17 Things to Know Before Buying Camera – Shopping Ideas

Things to Know Before Buying Camera:- You know what, the camera is a mirror to your memory. That is the reason why we need to buy a good camera. With lots and lots of brands and features buying a camera can be daunting. Especially as technology now overlaps one model to other models.

So this is actually a guide to help you pick up your first camera if you are someone who’s actually just going to be buying one for the first time. This is an answer to a question on how to buy a camera that can either do great photography, great video or both. I’m gonna try and cover as much ground as I can in a short amount of time so that I can really give you information that’s going to help with your buying decision.

You have to make a lot of hard choices here and they could feel a little intimidating. At first, there’s so much jargon and information out there on the internet and a lot of it just isn’t practical or doesn’t utilize common sense that regular people might be able to understand or interpret. So I’m gonna try and help you with that. Even if you’re familiar with cameras this could still be just a little much.

Sometimes you have to decide whether or not you get a full frame or crop body camera, you have to choose between brands. Do you get Nikon? Do you get canon? Do you get Pentax or Olympus or one of the other brands? If you want to do video does the camera handle that if you only really are focused on photography but you like having video as an option.

Do you need a digital still camera that also takes video or a video camera that also takes photos and sure you can take pretty good photos and video with your smartphone these days? But when is it worth upgrading to a specialized device to get better quality this guide will give you all the information you need to decide before by looking for something specific.

You’ve got plenty of options, your smartphone, a digital camera, and HD camcorder or an action camp. Any of them are fine for still shots taken in bright light. But add some adversity to the scene like low light and a digital camera is really how you’ll get the best quality still photos. Same goes for video. Superior footage typically requires a specialized video camera, often dubbed a camcorder or action cam. Some high-end SLR cameras also can take excellent quality video but generally only in 30-minute intervals.

Also, consider below things in mind before buying a camera. Everything you need to know before buying a camera/

Things to Know Before Buying Camera

1. Bad advice

Alright! there buddy at work which is the smartest photographer they happen to know. Ask somebody what camera do you own? And for some reason or another he ended up with a certain model and you’ve decided you’re going to get the same camera as your buddy at work. Even though they really don’t know what they’re talking.

2. Underestimated what their money would buy

Cameras photography in general is a fairly expensive hobby for a lot of people. And there are some people that think that for five hundred or a thousand dollars they’re going to get a top-of-the-line camera capable of shooting the Olympics on par with all the best sports photographers in the world. And the fact of the matter is is that very high-end professional photographers do use very high-end gear because it’s appropriate to their skill level and they’re trying to get the most out of i. So you have to be a little bit tempered with what you can get sometimes because a good lens is a thousand bucks.

3. Reality didn’t match ambitions

Every once in awhile I would encounter somebody who would say, “Yeah. I’m just a year away from retirement and when I retire I’m just going to travel the globe. I’m going to go all over the place so I need a camera that is really good for traveling.” And then they come back a year later and they may well I need to return this camera like well what happened to big all the travels. Well I got grandkids now and they’re hanging around the house and I’m doing a lot more people photography than travel photography. And so it wasn’t really clear the direction that their life was going and what they were going to be doing pictures and so you do need to buy a camera that fits your lifestyle and where it is going.

4. Distracted by special deals

You walk into the camera store you look online and you kind of have something in mind. But all of a sudden over here with a shiny glimmer e-sign that’s got sparkles on it, that say special weekend deal and they have all sorts of kits and lenses package together. And it’s got the bag and the strap and the tripod and you’re thinking wow this sounds like a great deal. but you’re not really looking as that the camera I want so don’t be distracted by those deals.

5. Over thought the little items

Every once in a while they would come in and they would over analyze these cameras and they would come by and they would pick up a couple of cameras and they’re thinking, I’m thinking about the camera hey and camera be now camera a has seven stops of bracket e in camera B does nine stops of bracketing. So that must be a better camera. Do you know what bracketing is and how often do you use it.

