3. Engineering and engineer
Engineering is the application of scientific, economic, social, and practical knowledge in order to invent, design, build, maintain, research, and improve structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes. Designing, measuring and examining the road, bridge, house, shopping center comes under engineering. Dams, tunnels and tower designing for electricity production also come under this. Mechanical and computer engineering is also occupation related to engineering. An engineer is a professional practitioner of designing of the building, concerned with applying scientific knowledge, mathematics and ingenuity to develop solutions for technical, societal and commercial problems. Engineers design materials, structures and systems while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost. They monitor and supervise the construction work.
Engineer helps in modern construction and designing. They have solved the problem such as making pillars in the rivers during the construction of the bridge. They develop solutions for technical, societal and commercial problems in every step of construction. They make conformation of the holding capacity and sustainability of construction. They also ensure the responsibility of the construction against the earthquake.
4. Agriculture Expert
Agriculture is also an occupation. Agriculture experts and veterinary doctors fall under occupation related to agriculture. They have obtained qualifications and experience in the field of plant science and animal science. Agricultural University has been established in Nepal. In this university agriculture-related teaching, study and research are conducted. Researches are conducted with an aim of finding new ideas and development.
In this chapter, we will discuss the introduction to agricultural expert and veterinarian, their importance and qualification for their eligibility for this occupation.
There are different sectors in agriculture. A person having detail knowledge on any one sector are known agriculture expert. Experts help in providing technical support for the production of quality seeds, protection of crop from diseases and its prevention. They use modern technology for this purpose. Cereals and vegetable production, fishery, bee keeping and livestock production, floriculture are the areas of agriculture. Agronomy expert, horticultural expert etc. comes under agricultural profession.
For obtaining a bachelors degree in agriculture, one’s should pass intermediate or PCL or HSEB level from science faculty with a minimum of 50%marks. A person who completed diploma in agriculture after SLC is also eligible for entrance. One’s can work as an agricultural expert after completing B.Sc. in agriculture. Four years course is designed for this level. TU (IAAS), AFU, Purbaanchal University and their affiliated colleges enroll student every year. Furthermore
M.Sc. and Ph. D. degree can be obtained to become a high level profession in agriculture. Agriculture is an indispensable part of human life. A farmer has its role in crop production, protection, and storage. They are technically assisted by an agricultural expert. Economic development of nation can be obtained by agricultural development and in this agricultural expert have a vital role. As our country is an agricultural country, agricultural expert has a major role. As there is variation in climate, weather and geography in our nation, agricultural expert is needed for cultivation in the scientific and effective way.