7. Dhaulagiri – The 7th Highest Mountain (Peak) in The World
Dhaulagiri is the world’s 7th highest peak and it is the sixth highest peak in Nepal. It is 8,167 meters above the sea level. It extends 120 km from the Kaligandaki river to Bheri. The massif of Dhaulagiri is bounded by tributaries of the Bheri river on the north and south-west and by Myagdi Khola on the south-east. Dhaulagiri is the highest point in the Gandaki river basin.The word Dhaulagiri is derived from Sanskrit i.e. Dhawala which means Beautiful, white, dazzling and Giri means Mountain. Annapurna Mountain is in the east 34 km of Dhaulagiri. From the plains of India, almost all 8,000-meter peaks are obscured by the mountains in near but Dhaulagiri is conspicuous from north of Bihar during the clear weather. In 1808, Dhaulagiri was said to be the highest mountain by the survey held. But later on1838, Kanchenjunga was found to be highest and in 1858, Mount Everest is said to be the highest.
The climb to Dhaulagiri has done from all directions but the most used route is northeast ridge route which was followed by most of the ascents even first ascent. There have been 358 ascents which were successful and 58 fatalities. Between the year of 1950 and 2006, 2.88% of 2,016 staff members and expedition members going above the base camp of Dhaulagiri Mountain died.
Various attempts were done to climb the mountain and many of them become successful and some became unsuccessful.
- In1950; French expedition led by Maurice Herzog reconnoitered Dhaulagiri.
- In 1954, Jom Roberts and Ang Nyima Sherpa reached the peak for the first time successfully.
- In 1959, Austrian expedition led by Fritz Moravec attempted to climb the mountain through Northeast ridge.
- On May 13, 1960, Swiss Austrian expedition made the successful ascent and it was supported by Fixed-wing aircraft.
- In 1969, American expedition attempted the South East Ridge but during the avalanche, they died.
- In 1970, Japanese expedition made the second ascent through the northeast ridge.
- In 1973, American expedition led by James Morrissey made the third ascent through the route of Northeast ridge
- In 1975, Japanese team attempted to climb the mountain via the southwest ridge but six of them were killed in Avalanche.
- In 1976, The fourth ascent was achieved by the expedition of Italy.
- In 1977, the south face of the mountain was attempted by a team led by Reinhold Messner.
- In 1978, an expedition led by Japanese made the successful climb through the south-east ridge which is a very difficult pathway and four members were killed.
- In 1980, Four polish Climbers climbed the east face and topped out at 7,500m on the northeast ridge. On May 18, a week after, they climbed the mountain again via the northeast ridge.
- On May 5, 1982, three foreign team and Nepali team climbed the mountain via the north-east ridge. Miss Vivijs became the first woman to reach the top of Dhaulagiri.
- In 13th December 1982, Japanese team made the successful climb in the late autumn but the climbing permit was during the winter season.
- In 1993, Russian- British team puts up the north face route.
- In 1998, Nepali climber Ang Tshering Sherpa and French climber Chantal died due to avalanche on the Northeast Ridge.
- On October 24, 1999, during climbing the mountain by Ginette, a British climber died in the avalanche.
The south face of Dhaulagiri is not climbed in the present context.
Also, Dhaulagiri Circuit is known as one of the best circuit treks in Nepal visiting a remote and less traveled area through the Chonbarden Gorge and Hidden Valley. • This is classic trekking in Nepal starting at a low altitude walking through traditional villages with terraced fields then further up Myagdi valley into the subtropical forest. Higher up above the tree line we enter an alpine environment with glaciers and high passes with superb views of the Himalayan peaks. • There is no doubt Dhaulagiri Circuit is a challenging trek although it should be a suitable objective for someone who is fit with some previous experience trekking at high altitude. Please get in touch with us if you would like any more information about Dhaulagiri Circuit. • The itinerary has been carefully designed to ensure sufficient acclimatization as well including a number of rest days to maximise the chance of crossing the passes and completing the circuit.