Well, I don’t know but one’s got more than the other so it must be better and you start analyzing these things because there’s a lot of details and ways to compare the cameras and they just get lost in the details. Totally lost in the details and they need to stand back and kind of look at the bigger picture of what sort of camera do i what type of camera do I want to get in. and those little items for the most part don’t really matter.

6. Thought more money would solve the problem

Every once in awhile somebody’s got more money than they know what to do with and they’re just getting into photography and if you just kind of forgot about money for just a moment, you could walk in and you could choose any camera you want. Is the most expensive camera going to be the camera that’s appropriate to your skill level ?

Not necessarily. So, when I bought my first motorcycle I did not go spend as much money as I had in the bank on a motorcycle. I wanted to get something that was simple and a good starter for me to learn on and sometimes with cameras rather than spending more money sometimes it’s better to spend less money that’s appropriate to your skill level and what you are doing.

7. Didn’t budget for all the accessories

Many people when they go out looking for a camera. They’re thinking I’m going to spend and they come up with a number a thousand dollars on the camera. Oh yeah, I need a lens. Umm well, maybe I’ll spend eight hundred dollars on the camera and two hun dollars on the lens. And what about the tripod and the camera bag and the memory card and the battery and everything else that you might need. And oh yeah, forgot all about that stuff and so there’s a lot of little things.

The more money you spend on photography, the smaller and smaller percentage of that is the camera. So, if you know when I go out with my camera bag my camera probably is about one-quarter to one-third the cost of everything that I’ve paid for in that camera bag. In the beginning, it might be a 50-50 ratio and as you get better the camera value goes down and down in percentage and so you really got to think about the lens because the lens is as important to image quality as the sensor in the camera.

8. Over concerned about online reviews

You know I don’t post pretty much anything online but I love going into the forums and the comment sections and the review sections to see what people say about particular products and there are haters for everything out there. I can tell you, Oh!  every camera that you can find you are going to find an entire group of people that seem to not have a job and spend their entire lives online writing bad reviews and comments about any particular camera. So if you think you’re going to find a perfect set of reviews for any camera it does not happen. And so you have to kind of ignore the chatter look at the overall scope.

Hey! if everyone says the lens doesn’t fit on this camera that’s something to pay attention to and so you can kind of look at the overall themes of what they’re talking about. And kind of address that and see how it fits with what’s important to you. But for the most part, I have, I have seen so many bad reviews and comments about cameras that I use that my camera is certainly not capable of doing this and I’m like yes it is and so these are just angry people with way too much time and an internet connection.

9. Didn’t do the research

A lot of people when they’re getting involved in something that’s kind of new. And we all do this from time to time whether we’re going to go out. And we’re going to get into skiing and we’ve never skied before and we need to learn about skis and ski boots and all of that or we’re going to go on vacation to a place that we’ve never been we’re trying to find out this information a lot of people just go on overload and they just kind of go shut down and they’re like you know that one yeah I’ll just take that one and they don’t really bother to get in and do the research. And as I said before some people do too much research and so there’s an appropriate amount of research to do and then there’s too much and so there’s a careful balance between those two.

10. Don’t let a salesperson push a camera solely based on its megapixel count

How do digital cameras work ? Digital cameras aren’t that different from conventional film cameras. But instead of capturing an image by focusing light onto a piece of film, digital cameras focus light onto an image sensor which records it electronically. That image is stored as a collection of millions of tiny dots or pixels in a digital file, usually on a memory card inside your camera what are megapixels. Images are made up of pixels.

When you have 1 million pixels you’ve got a megapixel. So a camera that captures 16 million pixels is called a 16 megapixel camera. It’s important to remember that megapixels alone do not determine the quality of the photos you capture. But the number of megapixels does determine how large you can print those photos. And the amount of cropping you can do without them looking grainy or blurry. Generally, most smartphones have at least 8 megapixel cameras nowadays. For general use, 10 megapixels is all the resolution those people need.

