Where is Nepal: This post is about where is Nepal located on the world map. This post is about marketing plays a vital role to give an answer where Nepal is. Where is Nepal is a such a term which is the most searched term in the Google search engine?
Why? Who gives me an answer? Of course, they do not know where Nepal is. Searchers want to know where Nepal is. According to Google, this term is searched for more than 35,000 per month from the globe.
If you ever go through your world map in the atlas or any other source, then you will see considerable landmasses in the South East Asia region with two names, India and China. But have you wonder what’s between this two region, there is As Great King Prithvi Narayan Shah said ‘Yam between two big stones’, a beautiful country rich in both cultural and geographical diversity NEPAL.
The length of the nation is 885 kilometres east-west, and its width varies from 145 to 241 kilometres north-south. Climatically, it lies in the mild zone with the added advantage of elevations. Nepal covers 143,352 square kilometres of land and 3,829 square kilometres of water, making it the 92nd largest nation in the world with a total area of 147,181 square kilometres.
Nepal is located between two giants of Asia, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of India. That is why sometimes it is called as “yam sand witched between two rocks”.
Nepal is a land-locked country surrounded by Tibet autonomous region of the People’s Republic of China to the north and by the Republic of India to the east, west, and south.
Nepal remained independent throughout its history. The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu. The Nepalese economy is agro-based which contributes around 32 percent of GDP.
In the world economy, Nepal is categorized as a developing third world country. Still, 24 percent of its people are living below the poverty line, earning less than a dollar per day. The per capita GDP is only $ 320, lowest among the SAARC region.
Besides this, Nepal is blessed with some historical movements, cultural diversity, and natural resources. The highest peak in the world, also known as the third pole- the Mount Everest lies in Nepal. Eight of the ten world’s highest mountains are located in Nepal.
Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha proponent of Buddhism which beliefs in non-violence and peaceful existence of humankind, also lies in Nepal. Pashupatinath, Lord Shiva, the epitome of more than one billion Hindus, is situated in Kathmandu. Similarly, Nepal is the safe habitat of thousands of flora and fauna. Nepal has unity among diversity.
On April 25th, 2015, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal with the epicentre at Barpak of Gorkha, with a series of strong aftershocks including one of 6.7 magnitudes, and triggering avalanches in the mountains. It was the worst earthquake to hit Nepal in 80 years.
Estimates indicated more than 8000 people died and many more were injured. On May 12th, 2015, a second, 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal, again with strong aftershocks. The United Nations estimated that approximately eight million people had been affected by the earthquakes. Destruction of buildings, roads, and other infrastructure will make re-building a long-term challenge.
Nepal was founded as a definite and original country in 1768. The population of Nepal is 29,890,686 (2012) on, and the nation has a density of 209 people per square kilometre.
Position of Nepal in relation to the Equator and the globe
What is the Equator?
As the Equator is known, in geography, the imaginary line, equidistant from the two geographical poles. And perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the earth, which divides the planet into two hemispheres: north and south. By definition, the latitude of the Equator is 0 °.
The plane of the Equator cuts the surface of the planet in an imaginary line (a full circle) that is equidistant – it is precisely at the same distance – from the geographical poles.
The equatorial circumference of the earth measures about 40,075 km. Its radius is 6,378 km. The line of the Equator is the closest point to the sky due to the shape of the earth. The Equator is the parallel of 0 ° latitude, also perpendicular to the Greenwich meridian.
It measures approximately 40,075 km. It is the only one of the five notable circles in the latitude of the earth that is strictly a circle, as is the imaginary trace that results from its projection on the celestial sphere.
The other four notable “circles” are the two polar circles and the two tropical circles (Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere and Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere). The sun passes over the Equator twice a year (at the equinoxes of March and September) in its apparent movement through the sky, called seasonal motion.
An equinox is defined as the moment in which the rays of light coming from the centre of the sun are perpendicular to the surface of the earth at the Equator, which in turn determines that at the Equator the sun is at its highest point. 12:00 solar time and the sun is located at the zenith at that time.
In the regions located on the terrestrial Equator, the duration of the sunrise and sunset is shorter than in the rest of the planet, because, during the whole year, the Sun “appears” and “hides”.
The duration of the day at the Equator is practically constant throughout the year. Approximately 14 minutes more than the night, caused by atmospheric refraction and because the sunrise and sunset are not determined by the passage of the sun’s centre on the horizon. But by the passage of the edge of the solar disk.
Therefore, the dawn moment precedes the passage of the sun’s centre through the horizon, and the sunset is after the course of the sun’s centre along the horizon line.
What is latitude?
It is the distance, measured in degrees, that exists between any parallel and the line of the Equator. The latitude of a point is measured to the north or south of the similar zero. If the latitude is north, it means that the analyzed zone is located in the Northern Hemisphere, and if it is south, it means that it is in the Southern Hemisphere.
