Where is Nepal: This post is about where is Nepal located on the world map. This post is about marketing plays a vital role to answer where Nepal is. Where is Nepal is such a term which is the most searched term in the Google search engine?
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If you ever go through your world map in the atlas or any other source, then you will see considerable landmasses in the South East Asia region with two names, India and China. But have you wondered what’s between this two-region, there is As Great King Prithvi Narayan Shah said ‘Yam between two big stones, a beautiful country rich in both cultural and geographical diversity NEPAL.
Nepal is home to more than a hundred ethnic tribes, over 800 birds species, and a garden with over 8000 flora and fauna. Nepal is also the place where the birthplace of Gautama Buddha as well as goddess Sita (Wife to Goddess Ram). and also the most prestigious Hindu temple Pashupatinath. The most well-known trek and mountaineering center on the Trans Himalaya continent. Nepal is among the longest Himalayan mountains that border Tibet as well as the Autonomous Region of China is known as the Great Himalayan Trail.
The length of the nation is 885 kilometers east-west, and its width varies from 145 to 241 kilometers north-south. Climatically, it lies in the mild zone with the added advantage of elevations. Nepal covers 143,352 square kilometers of land and 3,829 square kilometers of water, making it the 92nd largest nation in the world with a total area of 147,181 square kilometers.
Nepal is located between two giants of Asia, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of India. That is why sometimes it is called “yam sand witched between two rocks”.
Nepal is a land-locked country surrounded by Tibet autonomous region of the People’s Republic of China to the north and by the Republic of India to the east, west, and south.
Nepal remained independent throughout its history. The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu. The Nepalese economy is agro-based which contributes around 32 percent of GDP.
In the world economy, Nepal is categorized as a developing third-world country. Still, 24 percent of its people are living below the poverty line, earning less than a dollar per day. The per capita GDP is only $ 320, the lowest among the SAARC region.
Besides this, Nepal is blessed with some historical movements, cultural diversity, and natural resources. The highest peak in the world, also known as the third pole- Mount Everest lies in Nepal. Eight of the ten world’s highest mountains are located in Nepal.
Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha proponent of Buddhism which beliefs in non-violence and the peaceful existence of humankind, also lies in Nepal. Pashupatinath, Lord Shiva, the epitome of more than one billion Hindus, is situated in Kathmandu. Similarly, Nepal is the safe habitat of thousands of flora and fauna. Nepal has unity among diversity.
On April 25th, 2015, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal with the epicenter at Barpak of Gorkha, with a series of strong aftershocks including one of 6.7 magnitudes, and triggering avalanches in the mountains. It was the worst earthquake to hit Nepal in 80 years.
Estimates indicated more than 8000 people died and many more were injured. On May 12th, 2015, a second, 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal, again with strong aftershocks. The United Nations estimated that approximately eight million people had been affected by the earthquakes. Destruction of buildings, roads, and other infrastructure will make re-building a long-term challenge.
Nepal was founded as a definite and original country in 1768. The population of Nepal is 29,890,686 (2012), and the nation has a density of 209 people per square kilometer.
Position of Nepal about the Equator and the globe
What is the Equator?
As the Equator is known, in geography, the imaginary line, equidistant from the two geographical poles. And perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the earth, which divides the planet into two hemispheres: north and south. By definition, the latitude of the Equator is 0 °.
The plane of the Equator cuts the surface of the planet in an imaginary line (a full circle) that is equidistant – it is precisely at the same distance – from the geographical poles.
The equatorial circumference of the earth measures about 40,075 km. Its radius is 6,378 km. The line of the Equator is the closest point to the sky due to the shape of the earth. The Equator is the parallel of 0 ° latitude, also perpendicular to the Greenwich meridian.
It measures approximately 40,075 km. It is the only one of the five notable circles in the latitude of the earth that is strictly a circle, as is the imaginary trace that results from its projection on the celestial sphere.
The other four notable “circles” are the two polar circles and the two tropical circles (Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere and Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere). The sun passes over the Equator twice a year (at the equinoxes of March and September) in its apparent movement through the sky, called seasonal motion.
An equinox is defined as the moment in which the rays of light coming from the center of the sun are perpendicular to the surface of the earth at the Equator, which in turn determines that at the Equator the sun is at its highest point. 12:00 solar time and the sun is located at the zenith at that time.
In the regions located on the terrestrial Equator, the duration of the sunrise and sunset is shorter than in the rest of the planet, because, during the whole year, the Sun “appears” and “hides”.
