Nepal is small landlocked country. It has an area of 1, 47,181 sq.km which is about 0.03% of the world and 0.03% of the continent Asia. It is situated on the lap of the Himalayas. It is about 500 miles long and 100 miles wide. It is famous for both natural and cultural diversity. It is the land where Lord Buddha was born over 2,500 years ago. Roughly rectangular in shape, the Nepal is situated between China in the north and India in the South, east, and west. The land extends approximately 193 km north to south and 885km east to west. It lies between the range from 59m to 8,848m, the highest point on our planet. Crossing Nepal south to north is thus like climbing the ladder. The population of the country is 2,64,94,504 according to the national census report 2068.
Nepal has diverse land topography. It is divided into three geographical regions i.e. the terai, the hills and the mountain. Nepal contains a variety of climatic condition ranging from the tropical hot of the terai plains to the freezing cold of the high Himalayas. There is variety in vegetation also. Areas just below the snowline have poor tundra vegetation. The bases areas consist of coniferous forest. In the Centre across the east west, there are moderate hills with a cool climate and deciduous monsoon forest. The plain of the terai is hot and wet and consist of a dense sub-tropical evergreen forest. Nepal has diverse flora and fauna. Nepal provides shelter over 30 species of large wild animals. There are about 181 species of mammals and above 6,000 kinds of moths. About 8500 species of birds are found here. There are about 5800 species of angiosperms. Valuable herbs such as spikenard, cordyceps, Himalayan yew, serpentine etc. are found here. Spotted tiger, the red panda. Spiny Babbler (kande vyakur), one-horned rhino etc. are also found here that are rare species. More species of flora and fauna are yet to be discovered.
Nepal is agro-based country. 74% of people depend on agriculture. Some of the educated people are employed in other sectors such as office work, teaching, business etc. Nepal is’also a home of many castes and sub-castes of people. According to the king Prithivi Narayan Shah, Nepal is the common garden of four castes and thirty-six sub-castes. Nepal’s many ethnic groups are as varied as its land with their own language and culture. Feeding, housing, languages, festivals, and occupation differ from ecological region to another as well as from one community to another. Hindu is main religion. Besides, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Jainism, and Sikhism are also in practice. Though people follow different customs, speak different languages and wear different clothes, there is unity in diversity. Nepal is rich in natural and cultural beauty. There are many temples, stupas, monasteries, water spout, duties, and idols of gods and goddesses here. They are full of art and architecture. The highest peak of the world, Sagarmatha also lies here. Nepal is rich in water resources. Koshi, Gandaki, and Karnali are the main rivers of Nepal.
Hydro-electricity is produced from these rivers. They are used for the irrigation purpose too. Many rivers flow from high mountains twisting and turning round the hills and move through the terai. Our country Nepal seems to be beautiful because of the green forest but nowadays it is being destroyed which may result from natural disasters such as landslides, soil erosion, over flood etc. There are many National parks and Wildlife reserves to preserve them. Nepal is a developing country. Here about fifty percent people are literate. There are many schools and colleges running all over the country. In order to increase the status of the farmer, they are provided with the facilities of irrigation, modern fertilizers and modern methods of farming. The facilities of electricity, health care, transportation, and communication are also increasing. I feel proud to be the citizen of Nepal. Here each community is friendly, tolerant and harmonious to others. Here is unity in diversity. We should be united to protect geography and culture, and mobilize resources available for the good of the nation. Whatever it is, it is our country and whoever we are, we all are Nepalese.
In Nepal, the largest industry is tourism. It is a great source of revenue and foreign exchange. This shows that there is lots of great stuff to enjoy in this country. In Nepal, there are 8 of the 10 highest mountains in the whole world. For mountaineers, people seeking adventure and rock climbers this is the place to be. The place has cool weather which is another strong tourist attraction. There have been lots of tourists visiting this country during their vacations to enjoy what the country has to offer. Here are the 5 best tourist attractions in Nepal.
Top 5 Tourist Attractions Of Nepal
This is the highest mountain on earth. It is also known as Sagarmatha or Chomolungma and has a height of 8848 meters. The first ascent of the peak was done in the year 1953 by Edmund Hillary who was from New Zealand. The route to the foot of this mountain became famous and it’s now legendary. Reinhold Messner and Peter Haeler were the first people to reach the peak of this mountain without the aid of artificial oxygen. Most people visit this mountain as it’s a major attraction in Nepal.
This is a royal city located some 14 km outside the holy hollow of the valley which is on the old trade route to Tibet. This trade was an arterial link and a major source of wealth for this city. It is very unique because of its remoteness which led this city to develop independently. It has great farmers and most tourists visit this city to enjoy the many things it has to offer.
This is a well-developed city when compared to most cities found in Nepal. It has more developed infrastructure because it is the capital of Nepal. It is mostly known because of its numerous Buddhist temples which have been existing from the 17th century. There are lots of buildings which are highly admirable and they attract lots of tourists from different parts of the world. One will visit the marvelous royal places and the many temples which include the Kathmandu’s Durban Square and much more.
This is another great and popular tourist spot which is located in Nepal. It is found 32 km east of Kathmandu at an altitude of 2175 masl. When in this city, one can have a great view of the various mountain peaks like the Mount Everest and the Himalaya Mountain peaks. The Himalayan peaks which include; Manaslu, Ganesh Himal, Langan, Choba Bhamre and the Gaurisankar. Most tourists will visit this city so that they can have a panorama of the main peaks in this country.
This is the best place for the rock climbers. Most of the professional climbers make this area their home because of the many series of peaks. It is located in the western Himalayas of Nepal. The highest peak which reaches 8,000 meters is known as the Annapurna I which is surrounded by his brothers who are in the 7,000 meters. The peak is always covered by snow and it also exudes a grandeur that attracts tourists to this country.
Looking for a place to visit during your vacation? You should visit the Nepal country and have the advantage of visiting these top 5 best tourist attractions.
Author Bio: The authorNicola Williams is from the UK. She is a professional content writer and a blogger. Most of her articles include her travel experiences. Her hobbies are traveling, trekking and cooking. Currently, she is working on a project Sri Lanka ETA visa which helps in visa assistance.