Top 10 Developed Cities of Nepal

Nepal, officially known as “Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal“, is a landlocked country, located in South Asia. Nepal is also known a country of villages. It is one of the least developed country in the world. It is not developed country in the world. But it is one the way of developing. But also while talking about top 10 developed cities of Nepal is hard to say.

Because there is no such a city in Nepal which is developed but is developing. But some of the cities are more developed than other cities of Nepal. Nepal is not only an amazing place to visit for a holiday, it is a wonderful place to put down roots and live in one of the picturesque cities in the country. Top ten cities recommended to live in Nepal are listed.

Top 10 Developed Cities of Nepal

Nepal is a country of socio-geographical diversity. It has diverse landforms, climate, natural vegetation, nationalities, customs, cultures, traditions, languages, and religions. There live more than 125 nationalities and they speak more than 123 dialects and languages. It is the common home of 2,64,94;504 people.

Manang is the smallest district in population with the density of only 3 people per square kilometer, Kathmandu, the largest with the density of 4416 people, and the national average is 180 people per square kilometer. They all make our nation called Nepal. Nepalese people are well known for their religious tolerance, self-respect and bravery.

Let’s have look for top 10 developed cities of Nepal to live in…

1. Kathmandu

Kathmandu Valley is the busiest, most populated and most inhabited city of Nepal. This city is referred to as “The city of Temples”, “Nepal Mandala”, “K-Town”, “City of the event”, and “Cherry on the cake”.

It was ranked third among the top ten upcoming travel destinations in the world by TripAdvisor and ranked first in Asia. The city generally has a climate with warm days followed by cool nights and mornings making it a suitable place to live in. The winter can be a little cold.

The area and landscape of Kathmandu have played a significant role in the development of a stable and steady economy which spans millennia. The majority of main offices, banks industries and headquarters are located in the valley making it the economic hub and focal point for exchanging trades in Nepal.

Chandragiri Hills Station Cable Car Kathmandu Nepal Photos Views
Beautiful Views from Chandragiri Hills Station Cable Car Kathmandu

In Kathmandu, there is an office of The Nepal Stock Exchange, the head office of the national bank, the chamber of commerce, along with head offices of national and international banks, telecommunication companies, the electricity authority, various type of industries (small scale to large scale) and different other national and international association.

The major financial centres are the New Road, Durbar Marg, Ason and Putalisadak. Kathmandu as a significant trading centre throughout the hundreds of years. Kathmandu’s trade is an ancient profession that proposed along a branch of the Silk Road which connected India and Tibet.

From hundreds of past years, Lhasa Newar merchants of Kathmandu have directed trade over the Himalaya and contributed to spreading art styles and Buddhism crosswise over Central Asia.  Other conventional occupations are farming, metal casting, woodcarving, painting, weaving, and pottery.

Kathmandu Nepal Highway Road
Highway Road To Nagarkot From Kathmandu

It is famous as tourists destination for its distinctive, rich, culture, cityscape and architecture; including the highest number of jatras in Nepal. The city itself was known as “Nepal Proper” by British historians. It is the passageway to the Nepalese Himalayas, and house to seven world heritage sites: Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Squares, Patan Durbar Squares, Bhaktapur Durbar Squares, the Stupas of Swayambhunath and the Stupas of Baudhanath, the temple of Pashupati and the temple of Changu Narayan.

Along with seven world heritage sites, it includes Narayanhiti Royal Palace, Dakshinkali, Taragaon museum, The Natural History Museum and Nepal Art Council Gallery. It also include 5 star hotels like Hotel Yak & Yeti, The Everest Hotel, Hotel Radisson, Soaltee Holiday Inn and De L’annapurna and The Shanker Hotel.

The neighborhood of Thamel is Kathmandu’s primary “traveler’s ghetto”, packed with guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores, catering to tourists. Even the hotel industry has taken a large step in its development providing favorable places for tourists to visit and stay.

Kathmandu is home to Nepali cinema and theatres. The city contains several theatres, including the National Dance Theatre in Kanti Path, the Ganga Theatre, the Himalayan Theatre and the Aarohan Theater Group. These theatre also attract the tourist in many ways. Kathmandu has a large number of cinema halls (old single screen establishments and some new multiplexes) showing Nepali, Bollywood, and Hollywood films.