The latitude is the angular distance between the equatorial line (the Equator), and a determined point of the earth, measured along the meridian in which this point is. Depending on the hemisphere in which the point is located, it may be north or south latitude.
The latitude provides the location of a place, in a North or South direction from the Equator. And is expressed in angular measurements that vary from 0 ° of the Equator to 90 ° N of the North pole or 90 ° S of the South Pole.
This suggests that if we draw a line that goes from any point of the earth to the centre of it, the angle that that line forms with the equatorial plane express the latitude of that point.
The North or South orientation depends on whether the marked point is above the parallel of the Equator (north latitude) or if it is below this parallel (South latitude). The latitude is measured in degrees (°), between 0 and 90; and it can be represented in two ways:
- Indicating to which hemisphere the coordinate belongs;
- Adding positive values -north- and negative -sur-.
Thus, ten degrees in north latitude could be represented 10 ° N or + 10 °; and ten degrees south could be 10 ° S or -10 °.
What is longitude?
Geographic longitude is one of the two coordinates that the position of points on the surface of the earth and is measured in angular degrees (the second coordinate is latitude). Longitude is directly related to the meridians of them because it is the meridian lines that have angular degrees of longitude. All the meridians converge at the poles of the earth.
Each meridian is half the great circle of the earth, and each meridian has one longitude along the entire length of the meridian. Or on the other – all points of the earth’s surface lying on the same meridian have the same geographical longitude. To calculate and determine longitude, an initial meridian with zero value (0 °) of longitude is required.
At different times there were other initial lines of reference. Ultimately, it was decided that the line of zero longitude runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through the Greenwich Laboratory, located in England on the eastern outskirts of London. This line is also called the zero, main, Greenwich meridian or simply Greenwich.
The numerical value of longitude (degrees) indicates the angular size at the centre of the earth between the plane of the zero meridians (Greenwich) and the plane of the meridian of a point on the earth’s surface to the east or west of the zero meridians. The shape of the earth can be compared with a sphere. Therefore, the circumference of the earth can be divided into 360 degrees. It is considered that each degree corresponds to one meridian.
Therefore, we have 360 longitude meridians. Accordingly, there are 180 degrees of longitude east of the zero meridians, which have positive values and are called east longitude meridians (denoted as E). There are also 180 degrees of longitude to the west of the prime meridian, which have negative values and are called western longitude meridians (denoted as W).
The longitude reading in angular degrees should be started from the zero meridians (Greenwich) to the east or west, depending on which half-width of the geographical object you want to calculate on the surface of the earth. The meeting of the eastern and western meridians takes place in the Pacific Ocean at the 180th meridian of longitude.
Position of Nepal: Nepal is at latitude 28.3948574 degrees North and longitude 84.1240082 degrees East. It is part of the continent of Asia and is located in the northern hemisphere. Geographical coordinates of Nepal in degrees and decimal minutes: Longitude: E 84 ° 0’0 and Latitude: N 28 ° 0’0.
Where is Nepal Located on the world map?
To know where Nepal is, we have to look at the southern part of Asia. It is a small country that is located in the northern part of India and south China, just before reaching the lands that encompass Southeast Asia such as Thailand, Vietnam, Burma Laos and Cambodia. Enclosed between two Asian giants (India and China), Nepal has been described as “jelly between two rocks”.
Nestled in the majestic Himalayas (which in the Sanskrit language means ” residence of the snow ”), the country is full of mountains and hills. It’s a little bigger than Bangladesh. Nepal has no maritime coasts, it is surrounded by India on three of its sides, while its northern border is the People’s Republic of China, through Tibet.
It is separated from Bangladesh by a small step known as the “hen of hen” or “Siliguri Runner”, through the Indian State of Western Bengal. And 88 kilometres away from Bhán, by the also Indian State of Sikkim. This unique geographical situation is hard since for the transit of people depends almost in its entirety of India, as well as China for the importation of goods.
For such a small country, Nepal has an immense geographical variety, which extends from the Great Plain of Terai (the northern edge of the Ganges basin located at 300 meters above sea level) to the 8,800 meters of Mount Everest (called the Sagarmatha in Nepali ).
From the low territories of the Terai, the land begins to rise progressively, crossing different mountain ranges until the imposing wall that conforms the Himalayas.
The increase in height is interrupted by intermediate valleys between the cords, where most of the population of the Kingdom is located. These geographical variations translate in turn into incredible biodiversity of species.
Here is a photo of which you can see Where is the country Nepal Located on a World Map. You can see fairly and clearly where is is the country Nepal on a world map. See where is is the country Nepal?
