What are the Similarities and Differences between Sanatan Dharma and Hinduism


Similarities between Sanatan Dharma and Hinduism

1) Both Sanatana Dharma and Hinduism has no author. All religions are known by their originators or prophets however this isn’t the case with Sanatana Dharma and Hinduism both.

2) Hinduism is called Sanatan Dharma since it is about ancient sciences, freedom, and spirituality. Subsequently, it is much more than a religion. Since Hinduism is an interminable way and doesn’t have any beginning or end so it’s obvious for old sages to call Hinduism as Sanatan Dharma.

3) Hinduism, as we see today, is the distorted variant of Sanatan Dharma. Hinduism was the name given by the group of individuals who were not able to comprehend the real idea of the self to a group of individuals who were attempting to arrive at oneself.

Before the name “Hinduism” was given, the demonstration of the individuals who were attempting to comprehend the idea of self was designated “Sanatan Dharma”. The Vedas and Upanishads on which Hinduism is based don’t contain any word named “Hinduism”.

Sanatan Dharma implies an old/unchangeable nature. On the off chance that you legitimately interpret “Dharma” from Hindi to English it will mean religion. Anyway, the Dharma word with Sanatan doesn’t mean religion as the layman comprehends it today. Dharma alludes to the genuine nature of Human beings. This nature won’t change whether you believe yourself to be of any religion.

4) Sanatana Dharma believes in the interminability of the soul. It possesses one body after another as indicated by Karma in past life, during its unceasing voyage to the Absolute until it is unified with God. This is called faith in Reincarnation. It’s anything but a reality that the individual dies with the death of the visible body.

At death, the spirit leaves the physical body and does not die. It gets into an unobtrusive body called Astral on non-physical measurement. The powers which brought the body and character into reality keep molding its fate after death and would do as such till harmony with the Absolute when one turns out to be free from the hover of birth and death.


Similarly, Hinduism also believes in universal values. Individuals believe in the Law of Karma and Reincarnation until definite salvation.

5) Both Sanatan Dharma and Hinduism have common symbolism.

6) Both Sanatan Dharma and Buddhism mention that wants, longings, and connections lead to distresses and sufferings. Yoga and reflection are given a great deal of significance to interface with the inestimable soul and escape the universe of illusions.

7) Hinduism is Began by Aryans (1500 BCE) whereas Sanatan Dharma began before 1500BCE

8) Both Hindus and Sanatan Dharma are both strict vegans. Both Hinduism and Sanatan Dharma accept that all life is sacrosanct because divine beings can take numerous shapes. Positively you would not have any desire to eat a divine being.

Hindus accept that Vishnu, for instance, has shown up on earth a few times – once as a fish, once as a turtle, and once as Prince Rama, about whom numerous stories have been composed. Additionally, they don’t eat meat since they accept individuals can be resurrected and return as a creature. Also, Hindus and Sanatan Dharma have numerous holy creatures including cows and elephants.

9) Both Hinduism and Hinduism accept that life is, in reality, brimming with bliss. Truly, as Buddhism says, enduring emerges when we feel a connection to things and individuals, yet enduring is a piece of the physical body and the physical plane. There is a greater reality into which we can step and in that True reality, the world is great and everything is a rapture.

10) Both Hinduism and Hinduism accept that life is, in reality, brimming with bliss. Truly, as Buddhism says, enduring emerges when we feel a connection to things and individuals, yet enduring is a part of the physical body and the physical plane. There is a greater reality into which we can step and in that True reality, the world is great and everything is a joy.

11) We can even observe the similarity in the rituals. Hinduism has a lot of custom about it and appropriate approaches to, arrange an altar, proper offerings to make, proper compass bearings to face.

12) Both Sanatana Dharma and Hinduism accepts that there is nothing that isn’t God. The Lord is cherished in the hearts of all. God pervades everything and nothing saturates Him.

13) Yoga and meditation practice is likewise the basic parts of Sanatana Dharma and Hinduism. The genuine objective of both being to accomplish self-acknowledgment and God-cognizance.

14) Both Sanatana Dharma and Hinduism teach us different morals like trustworthiness, virtue, leniency, forgoing yourself from injured creatures, avoidance, altruism, liberality poise, tolerance, and austerity too.

15) Sanatana dharma was presented and developed as a principle as opposed to a religion. Individuals who pursued these beliefs or principles were later named as Hindus (probably they mispronounced word Indus) by our intruders and other foreigners outside the bharatvarsh.

16) In other classes of religions, we find that the fact of the matter is the consequence of the experience of a specific individual – Jesus, Mohammed sahib or Buddha and Hindu seers. Every one of them encountered the truth and that they preached. All religions are based upon a direct understanding of this experience. However, there is a distinction.