Kathmandu is the focal point of music and dance in Nepal, and these art forms are fundamental to understand the city. Musical performances are organized in cultural venues. Music is a part of the traditional part of Kathmandu.

The education scene is quite good with a couple of universities, medical colleges engineering colleges, government and private schools and other colleges located in and around Kathmandu. However, low quality of education, political instability, less opportunities in the job market has motivated the student to fly abroad for better opportunities.

There is a fairly large network of roadways that has encouraged economic development in the city particularly in the fields of agriculture, horticulture, vegetable farming, industry and also tourism. Only international airport is also located in this city making it a gateway for other cities.

Electricity in Kathmandu is provided by the NEA Nepal Electricity Authority while water supply and sanitation facilities are provided by the Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Limited (KUKL). There is a severe shortage of water for household purposes such as drinking, bathing, cooking and washing and irrigation. It also has the most developed healthcare facility in Nepal having some of the best hospitals and clinics.

However, the things that are likely to hate about this city is the poor water facility, waste management and too much pollution.

2. Pokhara

It is the country’s second largest city, in respect of population, and, largest city, in respect of area.  The city is also home to a large number of elite Gurkha soldiers. Out of the ten highest mountains in the world, three are located within this city. Due to its geographical topography, the climate remains moderate throughout the year.

Pokhara Nepal City Town Image
Pokhara Nepal

The climate of this city is quite favourable making it a perfect place for visiting throughout the years. Summers are humid and mild; most precipitation happens during the monsoon season. Winter and spring skies are usually clear and bright.

Pokhara Nepal City Town Image
Pokhara

A major contribution to the local economy comes from the tourism and hospitalities industry. Pokhara has become a major tourist destination making it the tourism capital of Nepal. Many medieval era temples (Tal Barahi temple, Bindhyabasini temple, Bhadrakali temple, Guheshwari temple, Sitaldevi temple, Gita mandir temple, Bhimsen temple, Kedareshwar Mahadev Mani Temple), commercial city centres, hill tops as viewpoints and museums located in this city attract the tourist in many ways.

Pokhara Nepal City Town Image
Pokhara Nepal

It is also a major attraction for adventures like Bunjee jumping (Water Touch Bunjee Jumping), paragliding, and paddle boating on the calm water lake, ultralight flight, canyoning, rock climbing, and mountain biking and skydiving.

Different lakes like Phewa lake, Begnas lake, Rupa lake also attract the tourist as it is involved in different adventurous activities and sightseeing. A cable car service has started construction joining Phewa Lake with World Peace Stupa driven by the government of Nepal which is relied upon to support the tourism industry exponentially. However, most people visit this city to travel to the Annapurna range and famous religious place Muktinath.

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Pokhara has experienced rapid urbanization. As a result, service-sector industries have increasingly contributed to the local economy overtaking the traditional agriculture. An impact of urbanization is found in high real estate costs, among the highest in the country.

The musical culture in Pokhara is extremely groundbreaking and in recent years, Western rock and roll, pop, rap and hip-hop are becoming famous with frequently held musical concerts; however, the traditional lok and modern (semi classical) Nepali music are overwhelmingly supported by the general populace. The traditional and semi classical museum with its originality also attracts the tourist.  It is also one of the major areas for the economic growth of the city.

The educational opportunities are a multitude. The education scene is quite nice with a couple of engineering colleges, medical colleges and several institutions of higher learning up to doctorate level in social sciences, business and science and technology located within Pokhara city.

Pokhara has extensive privately operated public transportation running all through the town, connecting townships and close by villages. The public transport basically includes local and city buses, micros, micro-buses and metered-taxis. It is also properly connected to the other parts of the country through permanent road and air links.

3. Itahari

Itahari is one of the largest city of Sunsari district in the eastern region of Nepal. It is the focal point of the west-east Mahendra highway and south-north Koshi Highway and hence is a city of emerging significance, close to the city of Dharan.

In Itahari, the climate is warm and temperate. When compared with winter, the summers have significantly much more rainfall.

