Tharu Culture in Nepal : Tharus are the indigenous groups of Nepal. They are actually the official tribe of Nepal mostly found in Terai region of Nepal. Tharus are rich in culture, traditions, rites and rituals which they perform from birth to death.
Tharus are mostly live to make an own big community. They have a great feeling brotherhood, cooperation, and love. They never leave the support, care of the people of their society. They are more loyal and concern about their culture. Most of the Tharu in our country follow Hinduism.
They celebrate many festivals with lots of joy. Most of the Tharu of Nepal are engaged in Agriculture. They mostly live in rural areas but with the development of the country, they began to live in urban areas. In this modern context, they are engaged in every activity. Binod Choudhary is the Nepal’s top most businessman who also comes from Tharu community has done an incredible work in Nepal indicates that Tharu people are marching forward in development with other castes.
the Birth ceremony is celebrated at the age of 5 months for the girl child and at the age of 6-7 months for boys. In this day, rice pudding is eaten by the child. In this day, the name of the baby is also kept. At the beginning, milk of goat is offered to the newborn child. Dhurra is performed to secure mother and Newborn child. Women’s take a cup of oil for new born baby.
They celebrate many festivals with lots of joy that make this ethnic community more bright and colorful for recreation and entertainment. They celebrate Dashain, Tihar, maghi, jitiya, siruwa, etc
Jitiya is the one of the important festivals celebrated by the Tharu women. It is celebrated 10 days before Dashain in the aastami. In this day, mothers keep fast for the long life and well-being of her son. It is believed that the sons who are escaped from the accidents are due to the blessing from mother fasting for her son and the family will be blessed with the offspring. Mother keeps fast without eating anything and even drinking a drop of water with full dedication & faith for the long life of the son. The fast completes after the sunrise of next day (Navami). In this day, Tharu women perform their traditional dance in the various programs offered and they went at the home of the people showing their traditional dance. It is also the one good way to preserve their culture.
They celebrate Dashain wearing new clothes and eating delicious foods. It is celebrated for 10 days which falls after jitiya festival. Tharus worship their home and village divinity. On this day, villagers offer incense sticks and clay lamp to the village deity known as then. Tharus also fast for 10 days. In the 10th day, they make puja and worship the virgin girl and break their fast. Tharu also put tika and take blessing from the elders.
It is also the important festival of Tharu community. In this day, people worship the sun and keep fast without even drinking the drop of water. They eat thekuwa, fruits as a Prasad.
Maghi is the greatest important festival of Tharu community. It is considered as the New Year for the Tharu community. People take bath at the nearest water sources like pond, river. In this day, the delicious foods like sesame laddus, rice pudding ( khichari), fish and meat are made and served. Many programs are organized at the different parts of a country. In the program, they show their cultural dance and organized various games. In tudikhel, maghi parba is celebrated by Tharu as well another caste.
Fagu is known as Holi in Nepal falls in February. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy by spearing colors, sprinkling colors on each other, singing songs, a mixture of whey and bhang is drunk widely. The day before fagu, men of the society burn the fire and wear their wife dresses and act like husband and wife, having fun with each other. On the next day, after worshipping god and offer the colors to the god, they start to play holi.
Arrange marriage is mostly prevalent in Tharu community. But nowadays, love marriage is also accepted by the tharu community. Marriage is mostly done at night. Bridegroom with his family members, friends, and relatives go to the house of the bride and they get married in the house of the bride. The bridegroom put sindur in the head of a bride and put mangal sutra in the neck of the bride.
After the death of the member, his/her body is burned or buried, according to the tharus of different places. The mourning period is about 13 days.
Girls in periods are not restricted to touch the household things. After 3 days, they are allowed to go in the temple. They were not open minded earlier but nowadays, their traditional behavior, the view has been changed. They have unique dress and ornaments. Female wears gunyu, cholaya, gatya, nathiya, phuli, mundri, sutaya, thosa etc. Male wears langota, white lohora, kacchada, white chadari, and other usual dress. In Tharu community, sculptural, music, paintings, are popular from ancient to modern periods. Tharu women mostly paint peacock, fish, elephant, snake, bird, cow on the walls of the houses. Tharus have their different types of languages according to the parts of the country. Tharus of eastern region speaks differently than the people of western region. Tharu people are more engaged in agriculture. As, Terai is the granary of Nepal known to be the best place for agriculture. So, the occupation of farming for tharus is one of the traditional i.e. oldest occupation. But with the modernization of time, they are engaged in many fields.
Tharus are also more interested in singing traditional songs which they sing in various festivals and harvest seasons. This major songs of tharus are patewa, chaiti, kusuma, jhanta,birahani, baithaunai, udasi, Bhada etc. Tharus are scattered from east to west living in other societies with social harmony. They can get adjust with any caste. They never leave their own for any reason. There is the feeling of brotherhood in the relatives too.
Related terms and posts about Tharu Culture in Nepal
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I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.