Nepal is a small country with the area of 1,47,181 square kilometers. However, for such a small country, it has tremendous geographic diversity. The geographic diversity as seen in Nepal is hardly seen in any other county. From the lowlands in Terai to the highest peak of the world, the elevation of Nepal ranges from as low as 70 meters above the sea level to 8848 meters above the sea level. This makes Nepal the top of the world as well.
On the basis of geographic diversity, Nepal can be divided into three belts; Terai, hill and mountain range. All three ranges or belts have their own characteristic and have various things around to be proud of. Among three, one of the main regions in Terai region.
Terai Region (Madhesh) of Nepal begins from the border of India and covers all the southernmost area of Nepal which is flat. It rises at an elevation of 67-300 meters above the sea level and covers almost seventeen percentage of Nepal’s total area. All of the Terai Region can be differentiated into inner Terai and outer Terai.
The outer Terai stretches from the border of Nepal and India to the edge of Siwalik Hills of Nepal. The outer Terai represents about thirteen percent of total area. Its elevation starts from some 100 m to about 300 meters above the sea level. it includes mostly the cleared and agricultural lands. The major cities and towns in this region are Biratnagar, Itahari, Lahan, Janakpur, Birjung, Siddharthanagar, Butwal, this area’s soil is moist where various types of species of crops are cultivated like paddy, pulses, moong, jute, tobacco, and maize. Factories of sugar cane, jute factories, and other factories are established extensively in this area.
After the outer Terai, the inner Terai starts. This region elongates between valleys of Mahabharat Range and Siwalik range. These valleys are commonly called as Duns. This region extends from east to west and the length is approximately 32 Kilometers. The elevation of the inner Terai level starts from about 200 meters on the east while about 400 meters above sea level on the west. Inner Terai is populated with indigenous people like Tharu People. Some of the most important towns or cities in Inner Terai are Kamalamai, Bharatpur, Tendi, Hetauda, Deukhuri, and Birendranagar.
Climate of Terai Region
The climate of Terai in Nepal is hot normally. It ranges from arctic to tropical with varied altitude. The climate of Terai region that lied in the tropical southern part is hot and humid. However, the mid land parts are pleasant, although winter mornings and nights tend to be cool. Upon comparison to other parts of Nepal, Terai is comparatively hot during summer.
All in all, one of the most important regions of Nepal is Terai region for its high grasslands, forest and agricultural lands. Since Nepal is an agricultural country, the fertile soil of Terai region has helped country yield many agricultural products.
I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.