It is one of the important transportation junction of Eastern Nepal, the town is gaining importance as a traffic hub. It is thirty km (19 mi) at distance from Jogbani, India by road which connects Itahari to Kolkata seaport by road and rail both the means of transportation. The two main branches of the Nepal highway circulation – Mahendra Highway running from east to west and Koshi Highway running from north to south cross with each other at Itahari.

Itahari Nepal City Town
Itahari Nepal

It is somehow a tourist hub too. Budhikhola Ghat, the giant statue of Lord Shiva, Mechi-kali pond, Ocean Park, Buddhi-Ganga Jamuna Mukti Ghat, Taal Talaiya, Regional Agriculture Research Centre. Among them, Taal Talaiya attracts the visitors as it is a charming ecological park, with lots of lush greenery and crisscrossing roadways in between for you to walk along. This city also has fifty five such contemporary sculpture art which attracts the tourist.

Itahari, Nepal City Town Image
Itahari, Nepal

Itahari is commercially flourishing. Almost all major banks of Nepal has established branches here. Soon Itahari will grow up to be Nepal’s greatest town. Way of living in Itahari is being costly day by day. With the developing cultures, numerous anti socio activities are being performed openly.

SOS Children’s Village Itahari is one of the NGOs that have been working for orphaned and abandoned children. It is a famous organisation in the field of child care and child rights. Besides several other projects, it is working to construct the houses for homeless and smaller scale credit for the enterpreneurs.

Itahari, Nepal City Town night
Itahari at Night

Soon this town will develop enough to arrive at the borders of Dharan. The motto of this city is the clean, green and commercial city. The streets resemble a boulevard. The city can possibly turn into a business centre of Nepal since it lies in the middle of urban areas. All the closest rural areas rely on Itahari’s business market.

The situation of education is quite good with a couple of school, colleges and universities. The health services are also abundant for the people within and out of the city. Several hospitals, Diagnostic centre, nursing wards and clinics serve the people rightfully.

This city is not very old. So, it neither has the vast historical appeal of antiquity, nor the charm of distinctive culture like many other cities of Nepal do, especially the capital.

4. Biratnagar

It is the second largest city, second most densely populated, second largest Land Port, third most populated metropolitan city, fourth most populous city of Nepal and second city of country to be connected with Indian railways. It is accepted to be the capital of language, culture and politics of the nation. In fact it is known as the industrial capital of the country.

The city is also called as ‘second capital’ and the ‘Capital of the Orient (East)’. It serves as a passage to a manifold of majestic destinations of Eastern Nepal just as North-Eastern India.

The weather in Biratnagar is mostly hot. Temperature ranges from 8 to 39 degrees Celsius. Most Biratnagarites like to consider their city a spot that shows every season with its outrageous ability.

Biratnagar City Images Nepal Photo
Biratnagar City

One of the reason Biratnagar is considered as the developed city: It is the politically active city of Nepal. Some of the revolutionary moments (first anti-Rana movement, the first plane hijack and the castle for Nepali Congress) that happened in this city also seeks the attention of the country. This city has gifted nearly five prime ministers to the nation and holds a special place in the modern political history of Nepal.

Biratnagar carrying the historical significance attracts the tourist. It was a historical palace. The ruins of temples, palaces, and pond are found in the different areas within the city.

It is a famous tourist place. Various beautiful haat bazaars (weekly markets) are held every week in various parts of the town, where farmers from the rural hinterland set up stalls to trade agricultural produce, spices and handicrafts. There are few gardens, temples and places of religious significance in Biratnagar.

Biratnagar City Images Nepal Photo
Biratnagar City

Temples like Kali Mandir, Basukinath Temple, Banaskhandi Mahadev temple, Baglamukhi Mandir, Golden Temple are decorated in vibrant ways to make them attractive. The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve renowned for its wildlife, especially for bird-watching enthusiasts. It is home to the endangered wild buffaloes called “Arna” in Nepali.

Tourists find Biratnagar on their way to the Himalayan states of India, Sikkim and Darjeeling. Tourists also arrive Biratnagar by air to start their trekking to mountains, for example, Kanchenjunga.

