Marriage in Nepal – Nepali Marriage Rituals, Customs and System


Marriage in Nepal – Nepali Marriage Rituals, Customs and System

Marriage in Nepal: – Marriage is one of the biggest and the happiest moment of life that everybody should go through. (Though some are exceptional).

When a man and a woman want to take their relationship to the next level where they want to share everything between them, they make it official through marriage. Marriage is an essential part of human civilization. It brings love, joy, togetherness, and pleasure in human lives, families, and societies.

In Nepal, marriage is taken as the unity of two souls and it is believed that marriages are made in heaven. Still, the traditional way of marriage is prevalent in most parts of the country while the modern marriage system is getting popular gradually in the cities areas.

Generally, arranged marriage is still most popular in Nepali societies while the love marriage is rising gradually. There are various castes, religions, traditions, and cultures in Nepal. So, marriage rituals may differ from one religion to another, one caste to another.

In this article, we are focusing on Nepali Marriage custom, Hindu wedding system, Newari marriage in Nepal, Gurung Marriage system and Sherpa Marriage rituals.
Traditional Hindu Wedding system,
Nepali Marriage custom,
Newari marriage in Nepal,
Gurung Marriage system in Nepal
Sherpa Marriage rituals in Nepal

In this article, I am going to describe a typical marriage ritual in Nepal. Most of the marriage rituals have common parts but they may differ in their rituals.

This is an overall arranged marriage system adopted in Nepal and in this system, a bride, groom, and their families don’t know each other. In Nepal, when a man turns 25 and a woman turns 20, their families start to gossip about their marriage. So, let us view from the boy’s perspective.


Top Ten Website for Nepali Girls for Marriage

The family member especially, father and mother of a boy start to search for a suitable girl for their son. They either hire a special person to look after girls or communicate with their relatives so that they can help them. Most of the families here still don’t give priority to the inter-caste marriage. So, they basically search the girl of their own caste. Only a few of them are willing for inter castes.

Importance of marriage in Nepal

Marriage, likewise called marriage or wedlock, is a socially or customarily perceived joining between life partners that build up rights and commitments between those mates, and additionally amongst them and any subsequent natural or embraced youngsters and liking (in-laws and another family through marriage).

The meaning of marriage shifts far and wide amongst societies and between religions, as well as all through the historical backdrop of any given culture and religion, advancing to both grow and choke in who and what is enveloped, yet normally it is basically an establishment in which relational connections,  are recognized or endorsed.

In a few societies, marriage is prescribed or thought to be obligatory before seeking any physical relation action. At the point when characterized extensively, marriage is viewed as a society all inclusive. A wedding function is known as a wedding.

People may wed for a few reasons, including legitimate, social, libidinal, and passionate, money related, profound, and religious purposes. Whom they might be affected by socially decided tenets of interbreeding, prescriptive marriage rules, parental decision, an individual want. In a few zones of the world, organized marriage, tyke marriage, polygamy, and now and again constrained marriage, might be drilled as a social custom.

On the other hand, such practices might be banned and punished in parts of the world out of worries of the encroachment of ladies’ rights, or the encroachment of youngsters’ rights (both female and male kids), and in light of the universal law.

In created parts of the world, there has been a general pattern towards guaranteeing break even with rights inside a marriage for ladies and lawfully perceiving the relational unions of interfaith, interracial, and same-gender couples. These patterns agree with the more extensive human rights development.

Marriage can be perceived by an express, an association, a religious specialist, an inborn gathering, a neighborhood group, or companions. It is regularly seen as an agreement.

At the point when a marriage is performed and completed by an administration establishment as per the marriage laws of the locale, without religious substance, it is a common marriage. Common marriage perceives and makes the rights and commitments natural for marriage before the state.

At the point when a marriage is performed with the religious substance under the support of a religious establishment, it is a religious marriage. Religious marriage perceives and makes the rights and commitments characteristic of marriage before that religion.

