How To Reduce Nepali Vegetables From Being Rotten? :- To reduce dependency on imports, the government launched a 10-year plan to increase domestic production.
As of this fiscal year, the prime minister’s agricultural modernization project planned to introduce modern agricultural techniques to increase productivity and make the country self-sufficient in terms of food, he said.
The government has set itself the goal of achieving self-sufficiency with wheat and vegetables, rice and potatoes in two years. He has focused on making the country self-sufficient with corn and fish for the next three years and fruits like bananas, papaya, and lychee for four years.
In the end, the project should become self-sufficient in fruits such as kiwi, apple, and orange. Although small producers regard fresh vegetables as a selection of high-quality plants, most are reluctant to invest more in them due to unstable prices.
This is due to seasonal peaks and periods of harvesting, as well as poor coordination across the supply chain, so markets are over- and over-supplied all year round. As a result, depending on the season and offer, prices can be up to nine times higher at one point than at another.
In this chain, as well as in the fish and goat (meat) pond, improving transport capacity and quality control are key factors in encouraging larger investments in the sectors.
Both pond fish and goats have enormous potential for import substitution and require improvements in production to increase yields. In the case of pond fish, there is the possibility, in view of the existing government support, which already supports small producers with the introduction of (semi) commercial practices, to build on the current dynamic.
In the goat sector, animals are most commonly used as emergency savings and funds, and expansion can be a challenge.
However, improving access to varieties and agro-veterinary services can help meet high consumer demand, improve rural household incomes, and create jobs in services and intermediate consumption.
While the ginger and lentil sectors are considered attractive markets, their supply chains are relatively underdeveloped.
In the production phase, both products benefit from the fact that they are kept longer so that farmers can decide, depending on the price, whether they want to sell or keep until the next season.
Lentils have the added advantage that they are also sold on the seed market and are nitrogen fixers that support crop rotation.
However, both suffer from the global competition; More ginger and lentils are produced and exported worldwide. This creates an export competition for ginger and a national competition for lentils, in which imports from Australia and Canada lower the prices for domestic varieties.
Although there is great growth potential in these markets, it is not recommended that an ILO program focus directly on these markets.
Recent Condition of Nepalese Vegetable Production
Harvest yields are an essential aspect of every farmer’s day because they affect the profitability of their arable land. Learning how to improve crop yields is the key to successful agriculture.
Access to new technologies and planting methods has given farmers the opportunity to increase plant production, the key to maintaining the long-term sustainability of your farm.
Yield rates for corn plants have increased steadily over time thanks to stronger corn hybrids and smarter planting practices. Technologies that enable farmers to better understand their soil, what types of nutrients they may lack, and when to plant seeds have had positive results.
In short, the plantation has benefited from the introduction of science and technology to agriculture.
First, why are crops so important to agriculture?
The concept of productive agriculture is the key to understanding the importance of crop yields. The amount you can produce within a certain amount of land essentially depends on how efficient you are as a farmer.
In today’s economy, it is still important to be able to work efficiently. You want to make sure that you maximize your space and the country you’ve worked on. Crop yields not only determine their efficiency but also their profitability.
What is the risk associated with trying to increase earnings?
Everything you do on your farm has ramifications. To learn how to increase crop production and yield, you need to approach each decision with a concentrated amount of studies and analysis.
This doesn’t mean you can’t try, fail, and learn something, but it does mean that attempts to increase efficiency can affect your bottom line.
How can you increase the agricultural productivity of your corn plants?
Think of your harvest as the ingredients in a recipe; The quality of your soil, its seeds, and your planting practices determine the overall durability of the end product – the plants you grow.
A crop like maize benefits from using strong hybrid seeds with power to maintain conditions and maximize yields. The science behind the seeds has improved a lot, but there are still techniques and methods to increase your overall efficiency on the farm.
Some important tips to reduce Nepali vegetables from being rotten
Plant early, plant effectively and improve the market in Nepal
Choosing the right time to plant is often the most important part of planting. The best strategy for increasing yield is: when your soil is ready, start planting.
There are tests you can do on your soil to see if it’s ready to plant. Today’s hybrid seeds create a more sustainable product, but it is just as important to know if your field is ready for early planting.
Early sowing can increase yield by taking advantage of favorable soil conditions unexpectedly early.
Practice seasonal soil rotation
When planting season after season, it’s important to understand how planting recurring plants can affect your overall performance. It has been shown that planting corn is less effective for successive years in order to achieve optimal yields.
This means that planting maize in maize should only be considered if your soil conditions are strong enough or your landmass is limited. If you don’t have access to any of them, you may need to consider planting alternative plants like soybean in other years.
Planting an alternative crop helps diversify the needs of your soil. This leads to plants that not only produce more but produce continuously year after year.
Know the performance potential
It is not enough to plant your seeds and hope for the best. You always have to make sure you understand the growth potential of your field.
When evaluating the yield potential, it is important to understand what type of plants you are growing and what types of seeds you are using. Plant growers generally have an estimated idea of the yield potential of their seeds.
If you understand this, you can not only manage your expectations but also whether your performance potential corresponds to your actual production or not.
Always research on fields in Nepal and implement them
The smartest advice you can get to increase crop yield is to explore your fields on foot. This gives you the opportunity to assess soil conditions, notice weeds, and check if your plants are growing healthy.
There are many things you can overlook if you pass your plants at high speed. Therefore, hitting the ground and examining your plants is an important step towards higher crop yields.
Make sure there is sufficient water drainage
Water management is important for the survival of plants and to maximize the yield potential of your corn. It is important to ensure that your crop receives enough water but is not over-watered.
Developing a drainage system in your crops can help prevent waterlogging and salinization in your soil, which can inhibit growth and production.
Provide free fertilizer from government
Tillage with fertilizers is an important part of maintaining optimal soil conditions for crops on your farmland.
Fertilizing corn during planting can help provide seeds with essential nutrients such as potassium, phosphorus, and calcium. The root zone at the base of your plants is the most important area for growth so your corn can thrive and produce impressive yields.
Test your floor
Soil testing should be on your to-do list from the start, as your soil and needs directly affect the growth of your plants. If you examine the levels of phosphorus, potassium, and fertilization, you will get an idea of how to deal with your plants.
You will also learn when the right soil conditions such as the optimal density and the right amount of nutrients form so that you can start planting.
Weeding early and often
Weeds are not only an enemy of lawns and golf courses but can also endanger arable land. Weeds are invasive and extract nutrients from the plants you want to grow.
Weeds should always be treated as soon as possible. When you explore your fields, you can determine if weeds are appearing and stop them before the problem can get out of control.
Test Seed quality before planting in Nepal
Quality seeds are the basis for increasing crop yields. Regardless of whether you want to increase your corn yields or maximize your overall agricultural productivity, you should consider the strength of your seeds.
Using hybrid seeds that grow naturally faster, stronger, and more efficiently is critical to the success of your plants. GMO-free seeds perfectly combine sustainability and costs, which explains both quality and costs.
I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.