About Tihar Festival in Nepal


The canine is uncovered to speak to the idea of dharma, the way of honorableness. Amid Tihar, every day is committed to a regarding an alternate idea or substance: crows, mutts, bovines, bulls, and congenial connections, individually. On the second day, Kukur Tihar, all canines are perceived, regarded, and worshiped.

What shapes does this love take? Amid Kukur Tihar, the legendary and genuine connections amongst people and mutts constitute the day’s real core interest. A wreath of blossoms is hung around the neck of each pooch; those with homes, as well as strays also.

This wonderful pooch wears a malla, or blossom festoon, around the neck amid Kukur Tihar. Photograph by In our canine photographs, you’ll see a wreath of blossoms sticking around the neck of each pooch. This botanical neckband, called a malla, is a characteristic of regard and pride.

It declares the wearer as imperative and symbolizes the petitions that run with the canine.  On Kukur Tihar, a red stamp is connected to the temple of each canine.

In Nepal, this stamp is known as the tika, glue produced using abir — a red color powder — alongside rice and yogurt. The tika is connected in a solitary stroke on the brow upward from the eyes.  A pooch in Nepal advances down the road with a tika on his brow.

Like the malla that wreaths the neck, the red tika marks the canine as both a fan of the honest way and as a protest of dedication. The tika pervades the canine with a quality of hallowedness and goes about as a gift to the individuals who experience the puppy amid Kukur Tihar.

Supplications and blossoms are absolutely decent, yet to the extent pooches are concerned, their most loved piece of Kukur Tihar must be the sustenance. On the primary day of Diwali, Kaag Tihar, nourishment is displayed on the tops of homes as offerings to crows.


On the second day, nourishment offerings are put out for puppies in the home, and also for strays in the roads.  This little Chihuahua blend is situated joyfully beside a plate of flavorful sustenance.

Photograph by These nourishment offerings takes an assortment of structures. Contingent upon the celebrant, the puppy’s treats may incorporate drain, eggs, meat, or excellent canine sustenance.

Some may even offer canines a touch of sel roti, a rotisserie dessert like a doughnut. This is a day when canines have the best of everything.  This is an extremely broad outline of Kukur Tihar. While its roots are followed to Nepalese Hinduism, variations of the day of the canine are praised by sections of Hinduism and Buddhism over the world.

Kukur Tihar respects canines in the greater part of their angles: as gatekeepers, associates, and companions.  By dedicating days amid the celebration of lights to crows, cows, canines, bulls, and kin, disciples recognize the profound associations between every living thing.

In 2014, the antiquated organization amongst mankind and canines is praised on October 22. We would love to get notification from our perusers. Do you keep Diwali or Tihar? Offer your fondest recollections of Kukur Tihar in the remarks! In what manner will you respect your puppy today?

Gai Tihar or Laxmi Pooja – worshiping Cow or Goddess of Wealth Pooja: the Goddess of Wealth. Every one of the houses are cleaned and enlivened with the conviction that Goddess Laxmi will go into the house that is the cleanest and individuals lit candles, oil lights and different lights and the entire place looks enlightening.

Amid the five days, crows, canines, and bovines are venerated and regarded with vermilion, laurel and delectable nourishment for what they have done in the lives of people. Upon the arrival of Govardhan Puja (Cow Puja), on the fourth day of Tihar/Deepawali/Diwali, Cows are worshiped. How about we see, how the general population of Hindu religion love the Cow amid the celebration.

Notice The five-day festivity of lights, known as Tihar regards Yama, the God of Death, meanwhile, the affection for Laxmi, the Goddess of Wealth controls the cheerfulness.  On a central day, Kaag Tihar is the day of the crow, the observer of Yama is venerated. The second-day Kukur Tihar is for turning around the puppies as the masters of Yama.

On the third day is Gai Tihar and Laxmi Puja. On this day cow is offered petitions and support in the morning, and Goddess Laxmi is offered to extend supplications and puja around evening time.

The fourth day is for the draft animal, bulls when the Newari social order furthermore performs Maha Puja focused on one. The fifth day is Brothers’ Day when sisters put tika on their kin’s foreheads and give favors. This festival is noted for enlightening of homes with candles, oil-wick lights, and electric lights.