Don’t let a salesperson push a camera solely based on its megapixel count the quality of the lens has a much greater effect on image quality. Most still cameras can be divided into two categories point and shoot. Models with fixed or attached lenses and system cameras with interchangeable lenses and other accessories.

While many devices take photos if superior grade pictures shot in very light conditions are your primary goal. Stand-alone cameras are the way to go they have more versatile lenses and larger sensors that allow more flexibility particularly in low-light where your smartphone may not do such a great job at.

11. Types of point-and-shoots

There are four types of point-and-shoots which generally range in price from $75 to 2500 dollars. Compact models are small lightweight and easy to use because most don’t have any manual controls to adjust the exposure or focus by hand. Some also come with touch screen LCDs or lenses that can zoom up to 23 times. They are best for everyday events like family gatherings.


The other are super zoom cameras. Got their name because of you guessed it, their ability to zoom in really close 24 times or more. Some models can go as high as eighty three times optical zoom that’s enough to capture the craters on the moon. They’re generally bigger and heavier than compacts and are great for sports travel and nature shooting.

Some waterproof camera include gps features for geo-tagging the location of your photos and can also handle being dropped since they’re designed to be rugged and waterproof. These models support lenses that don’t telescope out from the body of the camera, perfect for shooting photos and video underwater or on the slopes.

Advanced point and shoots are the lightest advanced cameras out there and many allow you to add an external flash for low-light conditions. Unlike basic point and shoots, they also boast plenty of manual controls like manual focus which lets you precisely control the focus of your shot. These models are great if you want the ease of use of a point-and-shoot. But still, want the versatility and control of an advanced camera mirrorless cameras have a lot of the advantages of SL like interchangeable lenses but are smaller and lighter.

For that reason, many people choose them as a high-end travel camera expect to pay anywhere from two hundred and eighty dollars to thirty-five hundred dollars. They have the same size image sensor but as their name implies, don’t have the mirror slrs do because of that they also lack a through the lens viewfinder. Some photographers prefer instead most include high quality electronic viewfinders which show you a digital reproduction of the senior shooting.

12. SLR | Single Lens Reflex

SLR stands for single lens reflex. These cameras are generally larger and heavier compared to point and shoot models and are used mostly by people who want higher image quality, more creative options and better performance. When shooting fast-moving events such as sports SLR is generally range in price from four hundred dollars to three thousand dollars and up. Here are some technical talking points to know about SLRs single lens, means the image you see through the eyepiece is a reflected image of the scene you’re shooting.

Reflex refers to the image being bounced off a mirror as you press the shutter the mirror flips up and the camera captures the image on the sensor. All slrs use interchangeable lenses and have large sensors. The larger the image sensor, the shallower the depth of field the camera is able to produce allowing for more creative photos such as focusing on a subject and blurring out the background.

Most slrs have plenty of manual controls such as an exposure compensation dial to quickly brighten or darken the scene. There are also full-frame slrs. Their image sensor is the size of one frame of 35 millimeter film the largest of any consumer cameras. A full-frame sensor allows the camera to more accurately capture both bright highlights and dark details in the same image. Most cameras now have digital displays. The screen on the back of the camera that lets you frame and review your photos. Some even have touchscreens like those found on the smartphone. More advanced cameras may also have a viewfinder to frame your shot.

These can be really helpful when you’re shooting in bright light and can’t see the image on your display. A flash is available on almost every digital camera. To help illuminate your subject there are two main types used with consumer cameras a built-in which can be on board or pop up and an external flash which is sold separately and fits into a camera’s hot shoe. You’ll find an external flash, provides a lot more light than a built-in flash and lets you illuminate a greater area from a longer distance.

13. Zoom lenses

There are two types of zoom lenses optical and digital. Optical zoom is a true zoom feature because it uses the moving lenses of the camera to bring the subject closer without losing image quality. Almost every standalone camera uses an optical zoom. Digital zoom only makes an image seen close up by magnifying the center of the frame without increasing picture detail. You will almost always lose image quality using it. Digital zoom like the one found in most smartphones basically works the same as taking a photo and cropping it. That’s why if it’s an optional feature on your planning shoot you should really disable it.