The duration of the day at the Equator is practically constant throughout the year. Approximately 14 minutes more than the night, caused by atmospheric refraction and because the sunrise and sunset are not determined by the passage of the sun’s center on the horizon. But by the passage of the edge of the solar disk.
Therefore, the dawn moment precedes the passage of the sun’s centre through the horizon, and the sunset is after the course of the sun’s centre along the horizon line.
What is latitude?
It is the distance, measured in degrees, that exists between any parallel and the line of the Equator. The latitude of a point is measured to the north or south of the similar zero. If the latitude is north, it means that the analyzed zone is located in the Northern Hemisphere, and if it is south, it means that it is in the Southern Hemisphere.
The latitude is the angular distance between the equatorial line (the Equator), and a determined point of the earth, measured along the meridian in which this point is. Depending on the hemisphere in which the point is located, it may be north or south latitude.
The latitude provides the location of a place, in a North or South direction from the Equator. And is expressed in angular measurements that vary from 0 ° of the Equator to 90 ° N of the North pole or 90 ° S of the South Pole.
This suggests that if we draw a line that goes from any point of the earth to the centre of it, the angle that that line forms with the equatorial plane express the latitude of that point.
The North or South orientation depends on whether the marked point is above the parallel of the Equator (north latitude) or if it is below this parallel (South latitude). The latitude is measured in degrees (°), between 0 and 90; and it can be represented in two ways:
- Indicating to which hemisphere the coordinate belongs;
- Adding positive values -north- and negative -sur-.
Thus, ten degrees in north latitude could be represented 10 ° N or + 10 °; and ten degrees south could be 10 ° S or -10 °.
What is longitude?
Geographic longitude is one of the two coordinates that the position of points on the surface of the earth and is measured in angular degrees (the second coordinate is latitude). Longitude is directly related to the meridians of them because it is the meridian lines that have angular degrees of longitude. All the meridians converge at the poles of the earth.
Each meridian is half the great circle of the earth, and each meridian has one longitude along the entire length of the meridian. Or on the other – all points of the earth’s surface lying on the same meridian have the same geographical longitude. To calculate and determine longitude, an initial meridian with zero value (0 °) of longitude is required.
At different times there were other initial lines of reference. Ultimately, it was decided that the line of zero longitude runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through the Greenwich Laboratory, located in England on the eastern outskirts of London. This line is also called the zero, main, Greenwich meridian, or simply Greenwich.
The numerical value of longitude (degrees) indicates the angular size at the center of the earth between the plane of the zero meridians (Greenwich) and the plane of the meridian of a point on the earth’s surface to the east or west of the zero meridians. The shape of the earth can be compared with a sphere. Therefore, the circumference of the earth can be divided into 360 degrees. It is considered that each degree corresponds to one meridian.
Therefore, we have 360 longitude meridians. Accordingly, there are 180 degrees of longitude east of the zero meridians, which have positive values and are called east longitude meridians (denoted as E). There are also 180 degrees of longitude to the west of the prime meridian, which have negative values and are called western longitude meridians (denoted as W).
The longitude reading in angular degrees should be started from the zero meridians (Greenwich) to the east or west, depending on which half-width of the geographical object you want to calculate on the surface of the earth. The meeting of the eastern and western meridians takes place in the Pacific Ocean at the 180th meridian of longitude.
Position of Nepal: Nepal is at latitude 28.3948574 degrees North and longitude 84.1240082 degrees East. It is part of the continent of Asia and is located in the northern hemisphere. Geographical coordinates of Nepal in degrees and decimal minutes: Longitude: E 84 ° 0’0 and Latitude: N 28 ° 0’0.
Where is Nepal Located on the world map?
To know where Nepal is, we have to look at the southern part of Asia. It is a small country that is located in the northern part of India and south China, just before reaching the lands that encompass Southeast Asia such as Thailand, Vietnam, Burma Laos, and Cambodia. Enclosed between two Asian giants (India and China), Nepal has been described as “jelly between two rocks”.
Nestled in the majestic Himalayas (which in the Sanskrit language means ” residence of the snow ”), the country is full of mountains and hills. It’s a little bigger than Bangladesh. Nepal has no maritime coasts, it is surrounded by India on three of its sides, while its northern border is the People’s Republic of China, through Tibet.
It is separated from Bangladesh by a small step known as the “hen of hen” or “Siliguri Runner”, through the Indian State of Western Bengal. And 88 kilometres away from Bhán, by the also Indian State of Sikkim. This unique geographical situation is hard since for the transit of people depends almost in its entirety of India, as well as China for the importation of goods.
For such a small country, Nepal has an immense geographical variety, which extends from the Great Plain of Terai (the northern edge of the Ganges basin located at 300 meters above sea level) to the 8,800 meters of Mount Everest (called the Sagarmatha in Nepali ).