Nepal is situated in the northern hemisphere, known as a land of Mt. Everest. Having a boundary line of 2400 kilometres, Nepal is surrounded by China to the north and India to the east, south, and west.
Nepal is divided into five north-south development regions: Eastern Development Region, Central Development Region, Western
Development Region, Mid-Western Development Region, and FarWestern Development Region. The country is further divided into 77 administrative districts, among which two of them are recently added due to the formulation of 7 states and that district was parted during the mapping of state.
The sovereign right to name those state and those district were given to the federal state. In the world map, it may be a small country, but the topography and climate represent the whole world.
Where is the country Nepal in the world (Area of Nepal and it’s rank in the world)
The area is a measure of the extent of a two-dimensional region of a or the extent of a surface’s extension. As for the other geometrical actions, for the precision, one should distinguish between the two-dimensional region (set of points) and its area (numerical value associated with the previous one). Often, however, in common speaking but also scientific exhibitions, the term area, and the term surface are used interchangeably.
The territory of a state is a part of the globe (including the land and its subsoil, water and air), which is under the sovereignty of a particular state and within which its institutions exercise state power. Territorial supremacy is part of the sovereignty of the state.
The territory of the state consists of land territory (mainland, islands, enclaves); water area (inland waters and territorial sea 12 miles wide). Internal waters include port waters, waters of bays, bays, estuaries, and straits that historically belonged to a particular state. Waters of rivers, lakes and other bodies of water whose shores belong to a specific state.
The subsoil of the earth, located under the land, water area, as well as the bowels of the continental shelf. The depth of the subsoil is not limited and theoretically spreads to the centre of the earth—the airspace above the land and waters of the state.
The altitude limit of the air territory is not set. The altitude limit of the airspace under state delimits it from outer space, subordinate to the international regime. The territory of one state is separated from the territory of another state by state borders, which define the limits of state territory and the spread of territorial supremacy.
There are also certain concepts of the territory, for example, the customs territory. In principle, it coincides with the territory of the state, but with some exceptions, for example, it does not include free customs zones and free warehouses in ports. The procedure for establishing boundaries includes delimitation – the establishment of the state borderline on a large-scale map. Demarcation – the establishment of the state borderline on the ground.
The territory of the state and its borders can be changed on the basis self-determination of nations; voting of the population of the disputed territory about its nationality. Assignments – agreements of states on territorial concessions on a compensation basis. Rejection of territory – territorial changes aimed at eliminating the possibility of illegal actions from them.
Various units of measurement have been and are still used for the area. In the past, units were chosen based on local needs and, particularly in the rural world; there were different measures even in neighbouring regions. Subsequently, starting from the Enlightenment thrusts, rational and unifying definitions were given. Here we present the most important units.
- Square meter (m², sometimes incorrectly written square meters) – is the unit of the International System of Units (SI)
- Square centimeter (cm²): 1 cm² = 0.0001 m² – is the unit of the CGS system
- Ara: 1 ara = 100 m² (used to measure the extent of land)
- Hectare: 1 ha = 10,000 m² (used to measure the extent of land)
- Day: 1 day = 3810 m² (used to measure the extent of land)
- Square kilometer: 1 km² = 1,000,000 m² (used to measure medium and large areas (municipal, provincial, regional, national, continental and planetary areas)
- Square foot: 1 square foot = 0.09290304 m² – (Anglo-Saxon unit of measurement)
- Square yard: 1 square yard = 9 square feet = 0.83612736 m²
- Square mile: 1 square mile = 2.589.988.1103 m²
- International acre: 1 acre = 4.046,8564224 m²
By taking all these considerations, the area of Nepal is 147,181 sq.km. The country rank 93rd largest country in the world. It measures about 800 kilometres along its Himalayan axis by 150 to 250 kilometres across.
Nepal in Asia
Nepal is the wealthiest country in the Asian country. But Nepal is a landlocked country that the sea routes do not access it. So, it has to depend upon China and India for trade. About 98% of the total trade material is imported from India.
The land of India is plain, and that of China is of high hills and Himalayan, and hence this is the reason why Nepal prefer Indian route for trade. Similarly, Calcutta Bandargaha of India is nearest to Nepal, from where Nepal supply the trade material.
Some Amazing Facts About Nepal You Probably May Know!!
Amazing Facts About Nepal: Are you Nepali? It’s Ok. Are You Non-Nepali? It’s Good. Do you think you know Nepal very well? Now, it’s time to think again. Well, this article contains some amazing facts about this beautiful country that will surely amaze and intrigue you. Even the most exhausted traveller’s feet will start to itch again.
Nepal still manages to preserve a culture that is precisely its thought it lies sandwiched between the two tyrannical landmasses and national powers that are India and China.
