How & Why (Reasons) to Celebrate Bhai Tika (Dooj) on Tihar (Diwali)

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Reasons Why to Celebrate Bhai Tika, Bhai Teeka, Vai Tika, Tihar Tika on Deepawali / Diwali / Tihar

What is Bhai Tika? When is Bhai Tika? How Bhaihai Tika in Nepal? Why is Bhai Tika celebrated? What are causes to celebrate Bhai Tika? What are the reasons to celebrate Bhai Tika in Hindu? Do you know about the date of Bhai Tika? This is an article about all these questions. It gives you to Solution. Happy Bhai Tika. why do we celebrate Tihar? How do you celebrate Tihar? Bhai Tika and Laxmi Puja is the main reason to celebrate Tihar festival. There are many reasons to celebrate Tihar. But here we are giving you some reasons to celebrate Bhai Tika. As we all know that Bhai tika is the main day of the festival of brothers and sisters. We are celebrating Bhai tika (main day of the festival) for all brothers and sisters or didi bahini and daju Bhai.

What is Bhai Tika?

Bhai Tika is one of the most important days of the second biggest festival of Nepal. The festival of lights, Tihar, which is celebrated for 5 days has 5 different special occasions celebrated respectively on each day.Bhai Tika which is celebrated on the 5th and last day of Tihar is an important day of the festival. So what exactly is Bhai tika? Let us start with a little knowledge about the main festival, i.e Tihar

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Tihar also was known as Deepawali is one of the important festivals of Nepal.The festival which is also known as the festival of lights is a Hindu festival. The festival is known as swonti in their native language among the newars of Kathmandu while it is popularly known as Dipawali among Madhesis.Tihar comes after the biggest festival of Nepal, Dashain with a week apart.People light their houses with ‘diyos’ and many other lighting bulbs inside and outside their house. We can see whole Nepal lighting better than ever in a whole year during this festival. This bright and beautiful festival that lasts for 5 days starts with kaag puja on the first day. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th days are celebrated as kukur Tihar, Gai Tihar and Laxmi puja and Govardhan puja respectively. Finally, the 5th day is the day of Bhai Tika which is the most important and special day of the festival.This is a little information about Tihar. Now, let’s go back to our topic.

Bhai Tika Tradition

Bhai Tika, the last day of the festival yet special among all. Tihar is popularly known for Bhai Tika. That does not mean other days of the festival are not important, they are equally important as well but Bhai Tika is special. Generally, Bhai Tika is a tradition where a sister worships their brothers and get a gift from their brothers in return. Sisters apply tika to the forehead of their brothers to thank them for all their love and support and to protect them from the bad.

The story behind the tradition says that one-day Yamraj, the god of death visited her sister, the Yamuna where her sister applied tika on the forehead of her brother, Yamraj and they enjoyed eating foods and sweets, talking and sharing their moments. Yamraj also gave a gift to her sister in return. That was the day when the announcement was made by Yamraj that any brother who receives tika from her sister on that day will never die. For this belief, everyone celebrates Bhai tika on this day. They apply tika on the foreheads of their brother and completes the ritual with other necessary activities and wishes for the long life of their brother.Sisters thank their brothers by apply tika and offering garland with sweets and fruits as brothers always protect their sister. The stories can vary. But besides the belief, the tradition of Bhai Tika is special because it creates a warm bonding between brothers and sisters.

Sisters and brothers celebrate this in the most special way. Brothers sit on the floor where the sisters apply the tika to their brothers. The tika is of 7 different colors for which it is also known as saptarangi tika. Along with the tika, the brothers are also offered with the garlands of flowers like marigold etc, not only that, sisters also offer sweets and fruits, chocolates and worship them in a traditional way. Then after, sisters get gifts in return from their brothers; some get money, some get gifts. The newars have from Kathmandu celebrate in the same way except for that they make mandalas and celebrate in the most traditional way.Some of those who do not have any brother or sister, they practice this tradition with their cousins. It is also believed that the God of death, Yamaraj comes for the life of the brothers so the sisters perform this ritual for the long life of their brother which saves the brothers life.While some who do not have brothers go to the temple at Ranipokhari. The 5th day is one of the most auspicious days among the 5 days of the festival.

Tihar is the festival of lights. Tihar festival is a five-day long celebrations festival in the Hindu pantheon. The first day Tihar is Kag Tihar. Kag Tihar is named also as Kaag Tihar / Kag Tihar / Kaag Puja / Kag Puja / Kaag Pooja / Kag Pooja. Kag Tihar means worship of crow. But the main day of Tihar is Laxmi Puja, worship of Hindu Wealth Goddess Maa Laxmi. The fifth or the last day of Tihar is Bhai Tika. Bhai Tika is also named as Bhai Teeka, Vai Tika, Vai Teeka, Tihar Bhai Tika. The reason why this festival is known as Bhai Tika is that it falls on the second day after the new moon, that is the Tika day.

