Poet Siddhicharan Shrestha biography: – Literature is a creation. Good literature cannot be created without a deep impression on human life. Lekhnath Poudyal, Lakshmi Prasad Devkota, Balakrishna Sama, Hriday Chandra Singh Pradhan, Bhavani Bhishhu, Bhimnidhi Tiwari, Dhanidhar Koirala, Mahananda Sapkota, Siddhikaran Shrestha are the leaders of Nepal’s national unity.
Attached to the country’s pride, they became involved with world literature. Leo Tolstoy, Rabindranath Thakur, Maxim Gorky are the creators who were born on time. The imagination of such literary creatures represents the era. Siddhicharan Shrestha is a true man, a pioneer of civil rights.
Siddhicharan Shrestha is one of Nepal’s most prominent writers. He contributed to the fight against the autocratic Rana dynasty (1846-1951) through his writings. His revolutionary poetry woke up combatants for freedom, and he was sentenced to 18 years in jail for his literary activities. He wrote in Newari and Nepali. His poem My beloved Okhaldhunga is considered one of his masterpieces.
In this poem, he has expressed how proud he is to describe the place Okhaldhunga, located in eastern Nepal, where he was born and raised. Saying that the voice of the era or the demands of the era is expressed in his works, he has been awarded the title of Yugakavi by the Government of Nepal.
Siddhicharan poems always reflect national awareness. Siddhicharan Shrestha’s poems represent the source and era of inspiration. Talented at the pinnacle of nationalism is Siddhicharan Shrestha. He is not with us anymore but he is immortal in Nepal.
Yugkavi was a very simple patriot. Each Nepali is very impressed by his behavior, character and hard work. In keeping with Nepal’s dignity, the creative awareness of yesterday’s literary writers of Nepal has given us a foothold. Whoever associates with the creator mentioned above can never betray this nation.
Till the last hour of life, Siddhicharan Shrestha had been busy in poetic creation. Many miscellaneous poems, poetry collections, volumes, and Newari poetry collections of Shrestha have filled up the repository of Nepali literature. The poet who loved his country so much but could not forget Okhaldhunga of his birth.
Despite many constraints and compulsions to come to the capital, Okhaldhunga has become unforgettable and remains in his mind forever.
So this love poem filled with love and remembrance has passed everywhere as a beautiful song sang by Narayan Gopal. He is also a social activist. He poured out on illiteracy, ignorance, misconduct, and conservatism in society. He lashes out at economic, social, political inequality.
Humanity is one of his outstanding traits. He is a poet with the feeling that everyone should live together, be happy, have a meal for everyone. In his poems, unique portrayals of nature, love, and affection are found in nationality. The characteristic of his poetry is to convey a sense of patriotism.
Siddhacharan Shrestha has a unique place in Nepali literature. Siddhicharan is one of the most famous poets of Nepali literature. The ultimate quest for his poetry is human. His poetry has the distress of the world, the personal touch, the ability to improve society.
His poetry is filled with patriotism. There is no contradiction in his poetry. The very essence of his writing is to give a very simple depiction of nature and to give consciousness to society to rise.Yugakavi’s contribution to Nepali poetry has added a new dimension and heritage of miraculous style crafts is far different from that of his contemporaries.
For human scale bonded personality, Siddicharan has contributed historically to the promotion of modern Nepali language literature. Therefore, in the poetic style, there was a need for the Siddicharan era. Siddicharan, who renounced his new consciousness in Nepali literature, renounced his world, but could not abandon literature.
His Chamkan yuwak chamka poetry has conveyed a good message about national understanding in order to show affection for the nation, nationality, and motherland. His poetry reflects the love of nature and human suffering on the one hand.
And on the other hand, the social reform aspect is strong. All the literary figures of the country played a vital role. As did those involved in other acts of raising awareness in the Nepalese society, both inside and outside the country. Yugkavi started a movement of awareness through poetry.
Singh himself has acknowledged the fact that Siddicharan played an important role in making Ganesh Man Singh the peak of the Nepalese democratic movement.
Yadunath Khanal, an eminent critic of Nepali literature who has the ability to have the most balanced, clear. And the directional approach to the genre of Nepali literature wrote about the poetically of Yugakavi Siddhicharan. He said that he had read Shrestha’s poems, especially my reflections, and lengthy Urvashi passages.