Others have the founder of this experience known as the first author or founder of the religion and after their name, the religion is known. However, in both Hinduism and Sanatan Dharma, there is no experience of a specific individual or after which the name is known.

17) Sanatana Dharma is considered as a way of life. Social etiquette and set of qualities that penetrated spiritual, philosophical, physical and social circles of life far before any of the religions sprung up. It is a sea of thoughts, qualities, practices, and convictions which have adjusted as the time advanced.

Presently Hinduism is a frequently utilized word which attempts to liken the spiritual convictions of our way of life into a format that the west can comprehend.

At its very center, there is nothing of the sort as Hinduism. It is only an expression made for individuals who oppressed and involved us for ages to understand our practices.


I weight on this point especially as it is significant not to take a gander at Sanatana Dharma through their crystal. There are no unbreakable precepts that you see in most Abrahamic religions (Islam/Christianity/Judaism).

Differences between Sanatan Dharma and Hinduism

 1) Hinduism is considered as geological identity on the other hand Sanatan dharma is what we can say a religion.

2) Sanatana-dharma is the oldest religion on the planet. It is based on the assortment of spiritual laws found by Rishis a hundred years back. It endorses certain obligations that a person must perform to accomplish the satisfaction of life. Sanatana-dharma is pre-historic and absolute.

On the other hand, the term Hindu or Hindu dharma is a term given by Persians just a couple of hundreds of years back, to mean the individuals living next to the stream Sindhu. With the start of the nineteenth century, Hindu came to be comprehended as an aggregate term to portray the religion practiced by Indians just as the individuals of India.

3) Sanatana Dharma was not a superstitious and shallow religion. On the other hand, Hinduism is intensely superstitious.

4) Sanatana Dharma has not any book or approved sacred text told by the prophet who got disclosure. On the other hand, Hindus esteem numerous sacrosanct works instead of one holy book. The essential sacred text, referred to as the Vedas, were created around 1500 B.C.

This assortment of sections and hymns was written in Sanskrit and contains disclosures got by ancient holy people and sages. Hindus accept that the Vedas transcend all time and don’t have a start or an end. The Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, 18 Puranas, Ramayana, and Mahabharata are additionally viewed as significant text in Hinduism.

5) Hindus revere numerous divine beings and goddesses in addition to Brahman, who is accepted to be the preeminent God power present in every way. Everything is a part of Brahman. The objective in life is to unite your spirit with Brahman. In any case, there are numerous Gods and Goddess that you can revere each day.


Individuals can pick the Gods they might want to worship. Hindus accept that divine beings manage the faithful way from evil and have numerous methods for helping individuals to remember their obligations.

Some Hindus raise the Hindu trinity, which incorporates of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. On the other hand, Sanatan Dharma elevates all gods be it be Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva or Jesus Christ or other.

6) From one perspective Hinduism may be considered to represent a specific religion pursued by a specific group of individuals living in particular religion with specific convictions, whereas on the other hand, Sanatana dharma speaks to the basic idea of the spirit regardless of any caste, belief, religion, and nationality of the individual.

7) Santana Dharma made things more clear in our brains since it pursues basic fundas however Modern Hinduism confounds us due to various individuals taking the various path and following diverse fundas are constantly prepared to direct us.

8) In Sanatan Dharma, individuals were classified as Class. On the other hand in Hinduism individuals are classified into castes. The caste system is a social order in India that partitions Hindus based on their luck and dharma. The four main castes (arranged by prominence) incorporate:

  1. Brahmin: They are the scholarly and profound pioneers.
  2. Kshatriyas: They are the defenders and public officials of society.
  3. Vaisyas: They are the capable producers.
  4. Shudras: They are the unskilled workers.

9) There is no uniform conviction, convention, or set of convictions that all Hindus acknowledge. This is self-evident. There is no ism; it was developed for the motivations behind the realm.

On the other hand, The Sanatan Dharma addresses this nature of diversity establishing the entirety. Om Purnamadah Purnamidam, Purnat Purnam Udachyate, Purnasya Purnamadaya, Purnameva Vashisyate, That is Whole – this is Whole, The Whole leaves the Whole, If the Whole is subtracted from the Whole Still the Whole remains…

10) Hinduism is also referred to as the Vaidika dharma. On the other hand, there are no other specific names given to Sanatan Dharma.

11) Hinduism referred to as Religion is consists of rituals, customs, and authoritative opinions getting by based on dread and blind faith. On the other hand, Dharma–a word, sadly, with no English equal epitomizes those extraordinary laws and disciplines that maintain, continue, and eventually lead humankind to the great statures of common and profound greatness.

12) Sanatana Dharma instructs us that Dharma, Artha, Kama are intended to arrive at our unparalleled objective Moksha. What’s more, whatever we do must be driving towards its accomplishment. It reveals to us various ways that we could pursue to accomplish moksha.

