About Tihar Festival in Nepal

About Tihar Festival in Nepal

Now it turns to know about Tihar festival in Nepal. We have pointed some points to give you information and facts about Tihar Festival of Nepal. Some things to know about the Tihar Festival in Nepal are as follows:

  1. What is Tihar Festival
  2. When is Tihar festival falls?
  3. The story behind Tihar festival
  4. Things to do in Tihar festival in Nepal
  5. Legend of Tihar festival in Nepal
  6. History of Tihar in Nepal
  7. How is Goddess Laxmi looks like Tihar festival in Nepal
  8. 5 Days of Tihar festival in Nepal
  9. Shubh Dipawali: A day of celebration
  10. Preparation for celebration Tihar festival in Nepal
  11. God and Goddess in Tihar festival in Nepal
  12. Tihar Wishes in Nepali
  13. Tihar SMS in Nepali
  14. Tihar Greeting cards
  15. Tihar Quotes in Nepali
  16. Tihar Quotes in English
  17. Tihar Wishes in English
  18. Tihar SMS in English
  19. Tihar messages in Nepali
  20. Tihar wishes in Nepali Font

Let’s go in detail one by one……… about Tihar festival of Nepal.

What is Tihar Festival

What is Tihar festival? Tihar is one of the real Hindu celebrations that is commended for five days in October or early November consistently. It is the celebration of lights that brings the love of Laxmi, the Goddess of Wealth alongside the love of canine, crow, and bovine individually. On the most recent day, siblings are welcomed and favored by the sisters.  The crow and the pooch are viewed as the agent of the Yama, the God of Death. The initial two day watches their love.

On the third day, the cow is worshiped in the morning and Laxmi, the Goddess of Wealth is worshiped at night with a conviction that she would convey fortune to the admirer. Ladies keep quick on this day and get ready Sel rotis for offering the goddess. Each house, structures, and sanctuaries are graced by the lines of light, normally the conventional Nepali light of bent cotton wick in a little dirt bowl of mustard oil.

The most recent day of Tihar is called as Bhai Tihar, normally known as Bhai Tika. On this day, sisters appeal to God for the long and prosperous existence of their siblings. It is trusted that a young lady called the Yamuna whose sibling was poorly appealed to God for his long and solid life. Whenever Yama, the God of Death came to bring her sibling with him, she argued for quite a while to adore her sibling.

Yama allowed this desire to her. At that point, the young lady played out a long function for her sibling and Yama. Yama was extremely satisfied with her and guaranteed her not to take her sibling’s spirit until the point that the offerings of turfgrass and the blooms stayed crisp and unwilted.

As the turfgrass and the blossoms stayed new till the following Bhai Tika, Yama allowed the kid a long life. From that point on, the sisters started to adore their siblings for their long and solid life.


It is commended with lights, lighting the margarine light wherever in the house. Youngsters and seniors appreciate sparklers, go way to entryway singing Deusi and Bhailo (conventional Tihar tune and move) and appreciate the Selroti and Anrasa.

Tihar otherwise called Deepawali and Yamapanchak or Swanti is a five-day-long Hindu celebration celebrated in Nepal and in the Indian conditions of Assam and Sikkim incorporating into Darjeeling area of West Bengal. It is the celebration of lights, as diyas are lit inside and outside the houses to influence it to enlighten around evening time.

It is prevalently known as Swanti among the Newars and as Deepawali among Madhesis. Set in the Vikram Samvat schedule, the celebration starts with Kaag Tihar in Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna Paksha and closures with Bhai Tika in Dwitiya of Kartik Sukla Paksha consistently.

Tihar is the second greatest Nepalese celebration after Dashain. It is thought to be of extraordinary significance as it indicates worship to the people and the divine beings, as well as to the creatures like crows, bovines, and mutts that keep up a private association with people.

Individuals make designs on the floor of front rooms or yards utilizing materials, for example, hued rice, dry flour, shaded sand or blossom petals outside of their home, called Rangoli, which is intended to be a consecrated inviting territory for the Gods and Goddesses of Hinduism for the most part Goddess Laxmi.

When is Tihar festival falls?

Dipawali is the second longest festival of Nepal. It is the most auspicious and most joyous time of year in Nepal. This longest festival of Nepal, Tihar is celebrated country­wide by all castes and creeds. Tihar festival falls on the bright lunar fortnight ending on the day of the full moon of the late October or early November. According to the Nepali calendar, it falls in the month Kartik.

Get the real date of the Tihar festival.