And also read critical articles written by Ratnadhavj Joshi and Vijay Bahadur Malla, but he does not understand him still. He is always something separate and distant. It is also a critical assessment of Yadunath Khanal towards Siddhicharan.
Like Sama, Siddhicharan, who is considered to be a unique genius in Nepali literature. He is an excellent humanitarian poet and his ultimate quest for poetry is human.
His life-long poetry is worshiped with the honesty of expression, unfamiliarity with the symbolism and complexity of meaning. A person who lives a life of imperfection, a tendency toward improvement, a serious attachment to freedom.
With all these qualities, his poetry will forever captivate all lovers of Nepali poetry. He can hardly surpass the intense confidence he writes about the experience and feeling. His subject matter is his own, his experience is unique and valuable too, which is why we fall for his poetry. It is the message of his poetry that a man should wake up and experience sorrow.
As the great poet Devkota in Nepali literature, the liberal poet Siddhicharan used revolutionary poetry in Nepali and Newari language. And use the word revolution for the first time. One of those who opposed the oppression of the Rana regime.
Siddhicharan made a special contribution to keeping the nation alive and aware through Nepali poetry for six decades. Yugkavi who has made a significant contribution to this field has dedicated nearly two dozen works of literature to Nepali and Newari languages.
During his active life of nearly seven decades, he passed away at Teaching Hospital Maharajganj in 2049 Jestha 22 at the age of 80. He was the bearer of language literature, art culture, social and political consciousness.
The ancestors of Siddhicharan moved to Ombahal of Kathmandu from Bhaktapur. His father Bishnu Charan (novelist) worked for the government and wrote novels such as Sumati and Bhismapratigya.
In the course of his service, he went to Okhaldhunga in eastern Nepal where Siddhicharan was born on Jestha 9, 1969 BS (May 21, 1912, in the Gregorian calendar ), where he was also raised. His mother’s name was Neer Kumari Shrestha.
Born in Okhaldhunga district, there was no school at that time. Only Brahmin children would go to the Guru’s house to study Rudri, Chandi and Veda. His father was not only busy with his governmental duties in day time but at night time also he used to be busy in the seminar.
His mother, on the other hand, used to be busy with her religious duties. In such a case, Siddharthacharan was able to study only little by the age of seven in Okhaldhunga. In 1919, at the age of 7, his family returned to Kathmandu. However, even in Kathmandu, there was no other school except for Durbar School.
To get admitted there was also very difficult as it was available only to those who have the source and can afford the expenses. However, Siddhicharan studied at Durbar High School. One day in 1926, he observed an old man leaning over his writings in a hirbas shop in Kamalachhi, near his school. That old man was the renowned poet Siddhidas Mahaju.
Siddhicharan finally considered Mahaju as a guru. Siddicharan wrote a poem titled Sandhya when he reached fifth grade in 1984 at the age of 15.
Sandhya poem which is included in the collective poem named Kopila is considered to be his first poem. Thus, even though he started writing poetry in five grades, Siddicharan could not complete his formal schooling. He was out of school until he reached grade eight because of his weakness in Maths. Only up to grade eight received formal schooling.
In 1940, Siddhicharan Shrestha was charged with sedition by the Rana regime. And sentenced to 18 years in prison, for a poem he had written in Newari language. Among its lines, it contained the phrase Without revolution, there can be no adequate peace.
Many poets, in addition to political activists, had been arrested along with Siddhicharan. And among his fellow prisoners, were the writers Chittadhar Hridaya, Phatte Bahadur Singh and Dharma Ratna Yami and the artist Chandra Man Singh Maskey. The confinement of writers resulted in a creative outpouring, from which many of them, including Siddhicharan, produced epic works.
Siddhicharan’s father died while in prison, but he was not allowed to attend the funeral. The pain led him to compose a poem full of anguish. Despite being sentenced to 18 years in prison, he was released after five years in 1945 due to his desire to become Mahashir of Sri Juddha Shamsher.
Siddhicharan Shrestha, a devotee dedicated to the Era obligation
A powerful poet understands his obligation to the ages. Yugkavi Siddhicharan Shrestha has also given strong expression to age-consciousness in his poems, understanding the sufferings of Nepali people according to the needs and demands of the era.
