How can you protect myself from Coronavirus?:- The coronavirus is already declared as Pandemic by WHO and is spreading in all nations worldwide. The Covid-19 epidemic affects everyone, but as with many infectious diseases, the elderly, those with chronic conditions or weakened immunity (related to their disease or specific treatments) are at higher risk.
It is also known that there is no specific treatment or vaccination available for the disease. In the absence of treatment, preventive measures to avoid transmission are essential. Hand washing, wearing gloves, confinement, social distance … This is how to increase your chances of not getting sick.
Prevention of the disease
Until now, there is no vaccine to prevent Coronavirus infection or COVID-19. It has been under test in America. Thus the necessary actions that you should take are to create the barrier between yourself and the virus.
Therefore, the best preventive way is to avoid the factors that can cause you to be infected with this virus, namely:
Avoid traveling to public places that are crowded with visitors.
Use a mask when on the move in public places or crowds. Of you are using the surgical mask, it is for single use and is in no case washable or reusable. The mask must also be according to the size of your face. It must be well-positioned over your nose that is the padded side of the nose strip must be placed on the bump of the nose to properly protect the nose. It is recommended to change the mask three or four times a day.
Washing your hands well (with soap and water) minimizes the risk of becoming contaminated after touching a surface that has been previously contaminated by a sick person. And then touching your face, mouth or eyes. Washing your hands every hour and necessarily after going outside and any close contact with a sick person. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol after doing activities outside the home or in public places. Carry hydro-alcoholic gel with you since it is not always possible to find a water point and soap when leaving a place public. The doctor, therefore, advises you to always carry a hydro-alcoholic solution with you. If you can no longer find it in pharmacies, you can make it at home.
Do not touch the eyes, mouth, and nose before washing hands. Nose, eyes, and mouths are all possible entry points to the virus or any other germs for that matter. During an epidemic, it is best to avoid touching your face, eyes, nose with your potentially contaminated hands as much as possible. Avoid shaking hands or kissing each other to greet each other instead use namaste.
Avoid contact with animals, especially wild animals and birds. In case of contact with animals, wash your hands properly for twenty seconds.
Cook the meat until it is completely cooked before consumption.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash. Practicing these good respiratory hygienes when in doubt that we are ourselves a carrier of the virus is a good preventive method from spreading the disease. Coughing and sneezing in the fold of our elbow or in a handkerchief which will be immediately thrown away, limits a potential exposure of the virus to those around us.
Avoid being close to people who are sick with a fever, cough, or runny nose. You must observe a safe distance of at least one meter between yourself and a person who is coughing or sneezing. This is the distance that makes it possible not to be touched by droplets from the nose or mouth likely to contain the virus. When the place is confined and it is not possible to maintain this distance. The doctors recommend turning your back on the sick person so that the secretions and droplets are less likely to touch your face.
Keep objects clean that are often touched and maintain environmental cleanliness.
People over 70 must limit their outings and stay at home as much as possible. As well as those suffering from chronic diseases, respiratory disorders, disabilities.
Employees who can telework are invited to do so as much as possible.
If you are sick, stay home and wear a surgical mask in the presence of other people.
Understand the symptoms of the disease. The major symptoms of the disease are Fever, Cough, and Difficulty breathing 14 days after returning from a risk area. As soon as you find these symptoms in yourself, visit the hospital to test yourself for the virus.
Gathering in public places should be avoided.
What to do when returning from a risk zone?
Currently, the risk areas where the disease has been more prevalent are:
Italy (regions of Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, and Piedmont)
Upon the return and within 14 days of staying in an area where the virus is actively circulating. You can do the following:
Twice daily temperature monitoring
Monitoring for the appearance of respiratory symptoms (cough, difficulty breathing, etc.)
Wearing a mask when in contact with other people,
The eviction from frequenting places where fragile people are found (hospitals, maternity hospitals, accommodation structures for the elderly, etc.)
The eviction of all outings in public places, especially large gatherings, restaurants, cinema …
Workers/students: telework (as soon as possible) is one of the measures to take when returning from an epidemic zone.
For people suspected of being affected by COVID-19, there are several steps you can take to prevent Coronavirus from spreading to others, namely:
Do not leave the house, except for treatment and emergency.
Check with your doctor if you experience symptoms or complaints.
Try to stay away from other non infected people for a while. If it is not possible, use a bedroom and bathroom that is separated from what others use.
Prohibit and prevent others from visiting you until you are completely healed.
As much as possible do not have meetings with people who are sick.
Avoid sharing the use of cutlery and drinking equipment, toiletries, and sleeping equipment with others.
Wear a mask and gloves when in a public place or with someone else.
Use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, then immediately throw the tissue in the trash.
Follow these methods and maintain hygiene as much as possible.
Ankur Pradhan, a registered and practitioner staff nurse in Kanti Bal Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal and worked in Abudhabi medical center as a staff nurse. She has written some health-related books as well.