Houses wherever all through the country are lit up with extra lights and completed with trims. An unfathomable view can be had of the wonderfully lit-up Kathmandu city from the Swoyambhunath Stupa. The celebrations begin with the veneration of crows and puppies. Leaf dishes of rice, incense and light are set out for the dull messenger, while pooches are loved and offered treats.

Goru Tihar, Govardhan Pooja, Maha Puja– worshiping Ox /ox pooja Nepal: is, for the most part, a horticultural nation so bulls are viewed as imperative creatures as they help in furrowing the fields. That is the reason on this day they are worshiped with tika, wreath and offered decent nourishment.

Likewise this day little hillocks made out of dairy animal’s fertilizer is worshiped. It is trusted that once there was a dry season in a town in Vrindavan.

The villagers were exceptionally stressed and they needed to play out a major Puja out of appreciation for Lord Indra, the God of rain. In any case, Lord Krishna persuaded them that, they ought not to appeal to Lord Indra since it was the Mount Govardhan that brought the rain and not Lord Indra.

This made Lord Indra exceptionally irate and in his fierceness, he sent forward a major electrical storm to surge the town. Ruler Krishan lifted Mount Govardhan as an umbrella over the town to shield the villagers and their dairy cattle from the rain and surge.

We performed Maha Puja with my sibling, his family and with my cousins on my sibling’s overhang. To start with the floor was decontaminated by sprinkling water on it; at that point, we made mandaps before a column of seats on the floor where we were sitting.

Our mandap was planned by AS and I had printed them out on the A4 paper yet in Nepal they are made by hand on the floor utilizing oil, rice flour, vermilion, puffed rice and at times beans.

The quantity of the mandaps required is three or more the number of individuals doing the puja. We require three littler mandaps at the highest point of the column for the House God (Kuladevata), Yamaraj and Janmaraj, one mandap for each of the part performing Mha Puja. At that point toward the finish of the line, we had a crow drawn symbolizing Yama the God of death.


Bhai Tika – Brother and Sister Pooja/blessing brother /sister: Bhai Tika is the last and the most imperative day of Tihar. In this day, the sisters apply Tika to their siblings’ temple (and subsequently, given the name as ‘Bhai Tika’), express gratitude toward them for the assurance they give.

The Tika is beautiful, which comprises seven hues and called as ‘Saptarangi Tika’ in Nepali. Alongside the Tika, the sisters offer festoons of Marigold and Chrysanthemum (these days the plastic readymade laurels are likewise used to some degree, on account of shortage of the blossoms), desserts, and uncommon dishes for them.

The sisters petition God for the siblings’ long lives, and sit down to chat with them, and appreciate the dinner together.

This is trusted that Yamaraj, the God of death desires the siblings, and the petitions of the sisters spare their lives (as a blessing to the sisters for their token of affection). Siblings sit in a specific place, and the sisters do the puja, which comprises dropping oil from a copper pitcher on the floor and applying it to the sibling’s hair.

Consequently, the siblings likewise apply tika of five hues (pancharangi tika) to the sister’s temple and give them something as a blessing (it can be a whole of money, garments or anything materialistic).

The individuals who don’t have sisters or siblings do it with cousins or close relatives. The sanctuary inside Rani Pokhari of Kathmandu is open this day for the individuals who don’t have siblings or sisters to assemble here and apply tika seeing them as soul kin. The Bhai Tika is an essential day for the Hindu, to reinforce the connection between siblings and sisters.

What is Bhai Tika? At the point when is Bhai Tika? How Bhaihai Tika in Nepal? Why is Bhai Tika celebrated? What are causes to observe Bhai Tika? What are the motivations to observe Bhai Tika in Hindu? Do you think about the date of Bhai Tika?

This is an article about every one of these inquiries. It offers you to Solution. Cheerful Bhai Tika. For what reason do we observe Tihar? How would you observe Tihar? Bhai Tika and Laxmi Puja is the principle motivation to observe Tihar celebration.

There are many motivations to observe Tihar. Be that as it may, here we are giving you a few motivations to observe Bhai Tika. As we as a whole realize that Bhai Tika is the fundamental day of the celebration of siblings and sisters.