The story behind Tihar festival

There are different stories about the festival of Tihar. One of the popular stories behind the festival of Tihar is identified with Yama the divine force of death and his sister the Yamuna. Yama had been avoiding his sister for quite a while.

His sister needed to meet him so she requested that different sources visit him and request that he give her a visit. She sent crow, canine, and dairy animals and toward the end, she went herself to see her sibling. She revered him with tika and blossoms, she put him five shaded tika.

The Yamuna influenced a hover with mustard to oil, Dubo Grass (Cynodon Dactylon) and put Makhmali Mala (Globe Amaranth) and requested that Yamaraj not go till the oil, Dubo Grass and the bloom gets dry. Thusly, every sister venerates her sibling keeping him in the hover of mustard oil, putting mala (Laurel) of Makhmali blossom and Dubo grass.

A legend has it that while performing ‘kin cherishes’ the conveyance individual of Yama Raj came to accumulate the soul of the man encountering ‘kin revere’, as the lifetime of the man has slipped by in the human world. In any case, a sister performing ‘kin worship’ has requested the errand individual to hold up until the point that she completes the ‘kin love’.

The sharp sister respected the dispatcher to sit close by the kin and get the regard of ‘kin adore’. The sister did ‘kin worship’ so well to the dispatcher that he ended up being astoundingly happy with her and asked her anything she wished to have as a gift. The quick sister moved toward the errand individual for a long presence of her kin. In this way, she saved the life of her kin.

Another account about how the ‘kin reveres’ has started is that Yama Raj has five days off, as Lord Vishnu gave the asylum of choice the three universes for five days to Bali Raja. Ruler Vishnu has betrayed Bali Raja to go to a destroy the dull world for his excellent showing that has shack the heavenly kingdom of Lord Indra.

Thusly, Lord Vishnu has enabled him to run each of the three Hindu universes for five days despite surrendering to guarding Bali Raja for four months. Yamaraj’s world is one of the three universes.

Along these lines, he went to visit his sister, as he has not passed by her for a long time. Seeing her kin, Yama Raj, sister Yamuna ended up being so happy, she didn’t know how to welcome the kin who has passed by after such a long time. Thusly, she did each possible thing to keep her kin Yama Raj happy for five days.

On the latest day, before retreating to his existence, Yama Raj made the acquaintance of a remarkable gift for his sister as a result of her convenience. We assume that she has set the custom of ‘kin venerate.’  Along these lines, we call the five days of ‘Tihar’ as ‘Yama Pancak’ infers the five days of Yama Raj.

On these five days, we do everything workable for keeping Yama Raj happy, as Yama Raj will judge our obscenities and goals after our passing, and treat our souls in like way.

Things to do in Tihar festival in Nepal

There are several things to do in Tihar festival in Nepal. The most important are the time to reuniting all the family members especially brothers and sisters. In Tihar festival, families are reunited to celebrate and worship the Goddess Laxmi.


Most important things are to do in Tihar festival are to worship the Goddess Laxmi Mata. One of the most important things to do in Tihar festival is decorating the home. Get more ideas about things to do in Tihar festival.

Legend of Tihar Festival in Nepal

One of the victory stories told is in the Ramayana, the great and holy book of Hindus. It is the day of celebration of the victory of god Ram. According to this Hindus holy book, Ramayan, Lord Ram returns home after killing the demon Ravan and for that reason, there was a huge celebration.

History of Tihar in Nepal

Nepal is a multi-religion country. However, the country is dominated more than half of its population by Hindu religion. So, it is quite fair to say that the Hindu is the biggest religion in Nepal. these Hindu of Nepal also has lots of festivals representing and celebrating various occasions and Gods and Goddess. All these festival also hold some social and cultural value.

This makes the celebration of the even more holy and spiritual and reasonable. One of such festivals of Nepali Hindu is Tihar. Tihar is celebrated in the month of October, around the new moon on the mid of this month. Tihar follows another biggest festival of Hindus called Dashain. Tihar is celebrated for five days and each day has great value both religiously and socially.

In Hindu lunar calendar, Tihar is celebrated at the time of Kartik Krishna Pakshya. Tihar has many names. These names vary according to culture and social units. It is called Tihar by Nepali Hindus and it is called Swonti by Newari people in their mother tongue Nepal Bhasa. Its other names are Deepawali taken from Indian festival Diwali occurring at the same time and also a Yamapanchak meaning five-day celebration.

Tihar in Nepal can be looked into many different ways. Since people during the time of Tihar light their house up using lots of clay made diyas and electric gadgets with flashing light to make their home visible so it can also be said as the festival of lights.

