Socio-Economic Environment of Central Development Region of Nepal
We all knew that Nepal is divided into 5 development region, 14 zones and 75 districts. There are 3 zones, 19 districts, 1,199 Village Development Committees (VDCs), one metropolitan, two sub-metropolitans and 17 municipalities in the central development region of Nepal. Central Development Region (मध्याञ्चल, Madhyamanchal in Nepali) is best developed region than the other region of Nepal. Kathmandu is the headquarters of this region. The Central Development Region consists about 27,410 square kilometer area.
The population density in the central development region is the highest among all five development regions. Density of population in the Terai is very high but in the mountains region density of population is thin and valleys while hills have moderate.
The central development region is home of various ethnic communities. People belonging to different castes and ethnic groups live in this region. Mountain region is inhabited by Sherpas, Lama, Rai, and Bhutias etc. Hill region is inhabited by Tamang, Magar, Gurung, Newar, Brahmin, Chettri, etc and Tharu, Marwaris, Muslims, Danuwar, Yadav, Kushawah, Sah, Danuwar, Jirel etc live in the Terai region. The Kathmandu, capital of Nepal is mostly inhabited by Newars. In the hills of Makawanpur district, a tribe called Chepang is found having their typical language and culture.
Most of the people are engaged in agriculture and animal rearing in this region. The people living in the Kathmandu valley and other commercial cities are engaged in trade and business. There are ordinary houses in the hills and village of Terai region with thatched roofs but in the cities there are modern cemented houses. There are many industries and factories in this region. One of the most famous commercial and business trade center of Nepal, Birgunj is located in centre development region. Other important industrial and commercial areas of Central development region are Janakpur, Simara, Chitwan, Hetauda, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Banepa, Kirtipur, Malangwa, Jaleswar, Kathmandu etc. Central Development Region has some important highways like, Mahendra (some part) Kodari, Tribhuwan, Prithvi, B.P Koirala, etc. The only one international airport of the Nepal, Tribhuwan International Airport is situated in Kathmandu.
Kathmandu is a major and important commercial trade centre of Nepal. Kathmandu along with Bhaktapur, Lalitpur is the sacred place for pilgrims for Hindu, and Buddhism Religion. Kathmandu is also known as city of temple. Other famous place of this region is Janakpur which is sacred place of this region of Hindu religious people of the world. Nagarkot is a such place in Nepal that offers visitors the most spectacular views of Kathamandu valley, Indrawat river vally, mount Everest (the highest peak in the world) and sunrise and sunset.