s only city having more than 115 ancient ponds of historical and mythological importance. The Mithila region prides itself in having the largest number of ponds in the country.

Within Nepalese Mithila, there are nearly2,000 villages, each of which possesses no less than four pounds. The biggest temple of Nepal, Shree JanakiMandir, lies in Janakpurdham. The only railway in Nepal, Janakpur Railway, continues to operate on its narrow tracks. Janakpur Cigarette Factory, the biggest cigarette factory in Nepal, is in Janakpurdham. It’s a very wonderful place with diversity and lots of possibilities.

Where is Mount Everest Located

Mount Everest is the highest mountain peak in the world located in the small landlocked country, Nepal. Nepal is known as the land of Himalayas as the eight highest peaks of Nepal are located in Nepal.

It is also known as Chomolungma in China which means holy mother, Sagarmatha in Nepal which means forehead in the sky. It was named as Mount Everest by Sir Everest gorge. The pea is also called the third pole. It is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet. It is located in Mahalangur Himal subrange of the Himalayas which spread in the six countries such as Nepal, India, Bhutan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and China.

It’s north parts of Qinghai Tibet Plateau ranges from 5,800m ~ 6,200m around. As the Mahalangur is the home to 3 of the highest peaks of Nepal which are Mt. Kanchenjunga, Mt. Lhotse and Mt. Makalu. As Mount Everest is a kind of loom in the background so we cannot clear about which mountain is Mount Everest until someone clarifies us.

The peas like Mt. Nuptse and Mt.Lhotse are also included in the massif of Everest. The height of Mount Everest is 8,848m. As, the geographical and topographical structure and it’s natural beauty allure the tourists and it is one of the best destinations for adventure sports.

On the side of Nepal, Mount Everest is located in the Solu Khumbu district in eastern development region in province 1. It is situated in Sagarmatha national park. As well on the Tibet side, it is situated in Tingre country in Xigaze area.

It is about 160.51 km from the Kathmandu which is equal to 99.74 miles and 86.61 nautical miles. The political map of Nepal has listed Mt. Everest in the Khumjung Village Development Committee Ward No. 4 of Solukhumbu District in Sagarmatha zone.

Namche Bazaar (3,500 m) is called the gateway to Mount Everest as it is the main route of entering the expedition of Everest and other Himalayan peaks in the area. It is also is an affluent market town marketing everything from Tibetan artifacts to trekking and climbing equipment.

Mount Everest attracts many climbers from all over the world and many people have experienced mountaineering. As there are two main routes for climbing Everest. One route is called standard route, where climbing is done through the southeast of Nepal and another route of climbing is from the north in Tibet but this route hasn’t been used due to bad weather.

As the normal route is from the south-west ridge of Nepal. Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Sir Edmund Hillary were the first persons to climb Sagarmatha successfully. Up to this time, many people are being climbed the peak and some of them haven’t got to return back.

So, the trekking facility has been provided which gives us the opportunity to take the closest view of Everest. The Everest base camp treks the many tourists of the world and is one of the most visited and destined trekking. Along with trekking, Everest is also being opened for mountaineering.

Where is Nepal 0Lumbini

Lumbini, situated in the Terai of the south-western region of Nepal, is renowned in the world as the

birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, the Apostle ofPeace. On the month of Vaisakha full moon day of 623 B.C. Siddhartha Gautama, the future Bud of Buddha was born there when his mother Mahamaya was on the way to Devadaha, her native home. This holy place lies in the district Rupendehi, which is on the province no 5, of federal Nepal.

The sacred area of Lumbini is spread over 1.95 ha of land. Lumbini is extended up to 4.8 km (3 mi) in length and 1.6 km (1.0 mi) in width. The holy site of Lumbini is surrounded by a large monastic zone where the only monastery can be built, no shops nor hotels and restaurants.

Lumbini is famous for the ancient bathing pond, the erected Ashokan pillar and the gloriousMayadevi Temple, monasteries, holy sacred Bodhi tree where it is supposed as the birthplace of Buddha is located. Pilgrims from various countries perform meditation and chanting at the site, From early morning and too early evening.

Geographically Lumbini lies on the graphical coordinate of 27°28′53″N 83°16′33″E. Lumbini was listed in a World Heritage Site in 1997 status by UNESCO. The Nativity sculpture of Lumbini (dating 41h-5Lhcentury A.D.) shows Mayadevi, mother of LordBuddha, supporting herself by holding a branch of a tree by her right hand. The newly born Siddhartha Gautam is depicted standing upright on the lotus flower.