We all know the delight of visiting Nepal include the gigantic, majestic peak of Mount Everest, which kisses the sky at 8,848 meters. But did you know that 8 out of 10 world’s highest mountains are found within the comparably small 143,000 km2 that Nepal occupies? Nepal is a truly unique travel destination which is auspiciously recovering from the destructive earthquake in April.
There are a lot of things in Nepal than Mount Everest and the Himalayas. From endangered wildlife to sacred cows; from mustard seeds to Yeti, this landlocked country is full of fascinating facts. Charmed? Then read on!
1. Nepal has one of the world’s slowest download speeds. Global average download speed is 17.2 Mbps whereas Nepal has only 6.4mbps average speed of downloading.
2. About 60% of the Nepali people surf the internet with a speed which is below 1 Mbps.
3. The total distance of Nepal’s railways is 59 Km.
4. Nepal was once named as the capital of weed.
5. Nepal is the only place where we can find the living Goddess called Kumari.
6. Not even a single drop of blood has ever been shed in Nepal in the Name of a religious and ethnic riot.
7. 92.1% of Nepal’s energy comes from hydroelectric Plants. Rest of them comes from fossil fuels.
8. BUNGEE JUMPING -With a 160-meter jump, it is one of the highest jumps in the world which gives the breathtaking view of the Bhote Koshi River.
9. Bob Seger wrote a song called Kathmandu in 1975. Check it on youtube.
10. Nepal has the world’s densest convergence of World Heritage sites.
11. The total number of people living in Nepal is 27,47,4000. Whereas 741,000 people live in Nepal’s capital Kathmandu.
12. There are 125 numbers of different ethnic groups and castes in Nepal where 81.3% of them are Hindu.
13. IN 1815 Nepalese Gurkhas first began serving in the British Army.
14. There are only 3,400 numbers of Gurkhas who are now serving in the British Army down from a peak of 112,000 during World War II.
15. “Better to die than being a coward” is the motto of the world-famous Nepalese Gurkha soldiers.
16. Half the population of Nepal survives on 1$ per person/day.
17. For the people who are not Nepali, “Namaste” which is said with palms pressed together in the forms of a standard greeting in Nepal.
18. Abominable snowmen (Yeti) are said to roam Nepal but nobody has ever found one.
19. 50% of all income from tourism the Nepalese government gives to communities near wildlife reserves.
20. Bengal tiger, red panda, snow leopard, these endangered animals are all found in Nepal.
21. Nepal is called the Amazon of Asia.
22. The cow is the national animal of Nepal, the slaughtering of cows is banned.
23. 4% of children from 13-15 years old who smoke tobacco in Nepal.4
24. Apa Sherpa has scaled Mount Everest 21 times making him a world record holder.
25. The world’s shortest man of height just 54.6cm named Chandra BahadurDangi is from Nepal.
26. Nepal’s national football teams rank in 124th in the best FIFA world ranking. And 188th in the worst ranking.
27. The length of the longest lasting handshake is 42 hr 35 min, carried out by two Nepalese men in 2011.
28. Momo is a type of dumpling which is the most popular foods in Nepal.
29. Nepal rank no.1 in the terms of the world’s biggest producers of mustard seed whereas in n0.3 in terms of the world’s biggest producers of ginger.
30. Marijuana is the type of weed which grows in the gardens, on the side of the road, in ditches, on mountainsides, pretty much everywhere in Nepal.
- Brief Political History
563 BC – Light of Asia, Gautam Buddha was born in Nepal
1743 AD – Nepal was united into one Kingdom
1846-1951 – Rule of the Rana resign diminishes the supremacy of the king and creates a hereditary position for Rana Prime Ministers
1951 – King Tribhuvan regains power from the Rana rulers and proclaims a constitutional monarchy
1953 – Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay are the first men to stand on the top of Mount Everest
1960 – Political parties banned under a party-less panchayat system. Many political leaders are sent to prison for up to 30 years
1990 – Demonstrations for the restoration of democracy result in an end to the ban on political parties
1996-2006 – Nepalese Civil war between government forces and Maoist rebels. A Comprehensive Peace Accord is signed on 21 November 2006.
2001 – Crown Prince Deependra allegedly shoots the King and other members of the royal family. King Gyanendra ascends the throne
2008 – Monarchy abolished and formation of the Democratic Republic of Nepal
Currency of Nepal
The currency of Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR). As well, the people of Nepal City: to as Nepalese. The currency of Nepal is called Nepali Rupee. The Nepali rupee is subdivided into Paisa. The tradition of using currency was commenced from the regime of Mandela.
At that time, Nepal used to use the coin since the trading system was not flourished, but since 1945, NRB makes the paper currency for the convenience in the market, banking, and trade. Since Nepal is the landlocked countries and due to the plain region in the south, Nepal links most of the international trade market with coordination of India through the shipping.
