When is Tihar in 2020/2077: – It is the festival of lights, since the Diyas light up inside and outside the houses so they shine at night. It is popularly known among the Newars as Swanti and under Madhesis as Deepawali.
The festival begins on the Vikram Sambat calendar with Kaag Tihar in Trayodashi by Kartik Krishna Paksha and ends each year with Bhai Tika in Dwitiya by Kartik Sukla Paksha.During this time, some animals and birds such as the cow, the ox, the crow, the dog and the goddess are worshiped.
When is Tihar in 2020 / Tihar in 2077 B.S.?
Kag Tihar [Day 1]
On the first day of the Yampanchak crows, they worship each other, offering food. On the second/third day, the goddess Laxmi is worshipped. She is considered the goddess of wealth. Humans worship oxen on the fourth day. It is known as Mahapuja. The last day is called “Bhaitika.”
On this day Sister Tika offers with different colours on her brother’s forehead. They also provide different types of flowers and delicious food and various kinds of sweets and fruits. After that, the brother also offers tika, money and various kinds of gifts. They enjoy different types of popular songs called “Bhailo”.
This is the festival of lights and flowers. Various types of candles, lamps and traditional Diyos are lit to illuminate the entire building of the people. This festival plays an essential role in building a deep relationship between brothers and sisters.
Tihar is the second largest festival in Nepal after Dashain. It is considered of great importance since it not only contributes to man and the gods but also to animals such as crows, cows and dogs that have a close relationship with humans.
People paint patterns on the floor of living rooms or patios made of materials such as coloured rice, dried flour, coloured sand or petals outside their home, called Rangoli, which is said to be primarily a sacred reception area for the gods and goddesses of the goddess of Hinduism Laxmi.
Crows and crows are worshipped carrying candy and dishes to the roofs of houses. The crow and crow squawking symbolize sadness and sadness in Hinduism, so devotees offer food to crows and crows to avoid pain and death in their homes. Tihar represents the divine bond between humans and other animals.
Kukur Tihar [Day 2]
The second day is called Tihar Dog. Newars Khichadi Puja calls him. People offer dog garlands, tika and delicious food and recognize the esteemed relationship between humans and dogs.
Dogs occupy a special place in Hindu mythology in each house and on each street and receive special treatment that day. As mentioned in the Mahabharata, Bhairava, a violent manifestation of Lord Shiva, had a dog like vahana (vehicle).
It is believed that Yama, the god of death, has two guard dogs, each with four eyes. Dogs must watch the doors of Naraka, the Hindu concept of hell. Because of this belief, this day is also considered Naraka Chaturdashi.
Gai Tihar and Laxmi Puja (Day 3)
The morning of the third day is Gai Tihar (Cow worship). The cow means prosperity and wealth in Hinduism. In ancient times, people benefited greatly from the cow. Your milk, your manure and even your urine were used for cleaning purposes.
Then, that day, cow people show their gratitude by garlanding and feeding them with the best weed. The houses are cleaned, and the doors and windows are decorated with garlands of flowers Saya Patri (marigolds) and Makhamali (Gomphrena globosa).
At night, Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, will be thanked for all the benefits that families have obtained by lighting oil lamps (Diyo) or candles on the doors and windows to obtain wealth and well-being. At night, girls like to dance and visit all the houses in the neighbourhood. All night they sing and dance musical instruments known as Bhailo.
From the third day, Tihar is celebrated with Deusi and Bhailo with light and fireworks. The ceremony is sung mainly by the boys, while the girls sing the Bhailo.
Deusi is balladic and tells the story of the festival, with one person telling and the rest as a chorus.
In return, the owners give them money, fruit and Selroti (a Nepalese rice flour and sugar rum). Today, social workers, politicians and young people visit local houses, sing these songs and raise money for social and social assistance activities.
Coincidentally, Laxmi Puja also celebrates the birthday of Laxmi Prasad Devkota, widely revered and honoured as the best poet of the Nepalese language.
Govardhan Puja (Day 4)
On the fourth day of Tihar, there are three different known bids, depending on the cultural background of the people. Mainly the ox is venerated today by giving different foods. It is observed as Goru Tihar or Goru Puja (ox worship).
