10 World Heritage Sites in Nepal are Ranked as Popular Tourist Attraction Places
Popular places to visit in Nepal are 10 World Heritage Sites. Nepal is a small mountain landlocked kingdom in the world. Even it has the area of 147,181 sq. km., Nepal holds 10 places as UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific Cultural Organization) as ‘World Heritage Sites’.
Nepal is a small country which is land locked by two big countries that are India and China. It does not have any access to the sea or whatsoever. Being a small country and. You have come up with few places you can go and have the best times of your lives. Nepal is a beautiful country itself, it has a beautiful history and the natural scene are to die for. Many of us have not been to the nooks and corners of Nepal and they are traveling to a foreign country by paying tons of money to see the natural view. That’s sad. So we have been searching the convenient place so that anybody can visit these places without having second thoughts.
As you want to know about Nepal’s national heritages, their importance, and preservation, We are trying to explain them in this post. We hope you will find it useful and interesting. Let’s go in detail.
Heritage means all those valuable natural and cultural objects, features, resources, creations, arts, cultures, traditions and symbols of identity and pride that have Dee-inherited, protected, preserved, promoted, and handed down to the next generation by the previous generations.
Broadly they are of two types: Natural heritage and cultural heritage. Natural heritages are entirely natural and not human made. They include biodiversity, national parks, conservation areas, wildlife reserves, remarkable topographical features etc. On the other hand, cultural heritages are human creations that are concrete or abstract They include arts, architectures, sculptures, paintings, monuments, palaces, religious sites, books, designs, cultures, religions, traditions, customs, and so on.
There are 830 properties of the world in World Heritage list as cultural and natural heritage having outstanding universal value. And among them, there are 644 cultural heritage sites, 162 natural heritage sites, and 24 mixed properties. Out of these 10 sites are from Nepal. These all 10 heritages sites are known as popular places to visit in Nepal.
The tour is carefully designed for all those travelers who have a great interest in art, culture, lifestyle and historical interest. There are so many sites declared in UNESCO heritage sites. These sites of Nepal would be the best opportunity for the researcher, or any people coming here. It will be easy to collect the historical and social cultural information. There are as many as 10 UNESCO heritage sites in this country. 8 of them represent cultural as well as natural heritage sites. Kathmandu is full of ancient temples, stupas, monuments and historical sites. You can enjoy here by watching the wonderful architectures and art pieces. This place amazes everybody with the architectures and local people.
UNESCO has listed the most important natural and cultural heritages of the world on the basis of their significance. While making a list of world heritage, the heritages are selected and examined on the criteria of their historical, natural and cultural significance, their artistic value, their rare quality and their unique characteristic which identify the nation.
Nepal is sandwiched between two great countries of the world. In ancient time, this was no mans’ land and it was covered by hills, snow, lakes, rivers and sloppy lands with dense forest. These Himalayan and Mountain -ranges were formed by the effect of continental drift.
The northern river in between Nepal and Tibet was collapsed and its bottom was raised in paramount position for present Himalaya. The geological activities faced this high mountain to be translated into Himalayans or snowy belt from east to west. Some rivers of Nepal have long travel from Tibet to India. These are very popular and holy rivers. The people were called Gurkhas before 1952 recognized as great warriors and honest in the world.
Heritage means valuable things handed down to the next generations by the previous generations. National heritage consists of natural and cultural heritage. UNESCO has included two of our Natural Heritages and eight of our Cultural Heritages in the world heritage list. Heritages are our identity, pride, sources of income, inspiration, creativity, history, and civilization. The sites enlisted in the World Heritage Site are the pride and property of the whole world.
Nepal is rich in both types of heritages. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), has selected some of these as the World Heritage. They are two of our Natural Heritages and eight of the Cultural Heritages: Sagarmatha National Park and Chitwan National Park, and Pashupatinath Area, Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan Temple, Bouddhanath Mahachaitya (Stupa), Swayambhunath Stupa and Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha.