Religious marriage is referred to differently as sacrosanct marriage in Catholicism, nikah in Islam, nissuin in Judaism, and different names in other confidence customs, each with their own imperatives regarding what constitutes, and who can go into, a substantial religious marriage.

A few nations don’t perceive privately performed religious marriage all alone and require a different common marriage for official purposes. Then again, respectful marriage does not exist in a few nations administered by a religious legitimate framework, for example, Saudi Arabia, where relational unions contracted abroad won’t be perceived on the off chance that they were contracted in opposition to Saudi translations of Islamic religious law.

Marriage in Nepal – Nepali Marriage Rituals, Customs and System

In nations represented by a blended mainstream religious lawful framework, for example, in Lebanon and Israel, privately performed common marriage additionally does not exist inside the nation, avoiding interfaith and different relational unions negating religious laws from being gone into in the nation, be that as it may, common relational unions performed abroad are perceived by the state regardless of whether they strife with religious laws (on account of acknowledgment of marriage in Israel, this incorporates acknowledgment of interfaith common relational unions performed abroad, as well as abroad same-gender common relational unions).

Since the late twentieth century, significant social changes in Western nations have prompted changes in the socioeconomics of marriage, with the period of first marriage expanding, fewer individuals wedding, and a greater number of couples cohabiting as opposed to the wedding. For instance, the number of relational unions in Europe diminished by 30% from 1975 to 2005.

Generally, in many societies, wedded ladies had not very many privileges of their own, being considered, alongside the family’s kids, the property of the husband;[citation needed] in that capacity, they couldn’t possess or acquire property, or speak to themselves legitimately (see for instance covertures).

In Europe, the United States, and different places in the created world starts in the late nineteenth century and enduring through the 21st century, marriage has experienced progressive lawful changes, went for enhancing the privileges of the spouse.

These progressions included giving spouses lawful characters of their own, abrogating the privilege of husbands to physically train their wives, giving wives property rights, changing separation laws, giving wives conceptive privileges of their own, and requiring a wife’s assent when physical relations happen.

These progressions have happened principally in Western nations. In the 21st century, there keep on being debates in regards to the lawful status of wedded ladies, legitimate acknowledgment of or mercy towards savagery inside marriage (particularly sexual viciousness), customary marriage traditions, for example, share and lady of the hour cost, constrained marriage, eligible age, and criminalization of consensual practices, for example, premarital and extramarital physical relation.


Marriage can be perceived by an express, an association, a religious specialist, an innate gathering, a nearby group, or companions. It is frequently seen as an agreement.

At the point when a marriage is performed and done by an administration establishment as per the laws of the ward, without religious substance, it is a common marriage. Common marriage perceives and makes the rights and commitments characteristic of marriage before the state.

At the point when a marriage is performed with the religious substance under the support of a religious establishment, it is a religious marriage. Religious marriage perceives and makes the rights and commitments natural for marriage before that religion.

Religious marriage is referred to differently as holy marriage in Catholicism, nikah in Islam, nissuin in Judaism, and different names in other confidence customs, each with their own particular requirements in the matter of what constitutes, and who can go into, a substantial religious marriage.

Once the word spreads for the pursuit of a qualified life partner, different proposition originates from alternate gatherings. From that point, a reasonable prep/companion is picked based on their standing, class and instructive foundation.

Additionally, their character is watched and in the event that they go in every one of these criteria, at that point with the endorsement of the eventual life partners, the marriage date is settled. As a rule in such cases, the Lahmi (center lady) brings the proposition and if everything goes well then they are remunerated for bringing the best proposition.

Likewise coordinating the horoscope of the kid and the young lady is viewed as essential for upbeat conjugal life. They are analyzed and a date is set for the wedding function. Before the genuine wedding, more often than not, a little or an intricate engagement service (contingent on the money related status of the lady of the hour’s family) happens.

