Top 10 Highest Mountain (Peak) in The World With Pictures
Mountains are the beautiful reflections of Nature. The white snows are the admiration of mountains seems as they are smiling in the bright sunlight. Most of the people like the best scene of snow falling down and the mountains covered by white snow. Mountains are the assets of the country as they are the gift of nature. The tallest and beautiful mountains are the assets of the country in which they are standing and they represent the country. Mountains are also the source of water resources. The countries full of mountains are recognized as the beautiful country and the center of attraction for most of the tourists.
Nepal is the country in which there are 8 mountains which are above 8000 meters above and most of the mountains are among the highest peak of the world. Peaks are the also the center of attraction for most of the visitors from different countries in Nepal. Most people are very interested to know about the highest peak in the world and most of the student has to study about the mountains in their study curriculum. So, today we are here to provide you full information about the 10 highest peaks of the world which is the real admiration. Below is the full information….
Top 10 Highest Mountain (Peak) in The World With Pictures
1. Mount Everest – The Highest Mountain (Peak) in The World
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world which is situated in Nepal. It is 8,848m above the sea level. It is called Chomolungma in Tibetan and Sherpa language which means the mother of the Earth. It is located in the Maha langur Himal sub-range of the Himalayan. The current height of Mount Everest is 8,848m from sea level which was recognized by China and Nepal, with a survey by Indian survey 1955 and it was subsequently confirmed by the survey of China in 1975. Also, in the year of 2005, China re-measured the height of peak and found the result of height 8,844.43m. An agreement is followed between China and Nepal to follow the official height of Mount Everest as 8,848m. The top of the peak contains one-third the concentration of oxygen found at the sea level. The prevailing wind is at the average speed of 12.8m/s at the top. The average annual temperature of the top is below the freezing -17 degree Celsius.
The name of Mountain was named after Sir George Everest from Uk who was the Surveyor General of India from the year 1830 to 1843. Up to this date, many people from different Nations climb the Everest. The first person to lead an expedition to climb the Peak was George Mallory in 1921. But, 1924, he didn’t perish far from the summit and in 1999, his body was discovered as dead. In 1953, Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) and Edmund Hillary (NZ) complete the first ascent of Everest (via the South Col route) at 11.30am on May 29. The question of who reached the summit first became embroiled in politics, especially after Tenzing was duped into signing a document saying he beat Hillary. The two agreed to a compromised story – they reached the summit together.
Hillary later claimed he reached the top a rope length ahead of Tenzing. But both Tenzing Norgay Sherpa from Nepal and Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand were regarded to climb the peak for the first time. As, there are two climbing routes for Mount Everest, one of them is from the southeast in Nepal known as the Standard route and another from Northern Tibet, China. During climbing the Everest, various dangers such as Wind, change in weather, Altitude sickness and also many significant hazards from avalanches came in the pathway. So, the job of climbing the Everest is the hardest and risky job. There were over 200 corpses on the Everest in 2016 in which some of them serves as the landmarks.
There are less native flora and fauna on Everest. At the height of 6,480m, there is a moss-grown in more number. Asin highest altitudes, there are some plants growing. Also, Arenaria is the alpine cushion plant grown below the height of 5,500m. A minute black spider named Euophrys omnisuperstes has been found at the height of 6,700m. In the higher altitudes, various microscopic lives are found. Birds like Bar-headed goose have been spotted flying in the elevation of Everest and birds such as Chough have been seen flying at the height of 7,920m and Yellow-billed Choughs are spotted at the elevation of 7,900m. For making efforts to climb the Everest by climbers, yaks are often used. As Yaks have thick hairs and they can haul up to 100 kg. There are two climbing routes in Everest, the southern ridge from Nepal and Northern ridge from China. Also, there are other less frequently routes for climbing. Technically talking, the southern ridge is easier and mostly used.
Many of the records have been broken regularly. As is the world’s highest peak, it has become the best and attractive summit which inspires many of the people with a motto to climb it someday. Everest has become the inspiration for many Guinness World Records. Some of the world records on Mount Everest are;
1922; 7 Sherpa climbers died because of an avalanche. They become the first reported deaths on Mt. Everest.
1965; Nawang Gombu became the first person to climb the Everest twice on May 20.
1975; Junko Tabei became the first woman to reach the Summit on May 16.
1978; Mr. Peter Habeler of Austria and Reinhold Messner of Italy became the first climbers to reach the peak without bottled oxygen.
1988; Ms. Lydia of New Zealand became the first woman to reach the summit without oxygen on October 14.
1990; Mr. Andrej and Mrs. Marija Stremfelj of Slovenia were first married couple to reach the peak on October 7.
1993; The first Nepali woman, Pasang Lamhu Sherpa reached the summit but she died while descending from the peak on April 23.
1998; Mr. Thomas Whittaker of U.S.A is the first handicap to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
1999; Mr. Babu Chhiri became the first climber to sleep in the summit of Everest. He had spent over 21 hours on the peak of Everest without oxygen. He succeeds to reach the summit 10 times.
2001; Mr. Temba Chiring Sherpa of age 16 years is the first youngest mountaineer to reach success in the summit of Nepal on May 23. And Mr. Erik Weihenmayer of USA became the first blind person to summit Mt. Everest on May 25.