By depicting the realistic trends of society, he has presented nude portraits in society. He has also given proper guidance to the Nepalese people. The original tone of all his poems appears to be epoch consciousness and humanism. After fulfilling his obligation as the era creator, he dedicated his life to the elimination of distortions in society.
He was striving to encompass the whole of life. Almost all of the poet’s poems are expressions of sacrifice, penance, determination, and struggle. He remained active in the field of karma by taking the core mantra of ‘Survey Bhavantu Sukhin:’ the spirit of world brotherhood. According to the poet, every person should have faith in karma.
All his poems have blown the line of revolution against injustice and oppression. Creations like Mangalman have distinguished him as a revolutionary poet. Even works like Bhimsen Thapa have provided a very revolutionary consciousness for the protection of nationality and national pride.
His poems, such as ‘Junkiri’, have also inspired a powerful shift towards eliminating the narrowness prevailing in the society. It has also given the women a lot of courage and encouragement. Baliwadh has given the message of nationality by keeping ethnic and country unity at the forefront.
The national anthem, written by Yugakavi also promotes unity in diversity, connecting the Terai, the mountains and the Himalayas with national unity.
In fact, to call the poet Siddhicharan Shrestha a good patriotic poet, freedom fighter, democracy lover, revolutionary, era propagandist is the true appreciation of his poem. According to the needs of the era, his poetry takes different turns.
Poet Shrestha, the representative of liberalism in modern Nepali poetry, has felt the need for change in his literary journey. He became a true poet, hearing the call of the then era, seeing the empire of injustice and oppression all around.
He was born as a revolutionary poet after imprisonment and his family disputes. After being released from imprisonment, Siddhicharan Shrestha emerged as a powerful poet of revolution-consciousness, writing many poems like Mero Pratibimba.
Along with nationalism and patriotism, as well as satirical revolt, injustice, and oppression towards social unity. The poet Shrestha, who has been dedicated to the creation and practice of Nepali and Newari languages for more than six decades, is undoubtedly the spirit of Nepali literature.
During his long poetry journey, he has been successful in making Nepali literature rich. And important by contributing his valuable work in various genres of poetry. The poetic expression of the poet Siddhicharan is born from the socio-political context.
Although his poetry shook his personality due to the political activities prevailing in the country, he came forward as a political, literary warrior. Expressing his anger over the traditional values and beliefs, expressing his voice of protest and rebellion against the Rana regime. He stood on the platform of modern Nepali poetry with a conscience and cautious revolutionary consciousness.
Siddhicharan was the poet of the revolution in Nepali literature. To create courage and awareness for the youth, he composed the poem Chamka Yuwak Chamka.
Inspired by his social and national sense of duty, he wrote many poems and provided an indisputable motivation for the country to surrender to the context of self-sacrifice. The poet spent his entire life trying to eliminate the anti-humanist elements by calling for revolution.
In fact, the whole purpose of the poet-life is human service. In fact, human welfare, world welfare, and world brotherhood are found to be the purpose of the poet-life. Accordingly, poet Siddhicharan Shrestha has been honored with ‘Yugakavi’, ‘Shanikavi’, ‘Kaviratna’ as he has represented the whole era.
And all Nepal and all of humanity by being completely dignified in poetry. The title given is the epitome of the great personality of the great poet of the year.
Established as a Yugkavi, Siddhicharan Shrestha, the great poet of the great genius of Nepali literature will continue to shine in the sky forever becoming an endless source of inspiration.
Yugkavi Siddhicharan Pratisthan
Representing an era in Nepali literature, the Yugkavi Siddhicharan Pratishthan was established in 2045 B. S. To commemorate all the contributions of Yugkavi Siddhicharan, who contributed to the ascendancy through poetic creation.
The Siddhicharan Youth Poetry Prize has been awarded by this establishment for the first time and later as the Kavi Siddicharan Prize.
The award, which is being dedicated annually on his birthday, has been awarded to 28 distinguished talents in Nepali language, literature, music, and art culture from 2045 to 2074. However, nature and culture that holds the prize with the activities of his family in memory of his father.
In addition to the memory and honor of the father, such work also has a constructive impact on society. The contribution and participation of his son, Ravicharan Shrestha for this Pratishthan, has been laudable in achieving this status today.