On the other hand Present-day, Hinduism pursues Santana Dharma however there is no clearness as to our objectives since we would prefer not to know. The minute we need clarity we’ll put endeavors to do as such and pursue what Santana Dharma says.

13) Sanatana Dharma emphasizes action. It believes in the principle of Karma. The Upanishad says, ‘you are what your driving want is, as your longing seems to be, so is your will, as you will maybe, so is your deed. As your deed may be, so is your fate.’

Thus we make our very own fate through idea and action. So the message goes that there is no satisfaction in the finite, there is a delight just in the Infinite. Nothing can fulfill us except for get-together with our genuine Self which in actuality is the achievement of Sat-Chit-Annand.

Self-acknowledgment is in getting undying. It doesn’t mean an everlasting life yet it represents a condition that is past death and life the same. This is the principle of Sanatana Dharma – a religion all things considered and all humanity.

Hinduism is in actuality a way of life. What is taught, is brought out practically speaking. The principle of Hinduism is connected with life and common issues. It is loaded with social and moral qualities and gives us a striking thought of human association with its different circles.

Accordingly life and philosophy both are guided by spiritual contemplations. The entire adventure to time everlasting depends on reason and logical precision with the full opportunity of inquiry and articulation.

14) Sanatana Dharma isn’t a religion, neither has it shown a hoard. It is a Code of conduct and a value system of individuals.

15) In Sanatana Dharma setting the practical spirituality was a natural part of the life of individuals and society. The non-spiritual individuals were the departure from the rule. On the other hand in Hinduism, the departure from the rule is the genuine practical spirituality of people.

16) Sanatan Dharma doesn’t differentiate anybody whether it is based on caste, sex, religion, and others. On the other hand, we can see the differentiation in Hinduism.

17) This is the one religion that can triumph over materialism by including and envisioning the disclosures of science and the hypotheses of theory. On the other hand in Hinduism, materialism is given importance. AS said above individuals are differentiated overpower and materialistic things that are a wealth

18) Santana Dharma isn’t surrounded by the limits of a solitary nation. It doesn’t belong, particularly and always, to a limited part of the world. It is an all-inclusive religion that holds onto every other religion, for example, Hinduism, Islam, Christian as it is interminable and everlasting.

A narrow scheme of partisan or exclusive religion can live just temporarily and for a set reason. Finally, it needs to leave one day yet not so with the Santana Dharma.

19) Sanatan Dharma believes in the free expression of contemplations and inquiry into the basics even. It is in this way a tolerant religion, allowing the opportunity of Enquiry and Expression, looking for proof. On the other hand, Hinduism is limited to a certain boundary in expressing and believing.

20) Sanatana Dharma is the oldest living religion of the present reality. It is, in reality, an interminable and everlasting humanitarian religion of all humankind. It isn’t restricted to the educating of a specific people or class of individuals or any type of worship.

It is an exhaustive way, a law of being consistently going to be with the Absolute. In this regard, it ingests all religions, beliefs, types of love and even different sorts of ceremonies and customs into its overlap. It makes solidarity in diversity or solidarity in assorted variety.

On the other hand, The Hindu conviction is that God is one and the approaches to God are many. It essentially attempts to lead them from haziness to light. It uncovers that there are one Truth and one genuine religion.

21) Sanatana Dharma applies to each life. It discusses how to deal with the unborn, the conceived, the adult, the dead, various phases of life, and all elements of life. This is a significant method for seeing life. It is not only limited to Hindus but also other religions.

22) Hinduism incorporates six branches, evolving from about the 2nd century BCE to the 6th century BCE, viz. Samkhya, yoga, Nyaya, vaisheshika, Mimamsa, and Vedanta.

Monotheistic religions, such as Shaivism and Vaishnavism developed during this same period through the Bhakti movement. On the other hand, Sanatan Dharma has not any branches. It is eternal or immortal.

23) Sanatan Dharma can be considered as the foundation of Hinduism. The belief, principles are somehow evolved from the experiences of Sanatan Dharma.

24) In ‘The Ideal of the Karmayogin’, while speaking about the relation between Sanatana Dharma and Hinduism, Sri Aurobindo mentioned Hinduism as the epitome of Sanatana dharma. But ‘Hinduism as the epitome of Sanatana dharma’  and ‘Hinduism as Sanatana dharma’  are never similar.

Hinduism is the proper example of Sanatana dharma but it is never equal with Sanatana dharma. Sanatana dharma, if we follow the opinion of Sri Aurobindo, is like Platonic ‘form’ from where every religion will take its form. It is somewhat similar to Swami Vivekananda’s Universal Religion.

By Shilu Nepal


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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