Two other celestial figures are seen pouring water. Lotus flowers are also seen scattered from heaven. Being the birthplace of Lord Buddha Lumbini was considered a holy pilgrimage shrine since ancient times. In the 20th year of his regime, i.e. in 249B.C.

Emperor Ashoka of India came to the spot and had erected the stambha (pillar) with a typicalAsokan inscription and placed a commemorative stone to mark the birthplace of Lord Buddha (at the exact spot where Prince Siddhartha Gautam touched on earth) for the benefit of the future generations of mankind.

The five-line inscription of the Ashokan pillar gives us the exact information that King Piyadasi (Ashok), the beloved close person of Devas, in the 20th year of his coronation, made a visit to Lumbini and paid homage to Lord Buddha. Realizing that BuddhaSakyamuni was born here, Silavigadabhica was placed and stone pillar (stambha) erected.

Lumbini as the holy shrine attracted not only local scholars and pilgrims but also the religious-minded people and scholarly travelers from foreign lands. Unfortunately, so far, we have not found the accounts of the local scholars visiting the holy pilgrimage monument.

From the time of Emperor AshokaLumbini became the Buddhist pilgrimage as well as the center of peace, compassion, humanism, nonviolence and universal brotherhood. Ashoka himself achieved profound spiritual solace by visiting the spot. From ancient times till present Lumbini has secured Avery sacred and holiest place as a pilgrimage center for all the Buddhists and peace-loving people of the world.

Where is Nepal Pokhara

Pokhara valley located between the Greater Himalaya and Mahabharata Range occupies the most central location in Nepal. On the basis of federal region, Pokhara is situated in the province no 4. The altitude varies from 827 meters (2,713 feet) in the southern part to 1,740 meters (5,710 feet) in the north.

The location in geographical co-ordinate in the global map is 28°15′50″N 83°58′20″E. It is the only valley in the world with the view of mountains above 8000meters that can be seen from close proximity. Out of the 14 highest mountains of the world above 8000 meters, Annapurna, Manaslu &Dhaulagiri can be seen from the altitude of 800m.

Pokhara is located 200km distance west from the capital city Kathmandu. It takes only the time of half an hour when flying duration and 5 to 6 hours drive from Kathmandu. Pokhara area shows the greatest contrast in the landscape.

Unlike any place in the world, where we can see highest mountains reaching 8000 meters level from such small distance and itself, it belongs to the tropical low land without any mountain ranges but contains lakes, caves and hence, Pokhara is certainly one of the most extraordinary and beautiful places in the world

Phewa Lake, also the second biggest lake of Nepal, which has roughly area of measuring 1.5 km x 4 km, is actually the center of all attractions for tourists Pokhara.

The enchanting lake is a playground for those who want a pleasant experience of nature. You can also enjoy wooden boats and sailboats and they can be rented at a reasonable cost around lakeside.

Garden of seven lakes, 15km east from Pokhara, is worth visiting. Begnas and Rupa Lakes are major ones. Medicinal and herbal plants, as well as the sub-tropical green forest around this area, make the surrounding atmosphere more hygienic & colorful.

It takes about 20 minutes to drive over there. Dipang, Maidi, Khaste, Neurani, and Gunde are small in size but consist of high potentiality for entertaining purposes, fishing, butterfly & bird watching, and herbal plants.

DipangLake is so peculiar, recreational and tranquil that it is called “Honeymoon Lake”. It is an enchanting city nestled in a tranquil valley known as a gateway to the world of adventure. Pokhara is a natural wonder situated in sub-tropical lowland under the massif Himalaya.

Pokhara’s uniqueness is its natural and socio-cultural diversity in a small periphery. It has developed as a common dwelling place of the Mongolian and Aryan people of different castes with their cultural activities. Likewise, it is a unique place with over 207 species of orchids and many more herbal plants and wildflowers.

The rivers sides and wetland area of the lakes are popular places for the local and migrant birds and butterfly. These diversities provide the best ground for researchers. Talking about the climate of Pokhara, Pokhara has a tropical mild temperature, neither so cold in winter nor hot in summer.

The Himalayas and the surrounding green hills keep it moderate. Winter offers quite pleasant weather, especially from September to December. The temperature remains between32°C in summers and a minimum of 6°C in winters. Monsoon starts from early June and ends in early September. Pokhara receives

the heaviest rainfall. It produces a variety of sub-tropical floras such as banana trees, orange trees, green leafy vegetables, and huge Pipal and Banyan trees. Nepal is a pioneer in World Trekking and Pokhara is the gateway to Trekking paradise. You can follow many trekking routes through Pokhara.

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