15 Major Causes & Consequences of Rapid Population Growth in Nepal

The population is always flux. New babies are born in each second. In the context of Nepal, the rate of population growth does not seem very challenging. Read here about the population in Nepal related to causes of rapid growth, the solution of this huge problems. what are the consequences of rapid population growth for less-developed countries like Nepal? What are consequences of population growth in Nepal? What are the major causes of high population growth in Nepal ? We are here with consequences of rapid population growth in Nepal.

15 Major Causes & Consequences of Rapid Population Growth in Nepal

Population in Nepal: Causes, Problem, and Solution

This post is about the population in Nepal in relation to causes, problem, and solution. We mean, we are going to discuss something about ’causes to population growth in Nepal’, ‘population problems in Nepal’, ‘solution of high population growth rate in Nepal’ etc. It is a huge problem is Nepal.

Definitions of Population:

Population refers to the total number of people living in the certain time in particular areas such as villages, cities, districts, regions or the countries. Population includes both male and female.

The Population in Nepal

The population is always flux. New babies are born in each second. In the context of Nepal, the rate of population growth does not seem very challenging. The old generation still holds a view that people may be poor with poverty but can be rich with offspring. The density of population in urban areas is higher than in rural areas. According to 2048 B.S. census, the total population of Nepal was 1, 84, 91,097 and it has reached 2, 31, 51,423 by the census of 2058 B.S. According to 2068 B.S. census, the total number of population in Nepal is 2,64,94,504.

The population was increased by 1.35%. Nepal is a developing country. As a result, the majority of people in Nepal are illiterate here. There are many caused by population growth but illiterate people are the main cause of population growth. Besides this, there are some causes given below in the pointwise.

15 Major Causes for High Rate of Population Growth in Nepal

There are various factors which are responsible for the rapid population growth in the context of our country. The main of such factors are discussed below.


1. Illiterate people:

Illiterate people are the main cause of population growth. Many Nepalese people are illiterate.

2. Marriage is to have children:

Many Nepalese people have the religious belief that main purpose of marriage is to have children. Everyone gets married as a common ritual.

3. Children are regarded to be a religious duty:

Many Nepalese people have the religious belief that having children is regarded to be the holy and religious duty of the married couple.

4. Children are regarded as the blessing of god:

Most of the Nepalese people have the belief that children are regarded as the blessing of god.

5. Birth is controlled by fate:

Most of the uneducated Nepalese people have an attitude that the number of children a couple gives birth is controlled by fate.

6. Need son to run the generation:

The population is growing rapidly in Nepal just because of the religious importance of son. People hope to get son to run the generation.

7. Heaven can be opened by a son:

Nepali people have faith that the door of heaven can not be opened by a daughter. They have wrong faith that the door of heaven can only be opened by a son, not by a daughter.

8. The source of income:

Nepalese people also want to have more children as they think children are regarded to be a source of income. They feel that more hands in a family mean more income in future. Economic factors directly affect the growth of population. It is a common belief for Nepali parents that their children will be supporters in their old age. For them, the more the number of children the greater is the source of income in future. They make an investment in children as an attempt to improve their economic condition. Besides, the majority of people depend on upon agriculture that needs more manpower. So they do not think that a large number of children are an economic burden.

9. Big family makes home strong:

Nepalese people also have a concept that more children make a big family and big family makes home strong. This is also one of the causes of population growth. The family structure of Nepal also plays an important role to keep the fertility rate high. There is mostly joint family system in the rural areas of the country. In the joint family, an individual member is not entirely responsible for taking care of the child. So he/ she is carefree to bear a child. In such a family, there is rather a competition in bearing children among brothers or sisters.


10. Malnutrition:

Another cause of population growth is malnutrition due to which many people die every day. Parents are not sure that all of the children can be alive. Therefore, they want to give birth to the many children.

11. Polygamy:


Polygamy is also one of a cause of population increasing. A man gets married to multiple women, and these women give birth to more babies.

12. Cultural factors

This all causes high birth rates. Many people do not want to apply measures of family planning. They think it is unholy to use family planning measures and prevent conception. They believe that the birth of a child is a gift of the God. So they do not want to stop births.

13. Religious Factors

In Nepal, the social and religious values and customs are mainly based on the orthodox attitudes of people. Parents do not get respect in the society if they have no children especially a son. It is the conservative belief that the son is necessary to inherit parental property, continue the family line and perform the funeral rites and shraddha (annual ritual) of his parents. Such attitude and practice lead to increase in population in Nepal.

14. Women’s Status

Women have an important role in childbearing and family management. But in our country, many women are still suppressed and undervalued. Preference goes to a son who is supposedly required to run important social, cultural and economic affairs and rituals. Women mostly do domestic and agricultural jobs. They bear children to satisfy their husband, parents-in-law or relatives rather than to fulfill their own wish. When a woman fails to give birth to a son, she is cursed and another wife is brought in. Such a dominated status of women is a major cause of high birth rates in Nepal.

15. Unfair distribution of development returns

In Nepal, there is a high regional disparity. Development activities are not properly planned and they are not being carried out fairly throughout the country. All people are not able to taste the fruits of development. As a result poverty and ignorance are widespread. This economic and social condition encourages high birth rates.

5 Major Problems of population growth in Nepal

As a result of population growth in Nepal, there are many adverse effects raising in Nepal. There are many adverse effects of population growth. Some of the serious problems may arise in the future. We have enlisted some of the problems due to high population growth in Nepal.

1. If the high rate of population growth continues, in the same way, it will be more serious in the future.
2. It will be more difficult to meet the basic needs such as food, shelter, clothing, education and health services.
3. Overpopulation brings the problems like crimes and criminal activities, stealing, fraud, robbery, murder, etc.
4. If the population increases rapidly, there is the unemployment problem in the country.
5. Due to population growth, there is deforestation for agriculture and settlement.

Things to do in controlling the high population growth in Nepal. There are some things to be done by the people and government to make less population growth. We need the healthy life. To have the healthy life, healthy population is needed. We all should control rapid population growth.

Effects of rapid growth rate of population in Nepal

Rapid population growth has adverse effects on socio-economic and environmental aspects. Some of the major effects are as follows:

1. Available facilities become insufficient for the growing population. It leads to the falling of living standard.

2. It is difficult to provide suitable employment opportunities for all. The result is large-scale unemployment which also causes the living standard of decline.

3. Natural resources are over-utilized and their quality degrades.

4. The environment is badly polluted and environmental problems occur.

5. Cultural heritage get encroached and they degrade due to less care available.

6.   Crimes such as robbery, theft, murder and abduction increase and this leads

Solution of rapid growth rate of population in Nepal

1. First of all, the people of the country should be aware of the rapid population growth.
2. The people should have knowledge about the importance of small family size.
3. The upliftment of the nation depends on the controlled and well-planned population.

For this education should be widely spread. Daughters should be treated equal to sons. Programmes should come for raising the status of women. Family planning measures should be made easily accessible and available. Besides, delayed marriage should be encouraged.

    1. hemant chaudhary

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