Here, a male part from the lady of the hour’s gathering presents the ring to the prep and the other way around. Additionally, the lady of the hour’s gathering offers presents to the prep’s side.

a happy bridegroom smile picture
A smiling Nepali bridegroom

On the genuine wedding day, the lady of the hour’s gathering goes to the wedding setting (on the off chance that it is unique in relation to the lady of the hour’s home) sooner than the prep’s gathering (Janti) with a specific end goal to welcome them.

The prep sits tightly in the vehicle for his in-laws come and welcome him in. A few individuals from the Janti goes first conveying a few plates (Saipato) one with a letter of welcome for the wedding from the prep, and others with organic product, dry natural products, garments and gems, and so forth which is later returned back with the lady of the hour.

At that point, the Swayambar happens where the lady of the hour and prepare trade their wreath and rings. Afterward, they are taken to the Jaggey (a sitting spot improved with blooms and fire lit in the center) where the marriage ceremonies are performed.

The guardians do the Kanyadaan (giving endlessly the little girl under the control of the prepare) and the prepare puts Sindur and Potey (Vermillion powder and dot accessory) to the lady of the hour proclaiming her to be his significant other. Devours and endowments are trailed by the bidai (leave) of the lady of the hour that closures the wedding function.

In Europe, the United States, and different places in the created world starts in the late nineteenth century and enduring through the 21st century, marriage has experienced continuous legitimate changes, went for enhancing the privileges of the spouse.

These progressions included giving spouses legitimate characters of their own, nullifying the privilege of husbands to physically train their wives, giving wives property rights, changing separation laws, furnishing wives with conceptive privileges of their own, and requiring a wife’s assent when physical relations happen. These progressions have happened basically in Western nations.

All social affairs in Nepal take after some sort of family, parentage, or neighborhood dive add up to exogamy, at any rate through the fifth time. Hypergamy isn’t all things considered rehearsed adjacent to among several Rajputs in the Terai and a couple of interethnic social affiliations where exchange offs are made between custom status and class.

All things considered, for a couple of parties social affiliations incorporate hypergamous relations among families and heredities as a post facto inevitable result of the higher status agreed on life accomplice takers over companion providers. For most high-standing Hindu social events offer and lady of awesome significance riches is a key factor in social affiliations and a sign of the status of the families included.

Circumstantially, for most Tibetan-and Tibeto-Burman-talking bunches a custom and reliably noteworthy part are made by the prepare to the lady of awesome significance’s family. Cross-cousin marriage isn’t exhausted among different social events, for example, the Sherpa and Hindu standing parties.

Regardless, the Thakuri allow and grade toward cross-cousin matrilateral marriage. Differing social events, for example, the Tamang and Nyinba lean toward two-sided cross-cousin marriage. If all else fails, most social affiliations are made between couples of a similar age.

In any case, the customary time of marriage partners is developing as planning winds up being more basic and accessible. Monogamy is the most by and large saw kind of marriage in Nepal, paying little respect to the way that a couple of Individuals in various social gatherings moreover hone polygyny. Diverse Tibetan-talking individuals, for example, the Nyinba, Sherpa, and Baragaonli hone assortment sorts of amicable polyandry.

All through Nepal, most social associations are engineered by the Parents of the couple, however with contrasting degrees of commitment and control. Among high-rank Hindus, social associations have regularly been organized altogether through the decisions of the couples’ families.

Youthful colleagues and women of Tibeto-Burman-talking packs in the middle inclines, on the other hand, have more occasions to speak with each other and may induce their people just to sort out wedding administrations for them. A remarkable, and perhaps more astounding than certifiable sharpen among Tibeto-Burman-talking groups is companion get.

In such a case, following the abducting of a woman, both she and her family need to agree to a marital game-plan or the relationship is separated. Eloping is generally penetrated among more destroyed families. After marriage, couples frequently live with the mate’s more inaccessible family for different years.

In any case, among the Sherpa marriage occurs in stages, perhaps for an impressive period of time. In this way, a couple may continue living with their different natal families for a significant long time and simply visit each other. Once the life partner’s enrichment is arranged and also they have adolescents, they move in together.