So for this, Nepal is adopting a dual exchange rate arrangement. It is dual because, on the one hand, the Nepali currency (NC) is pegged with the Indian currency (IC) and on the other hand it floats with other major convertible currencies such as US dollar, UK pound Japanese Yen, etc.
Nepalese currency became fully convertible in current accounts in 1993 after partial convertibility in 1992. So, Nepal introduced a dual system of the exchange rate since February 12, 1993. Before this, the regime of currency basket system was in use since June 1, 1983. The currency basket, at which NC was pegged, was never disclosed and NC-IC rate remained fixed.
This shows that Nepal has been following the de facto pegged exchange rate system since the 1960s. Nepal’s exchange rate is determined not by the return of the financial investment but by trade. India is the single largest trade partner. It is also influenced by cultural proximity and open border with India.
The peg of NPR-INR has worked as the anchor for price stability in Nepal. The present NPR-INR was fixed in 1993. Since then, it has not been adjusted. Nepal has maintained the fixed exchange rate of Nepalese rupee vis-à-vis the Indian rupee for the management of the external sector.
The pegged exchange rate system has acted as an anchor to maintain price stability and controlling inflationary expectations in the country. Nepal is benefitting from the pegged exchange rate regime because of its high degree of economic ties with India.
The fixed exchange rate with India minimizes the risk that could emerge from the large volume of current and capital account transactions with India arising from close economic ties, free labor mobility, and prevalence of informal family relationship between India and Nepal.
Many reforms were initiated in the area of foreign exchange management from the early 1990s. Freedom to determine the exchange rate of the foreign currencies, except the Indian rupee, to the market; relaxations of rules and regulations for providing foreign exchange facilities; opening foreign currency account in local banks, amendment in foreign exchange management laws, permission to import selected goods from India in convertible currencies etc. are some of the important reform measures adopted over the period.
Despite these reforms, there remain restrictions in current account transactions. Nepal has not yet opened its capital account so far but is in the process of opening it in different phases.
Nepal Rastra Bank publishes the exchange rates of foreign currencies for its use; it’s only indicative for banking sectors. Commercial banks are free to determine their exchange rate for convertible currencies and other near money instruments. First, banks compute the exchange rate of the US dollar-based on the IC-Dollar exchange rate.
Then, they compute exchange rates for other convertible currencies based on the cross rates of respective currencies with the US dollar in the international market. Though commercial banks are free to determine their foreign exchange rates, almost banks use similar exchange rates and set a high spread on foreign exchange transactions.
Foreign Exchange Dealers Association (FEDAN) coordinates in setting similar exchange rates. Foreign exchange dealers of Nepal blame the pegged exchange rate system with Indian currency which compels to follow the trend of INR against the US Dollar as far as the determination of exchange rate is concerned. “Whenever there is rainfall in India, Nepalese banks have no option but to open their umbrellas”.
This is a commonly used statement among the so-called foreign exchange dealers of Nepal. This is not the whole story behind for maintaining a very primitive domestic foreign exchange market. There is a need to create necessary infrastructures and educating both bankers and non-bankers about the benefit of the exchange rate system.
There is debated time and again on the topic of the pegged exchange rate of Nepalese currency with Indian currency, in light of external development such as phasing out of the Multi-Fiber Arrangement since January 1, 2005, with its likely risks and challenges for the export growth and volatility of Indian currencies.
The national anthem of Nepal
Nepal is changing rapidly, and the changes were reflected in the choice of the national anthem some year ago. Monarchy has lost its power, and the people of Nepal have come to recognize the ethnic diversity and the diversity of their terrain.
Before the end of the monarchy, the national anthem was about the praising the ruler king of Nepal, so with the end of the monarchy, the was the end of the national anthem. Chakrapani Chalise wrote it. But after, the national anthem was selected through a competition, which received over 1200 entries. The selected entry was Pradeep Kumar Rai (with the pen name ByakulMaila). And the music was given to it by Ambar Gurung.
ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE NEPALI NATIONAL ANTHEM IS AS:-
We are the hundreds of flowers, the one garland – Nepali
Sovereign, spread out from Mechi to Mahakali.
Amassing nature’s millions of heritage
By the blood of the braves, independent and immovable.
Land of knowledge, land of peace, Terai hills, mountains
Undivided this beloved, our motherland Nepal.
Diverse race, language, religion, culture are so large
Our progressive nation, long live, long live Nepal.
“Land of knowledge, land of peace” reminds us of Siddhartha Gautam, famous as Gautam Buddha, who initiated a revolution within the Indian subcontinent and whose teaching continues to move the hearts and minds of people around the world.
Much more explicit than the Indian national anthem, the anthem of Nepal stresses the diversity within Nepali society, even as this ancient land takes on the look of a progressive nation. The beauty of Nepal also lies in its bounteous natural settings, and the anthem takes note of this fact.