From the low territories of the Terai, the land begins to rise progressively, crossing different mountain ranges until the imposing wall conforms to the Himalayas.
The increase in height is interrupted by intermediate valleys between the cords, where most of the population of the Kingdom is located. These geographical variations translate in turn into incredible biodiversity of species.
Here is a photo in which you can see Where is the country Nepal Located on a World Map. You can see fairly and clearly where is the country Nepal on a world map. See where is the country Nepal?
Nepal is situated in the northern hemisphere, known as the land of Mt. Everest. Having a boundary line of 2400 kilometers, Nepal is surrounded by China to the north and India to the east, south, and west.
Nepal is divided into five north-south development regions: Eastern Development Region, Central Development Region, Western
Development Region, Mid-Western Development Region, and FarWestern Development Region. The country is further divided into 77 administrative districts, among which two of them are recently added due to the formulation of 7 states and that district was parted during the mapping of states.
The sovereign right to name those state and those district were given to the federal state. On the world map, it may be a small country, but the topography and climate represent the whole world.
Where is the country Nepal in the world (Area of Nepal and its rank in the world)
The area is a measure of the extent of a two-dimensional region or the extent of a surface’s extension. As for the other geometrical actions, for the precision, one should distinguish between the two-dimensional region (set of points) and its area (numerical value associated with the previous one). Often, however, in common speaking but also scientific exhibitions, the term area, and the term surface are used interchangeably.
The territory of a state is a part of the globe (including the land and its subsoil, water, and air), which is under the sovereignty of a particular state and within which its institutions exercise state power. Territorial supremacy is part of the sovereignty of the state.
The territory of the state consists of land territory (mainland, islands, enclaves); water area (inland waters and territorial sea 12 miles wide). Internal waters include port waters, waters of bays, bays, estuaries, and straits that historically belonged to a particular state. Waters of rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water whose shores belong to a specific state.
The subsoil of the earth, located under the land, water area, as well as the bowels of the continental shelf. The depth of the subsoil is not limited and theoretically spreads to the centre of the earth—the airspace above the land and waters of the state.
The altitude limit of the air territory is not set. The altitude limit of the airspace under state delimits it from outer space, subordinate to the international regime. The territory of one state is separated from the territory of another state by state borders, which define the limits of state territory and the spread of territorial supremacy.
There are also certain concepts of the territory, for example, the customs territory. In principle, it coincides with the territory of the state, but with some exceptions, for example, it does not include free customs zones and free warehouses in ports. The procedure for establishing boundaries includes delimitation – the establishment of the state borderline on a large-scale map. Demarcation – the establishment of the state borderline on the ground.
The territory of the state and its borders can be changed based on the self-determination of nations; the voting of the population of the disputed territory about its nationality. Assignments – agreements of states on territorial concessions on a compensation basis. Rejection of territory – territorial changes aimed at eliminating the possibility of illegal actions from them.
Various units of measurement have been and are still used for the area. In the past, units were chosen based on local needs and, particularly in the rural world; there were different measures even in neighboring regions. Subsequently, starting from the Enlightenment thrusts, rational and unifying definitions were given. Here we present the most important units.
- A square meter (m², sometimes incorrectly written square meters) – is the unit of the International System of Units (SI)
- Square centimeter (cm²): 1 cm² = 0.0001 m² – is the unit of the CGS system
- Ara: 1 ara = 100 m² (used to measure the extent of land)
- Hectare: 1 ha = 10,000 m² (used to measure the extent of land)
- Day: 1 day = 3810 m² (used to measure the extent of land)
- Square kilometer: 1 km² = 1,000,000 m² (used to measure medium and large areas (municipal, provincial, regional, national, continental and planetary areas)
- Square foot: 1 square foot = 0.09290304 m² – (Anglo-Saxon unit of measurement)
- Square yard: 1 square yard = 9 square feet = 0.83612736 m²
- Square mile: 1 square mile = 2.589.988.1103 m²
- International acre: 1 acre = 4.046,8564224 m²
By taking all these considerations, the area of Nepal is 147,181 sq. km. The country rank 93rd largest country in the world. It measures about 800 kilometers along its Himalayan axis by 150 to 250 kilometers across.
Nepal in Asia
Nepal is the wealthiest country in the Asian country. But Nepal is a landlocked country that the sea routes do not access. So, it has to depend upon China and India for trade. About 98% of the total trade material is imported from India.