Other than these, there are many other such heritages in our country. To name a few of them:
Bardiya National Park, Parsa Wild Life Reserve, Koshi Tappu Wild Life Reserve, Langtang National Park, Shiv Puri National Park, Rara National Park, Shey-Fhoksundo National Park, Suklaphanta National Park, Halesi of Khotang, Swargadwari of Pyuthan, Gosainkund of Rasuwa, Pativara of Taplejung, Chhintag Bhagawati of Dhankuta, Muktinath of Mustang, Ram Janaki Temple of Janakpurand soon.
10 site or places of Nepal have got the recognition of the World Heritage Site in Nepal. The cultural heritage Kathmandu Durbar Squares, Patan Durbar Squares, Bhaktapur Durbar Squares, the Swayambhu Nath, Bauddhanath Nath, Pashupati Nath and Changu Narayan are consisting within the Kathmandu Valley.
Natural World Heritage Sites in Nepal:
Two national parks of Nepal included in the World Heritage Sites List as Natural Site.
- The Sagarmatha National park
- The Chitwan National Park
Cultural World Heritage Sites in Nepal:
The Nepalese culture is based mostly on the religious beliefs. The religious and cultural heritage has its own significance. There are unlimited numbers of cultural heritages in Nepal that are based on religion. Such heritages are important not only from the Nepalese point of view; it is important because it is a part of world community.
These heritages are included in the list of world cultural heritage and are being conserved too. These cultural world heritage sites of Nepal are also popular places to visit in Nepal. The name list of the natural world heritage of Nepal are as follows:
- The Kathmandu Durbar Square
- The Bhaktapur Durbar Square
- The Changu Narayan Temple
- The Lalitpur Durbar Square
- The Pashupatinath Temple
- The Boudhanath Stupa
- The Lord Swayambhu Nath
- The Lumbini Site
Popular Places to visit in Nepal > No. 1: Kathmandu Durbar Square: World Heritage Site in Nepal
Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. It is located in the central part of Kathmandu that dates back to the 12th and 18″ centuries. Kathmandu Durbar Square is a beautiful heritage site full of cultural and ancient crafts, drawing and handicrafts, etc. There is a Marushattal made of only one single tree. This is known as the Kasthamandap. Kathmandu has got its name after that Kahthmandap. The pleasant parts of Hanuman Dhoka, the temple of Taleju Bhawani, Panchmukhi Hanuman temple, the temple of Kumari (Living Goddess), the Shiva-Parvati Temple, Sri Ganeshsthan, Gaddi Baithak (Place for coronation) etc., have decorated the Kathmandu Durbar square. Read more about Kathmandu Durbar Square.
The Malla Kings ruled over Kathmandu from palace Since king Pratap Malla’ established an icon of Hanuman (the monkey-god) in front of the palace, it was popularly known as Hanumandhoka. King Prithvi Narayan Shah made the palace and capital of unified Nepal after he conquered Kantipur (Kathmandu). One can see the masterpiece of Nepali art and architectures in the square. The interesting monuments and sites include Basantapur palace, Taleju temple, museum, Kumari House, Nagara (kettle-drum), and a big bell. Shiva Parvati temple, Kal Bhairav temple, Gaddhi Eaithak, statue of Pratap Malla and the nine-storied palace are other attractions here. The Kasthamandap (Marusattal), located on the western side of the palace, is believed to be made from the wood of a single tree. Nowadays, the square is also known as Kathmandu Durbar Square or Basantapur Durbar Square. It has been developed as the tourist hub. The site was recognized by UNESCO and was registered on its list in 1972 AD.
Popular Places to visit in Nepal > No. 2: Bhaktapur Durbar square: World Heritage Site in Nepal
Located in the Bhaktapur district, it was also the form where the Malla kings ruled over their kingdoms. Bhaktapur Durbar square is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. The Bhaktapur Durbar Square is an example of cultural and ancient crafts, drawings and handicrafts. It is full of the temples made in the Pagoda and Shikhara designs. The fifty -five windows Durbar and Sundhokha (Golden gate) built during the regime of Malla king and the statue of Bhupteendra Malla and the five stories temple (Panch Talle Mandir) built by the king Bhupteendra Malla is found in this city.