8. Manaslu – The 8th Highest Mountain (Peak) in The World
Manaslu is the 8th highest peak in the world and 6th highest peak in Nepal. It has the height of 8,163m above the sea level. It is located in the Mansiri Himal, a part of Himalayas of Nepal in the central- west part of Nepal. It is also known as Kutang and the name Manaslu is derived from the Sanskrit word Manasa which means ‘Mountain of the spirit’. In Tibetan language, it is known as Kutan means a flat place. Manaslu has several routes for climbers due to its favorable topography of glacial valleys and long ridges. The peak of Manaslu is bounded by Ganesh Himal and the Buri Gandaki River on the east, deep fissures of the Marysyangdi Khola with the hills of Annapurna range in west and Gorkha town at the foot of the hill on the south. It is situated in Gorkha district and is 64 km east of Annapurna. The region of Manaslu offers varieties of trekking options.
The Manaslu trekking circuit starts usually in Arughat Bazaar and ends in 2-3 weeks later in Besisahar which is the starting point of Annapurna trekking circuit. The trekking in the Manaslu area requires a restricted area permit of $ 50 per week. The famous route of 177 km, is permitted by the government in 1991 which follows an ancient salt- trading route along the Burhi Gandak river. Larkya La is the highest point reached along the trek route at an elevation of 5,106 meters. Manaslu is like a serrated wall full of snow. The three sides of a mountain which are inhabited with various agricultural operations fall in step to terraces down below. It is popularly known among the trekkers as a part of Manaslu circuit which allows the trekkers for close interaction with the different ethnic groups residing in the hill village which is scattered along the trek route.
There are six established trek routes. The south face of Mountain is very difficult to climb. The trekking route is prone to the consequences such as Landslides, monsoon rainfall, altitude sickness, Hypothermia etc. The area of 1,633sq. km is covered by Manaslu conservation area which was declared in December 1998 with a motto to protect, conserve and sustainable management of natural resources and rich cultural heritage and to promote tourism in order to improve the livelihood of local people.
- In1950, The European expedition led by H.W. Tilman departed to Annapurna range from Kathmandu valley on foot and while exploring the mountain ranges, peaks, they saw the Manaslu mountain and they trekked to Larkya La pass after 3 months and concluded that, there was direct route on summit but they didn’t attempt at that time. Manalasu was first climbed by Japanese expedition on May 9, 1956. It is said that manaslu has always considered being the mountain of Japanese people.
- In 1952, a team of 15 climbers attempted to climb the mountain via the eastern side but they failed to reach the summit. Only 3 climbers reached the height of 7,750 meters.
- On 9th May 1956, Toshio Imanishi from Japan and Gyaltsen Norbu Sherpa reached the summit of Manaslu.
- On17th May 1971 11 man Japanese team made the successful ascent via the north-west face.
- In 1972, Austrian expedition led by Wolfgang Nairz climbed the south-west face for the first time. And also the Koreans attempted the north-east face. But 15 climbers died due to the avalanche.
- On May 4, 1974, the women Japanese expedition led by Kyoko Sato successfully reached the summit who were the first women team to climb the mountain.
- In 1983, two climbers from Yugoslavia climbed the mountain but they were buried under an avalanche. Also, Korean team climbed the mountain in the Autumn season.
- In 1983-84, a Polish expedition successfully reached the summit through the Tyrolean route during the season of winter.
- On November 10, 1986, Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer reached the summit through a new route without the supplement of oxygen. Also, the expedition of Poland and Mexico collectively opened the new route to climb Manaslu along the east ridge.
- On 2nd May 1993, Sepp Brunner, Seep Hiding, Gerhard Flobmann and Dr. Michael leuprecht reached the peak via the normal route.
- In 1997, Charlie Mace made the first American ascent to reach the summit of Manaslu.
- On 29th may, 2006 Valerie Parkinson became the first British women to reach the summit.
- On 5th October 2011, an Indian mountaineer, Arjun Vajpai became the youngest climber who reached the peak of Manaslu at the age of 18.
- On 23rd September 2012, 11 climbers were killed by an avalanche.
- On 25th September 2014, Andrzej Bargiel, a Polish ski- mountaineer set a record time of 14 hours 5 minutes from the base camp to the top of a mountain and he also set the record time of 21 hours 14minutes for the Base peak.
Manaslu is considered as the one of the risky mountains and 4th most dangerous peak of 8,000m due to the bad weather, heavy snowfall and avalanches. As of may of the year 2008, the mountain has been climbed for 297 times with 53 deaths on the mountain.