Sagarmatha National Park is a national park that is located in the Solukhumbu district and encompasses a total of around 1148 sq. km. It was established in 1976 AD and three years later, it was named as Nepal’s first natural world heritage site. The area has been a popular tourist destination since in the 1960s.
The national park reputed for its utmost beauty is home to famous peaks like Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori, and the 8848 meters tall Mount Everest. It borders with the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve of Tibet in the North, Makalu Barun National Park in the east, and extends to Dudh Kosi river in the south.
With the majority of the park being above an altitude of 3,000m, the national park comprises of a lot of rugged terrain with deep gorges, glaciers and massive boulders.
People near the region
The area is home to many Tibetan Buddhists since the last four centuries. The Sherpa culture can be explicitly noticed by the views of the monasteries across the region, rocks carved with paper inscriptions, and prayer flags. The Sherpas are adept at mountaineering and many of them serve as tour guides for visitors.
The diverse flora and fauna
Sagarmatha National Park features some of the world’s most exotic plant and animal species. Floral species like Rhododendron, Birch, Juniper, and Blue Pine are common at the higher altitude while pine and hemlock forests are in abundance at the lower elevation.