We are observing Bhai Tika (primary day of the celebration) for all siblings and sisters or didi bahini and daju Bhai.  Bhai Tika is a standout amongst the most vital days of the second greatest celebration of Nepal. The celebration of lights, Tihar, which is praised for 5 days, has 5 diverse extraordinary events commended separately on each day.

Bhai Tika which is praised on the fifth and a day ago of Tihar is an imperative day of the celebration. So what precisely is Bhai tika? Give us a chance, to begin with, a little learning about the principle celebration, i.e. ] Tihar likewise was known as Deepawali is one of the essential celebrations of Nepal.

The celebration which is otherwise called the celebration of lights is a Hindu celebration. The celebration is known as swonti in their local dialect among the newars of Kathmandu while it is prevalently known as Dipawali among Madhesis. Tihar comes after the greatest celebration of Nepal, Dashain with seven days apart.


People light their homes with ‘Diyos’ and numerous other lighting globules inside and outside their home. We can see entire Nepal lighting in excess of anyone’s imagination in an entire year amid this celebration. This brilliant and lovely celebration that goes on for 5 days begins with kaag puja on a primary day.

The second, third and fourth days are praised as kukur Tihar, Gai Tihar, and Laxmi puja and Govardhan puja individually. At last, the fifth day is the day of Bhai Tika which is the most vital and unique day of the festival. This is a little data about Tihar.

Presently, how about we backpedal to our point.  Bhai Tika, the most recent day of the celebration yet extraordinary among all. Tihar is prominently known for Bhai Tika. That does not mean different days of the celebration are not essential, they are similarly imperative also but rather Bhai Tika is extraordinary.

By and large, Bhai Tika is where sisters revere their siblings and receive a blessing from their siblings consequently. Sisters apply tika to the brow of their siblings to express gratitude toward them for all their adoration and bolster and to shield them from the awful.

The story behind the convention says that one-day Yamraj, the lord of death went by her sister, the Yamuna where her sister connected tika on the temple of her sibling, Yamraj and they delighted in eating sustenances and desserts, talking and sharing their minutes.

Yamraj likewise gave a blessing to her sister consequently. That was the day when the declaration was made by Yamraj that any sibling who gets tika from her sister on that day will never bite the dust. For this conviction, everybody observes Bhai tika on this day.

They apply tika on the brows of their sibling and finishes the custom with other fundamental exercises and wishes for the long existence of their brother. Sisters thank their siblings by apply tika and offering festoon with desserts and natural products as siblings dependably ensure their sister.

The stories can differ. In any case, other than the conviction, the custom of Bhai Tika is extraordinary in light of the fact that it makes a warm holding amongst siblings and sisters.

Importance of Tihar festival

Tihar, the celebration of lights denotes the triumph of good finished awful and is the most broadly praised celebration in Nepal. Likewise, Tihar is known as the Festival of Lights, Diwali or Sukhrantri, Deepavali or Diwali is spread crosswise over 5 days in different locales of the nation.

Along these lines, the general populations do watch multi-dozen dining experiences and celebrations. Out of them, Dipawali is the prime one national celebration. It does by and large fall toward the finish of October.

Notice The Nepali show Tihar is moreover outstanding by a few names likened to Dipawali or Bhai Tika or Laxmi Puja or as an event of lights. it’s a five-day show, that comes by and by once the Dashain expo and Tihar is all concerning go to of different creatures much the same as crow, puppy, cow, and go to of the Hindu undying of Fortune or Wealth (Goddess Laxmi), and cookery pleasant suppers gathering, siblings and sisters purchasing endowments, flying kites, adorning homes and roads, partaking in cards with companions, resting and calm, and in the end finishing the exhibition with relate degree trade of an exceptional transitory check on temple (tika in Nepali).

The Last Day of the event is thought as Tika day or prominently alluded to as Bhai Tika day (Bhai in Nepali proposes that Brother). To add up to up Tihar expo, Tihar is that the exhibition once sisters need an extended life to their siblings (Bhai)!

Tihar might be an exhibition for siblings and sisters, in any case, imagine a scenario in which you’re a sibling while not a sister or sisters while not a sibling. All things considered, you’ll have the capacity to make one by tolerating some person going to you with your relatives.

In the case of nothing works, you find one of your companions and neighbors, it turns out to be about as though it had been genuine.