Dialing Code for Nepal
The dialling code for the country is +977, and the top level internet domain for Nepalese sites is .np.
Language of Nepal
Nepal is a multilingual nation. However, a single language has been given power, recognition, and prestige while, as a corollary, the remaining minority languages are impoverished and marginalized. Despite its small size, Nepal accommodates a fantastic cultural diversity including linguistic plurality.
The 2001 census has identified 92 languages spoken as mother tongues. These mother tongues include Bram/Bramu, Bhujel, Chhantyal, Dura, Ghale, Kaike, Kisan, Kusunda, Munda, Raute, Angika, Yholmo, Khariya, Lhomi, Dungmali, and Sadhani. Besides, as well the number of languages were reported as ‘unknown’ languages according to the central bureau of Statics, and they are to be precisely identified based on the field observation and their analysis.
The multilingual preface of Nepal provides the best platform for linguistic research, and such analysis is also important to examine the social structure of the country’s population. Language is one of the important indicators.
Census in Nepal was first introduced in 1911 to survey population and its related aspects including its growth, migration, language and social structure. It has, however, been only since the first modern census in 1952/54 that languages have been regularly reported.
There have been reported the varying number of languages in different censuses. Of them, the 2001 census has mentioned their largest number and the count is 92. Owing to its small area with multiple languages, it is but natural in Nepal that speakers of different languages are sometimes settled in the same locality, esp. in an urban area, and come into closer contact.
As a result, they need a link language to communicate and interact in carrying out interpersonal and socio-economic activities. Most of the non-Nepali speakers are found using Nepali as a lingua franca.
However, educated people from the Terai region often tend to use Hindi as a lingua franca for inter-community communication in the area. The ‘second language’ has been defined as any language other than the mother tongue learned for use while speaking with neighbours.
Thus, a person may have Maithili or Nepal Bhashaas his mother tongue and Nepali as his second language for inter-community communication. As mentioned above, there also exist multilingual communities with proficiency in more than two languages.
This considerable rise in the number of languages spoken in Nepal may be ascribed to several reasons. Since the restoration of democracy, there has been the continual increase in awareness among linguistic minorities (including indigenous peoples) about their mother tongues.
Their ethnic organizations had been creating awareness of preserving and promoting their cultural identity, including their languages. Taking cognizance of this reality, the CBS also sought the cooperation and support of these organizations during the enumeration for the 2001 census. Following the enumeration, some linguists were also consulted for the precise identification of Nepal’s languages.
People and Population of Nepal
Religion is important in Nepal. Before Nepal became a secular republic in May 2008, Nepal was unique as the one, and only official Hindu state in the world with just over 81 percent of its population is Hindu, 9 percent Buddhist and 4.4 percent Muslim. Buddhist and Hindu shrines and festivals are respected and celebrated by members of both of these faiths.
Nepali is the official language of Nepal but many government officials also speak English. The 2011 census reported 126 caste/ethnic groups living in Nepal. Nepal is a multilingual, multicultural and multiethnic country. There are 126 caste/ethnic groups reported in the census of 2011. Chhetri is the largest caste/ethnic groups having 16.6% (4,398,053) of the total population followed by Brahman-Hill (12.2% ; 3,226,903), Magar (7.1% ; 1,887,733), Tharu (6.6% ; 1,737,470), Tamang (5.8% ; 1,539,830), Newar (5% ; 1,321,933), Kami (4.8% ; 1,258,554), Musalman (4.4% ; 1,164,255), Yadav (4% ; 1,054,458) and Rai (2.3% ; 620,004).
There are total123 languages spoken as mother tongue which was reported in census 2011. Nepali is mostspoken as mother tongue by 44.6 percent (11,826,953) of the total population and followed by Maithili (11.7% equivalent to 3,092,530 people), similarly, Bhojpuri (5.98%; 1,584,958), Tharu (5.77%; 1,529,875), Tamang (5.11%; 1,353,311), Newar (3.2%; 846,557), Bajjika (2.99%; 793,418), Magar (2.98%; 788,530), Doteli (2.97%; 787,827), Urdu (2.61%; 691,546). There are ten types of religion categories reported in the census.
Hindu is followed by 81.3 percent (21,551,492) of the population followed by Buddhism (9%; 2,396,099), Islam (4.4%; 1,162,370), ,Kirat (3.1%; 807,169), Christianity (1.4%; 375,699), Prakriti (0.5%; 121,982), Bon (13,006), Jainism (3,214), Bahai (1,283) and Sikhism (609).
Nepal’s population has continuously increased over time. It is estimated to be 26.9 million in 2008. It was ranked 40th position in the world in 2008. There is the regular census in Nepal every ten years, and the last census was conducted in 2011.