People who follow Vaishnavism practice Govardhan Puja, worship by Mount Govardhan. Cow manure is considered the representative of the mountain and is worshipped.
Also, most of the Newar community performs Mha Puja (self-worship) at night. This day is considered the beginning of the new calendar year of Nepal Sambat.
Bhai Tika or Brother Worship (Day 5)
It is seen by sisters who put Tilaka or Tika on the forehead of their brothers to ensure long life and thank them for the protection they offer. It is believed that Yamraj, the god of death, visited his sister, the goddess Yamuna, that day when he pressed the auspicious Tika on his forehead, garland and gave him special dishes.
Together they ate sweets, talked and enjoyed themselves to the fullest. When he said goodbye, Yamraj gave the Yamuna a special gift as a sign of his affection, and in return, Yamuna gave him a beautiful gift he had made with his own hands. That day, Yamraj announced that anyone who receives Tilak from his sister would never die that day.
The sisters make a special garland for their brothers with a flower that only blows after a few months and symbolizes the sister’s prayer for her brother’s long life. The brothers are sitting on the floor while their sisters do their bidding.
The puja follows a traditional ritual in which the sisters surround the brothers, drip oil from a copper jug on the floor and apply oil to their brother’s hair.
Then a seven-coloured Tikas is applied to the brother’s forehead. The following brothers give their Tikas sisters the same way with an exchange of gifts. Those without a sister or brother join relatives or friends for Tika.
Also, Newars produces colourful Ashtamangala mandalas and recites songs and tantric ritual procedures. Together with the seven-coloured Tika, the sisters provide the Sagun brothers, sweets, garlands of Makhamali (Gomphrena globosa) and sacred cotton yarn of tantric significance, similar to the Janai thread that is designed to protect their bodies.
When is Tihar in 2020 / Tihar in 2077 B.S.? Tihar Calendar of Tihar 2077 (2020)
When is Tihar in 2020 or Tihar in 2077 B.S.? The detail date / calendar of Tihar in 2020 or Tihar in 2077 is given here. One can check it now. Do you want to know when Tihar is in 2020 or when Tihar is in 2077? When is Kaag Tihar in 2020 ( Kaag Tihar in 2077 B.S.)?
When is Kukur Tihar in 2020 ( Kaag Tihar in 2077 B.S.)? When is Laxmi Puja in 2020 (Laxmi Puja in 2077 B.S.)? When is Gobardhan Puja in 2020 (Gobardhan Puja in 2077 B.S.)?
When is Bhai Tika in 2020 (Bhai Tika in 2077 B.S.)? or Do you mean when is deepawali in 2020 (deepawali in 2077)? or do you want to know about when is diwali in 2020? All information are given below in this article here. Let’s be familiar with date of Tihar in 2020.
The date of Tihar falls in either in October or November (Kartik or Mangsir) each year, depending on the cycle of the moon. The Tihar festival actually runs for five days, beginning with Kaag Tihar, although the main celebrations (Laxmi Puja) happen on the third day of Tihar.
Tihar always ends with Bhai Tika, fifth day of Tihar. Tihar in 2020 will start on Saturday, the 14th of November and will continue for 3 days until Monday, the 16th of November. The two days of Tihar often fall before the main day of Tihar, Laxmi Puja (14th November).
According to Nepali Calendar, Tihar in 2077 (Laxmi Puja in 2077 B.S.) will start on Thursday, Kartik 27. Tihar is celebrated in late Ashwin (September–October) and ends in early Kartika (October–November).
Schedule of Five days of Tihar 2020 / Tihar 2077)
|1st day of Tihar||Kaag Tihar||: 12 November 2020 or 27 Kartik 2077 B.S.|
|2nd day of Tihar||Kukur Tihar||: 13 November 2020 or 28 Kartik 2077 B.S.|
|3rd day of Tihar||Laxmi Puja||: 14 November 2020 or 29 Kartik 2077 B.S.|
|4th day of Tihar||Gobardhan Puja||: 15 November 2020 or 30 Kartik 2077 B.S.|
|5th day of Tihar||Bhai Tika||: 16 November 2020 or 01 Mangsir 2077 B.S.|