Ravicharan Shrestha, a social worker, and literary service is the chief patron of the Siddhicharan Foundation. He has been instrumental in keeping this establishment functioning and alive.
Siddhicharan also worked as a journalist. He was the editor of the first newspaper in Nepal, called Awaj, which became operational on February 19, 1951, a day after the Rana dynasty was overthrown in a revolution. He also worked for Sharada, a literary magazine, and Gorkhapatra, which was then a biweekly newspaper (later it will become one of the country’s leading newspapers).
The political consciousness of Yugkavi
Yudkavi Siddicharan Shrestha is the promoter of the libertarian stream of modern Nepali poetry. He published a poem titled ‘Literary Nepal’ in the Gorkhapatra on Mangsir 8 1991.
And promoted a neo-liberal stream in Nepali poetry. In the same year, Laxmi Prasad Devkota published the poem ‘Purnimako Jaladhi’ in Gorkhapatra and worked to continue this streamline.
In the history of Nepali poetry, the period of 1991 to 2016 B. S. is regarded as a liberal poeticism. It is more serious to know who started Siddhicharan or Devkota in this stream.
In 1991, Siddhicharan’s liberal poems, rather than Devkota’s, were published a week ago. The literary creation of Yugkavi Siddhicharan is as remarkable as his personal life and political life.
The Newari poem Varsha written by the poet was the first poem that used the word kranti. This poem is the first to convey the message of revolution clearly in the literature of Nepal.
This was also one of the reasons why Siddhicharan was jailed. Nepali translation of this poem was made by the famous poet Vaikunth Prasad Lakoul of Nepal. Siddhicharan used the word ‘strike’ in the eighth paragraph of the poem ‘Vishwa Vyatha’ because of which the article was removed from ‘Sharda’. The use of the word ‘strike’ also became another reason for his imprisonment.
In the meanwhile, the founder of the school Mahavir, Chiniyalal Singh along with others were arrested on charges of being involved in political activities. Siddhicharan was also arrested for his involvement in the school. Towards the end of the year 1992, the Epistle of the People’s Council appeared. They were arrested on suspicion that they were broadcast from Mahavir school.
After the 1990 earthquake, Siddhicharan had contact with Gangalal, Dasarath Chand, Tank Prasad Acharya, etc. After the establishment of the People’s Council of Nepal, good relations of the poet were established with our first martyrs. Siddhicharan was not in the People’s Council.
But he too was suspected of being in the People’s Council. He was engaged in an anti-Rana campaign through literature. Due to these various reasons, his house was searched on Kartik 2, 1997.
And he was sent to the Singh Durbar along with four sacks of documents and antique handwritten material from his house. Siddhicharan’s father died in 2001 while in jail. He was not even allowed to do his father’s funeral work. His creativity remained intact even within the prison.
He composed a poem titled ‘Tarpan’ in memory of his father. The first section of Urvashi and the Jyanmara Shail are also the products of his time in prison. As a result of the efforts and motivations of Siddhicharan.
A literary congregation was formed in the jail, consisting of Chittadhar ‘Heart’, Dharmaratna Yami, Kedarman Vyathit, Harikrishna Shrestha, etc. He was sentenced for 18 years in prison, but he was released from jail five years later at the command of Juddha Shamsher.
Yugkavi is involved in political activity indirectly. Some of his works revolt against the then rulers. So he was imprisoned for alleged anti-political activities. He is also a motivator of political people.
It is worth mentioning that he is the inspirational person of Shahid Gangalal and Ganeshman Singh. Siddhicharan in his article titled ‘Saheed Gangalal’ has given the fact that Gangalal was inspired by the poem titled ‘Chamka Yuwak’.
This poem added more energy to Gangalal’s revolutionary mindset. Gangalal and Siddhicharan were two close friends. Gangalal went directly to the revolution while Siddhicharan introduced revolutionary activities through literature.
While writing the preface of the book ‘Memories of Prison’ by Shrestha, Ganeshman Singh highlighted the fact that the poet was a guide. And a motivator in the difficult circumstances of his political life.