In bundles, all through Nepal young life partners foresee passing by their natal families in the midst of their underlying couple of years of marriage. It isn’t extraordinary for women to leave their life partners and return to their natal family or for men to leave their spouses and shape a relationship with another wife.

Marriage Age in Nepal

Marriage is the process by which two people make their public, official and permanent relationship. It is the union of two people in a bond that supposedly lasts until death, but in practice, it is often interrupted by divorce. In the course of a relationship that can last up to seven or eight decades, many things happen. Personalities change, bodies age and romantic love grows and decreases.

Traditionally, marriages in Nepal are organized by their respective families. It is not uncommon for parties to decide when the two individuals are still children. However, child marriages in Nepal, as in most countries in the rest of the world, are illegal and, therefore, the couple waits until adulthood to complete their marital rites.

Traditionally, families in Nepal consider a number of factors before organizing a marriage. These factors may include caste (traditionally, marriages do not occur in castes), religion, ethnic origin and also the consideration of family ties in an effort to build loyalties.

It is important that arranged marriage and forced marriage in Nepal not be confused. It is not a normal practice for families in Nepal who are organizing marriages to force their children to marry someone they do not wish to marry. The children are also consulted and it is important that they consent to the marriage.

However, it is worth noting that there is a slow change in Nepal from arranged marriages to “love” marriages, that is, individuals now have more freedom in Nepal to choose who they want to marry without family interference. There is also a change in Nepal towards caste marriage (which traditionally strongly resisted) and between ethnic groups.

Sherpa weddings and marriages differ considerably from Hindu and Buddhist weddings. Sometimes, the marriage rites for the couple are completed years before the actual wedding ceremony and, consequently, the couple can even have their children attend the wedding!

The wedding customs in Nepal vary according to ethnic groups and castes. Nepal, have different types of wedding ceremonies due to the cast and creed varieties. Weddings in the metropolitan have parades or cart for wedding processions; full band instruments like trumpets and trombones, fairy lights throughout the house which naturally is more expenses.

The wedding in Nepal is a multi-day event, which can encompass an entire village. In its essence, it reveals the very strong social and community values ​​of the Nepalese people. Few things in the Nepalese culture have priority over a wedding and most people consider the moment as the opportunity of their life and the time to rest and celebrate with varieties of food, fun and dancing.

Weddings usually take place at the tender age of Nepal. It is normal for boys and girls to get married during adolescence, but in some cases at very young ages. The wedding procedure usually begins with an arrangement of a boy and a girl with a similar background; Often with the help of a priest who is well known as a matchmaker.

Between the parents of the two families, the meeting takes place. In a concerted marriage, it is the parents who choose the partners of their children. An additional note on arranged marriage: although parents choose individuals, children are usually given a voice to accept or reject marriage. However, there are cases in which a couple is not seen for the first time until the ceremony begins.

In a love marriage, it is the boy and girl who choose their partner. Today, both types of marriage can be found throughout the country, but what predominates is arranged marriage.

The formal and informal rules on marriage in Nepal vary significantly among regions, ethnic groups and castes.

For example, the Gurung believe that cross-cousin marriage is permissible, whereas many Brahmins consider it forbidden in Hinduism. People often look within their socioeconomic group, caste or ethnicity to choose possible partners.

The age at marriage (or age at marriage) is the minimum age at which the law allows a person to marry, either as a right or subject to parental or judicial approval or otherwise. Age and other prerequisites for marriage vary from one jurisdiction to another, but in the vast majority of jurisdictions, the age of marriage as a right is established at the age of majority.

However, most jurisdictions allow marriage at an earlier age with parental or judicial approval, and some also allow younger people to get married if the woman is pregnant. Until recently, the marriageable age of women was lower in many jurisdictions than in men, but in many places, it has now risen to men’s.

According to the Registration of Marriages Act, the legal minimum age for marriage in Nepal is 20 years for girls and boys. They can marry at 18 with the consent of the parents.