Bhai Tika is such a day to pray for the long life of the brothers by sisters, which is referred as “vai or Bhai”. According to Hindu religious scriptures, Yamaraj, the God of death, went to visit his sister’s house after a long period of separation. His sister, Yami was very happy to see him and welcomed him by putting an auspicious mark on his forehead for his welfare. Yami and Yamraj then shared a meal. He was so pleased with his sister’s reception, he proclaimed that every year, on the Tika day, if a sister puts a Tika (Tilak) on her brother’s forehead, then no one can harm her brother. Till date, this tradition is followed. Sisters perform puja for their brother’s safety and well-being. Brothers in return give gifts to their sisters as a token of love. Varied gifts specially meant for Bhai Tika is available in the market. This festival of Tihar is incomplete without Bhai Tika. It is referred as “Bharatiya” in the Madhesh region of the Nepal and “Bhai-Dooj” in the India.

bhai dooj-bhai tika-bhi teeka, importance, history, brother sisters love relation tihar diwali, dipavali festival picture
Celebration Bhai Dooj

 

The reason to celebrate Bhai Tika in Hindu PantheonThe reason to celebrate Bhai Tika in Hindu Pantheon

14 Reasons Why to Celebrate Bhai Tika, Bhai Teeka, Vai Tika, Tihar Tika

Bhai Tika (Bhai Dooj called in India), the festival of celebrating the brother and sister love, falls on the last day of the Tihar. Bhaitika is a day in which sisters worship their brothers and receive gifts from brothers in return. In this day sisters apply tika on the forehead of their brothers to protect them from the evilness. There are several mythological reasons as well as other reasons to celebrate Bhai tika (Bhai Dooj). Some of them are listed. Some of them are listed below:

1) From the word only, it is known that it is the day of brother and sisters love. This day brother is worshipped by their sisters for the protection, love and care. This day is celebrated to strengthen the relation between brother and sister,

2) The mythological reason behind celebrating this festival has its own importance. The god of death, Yamaraj visited his sister’s Yamuna house after a long time. There he received a warm welcome from the Yamuna. She applied tika on his forehead and fed him a delicious meal. Being happy, Yamaraj proclaimed that if sisters worship her brother on this particular day, no evil can harm her brother. Since then bhaitika (Bhai Dooj) is celebrated.

3) Brother always protects his sister from every evilness and bad situations. On the day of bhaitika (Bhai Dooj), sister worships her brother for the protection and care.

4) The reason for celebration also links to the period of Lord Krishna. After killing a demon named Narakasur, he went to his sister Subhadra where he received warm reception with tika and diya. From the day, every year brother is worshipped by sister on this particular day.

5) It is also said that Lord Mahavir when attended nirvana, his brother was very sad and in this situation, his sister comforted him. With the essence of this, every year bhai tika (Bhai Dooj) is celebrated.

6) Bhaitika is the festival of the celebration of the strong bond between brother and sister.  Sisters worship their brother and wish for the long life and prosperity of the brother.

7) Putting the garlands of Makhamali and dubo on brothers during Tihar means ensuring their prosperity and long life. These garlands also represent the bonding between sisters and brothers.

8) This day symbolizes the prayer made by sisters for the long life and prosperity of their brothers as they are the one who protects them always.

9) This day is celebrated in which sister put garlands of Makhamali which never fades and pray that their brother life is always filled with happiness and never fades.

10) Brother and sister share the unbreakable bond. The bond gets much stronger and the brother’s life is always filled with happiness and prosperity, sister worships their brother and this is the reason to celebrate Bhai Tika (Bhai Dooj).

11. According to Hindu religious scriptures, Yamaraj, the God of death, went to visit his sister’s house after a long period of separation. His sister, Yami was very happy to see him and welcomed him by putting an auspicious mark on his forehead for his welfare. Yami and Yamraj then shared a meal. He was so pleased with his sister’s reception, he proclaimed that every year, on the Tika day, if a sister puts a Tika (Tilak) on her brother’s forehead, then no one can harm her brother. Till date, this tradition is followed. Sisters perform puja for their brother’s safety and well-being. Brothers in return give gifts to their sisters as a token of love.

12. According to Hindu religious scriptures, another version Lord Krishna, after killing Narakasur, the demon king, went to meet his sister Subhadra. Subhadra welcomed him in the traditional way by showing him a light and putting on his forehead a Tika (tilak) of her sisterly protection.

13. Some other Hindu religious scriptures and legend says that Bhagawaan Mahavir found nirvana, his brother Raja Nandivardhan very sad and missed his brother a lot. Sister Sudarshana then comforted his brother. Since then, women have been revered during this festival.

14. The essence of the Bhai Tika festival is that it is celebrated to strengthen the love between brothers and sisters. It is a day of food-sharing, gift-giving and reaching out to the innermost depths of the hearts. Brothers and sisters indulge themselves on this day by gifting each other gifts.

What are the items needed for Bhai tika?

Some of the different items used in Bhai tika for the ritual are saptarangi tika, garlands and the equipment for making mandalas etc. Besides, many fruits with sweets and chocolates are needed as part of the ritual. Also, the yogurt is also needed as it is provided as ‘sagun’ which is also one of the important parts of the ritual.

To conclude, we can say that Bhai Tika is one of the rituals or tradition of Tihar that lies on the 5th day. It is a tradition where sisters apply tika on the forehead of their brother and they also offer garlands made with marigold along with fruits and sweets. The sisters get a gift or money from their brothers in return. It is believed that the sisters who worship their brothers on this day will be blessed from Yamraj and continues to have a long life. This is one of the belief for which people perform this tradition but what is more important in this special tradition is it creates a beautiful and warm bonding between brothers and sisters. It strengthens their relationship which is best and beautiful part of this special tradition. That is why Bhai Tika is special. Thatis the reason Bhai Tika is considered to be the most important day of the festival.

Besides, Tihar is a festival of lights when everyone is in a mood of celebration. This is the only time in a year, when we get to witness the traditional vailo’ song and dance, the firecrackers lighting the sky beautiful than ever, the time when we worship crows and dogs( Nepal is probably the only country who worships dog once a year which is during the 2nd day of Tihar) and the time when Nepal shines brighter than ever in a whole year.Tihar definitely is a festival that we should not miss. We are really blessed to have a festival like this.


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Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

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