Thus, as a poet who fills revolutionary consciousness through his poetic power at the beginning of Nepal’s political history. And promotes revolutionary inspiration, Siddhi Charan is a perfect chapter in Nepal’s political and literary history.
In 1992, at the age of 23, he wrote Okhaldhunga. This poem is a natural poem in Nepali literature. By this time, Siddharcharan has already published Nirjhar, the Himalayan scene in the evening.
The ‘morning ray’, the ‘Junkiri’, ‘Sapajhain Dekhe Tinlai’, ‘the rain has come’ and ‘Vasant’ were published in Sharda. Especially the poems of Siddicharan and of Lakshmi Prasad Devkota’s poems (including munamadan khandakavya) were attracting the attention of Nepali readers.
Famous reviewer Suryavikram Gyawali has published a review titled two new star of Nepali literature. In it, he said that Lakshmi Prasad and Siddicharan had started the new tradition of poetical traditions.
Separating them from the traditional-sophisticated poets of Lekhnath Poudyal’s time in the field of Nepali poetry. After establishing these two poets Lakshmiprasad and Siddicharan as ‘two new stars of Nepali literature’. The fame of Lakshmiprasad and Siddicharan was spreading.
Siddicharan, who received his formal education only till grade eight, received the title of ‘New Star of Nepali Literature’ with Lakshmi Prasad Devkota.
Who had done BA, BL in the year 1990 was not the small thing. This proves the fact that by the end of the year 1992/93, through his self-study, he had lifted himself up. The creation up to that time proves that he was a God-gifted, born poet, like Lakshmi Prasad Devkota.
In fact, these two poets – Lakshmi Prasad and Siddicharan – first instituted a new era of neo-liberal poetry in the Nepalese literature, as opposed to the sophisticated poetry of Balkrishna Sama and Lekhnath Poudyal.
Lakshmi Prasad and Siddhicharan as the originators and founders of the New Age in the Nepali literature. These poets became virtually the Yugkavi at that time. Later, after 2002, Lakshmi Prasad Devkota became famous as Mahakavi. So in Nepali literature, the title ‘Yugakavi’ became limited and conservative to Siddhikaran Shrestha.
Siddicharan Shrestha emerged as a clearly rebellious and revolutionary poet against the dictatorship of the Rana regime since 1995 B. S. While Laxmi Prasad devkota used to praise the Rana regime. In the year 1995, three Newari poems of Siddhikaran were published in the National Bihar under the edition of Fattebahadur Singh.
These were ‘Poetry National Anthem’, ‘Rain’ and ‘Gangukhushi’. In which Varsha titled poem consisted of the lines said without revolution there is no clean peace. In this line, the revolutionary consciousness of the vocal poet Siddharthacharan is gaining momentum for the years. As is evident from poems like Parchiya, Chamka Youth and mourning poems like Vishwavyatha.
Vishwavyatha was dedicated to his demised four-year-old son. In fact, the poet Siddhicharan via his above-mentioned poems was rising the inside voices of the masses at that time.
And the brutal Rana regime of which no one else was able to speak was the voice of the eugenic rebellion and revolution against the rule. In other words, the ingenuity inherent in them was evident. This was not tolerated by the then dictatorial Rana regime.
The cruelty of the dictatorial Rana regime and the harshness of the imprisonment given to the poet can easily be estimated by the poet’s release from prison.
- My reflection/मेरो प्रतिबिम्ब
- Fog and Sun/कुहिरो र घाम
- Representative poems of Siddhicharan/सिद्धिचरणका प्रतिनिधि कविता
- Tirmir Tara/तिरमिर तारा
- Living Sound/बाँचिरहेको आवाज
- Urbashi/ उर्वशी
- Jyanmara Shail/ज्यानमारा शैल
Siddhicharan Shrestha is a name associated with Okhaldhunga. Not only was he born in Okhaldhunga, but he also made Okhaldhunga famous in the world. Until a few years ago, students of secondary education used to formally recite My dear Okhldunga and remember the poet through this poem.
Half the statue of the poet was erected in Okhaldhunga and Kathmandu. Some land in Okhaldhunga is also named after the poet. There is now a full-fledged Statue of the poet and Siddhicharan Park in the process of construction.
In the past, it was customary to remember yugakavi only one day a year on his birth anniversary. But the last generation has begun many constructive works in honor of Siddhicharan.