The Nepalese way of life is completely different compared to the West. The inheritance will be if it is one and it will be divided in equal parts if there are more. Married couples almost always live with the parents of the groom. Traditionally, the couple will live in the parents’ house or eventually build their own house when possible.

The ceremony is a very serious matter for the two young people. The bride wears the red dress, which is the color for marriage. Often, she sheds tears when the time comes to leave. This may be a true feeling of fear of leaving home and family or may simply be a traditional requirement. But many girls can not wait to give up the boredom of their lives and hope to have a family of their own.

As we have seen the different ways of getting married, such as weddings in the air during skydiving, underwater weddings in the ocean during diving, weddings in the highest peak in the world, Mt. Everest during the expedition there are many more unique ways to appreciate the time of life. The traditional Nepalese wedding is one of those experiences to gather.

As marriage under the tender age is termed as child marriage. Hereinafter, no one shall enter into child marriage. Such a marriage shall be nullified and the parties and a person involved shall be liable for imprisonment from three months to One year. The Purohit (Priest) and other accessories shall be liable for a fine of Two Hundred Rupees each.

Types of marriage

Arranged marriage:

Organized marriage is famous among Hindu culture in Nepal and the Hindus’ trust that the relational unions are made in paradise. Once the child or little girl move toward becoming at the period of marriage, the guardians search for the prepare or lady of the hour through relatives or individuals they know, they can be called a centerman or we call “Lami” in Nepali.

Once the prepare or lady is discovered then the guardians will go to the Astrologers/ministers to counsel and check and affirm whether the lady of the hour and the prepare made for each other.

For this reason, both the lady of the hour and the prepares star signs are coordinated. The center individual or the lami, who goes about as a detachment for both the families is associated with all game plan of the wedding. Weddings begin with the assurance of the exact dated set by the celestial prophets.

They can be held just amid certain propitious seasons which tumble from the April through June and January through February. Weddings grasp the rich social convention extending more than a few days. The service begins within the wake of having engagement (when the lady of the hour and prep trade ring and wreath).

Love marriage:

This sort of marriage is winding up more well known in Nepal. nowadays as there are not choices of picking the life accomplice in organized marriage, the new age has begun to pick their life accomplice them self and if the guardians of the two families have concurred with their decision then they will mastermind the wedding as per the Arranged marriage and if any of the family isn’t concur then they leave the family and get married themselves and begin new family.

later on, the parent will call them to return since the parent can’t leave their youngsters for a long time along these lines, they acknowledge whatever slip-up the kids made as the kids are dependably kids according to guardians and the kids additionally may conciliatory sentiments for being devoted to guardians and will come back to guardians.


Court marriage:

A portion of the couples when they are content with each other’s and even their folks are consent to get married then they simply will go to the court and get marriage authentication.

Polyandry framework in Nepal:

In the North West piece of Nepal like Humla, Dolpo, and Mustang, the general population is honing polyandry marriage framework too, and Nepal’s northern fringe with Tibet is a high Himalayan district tenant by Tibeto Burman Mongoloid individuals. The Tibetan talking people groups of those zones are for the most part alluded as Bhote (Tibetian) individuals.

The polyandry framework is taken as the cause that encourages them to adjust well in the cruel biological climatic condition and in addition, tie the family in place and hold the family properties together and there are sure purposes for the polyandry convention in these towns

for example, the cultivating land is nearly nothing and generation is especially less contrasted with the endeavors for developing in this way If all siblings of the families are hitched with various ladies that will prompt detachment of the family which will bring about the division of land and property which implies less sustenance creation.

Polyandry is no more a popular thing particularly outside that zone, occupants of neighboring Nepali towns snicker at the polyandry spouses and Sharing wife is a despicable thing.” for others.