According to that census, a population of Nepal as of the census day (June 22, 2011) stands at 26,494,504 showing a population growth rate of 1.35 per annum. Similarly, the total number of households in Nepal is 5,427,302 with 5,423,297 counts of individual households with 4,005 institutional households which were used as Hostels, Barracks, Monasteries, etc.
Not least but more, One in every four households that is 25.42% equivalent to 1.38 million households are reported that at least one member of their family is absent or is living abroad.
And the total number of absent population is found to be 1,921,494 against 0 .76 million in 2001 due to the death, migration to the abroad or been status unknown due to the internal conflict between Maoist and the government.
Among them, the highest proportion equivalent to 44.81 % of the absent population were from the age group 15 to 24 years which is due to their movement to the abroad. Arghakhanchi, Gulmi, and Pyuthan districts were reported as the highest proportion of the people in their population being absent as staying abroad.
The increment of the population within the last decade was recorded as 3,343,081 with the annual average growth rate of 1.35 % which is less then that of the census of 2001 and this change is unlike the last decade which was in increasing index but due to the successful movement of the government about the population education and most of the population were absent and hence there decrease the population growth rate.
Looking the geographically southernmost part of Nepal, Teraihad 50.27 percent equivalent to 13,318,705 of the total population while Hill and Mountain had 43 percent which is equal to 11,394,007 and 6.73 percent equivalent to 1,781,792 of the total population respectively.
And looking based on the development region, among the five development regions, Central development region was recorded to have the highest population of36.45 percent of the total population, and that of the far western part belongs the lowest that is 9.63 percent of the total population.
Gender ratio which is the index that provides the number of males per 100 females to the national level decreased to 91.6 in 2011 from 99.8 in 2001 and the reason is sure that more of the household economic responsibility belongs to the male member and male has to move out or abroad from the house to earn for livelihood.
And hence in abstract number, there was 796,422 more female than males population in the country. Sex ratio was recorded highest (127) in Manang district and lowest record (76) in Gulmi district.
Similarly, the living standard of women has been improved from the last time. Female-headed households in the country have increased by about 11 point percent from 14.87% in 2001 to 25.73% in 2011. Average household size at the national level has decreased from 5.44 in 2001 to 4.88 in the current census of 2011.
The household size is recorded highest (6.44) in Rautahat district and lowest (3.92) in Kaski. The fastest population growth rate over the decade was found in Kathmandu district of 61.23 percent, which is also the capital city of Nepal, and least in Manang ( -31.80 percent ).
Altogether 27 districts including Manang, Khotang, Mustang, Terhathum, Bhojpur recorded a negative population growth rate during the last decade. This is due to the trend of people migrating toward the developed and administrative centre.
In that census, it shows that the working-age population (aged 15 to 59 years) has increased from 53 percent (12,310,968) in 2001 to about 57 Percent (15,091,848) in 2011 showing the population structure is shifting for enjoying demographic dividend in the country.
Talking about the literacy rate, overall literacy rate (for population aged 5 years and above) has increased from 54.1 percent in 2001 to 65.9 percent in 2011. The male literacy rate is 75.1% compared to a female literacy rate of 57.4%.
The highest literacy rate is reported in Kathmandu district (86.3 %) and lowest in Humla (47.8%). These are the census aspect of the people of Nepal. But talking about the living standard of the Nepalese, they are increasing rapidly in the urban area band at an average pace in remote area.
QUICK TRIVIA ABOUT NEPAL:
Density : 208.5 / km2 ( 540.0 / mi2 )
Language: Nepali (macrolanguage)
Independence Year: 1768
Capital: Kathmandu (Central Region)
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
GDP : 19,636,186,469 (2014 data)
GDP per Capita:657 (2014 data)
Land Area : 143,351 km2 (55,348 mi2)
Water Area :3,830 km2 (1,479 mi2)
Neighboring Countries: India, China
Minimum Latitude: 26.360
Maximum Latitude: 30.430
A page on World Atlas: Nepal
Where is the country Nepal in terms of Geography
Nepal is now officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. It has also been one of the world’s youngest republic country. Nepal is a landlocked mountainous country. It is situated between two powerhouse country, China in the north and India on the other three sides. The country of Nepal is almost rectangular. It is enclosed between 26°22′ to 30°27′ north latitude 80°04′ to 88°12′ east longitude.
The east-west length of Nepal is about 885 Km, and north-south width is about 193 km. The total land area of South Asian country Nepal, is approximately 147,181 sq. Km (56,827 sq mi). The altitude ranges from 60m in the south to 8848 m. in the north. Nepal has a population of approximately 30 million. It is the world’s 93rd largest country by landmass and the 41st most populous country.
