Population Composition in Nepal by Occupation
What is the population composition in Nepal by occupation? This is question to know. It is not very difficult to know the Population Composition in Nepal by Occupation. And here is a solution of population composition in Nepal according to their occupation. Nepal is officially Kingdom of Nepal, Landlocked and isolated by the Himalayas. Nepal is bordered on the west, south, and east by India, and on the North by the Tibet region of China.
Nepal is a developing country with an agricultural economy. In recent years, the country has been trying to expand into manufacturing industries and other technological sectors but with little success. Farming is the main economic activity followed by tourism, trade, service and manufacturing. The chief sources of foreign currency earnings are merchandise export, services, tourism and Gorkhas and foreign employment remittances. The annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is about US$ 4.5 Billion.
Population Composition helps us to know about how many people are involved in what sort of job or profession. It helps us to know about what the main economic activities of the people are. It means how many people are involved in which occupation. It show the data about how many peoples of county are involved in income oriented activities. Contribution of people to the national economy is to be recorded through this data. For this the study of population composition according to occupation is very important and compulsory. In Nepal, many occupations related to agriculture. And trade, industry and services are not developed as per the expectation of the people. There are a lot of things responsible for this result.
Agriculture: Agriculture remains Nepal’s principal economic activity, employing 80% of the^ population and providing about 40 % of GDP. Only about 20% of the total area is cultivable; another 33% is forested; and the rest is mountainous. Rice and wheat are the main food crops. The lowland Terai region produces an agricultural surplus, part of which supplies the food-deficient hill areas.
Eight out of ten Nepalese are engaged in farming. Rolling fields and neat terraces can be seen all over the Terai flatlands and the hills of Nepal. Even in the highly urbanized Kathmandu Valley, large tracts of land outside the city areas are devoted to farming. Rice is the staple diet in Nepal and around three million tons are produced annually. Other major crops are maize, wheat, millet and barley. Besides food grains, cash crops like sugarcane, oil seeds, tobacco, jute, tea, coffee are also cultivated. Animal husbandry, piggery, fishery, poultry and horticulture are also done in different parts of the country.
Industries and Manufacturing: Nepal is a developing country. It has not been able to manufacture much industrial goods. Manufacturing is still at the developmental stage.lt represents less than 10% of the GDP. Major industries are woolen carpels, gwments, textiles, agro-based, leather products, paper and cement Other products made in Nepal are steel utensils, cigarettes, beverages, sugar, biscuits, noodles etc. There are mostly cottage and medium-scale factories. There are very few large scale industries. Most of the industries are based in Terai region, the Kathmandu Valley and the Pokhara Valley. But, industries are not running well and expanding either. Lack of capital, power, raw materiaI, security, infrastructures and technology are some main causes for this situation.
Table of population composition in Nepal by occupation
|Main occupation||Census year 2001|
The given above table shows some changes in the occupation trend in Nepal. According to the census report of 2001 AD, the percentage of people involved in non-agriculture sectors has increased drastically in comparison to the previous census years. The percentage of people involved in non-agricultural sectors has reached 34.3% while the percentage of people engaged in agriculture has decreased from 94.4 (1971) to 65.7 (2001 AD). It can be considered as a symptom of positive economic reforms and changes.
The decreasing trend in agricultural occupation and the increasing number of people in other sectors show that Nepalese people are leaving their traditional occupation and joining and occupations of service, business, industry and trade. People gradually attracted towards modern, productive and more income generating occupation. This really helps them to uplift their living standards and adjust themselves in the changing pattern of economic system.
Finally, we can say that most of people of Nepal are involved in Agriculture.
Note: the detail information of census year 2011 has not published yet.