Whomever you made your sister or sibling remains accordingly for the long haul, and consistently this event makes your bond more grounded. Tihar might be an exhibition of sisters needs an extended life to their siblings, and Tihar is that the most very much preferred show in Nepal.

Consequently, clutch your topi (cap), numerous fervor and fun are returning at you now!  The crow and subsequently the canine is believed to be the envy of the Hindu god, the God of Death. The essential 2 day watches their love.

On the third day, the dairy animals are worshiped inside the morning and Laxmi, the unfading of Wealth is worshiped inside the night with a conviction that she would convey fortune to the admirer. Women keep fast on right now and plan Sel rotis for giving the eternal.

Each house, structures, and sanctuaries are graced by the columns of daylight, once in a while the typical Nepali light of contorted cotton wick amid a little mud bowl of mustard oil. The Last Day of Tihar is named as Bhai Tihar, unremarkably alluded to as Bhai Tika.

On right now, sisters appeal to God for the long and prosperous life of their siblings. It’s trusted that a woman alluded to as the Yamuna whose sibling was wiped out appealed to God for his long and solid life.  Whenever Yama, the God of Death came to require her sibling with him, she argued for a couple of time to adore her sibling. Hindu god allowed this need to her.

At that point, the lady played out an extended function for her sibling and Hindu divinity. Hindu divinities were exceptionally upbeat alongside her and secure her to not take her sibling’s spirit till the offerings of turf grass and hence the blooms stayed contemporary and unwilled.

Since the turf grass and accordingly the blossoms stayed contemporary until back to back Bhai Tika, Hindu divinity allowed the kid an extended life. From that point on, the sisters started to adore their siblings for his or her long and solid life. It’s commended with lights, lighting the spread light each wherever inside the house.

Children and senior get delighted from chimney bats go way to entryway singing Deusi and Bhailo (conventional Tihar melody and move) and thrive in the Selroti and Anrasa.  The celebration is praised for five days.

Thusly, it is known as Panchak. Correspondingly, it is additionally called the Dipawali or celebration of lights, for the whole nation is brilliantly lit up with multi-hued lights. Lights are the conspicuous element of this celebration.

Individuals keep their homes and encompassing extremely flawless and clean. They embellish their home with blossoms, pictures, trims and keep oil lights consuming during the evening. Subsequently, spotless is another component of Dipavali.

Preparation for celebration Tihar festival

There are many reasons to celebration the Tihar festival in Nepal. Every household all over Nepal is cleansed and decorated with beautiful paintings, images of Goddess Laxmi, Saraswati, and Laxmi. There is the reason to clean the house that is if the houses are cleaned, for goddess Laxmi, it is to come, visit and bless the house owner.

Family members use to come their home from far and far away to celebrate Tihar festival gathering at one place. On the last day of Tihar festival, Bhai Tika is celebrated.

God and Goddess in Tihar Festival

During Tihar festival, God Ram, God Ganesha, Goddess Saraswati, God Bishnu, God Yamraj, and goddess Laxmi are worshiped mostly. There are not much more or uncountable God and Goddess worshiped in Tihar festival by the Nepalese population.

Tihar Greeting/Wishing Cards in Nepali

Tihar Quotes in Nepali

glowing-Oil-Diya-tihar greeting-cards-wishing-wallpapers-images-pictures

Tihar Quotes in English

A creative mind,
An energetic soul,
A peaceful spirit,
A sounds health,
Having of the blessing of Goddess,
May All of U have all these things Every day.
Happy Tihar 2019!

Tihar Wishes in English

Long live the culture of Nepal,
as the generations have passed by,
Nepalese culture is getting stronger and better
let’s keep it up.
Best Wishes for Tihar.

Tihar SMS in English

Wishing all Nepalese, Hindus and all those people who observe Tihar festival or Shubh Dipawali— a very happy Tihar 2076.
May this Tihar festive come with the power for a better and

May Goddess Laxmi bless them power, peace, and sounds healthy.

Tihar wishes in Nepali Font

Didi Bahini को आशिर्वाद,
साना साना Bhai Haru ko को प्रेम,
अनि यो TIHAR  पर्वको रमाइलो रमझम
सधैं यसरी नै रही रहोस्।
Happy Tihar 2076

Tihar Festival in Nepal


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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