The land of India is plain, and that of China is of high hills and Himalayan, and hence this is the reason why Nepal prefers the Indian route for trade. Similarly, Calcutta Bandargaha of India is nearest to Nepal, from where Nepal supplies the trade material.
Geography of Nepal:-
Nepal has unique geography, climate, culture, people, and diverse biodiversity. The total area of Nepal is 147,181 square kilometers, stretching over an average length of 885 kilometers from east to west and an average width of 193 kilometers from south to north. It stretches from 80º 4′ east to 88º 12′ East longitudes and 26º 22′ north to 30º 27′ North latitudes along the southern slope of the Himalayas in South Asia.
It has a different climate from tropical to alpine and other geographical altitude ranging from the low level of 70 meters and the highest peak of 8848 meters within a range of 150 kilometers. Geographically, Nepal is mainly divided into three broad geographical regions stretching from east to west and parallel to each other: the Mountain, the Hill, and the Plain.
Nepal is full of thousands of flora and fauna. The highest peak, the Mount Everest, Pashupatinath, the epitome of 1 billion Hindus, and Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, the proponent of Buddhism which has about 1 billion followers in the world lie in Nepal.
There is a beautiful range of the Himalayas in the north always covered with snow. Nepal has scope to expand as a popular destination for adventure, sightseeing, and religious touristic hub in the world. Tourism could be a sustainable source of foreign exchange earnings and generate employment opportunities.
Moreover, another main instrument of Nepal’s development could be the development of its abundant water resources. Nepal has altogether around 6000 rivers, rivulets, and streams. The electricity demand is increasing in Nepal as well as in India.
At the same time, India is suffering from low irrigation and flood problems every year. It can be used for hydroelectricity generation, irrigation, and flood control. Those water resources are mainly snow-fed from the higher altitude and mountainous region, and hence they are the perennial river, and the flow of the water typically rise in every monsoon season
The mountain region lies in the northernmost at an elevated level of more than 4000 meters. It includes the highlands, treeless Alpine zones, semi-arid valleys, trans-Himalayan valleys, and the highest peak. Eight out of the top ten highest mountains in the world, including Mt. Everest (8848 meters high) lie in this region.
According to the census 2001, only 7.3 percent of people live in this region even if it occupies 16 percent area, and people here mainly engage in growing yaks, some cold-tolerant crops such as potato, barley, maize, and apple-like fruits. The hills region lies just below the mountain region mostly at the level between 1000 meters and 4000 meters.
It covers major ranges of hills like the Mahabharata and Chure rage and several intermountain valleys including Kathmandu Valley. It is the most significant region occupying 67 percent of Nepal’s total land area and 44.3 percent of the population lives in this region according to the census 2001.
The Plain contains the low tropical plains along with the southern part of the country. The plain region consists of the southern Plain up to the Indian border in the south, east, and west. This covers only 17 percent of its total area and hence densely populated region has more than 48 percent of the population living there.
Today, most of the cities, towns, and industrial areas are located in this region. Before the use of DDT, this region was severely affected by deadly Malaria. This is also known as the food store of Nepal. As the ecology is varied, the climate in Nepal varies from tropical in the Plain to Alpine in the mountains. The climate in different regions is different because of the various level of elevation.
The climate is Tropical and sub-tropical in the plains, temperate in the hills, and Alpine in the Mountains There are four seasons in Nepal. March-May, June – August, September – November, and December – February for spring, summer, autumn, and winter respectively.
Spring and autumn are the most pleasant seasons in Nepal. The weather and climate are controlled by the altitude and the seasonal alternation of the monsoon winds. The primary rainy season in Nepal is from late June to September.
This is a period of warm to hot temperatures, many clouds, and frequent heavy rain. The temperature in Plain reaches as high as 40ºC during summer. At this time, sunshine averages only two to three hours a day. About 80 percent of the rain falls in this period.
Annual rainfall decreases from east to west due to the northwestward movement of the moisture-laden summer monsoon. The amount of average annual rainfall in the eastern part, of Kathmandu, and the western part is about 2500, 1400, and 1000 millimeters respectively, though there may be some seasonal variations.
Pokhara, a touristic city, located in the western part, receives heavy rainfalls. During the rest of the year, the weather is much more settled and pleasant.
The days are mild or even warm, except in the higher mountains, and sunshine averages from six to nine hours a day. Much colder temperatures prevail at higher elevations.
The temperature in Kathmandu Valley ranges from 19-27ºC (67-81ºF) in summer and 2-20ºC in winter, hence pleasant. There are some dangers of floods and landslides during the most massive rainfalls, the climate of Nepal is rarely hazardous and on average is very pleasant. Some indications of variation and irregularities are being noticed in recent years due to global warming.