More population is centralized in the places where infrastructures of development are well available. In the Terai of Nepal, more facilities are available, and the land is also fertile.
So, a number of people are there in Terai. In the Himalaya Region, Human Population is less than Terai extreme cold, unfertile land and challenging to develop transportation, communication, market, electricity facilities, etc.
Geography of Nepal:-
Nepal has a unique geography, climate, culture, people and diverse biodiversity. The total area of Nepal is 147,181 square kilometre, stretching over an average length of 885 kilometres from east to west and the average width of 193 kilometres from south to north. It stretches from 80º 4′ east to 88º 12′ East longitudes and 26º 22′ north to 30º 27′ North latitudes along the southern slope of the Himalayas in South Asia.
It has a different climate from tropical to alpine and other geographical altitude ranging from the low level of 70 meters and the highest peak of 8848 meters within a range of 150 kilometres. Geographically, Nepal is mainly divided into three broad geographical regions stretching from east to west and parallel to each other: the Mountain, the Hill, and Plain.
Nepal is full of thousands of flora and fauna. The highest peak, the Mount Everest, Pashupatinath, the epitome of 1 billion Hindus and Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, the proponent of Buddhism which has about 1 billion followers in the world lie in Nepal.
There is a beautiful range of the Himalayas in the north always covered with snow. Nepal has scope to expand it as the popular destination for adventure, sightseeing and religious touristic hub in the world. Tourism could be a sustainable source of foreign exchange earnings and generate employment opportunities.
Moreover, another main instrument of Nepal’s development could be the development of its abundant water resources. Nepal has altogether around 6000 rivers, rivulets and streams. The electricity demand is increasing in Nepal as well as in India.
At the same time, India is suffering from low irrigation and flood problem every year. It can be used for hydroelectricity generation, irrigation and flood control. Those water resources are mainly snow-fed from the higher altitude and mountainous region, and hence they are the perennial river, and the flow of the water typically rise in every monsoon season
The mountain region lies in the northernmost at an elevated level of more than 4000 meters. It includes the highlands, treeless Alpine zones, semi-arid valleys, trans-Himalayan valleys, and the highest peak. Eight out of the top ten highest mountains in the world, including Mt. Everest (8848 meter high) lie in this region.
According to census 2001, only 7.3 percent people live in this region even if it occupies 16 percent area and people here mainly engage in growing yaks, some cold-tolerant crops such as potato, barley, maize, and apple-like fruits. The hills region lies just below the mountain region mostly at the level between 1000 meter and 4000 meters.
It covers major ranges of hills like Mahabharata and Chure ranges, several intermountain valleys including Kathmandu Valley. It is the most significant region occupying 67 percent of Nepal’s total land area and 44.3 percent of population lives in this region according to census 2001.
The Plain contains the low tropical plains along with the southern part of the country. The plain region consists of the southern Plain up to Indian border in the south, east, and west. This covers only 17 percent of its total area and hence densely populated region has more than 48 percent of the population living there.
Today, most of the cities, towns and industrial areas are located in this region. Before the use of DDT, this region was severely affected by deadly Malaria. This is also known as the food store of Nepal. As the ecology is varied, the climate in Nepal varies from tropical in the Plain to Alpine in the mountains. The climate in different regions is different because of the various level of elevation.
The climate is Tropical and sub-tropical in the plains, temperate in the hills and Alpine in the Mountains There are four seasons in Nepal. March-May, June – August, September – November, and December – February for spring, summer, autumn, and winter respectively.
Spring and autumn are the most pleasant seasons in Nepal. The weather and climate are controlled by the altitude and the seasonal alternation of the monsoon winds. The primary rainy season in Nepal is from late June to September.
This is a period of warm to hot temperatures, much cloud, and frequent heavy rain. The temperature in Plain reaches as high as 40ºC during summer. At this time, sunshine averages only two to three hours a day. About 80 percent of the rain falls in this period.
Annual rainfall decreases from east to west due to the northwestward movement of the moisture-laden summer monsoon. The amount of average annual rainfall in the eastern part, Kathmandu and western part is about 2500, 1400 and 1000 millimetres respectively, though there may be some seasonal variations.
Pokhara, a touristic city, located in the western part, receives heavy rainfalls. During the rest of the year, the weather is much more settled and pleasant.
The days are mild or even warm, except on the higher mountains, and sunshine averages from six to nine hours a day. Much colder temperatures prevail at higher elevations.
The temperature in Kathmandu Valley ranges from 19-27ºC (67-81ºF) in summer and 2-20ºC in winter, hence pleasant. There are some dangers of floods and landslides during the most massive rainfalls, the climate of Nepal is rarely hazardous and on average is very pleasant. Some indication of variation and irregularities are being noticed in recent years due to global warming.