It has the elegant heritages like Nyatapol temple (tallest temple in Nepal), a statue of King Bhupatindra, Fifty-Five Windowed Palace, Golden Gate, National Art Museum, Dattatreya Temple, the Barking Bell, Batsala temple, etc. The Fifty-Five Windowed Palace is considered wood carving. The site was included in the World Heritage List in 1979 A.D. Besides these, the Dattatreya Temple, Sunchara Pokhari, and amazing ponds etc. are the artistic works which have not only made the city incomparable but also worth seeing.
The Golden Gate is the main entrance to the courtyard of the place with 55 windows. It was built by King Pratap Malla and is one of the most beautifully and richly carved specimens of its kind in the entire world. Most of the cultural sites of Nepal have been damaged by the devastating earthquake 2072 B.S. The government is yet to build them. Read more
Popular Places to visit in Nepal > No. 3: Lalitpur Durbar Square: World Heritage Site in Nepal
Patan Durbar Square also known as Lalitpur Durbar Square is located in Lalitpur district in the valley. Lalitpur Durbar Square is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. Lalitpur Durbar Square is remarkable for cultural and ancient crafts, drawings and handicrafts in Nepal. The stupas, Rato Machchhindra Nath, and other various temples build from the period of Ashoka to the period of Malla dynasty are still adding the aesthetical beauty to this city. The twenty-one spires (Gajurs) of Krishna Mandir are completely made of stone.
Besides it, the windows of elephant bones (hides), the statue of Yog Narendra Malla, Taleju temple, stone tape, and ponds, etc. are the artistic works of Lalitpur Durbar Square. It was the residence of Malla kings during the Medieval (Malla) period. There are the three main country yards in the palace: Mul Chowk, Sundari Chowk, and Keshav Narayan Chowk. The square is full of temples, shrines, Chowks, taps, ponds and antique crafts, carvings, and paintings. The Krishna temple built in the Shikhar style with 21 pinnacles is the gorgeous temple made up of stone. It is a temple of Lord Krishna, a Hindu god. The Royal Bath, another stone architecture, is the master piece of Malla art. The other temples like Kumbheswor Mahadev, Rato Machbindranath, Bhimsen, Maha Bouddha, a statue of Yog Narendra, the windows of elephant bones and hides, etc. are of the great interest to the visitors. It was enlisted in the World Heritage Sites in 1979 A, D. Read more
Popular places to visit in Nepal are 10 World Heritage Sites. Nepal is a small mountain landlocked kingdom is the world. Popular Places to Visit in Nepal. Get here 10 World Heritage Sites.
Popular Places to visit in Nepal > No. 4: The Pashupatinath temple: World Heritage Site in Nepal
The Pashupatinath temple is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. The Pashupatinath temple is regarded as a very special and popular temple among the religious sites of Nepal. This temple is situated at a distance of 4 km away in the north east of Kathmandu. Situated on the bank of the holy River Bagmati in Kathmandu district, Pashupatinath temple is the very sacred pilgrimage for the Hindus all around the globe. The Lichchhavi kings have laid Shivaling of this temple.
Thereafter, the Malla kings made it more beautiful and attractive by converting it into two stories. People of different castes and religions comet o this temple to worship with great respect. Likewise, devotees from abroad come to worship Lord, Shiva. It covers the areas like Jaya Bageshwori, Gaushala, Pinglasthan, Deupatan, Gaurighat, Kutumbahal. etc. The Shleshmantak forest, Aaryaghat (crematorium) and Guheshwori temple add additional glory to the site. The forest, Kailash, and Ghat around Pashupatinath temple have made the surrounding environment attractive, beautiful and worth seeing it. This temple is very important from the religious point of view. It is one of the holiest spots for Hindus. The main temple is situated on the bank of the Bagmati River which is a tributary of the holy Gangajee river of India.
The Pashupatinath temple is built in the pagoda style that has golden pinnacle and silver doors. There are around 492 temples, Sattals, Devalayas, Chaityas, shrines and around 1,000 Shivalingas in the site. The Pashupati Development Trust has been actively working to promote and preserve the site. The site got its name registered in the World Heritage List of UNESCO in 1972 A. D. Read more about Pashupatinath Temple.