The main source of the economy originates from business and industry. It exports of items like instant noodles, biscuits and clothes. Many small sized and medium sized factories work freely including chemical, edible oil, steel, rice mill, alcohol, soaps factories, among others, covering a huge portion of territory that connects Biratnagar with Itahari, a focal transit point of eastern Nepal.

Biratnagar City Images Nepal Photo
Biratnagar Nepal

It is home to Golchha Organization, which was at one time a small start-up and is presently a multi-million house. Besides more than 6000 industries, it is additionally associated with major Custom Route with India and is the second largest Land Port of Nepal. It is the industrial city of Nepal and unemployment is very low here because of the huge centralization of Industries and Factories.

There is a fairly large network of roadways within and with other cities which has encouraged economic development in the city. Even the airways, trains are also most popular in the city. City safari or electric rickshaws being the most used transportation here, connect all parts of Biratnagar, and environmentally friendly making it pollution free.

Biratnagar City Images Nepal Photo
Biratnagar City Nepal

The education scene is quite nice with a couple of engineering institutes, medical institutes and a no of good colleges, school and universities. It is the home to the Purbanchal University (PU)

The city is home to Sahid Rangsala, one of the country’s largest football stadiums with more than 10,000 capacity.

5. Birgunj

It is presently the second largest city in the Terai region of Nepal and largest in the Narayana Valley, the sixth most populated metropolis and the second major industrial city of the country. It is known as the ‘Gateway to Nepal ‘as it an entry point to Nepal from India for the routes such as Patna and Kolkata.

Birgunj City Image Nepal
Birgunj City

Practically all trade with India happens through this route. The Indian border town of Raxaul has turned out to be perhaps the busiest town for heavy transportation because of high exchange volume.

With an enormous number of industries set on the Birgunj-Pathlaiya industrial passageway, Birgunj produces a wide scope of items, for example, pharmaceuticals, materials, vegetable ghee, plastic, steel, plastic, cigarettes, and aluminum, among others.

Birganj Market Nepal Image
Birganj Market Nepal

Birgunj is likewise a prestigious market for the exchange of various product and has items that significantly take into account both the local utilization and export markets.

Chhath Puja festival in Nepal celebration in birgunj places to visit and see

An exceptional custom post adds to the uniqueness of the city as a huge financial focus of Nepal. The major proportion of Nepal’s trade with India and underdeveloped countries occurs through this post! It’s nothing unexpected in saying that Birgunj Customs holds a noteworthy commitment as far as income profit to the administration’s treasury.

To improve exchange tasks, a Dry Port has additionally been set up in the town as of late to address the worries in taking care of the enormous volume of merchandise.

Birgunj City Image Nepal
Birgunj

Other than being an industry-specific, it also has some key milestones that add to its importance as a tourism destination. The key spots of interest in Birgunj for tourists visiting Nepal are Shankaracharya Gate, Ghantaghar, Gahawa Mai Temple, Dirge temple, Surya Mandir, Ida Baitha House, Murli Masjid, Bhiswa Hillock, Dry Port, Clock tower and Town Hall. Besides the daily life activities of folk and farmers, their way of living also attract the tourists.

Birgunj City Image Nepal
Birgunj Nepal

The city is also referred to as the cricket hub of Nepal. Nepal’s second largest stadium is also located in this city. The masses of people are attracted to cricket in this city. The tournament held attracts not only local people but also domestic and international tourists.

Birgunj City Image Nepal
Birgunj Nepal

The city has made rapid development in the field of education by the establishment of many schools and colleges along with Commerce College and medical college. A medical school is situated here which not only accommodates both the local but also the international students.

Birgunj City Image Nepal
Birgunj Nepal

The situation of healthcare facilities is quite good with the establishment of medical colleges that provides the best services. Besides that there are many other big and small hospitals, international standard diagnostic centres throughout the city, private nursing homes and clinics.

Birgunj City Image Nepal
Birgunj Nepal

Birgunj is the city that intently connects Nepal with India via Kathmandu. A railway connects Birgunj to Raxual resulting in its association with numerous towns in India. A few flights take off daily from Kathmandu to Simara air terminal that is some 20km away from Birgunj. Besides, Birgunj also has a good bus facility and horse-driven carts alongside a well-established cargo facility that encourages the region’s trade connectivity.

Author: Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of media house, designer of websites and editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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