14. Image stabilization

Image stabilization compensates for shaky hands and helps you capture sharp images using a slower shutter speed. The two best types of image stabilization are optical and mechanical. The optical version takes place in the lens while the mechanical version happens in the camera body. Image stabilization can make a big difference in the sharpness of photos. Especially if your camera has an optical zoom greater than three times. Nearly all still cameras these days can capture HD video.

Some can also capture Ultra HD or 4k video which has a higher resolution four times the number of pixels of the regular high-definition video but you’ll need an ultra high-def TV to take full advantage of 4k. One convenient video feature now found on many cameras is a dedicated video button, so you can quickly switch between still images and video taking a lot of video by a larger memory card to store it.

15. The range of sensitivity of your camera’s sensor

ISO is a term that historically referred to film speed. On today’s digital cameras it refers to the range of sensitivity of your camera’s sensor. For instance, when shooting in darker settings pick a higher ISO it will brighten up your shots. When shooting in bright settings use a lower ISO. Keep in mind that employing a high ISO like anything over 2500 on an SLR means you could see more image noise or graininess on your photos like strayed color dots or pixels.

16. Options for shooting still images

Most cameras have three options for shooting still images the familiar single image mode, burst mode and self timer mode. With the press of a button, burst mode takes rapid fire shots right in a row. Some advanced models can shoot more than a hundred shots in one burst. So if you’re shooting a baseball game you’ve got a much better chance of capturing the exact moment the bat hits the ball if you’re using burst mode. As the name implies self timer mode gives you a delay between the moment the shutter button is pressed and the moment the photo is captured. Some cameras let you set the length of the timer yourself and the number of shots you can take.

17. Misconception about camcorder

When you hear the word camcorder you might think back to a time when you inserted a full VHS tape into a giant camera. But many of today’s digital camcorders can fit in the palm of your hand and when as little as half a pound, yet still have at least a ten times optical zoom lens. HD camcorders range from about 200 to seven hundred dollars with some 4k models selling for a thousand dollars or more many features available on HD camcorders are very similar to those of digital cameras.

The primary difference between cameras and camcorders is their form factor or shape. For instance, while cameras are ergonomically designed for you to take the best still pictures camcorders and some action cams are formed to provide a more comfortable grip. While shooting video the same goes for the placement of the video record button.

The flip out LCD panel and the optical zoom features camcorders are a good option if you plan to take a lot of video and long stretches. And you don’t want to lug around a heavy SLR. Action cams are designed for people who like outdoor sports and activities such as jet skiing and snowboarding and who want the ability to capture hands-free video. They range from about a hundred dollars to six hundred dollars because they’re so light and compact they may lack features like a viewfinder or an LCD.

Although some have a waterproof exterior many have a rugged and waterproof housing or removable case. Part of the appeal of action cams is that you can attach them almost anywhere handlebars, a helmet, even a drone. There’s a robust accessory ecosystem filled with all kinds of mounts and straps to make that possible. Also important on an action cam simple one touch controls and even Wi-Fi so you can control the camera from your smartphone while your hands are busy.

Instead of film digital cameras camcorders and action cams store your images on flash memory cards. SD or secure digital is the most common format others include compact flash. That’s used mostly with SLR cameras or microSD cards which are often used in smartphones. Some cameras can hold higher capacity SD cards such as sdhc models which can store up to 32 gigs of memory and SD XC which stores even more some cameras can accept more than one type of card so check your manual.

To get your photos and videos into your computer there are a lot of options you can transfer media using a cable like a USB or HDMI. Or since so many cameras offer Wi-Fi you can transfer them wirelessly to your computer, your smartphone or even your printer. You also can insert the memory card from your camera into your computer or a card reader, a device that attaches to your computer to read memory cards. Some printers also have card slots allowing you to quickly print photos without a computer.

Author: Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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