The reason for this will be in the upcoming paragraph. On the other hands, lots of animals are worshipped at the time of Tihar by Hindu of Nepal. the animals include dogs, crows, cows oxen, etc all these are domesticated of near residence living animals and all these animals show a certain degree of connection in the easy making of the life and hence they are worshipped.


Also, Tihar is called the festivals of Roti. Roti is the Nepali term for flour made culinary items. These include Sel-roti, a circular item made from flour of rice, Puri a roti made from fine flour of wheat, fini a roti made from fine flour of wheat and with ghee, Arsa roti made from flour and jaggery, Anrasa roti made from flour and sugar and teel etc. all these are the major rotis made at the time of Tihar to enjoy them sitting with family and friends.

So it is also called the festival of Rotis. Every culture and social units might have some leniency towards their own style of celebrating this festival but the basic activities are the same.

There are basically five days in the festival of Tihar and these five days show respective significance and respective ways to celebrate depending upon the culture and social norms.

The first day is called KaagTihar. Kaagtiharis celebrated on the Trayodashi of the Kartik Krishna Paksha of Nepali VikramSambat or lunar calendar. Kaag means crows and ravens and Puja means to worship. On this day crows and ravens are worshipped by offering tikas and sweet dishes. Nepalis on this day wake up early and take a bath for purity and worshipped gods and prepare sweet meals.

But before taking any meal people separate food and along with Prasad and Tika the meal is taken to the roof and put their offering it to raven and crows. The crows are the grievers of the society according to the Nepali cultures. They mourn the society’s misfortunes.

They are also the tellers or signal givers when there is a disaster like an earthquake and floods are coming. This celebration is to thank them for their alertness and mourn. The Ravens, on the other hand, are the news takers or messengers.

They are believed to spray the message of love and joy in the society, hence they are worshipped to always bring joyous news to the people and spray love in the society. This beautiful relation of these birds and humans is sacred and must be celebrated once a year is the belief of the Nepali Hindu.

The second day is called KukurTihar. KukurTihar is celebrated on the next day of Kaag Puja. Kukur in Nepali is Dog and Puja means to worship. Thus, it is clear what is done at this festival and it is that dogs are worshipped in this festival. On this day Nepali household repeat the morning processes of bathing and calling out to gods and preparing meals.

Once they have done so, they before eating the meals take them to the dogs. They use either dogs they own or neighbors dogs or even the street dogs to celebrate this festival. In terms of social values, dogs are the protectors of the society. They lie among humans and feel responsible to alert humans at the time of trouble. The dog’s guard houses, scare away the thieves and also are the friendliest creature to the humans.

Since long time ago dogs have been the best friends of the Nepali culture and also human civilization. So this day is to celebrate the long and trusting relationships that humans have with the dogs.

According to the mythology of Hindu, Bhairava one of the manifestation of Lord Shiva had a dog as an animal of trust to take him and guard him. Yama the god of death is also believed to have to guard dogs. They look after the gates of Naraka where the bad people end up going after death. Naraka means hell. This day is also called Naraka Chaturdashi for the obvious reasons.

The third is one of the most significant days of the Nepali Hindus. This day is the day of Kartik Krishna Pakshya it means new moon day of Kartik. This day is called Gai Tihar and Laxmi Puja. In the morning of this day, like the other two days before, the morning rituals are the same however on this specific day the cows are worshipped. Cows in Nepali is Gai hence the name Gai Tihar. Cows have been a significant part of human life since the domestication of animals.

Cow milk, dung, urine, everything serves purposes of the humans. In earlier times the prosperity and wealth of a person were calculated by the number of cows he/she owned.

On this day this connection to cows is celebrated by worshipping cows and thanking them for everything that they have given throughout the history of time. Cows are also considered symbol or purity and are taken as a ride to heaven in Hindu culture. Thus, this day is celebrated with uttermost excitement.

Throughout the day Nepali households are busy cleaning the houses and doorways on this day. The houses are decorated with lights and flowers and are made very fresh by burning incenses.

Oil lamps are seen all around the houses. Nepali then make Rangoli, a colorful pattern made on the front porch to welcome Goddess Laxmi. At night all the oil lamps and candles are lit. Goddess Laxmi is worshipped. She is considered the Goddess of wealth and prosperity and this is a day when she was born.

Sayapatri Marigold Flowers in Tihar Festival

Marigold Flowers During Tihar Festival

Also, this is also the day when she visits the earth and ensures she lives in the life of every living being. To attract Goddess Laxmi the lights are lit up and offerings are made to Goddess Laxmi to ensure her blessings.