The Polygamy is an old culture in Nepali society as Nepal was led by the government and the lords of Nepal or the rich individuals of Nepal used to get marriage with at least 2 ladies and those used to be regarded who used to have at least 2 spouses as it was the way of life of Nepal anyway it is illicit to get marriage with at least 2 ladies in Nepal.

nowadays and for some reasons, there are still a few instances of this issue in Nepal and I figure, it will enhance when all the individual are instructed and they will know and see each other before they get numerous relational unions.

Divorce or Separation in Nepal:

As indicated by the Nepali culture, the couples are made in paradise thus, typically the instances of the separations are uncommon in Nepal as it is a social issue and the ladies will endure despite the fact that they are smothered by the spouses as the man of Nepal don’t get married to those ladies who are as of now wedded and separated.

the men likewise need to pay or give the half of his property when he gets separate from in this way, they are not prepared to separate but rather nowadays, the separation cases in Nepal are expanding reason for individuals would prefer not to live in concealment and individuals now are more taught along these lines, they abandon each other when they don’t care for each other.

Dowry system marriage:

Each lady needs to go to her significant other’s home when they are hitched in Nepali culture and this is a characteristic marvel in the general public of Nepal too and the spouse needs to take things/property to her in-laws home, which is called as “Endowment”.

An endowment can be the cash, products or domain that lady of the hour conveys to prep home in her marriage. the Dowry is currently can be characterized as constrained money related and material course of action to be given by the guardians of the lady of the hour to the guardians of the prepare as a basic state of the marriage.

It is one of the social malice yet at the same time honed in our general public as a culture and has turned into a major issue in the Terai locale of Nepal for the poor families who can’t offer property on their little girl’s wedding anyway it is illicit to request the property from the prep family on his child marriage and I figure it ought to be actualized unequivocally.

A Traditional Hindu Wedding

On a little road of Kathmandu individuals from an ensemble, wearing red and white clothing, playing metal and society instruments work up a tune from a prevalent Hindi tune that generally deciphers as: “Will take away, will take away, the healthy will take away the lady of the hour.”

Following them, dazed youths move uninhibitedly and revile the cool climate. Not a long ways behind is a most recent, sparkling white Maruti designed resplendently with beautiful blossoms, genuine and those made of paper.

On the entryways, the two sides, vast initials in thin red and blue paper are glued: “P+K”. A couple of paces back are older folks, ladies, young ladies, youngsters and prepare’s companions in the parade. Passersby and visiting bystanders interruption to look and hope to delay individually.

Above, spectators from the houses along the road stick their heads out from the windows and patios to show signs of improvement see. On the rearward sitting arrangement of the auto they prepare, in a tuxedo and customary Nepali top, looks sprightly and somewhat on edge.

A dash of a tika speaks his brow, and festoons wreathed out of regular blossoms and dubo (an evergreen grass) is hung around his neck covering his shoulders. It is wedding time and they prepare is en route to bring his lady of the hour away with him.

Customary style weddings, however, influenced by the requests of present-day times, are as yet pervasive among Brahmins, Chhetris, and some Newars and are a treat to watch and enjoyable to be a piece of. The marriage seasons customarily keep running from January to mid-March, mid-April to mid-June, and again from mid-November to mid-December.

marriage rituals, customs, system in Madhesh, Nepal
marriage rituals, customs, system in Madhesh, Nepal

On the off chance that relational unions are made in paradise, it is truly so in the Hindu framework in light of the conviction that every real occasion of life is impacted by radiant bodies; that is, by the stars, planets, moons et cetera.

Strict adherence to visionary and custom parts of the Vedas, Holy Scriptures going back 5,000 years or more, stands confirmation to this conviction framework. Hindu marriage is an unwieldy procedure.

A straightforward errand of settling the marriage date, for instance, requires a conference with a stargazer who is not a relative and on occasion an aggregate outsider. He settles on a favorable date, or Subha Sahit, in the wake of gauging the impacts of the divine bodies on the lady and prep in light of the dates and times of their introduction to the world.