2003; the correspondent of Kantipur daily of Nepal, Mr. Ang Chirring Sherpa became the first journalist to climb the summit of Everest on May 22. And Mr. Lakpa Gelu Sherpa holds the fastest climbing in the top of the Everest keeping world records on May 26 with the time of 10 hours 56 minutes 46 seconds.
2004; Mr. Pemba Dorjee Sherpa replaced the world record of Mr. Lakpa Gelu with keeping the record of fastest climbing in 8 hours and 10 minutes on May 21.
2006; Mr. Lakpa Tharke Sherpa of 25 years old climbed the Everest on May 24 being naked at the upper part of the body in the top of Everest and remain there for 3 minutes in the surrounding of -40 degrees centigrade.
2007; On May 16 at 8:45 A.M., from the base camp of Everest Mr. Appa Sherpa and Mr. Lhakpa Gelu Sherpa, released the book named Sagarmatha Adhar Sibir. As well, on May 23, all seven sons of Mr. Nim Chhiri Sherpa (Father) and Mrs. Pema Buti Sherpa (Mother) made a new record. The climbers who were successful are late Ang Chhiri Sherpa, Mr. Nim Temba Sherpa, Mr. Pema Tharki Sherpa, Mr. Nima Gombu Sherpa, Mr. Mingma Tsiri Sherpa, Mr. Thunda Sherpa and Pasang Tenzing Sherpa.
2008; On May 5, Min Bahadur Sherchan of age 76 years 11months and 6 days kept the world record of oldest man to reach the summit. Also, On May 22, Mr. Appa Sherpa successfully climbed the Everest 18th time.
For climbers, it can be relatively expensive. Climbing gear which is important to reach the summit cost the US $8,000. Most of the climbers use bottle oxygen which costs around the US $3,000. Climbing the Everest through the southern ridge of Nepal, it costs about the US $10,000 to the US $20,000 per person which depends upon the size of the team. Most guiding services cost between US 35,000-200,000 in 2016. But the services provided vary widely. Along with mountaineering, Everest has been the place for winter sports and adventuring along with Paragliding, Base jumping, Skiing, and snowboarding. The first man to ski down Everest was Yuichiro Miura in 1970.
2. Mount K2- The Second Highest Mountain (Peak) in The World
It is the second highest peak of the world. It is located in Karakoram segment of the Himalayan range between regions of Pakistan and China. But, the route of climbing the mountain from Pakistan side is only accessible. It has the height of 8,611metres. The snow-covered mountain and glacier rise from the base at about 4,570metres, on a tributary of the Baltoro Glacier. K2 was discovered by Col. T.G Montgomerie of the survey of India in 1856. The mountain was given the symbol of K2 as it was measured in Karakoram Range and it is also the second highest mountain in the world.
In 1902, six climbers from an international expedition including the famous Satanist Aleister Crowley from the UK climbed the height of 5,670m.
In 1909, an Italian party led by Luigi Amedo di sovia reached up to the height of 6,100 meters via the Southern ridge.
In 1938, American expedition led by Charles Houston reached up to the height of 7,926 meters via the Abruzzi Ridge.
In 1939, another American expedition followed the same route and reached the height of 8,380 meters.
In 1953; The expedition led by Houston reached the height of 7,900 meters on the Abruzzi ridge.
Finally, in 1954, an Italian expedition consists of 5 scientists with the doctor, Photographer and 12 others succeeded in reaching the peak of K2 via the Abruzzi spur on July 31st. They reached the summit at 6 pm. But in the ascent, one of the guides died of pneumonia.
Ichiro Yoshizawa led the second successful ascent on 9th August 1977.
The third successful attempt was done in 1978 via the long route i.e. long and corniced Northeast ridge. It is difficult in climbing K2 as it is prone to severe and frequent storms which really make the climbing conditions more challenged. It is one of the most difficult Peaks to climb in the world. Few people have reached the summit in compared to Everest. Although, there are fewer deaths occurred in K2 compared to Everest. Various attempts have been done to climb the mountain by many people but few of them are only successful. The recent attempts are;
In August 1st, 2008 a group of climbers were missed after the falling of the large piece of ice during an avalanche. Among them, 4 climbers were rescued but 11 climbers including Ger McDonnell who was the first Irish to reach the peak were dead.
In 2009, several attempts were done but nobody reached the summit.
On August 6th, 2010, Fedrick Ericsson joined Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner on the way to the summit. But Fredrich fell 1,000 meters and he was killed and Gerlinde aborted her journey.
On 23rd August 2011, four climbers reached the peak of K2. As well, Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner became the first lady to reach the summit without the supplement of oxygen.
On 28th July 2013, Two climbers from New Zealand, Marty Schmidt and his son Denali were killed by an avalanche.
On 26th July 2014, the team of Pakistani climbers with three Italian climbers scaled the Mountain. Also, Pasang Lhamu Sherpa, Maya Sherpa, and Dawa Yangzum became the first Nepali woman to climb Mount K2.
On 27th July 2014, Garret Madison with three American climbers and six Sherpas climbed the summit.
On 28th July 2017, 28th July 2017 Vanessa O’Brien led the team of 12 members with Mingma Gyalje Sherpa became the first American woman to reach the summit. Also, she is the oldest woman to reach the summit at the age of 52 years. Also, Mingma Gyalje Sherpa and Fazal Ali recorded their second successful climbing in the summit of Mount K2.
I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.