Rangoli is the place where Goddess Laxmi first puts her feet while entering the home and away is made all the way off to the Puja room for her to live. From this day onward till the end of Tihar, a form of celebration is done mainly by teenagers called deusi and bhailo. Deusi and bhailo are carols reflection the acts of Gods and social value of Tihar.

The fourth day of the Tihar is called Goverdhan Puja. In this day, Goru or Ox is worshipped. Also, the mountain of Govardhan is worshipped as it was the savior of people from lightning and flood when God Indra was angry at humans.

Cow dung is taken to worship if the journey to Goverdhan Mountain is not attainable. Also, on this day Newat community perform the Mha Puja meaning self-worship. This is to celebrate the one year of life and worshipping themselves for health and prosperity. This day is also the New Year in the calendar of the newar community called Nepal Sambat calendar.

The fifth day is called Bhai Tika. It is the celebration of a brother-sister relationship. Bhai means brother and Tika are to worship. On this day, according to Hindu myth, the Goddess Yamuna worshipped her brother for long life and prosperity.

She performed a long ritual with many small activities she described the significance of each of her activities as she did them. Being happy with the way she performed her rituals, God Yama the god of death was happy and blessed that whoever has tika on this day from their sisters will not die in this day.

The long ritual of Bhai Tika is very special with its end coming after sisters put garland on their brothers. It is also the celebration of the happiness and beautiful bond of brothers with their sisters. It is believed to make the relation between brothers and sisters much more strengthened and close.

Thus, this is the way the festival of Tihar is celebrated in Nepal.

How is Goddess Laxmi looks like?

Let’s talk about something about how goddess Laxmi look like? We have posted the picture the goddess Laxmi.

5 Days of Tihar

5 days of Tihar are as follows:

1st day: Kaag Puja
2nd day: Kukur Puja
3rd day: Laxmi Puja
4th day: Govardhan Puja
5th day: Bhai Tika

Kaag Tihar – giving food to Crow/crow pooja: On the primary day of Tihar, crows are worshiped and sustained at a young hour in the morning. Individuals leave diverse sustenance things outside for crows to eat. Crow is thought to be the delegate of death. Individuals trust the crow gets the messages to the house in the morning. Individuals adore it to bring good fortunes themselves.

Hindus trust crows to be emissaries of good or terrible news. With its croaking, it passes on messages like guest going to the house. It is likewise accepted to be an envoy of Yama, the God of death.

As we have specified in my before posts Dashain is the most critical celebration for Nepalese, the second most imperative celebration for us is Tihar or Deepawali. While Dashain is about Goat meat nourishment insightful, Tihar is about homemade Nepali sweet dishes such a Sell Roti, Anarasha, Fini, Malpua et cetera.

To deflect sadness and demise in the family, Hindus love crows amid Kag Tihar offering it desserts and different dishes. In Nepal, once you leave offerings on the gallery, the crow will come and eat the sustenance.

In Australia, I haven’t seen many crows around so I printed a photograph of a crow and played out the Puja at the beginning of today. As indicated by my mum, whatever you can do where you are is sufficient, you simply need confidence in your conviction and play out your obligations according to your confidence.

Tihar is a five-day party with every day holding some religious criticalness. Tihar begins with “Kaag Puja” revering the crow. Crow is considered as the emissary of Hindu God Yamaraj. On Kaag Tihar, we offer nourishment and puja to crow on a plate made of leaves which are called tapari. This tapari is generally put on the patio with the goal that the crow will have the capacity to eat the sustenance offered to it.

Kukur Tihar – Dog Pooja/giving food to dog: The second day of Tihar is dedicated to the most unwavering buddy of mankind. Kukur, the pooch, Puja is done by putting a red tika on canine’s sanctuary and bloom wreath around the neck offering him sustenances and sel roti. All things considered, male canines are worshiped. It is said canine can see imperils and the passing coming.

Puppies are particularly critical to Nepal’s Hindu professionals. Amid day two of Tihar, Kukur Tihar, and the part of puppies in human life and all through history is praised. In the Rigveda, one of Hinduism’s most antiquated writings, Samara — the mother of pooches — helps Indra, the leader of paradise, in recovering stolen cows.

Hindu convention holds that a pooch is the watchman and dispatcher of Yama, the ruler, and judge of the dead. A puppy is likewise said to monitor the doors of the great beyond.

Indra declines to permit Yudhishthira’s pooch into paradise. Yudhishthira declines to enter paradise without his canine. Picture excerpted from At the end of the Mahabharata, the lord of nobility, Yudhishthira, declines to enter paradise without his dedicated puppy.