The only municipality in the district has been named ‘Siddicharan Municipality’. The highway connecting the Terai to upper Sagarmatha is named as ‘Siddhicharan Highway’. The Okhlahunga, known as the literary land, had no structure in honor of the creator.
After Yagyaraj Sunuwar was elected MP in 2070, he had put forward the plan for constructing a park dedicated to the poet. That plan has just been completed in his second term.
Siddhicharan Municipality has also managed the structures including Siddhicharan Park, Siddhicharan Museum, Creator Park. Like the poet Siddhicharan Shrestha, who is also known as a nature-loving poet. The people of Okhaldhunga are determined to make the city Siddhicharan clean and tidy.
Initiatives are being made to develop Siddhicharan Municipality as a major tourist destination in the country. Siddhicharan Park, Siddhicharan Museum, including Park Rumjatar Gumba, Nagargate, View Tower have been constructed to make Siddhicharan town a tourist area.
Yugakavi’s son Ravicharan Shrestha is also campaigning to save the father’s history.
In 1993, the Department of Postal Services of Nepal issued a commemorative stamp with a portrait of Shrestha, in honor of his contributions to Nepalese literature. A road in the east of the country that leads to Okhaldhunga has the name of the writer.
- Bhukampa Takma/भूकम्प तक्मा
- Tribhuwan Prize/त्रिभुवन पुरुस्कार
- Ratna Shree Golden Padak/रत्नश्री सुवर्ण पदक
- Prithvi Pragya Prize/पृथी प्रज्ञा पुरुस्कार
- Bedhnidhi Prize/बेधनिधि पुरुस्कार
- Gorkha Dakshin Bahu/गोरखा दक्षिण बाहु
- Shreeram Parts/श्रीरामपट्ट
Service, Career and Engagement
- Earthquake victims committee member
- Editor of Sharda
- Editor-in-Chief of Daily Voice Magazine
- Founder of Poem Magazine
- Member of Rajkiya Pragya Pratisthan
- Editor of Sharda Magazine
- Founder of Poetry Festival
- Member of the Rajya Sabha Standing Committee
Mero Pyaro Okhaldhunga
There are many poems that are liked and sustained in the heart but in the wave of the poems of the most loved ones. The poem of Siddhicharan Shrestha, the great poet, comes in number one.
The reasons are that the poet has shown a constant love for the motherland through the simplest and touching words. Looking at the words used, it seems as if they were completely dependent on the spirit of Mother Nature.
Poet Shrestha who has reached a place far away from the land of birth, by observing Okhaldhunga through the eyes of his past memory, is able to heal himself. And to comfort himself in the pain of separation by obtaining sanctification from the feeling of the birthplace through his whole heart.
So, in general terms, the emotions expressed in the poem are a lot of stories and pains. But even though they are very personal, these feelings are impersonal and evergreen.
Therefore, in the world of Nepali poetry, this poem is recorded as a timeless masterpiece, which people today love to read from the heart. Just as the rainbow is seen in childhood and the daffodils smiling in the early morning sun. And the Lucy and solitary reapers found in Lake Eklas, Wordsworth perpetuated his memory.
Likewise, the poet has given immortality by glorifying the whole land and its nature. In addition to the local journey of Okhldhunga, the poet has lovingly bowed down to the openings and trees and stones he found on the road during his journey.
The heart-rending poet has taken all human characters taken from nature in poetry. Which are addressed in this way, as if they were brothers and sisters of the same family.
Today, people are able to travel the whole world and space by flying on a rocket. This Poetry warns anyone who is fleeing from their land, family, traditions, and surroundings. Traveling to a long distance with the convenience of advanced technology, advanced communication, and transport of sciences.
He was a son of Saraswati, a poet by nature, who always seemed to think only of poetry, listened intently to others, and most importantly appreciated poetry. In his poetry the country spoke, nature spoke. He considered poetry as his life. In fact, life is a poem for a poet and poetry becomes a life.
The poet devotes himself first to his poetry and later to that poem. This is the character that the only Yugkavi has shown through his life. It is also the culmination of dedicating the entire life to poetry.
It was also confirmed by the fluidity of the emotion and the brightness of the vision that floated in the eyes of the poet, who had flown in from time to time.