Settling the date is, however, an end of a long, dreary procedure of setting everything on a correct course. Going before it is a maze of exercises, such as coordinating of kundalini and contrasting and crosschecking of gotras, or hereditary genealogies, of the couple. Relational unions inside same gotras up to five or six eras are viewed as unholy and undesirable.

In the wake of coordinating the kundalini and focusing in on the Subha Sahit, another custom is Kura Chhinne or engagement service. Purohits or Brahmin ministers of the two families orchestrate a meeting at the lady of the hour’s place. The prep’s minister visits (a deride one nowadays) alongside his siblings, cousins, and companions.

After some melodious trades and consultation, the lady of the hour’s dad acknowledges the proposition made for prepare’s benefit and offers paan and Supari (betal and areca nuts) by a method for the welcome.

On the big day, the janti or parade, comprising of the perp’s relatives, relatives and companions, set out for the lady of the hour’s home. The euphoric parade, as a rule, accompanied by a melodic band, enjoys move and fun up and down the way. The parade prevents a couple of hundred yards from the lady of the hour’s place and a gathering of five or six is sent with products of the soil letter educating the janti’s entry and encouraging them to prepare for the welcome.

This gathering, additionally called bhatkhaure, is required to illuminate those accountable for the arrangements the quantity of individuals in the parade and to take the supply of the circumstance by tasting the neighborliness before others.

For no particular reason purpose, the bhatkhaures are served tea bound with hot flavors and offered a seat on the floor that either has the mustard seed or thorny shrubs underneath secured by a thin sheet of material. The hatchuresbhatkhaures than lead they prepare and the others to the lady of the hour’s home.

The lady of the hour’s home, the marriage scene, is studded with brilliant twinkling lights and bright papers cut in various shapes.

The marriage commences with Swayamvar, which actually signifies ‘Picking the Groom by the Bride’. Previously, the lady of the hour had the privilege to pick one among the numerous suitors and not simply offer into her folks’ decision as so regularly happens nowadays.

Nowadays the dominant part of relational unions, be that as it may, are a mix of affection marriage and masterminded marriage. Subsequent to beginning to look all starry eyed at, the couple admits to their folks later, and request that they mastermind it all.

The swayamvar service starts with the lady of the hour revolving around they prepare thrice while giving the dilute a chance to tip from omkhara (conventional water vessel) as she goes around.

The minister applies red tika, a blend of red vermilion, yogurt, and rice, to the temple of the lady of the hour and the prep. At that point, the lady of the hour, wearing a red sari and festooned in jewelry, and the prep in his luxury, trade wreaths and rings as the group from the two sides blasts into here’s to you.

Later the lady of the hour and prepare directed to a mandap or covering for long ceremonies that through the Vedic songs and petitions summon the gifts of every single Hindu god and the help of each component under the sun that will have a part in the marital existence of the couple. The five essential components of earth, air, fire, water, and sky are featured on numerous occasions.

At the mandap, a progression of custom is performed in a steady progression. Before long, the ministers begin performing puja (love). According to the bearings, the couple takes their wedding pledges. The lady of the hour and prepare tied by a white material called lagangantho before they take rounds of the blessed fire seven times.

Fire is considered as an observer to blessed marriage. It refines their union and shields them from hurt later on. By surrounding the blessed fire seven times the couple pay due regard to the seven incredible sages who, in folklore, are believed to be the ancestors of individuals on earth.

Another critical custom is Kanyadaan where the lady of the hour is formally given over to the prepared by her dad. In the long run, they prepare applies sindoor (vermilion) to the lady’s sinudo (the segment of hair at the highest point of her temple) with a heavenly material.

The men of the hour at that point ties tilhari, jewelry of dabs and gold, around the lady of the hour’s neck. Under the Hindu convention, the sindoor and tilhari are the indications of a wedded lady.

At long last, the ministers articulate them a couple. Since his significant other is ardhangini, break even with half, they let him know, it is the preparer’s obligation to ensure her, to make her glad. They at that point favor them.

The couple is presently set to leave the setting for the prep’s place. In the towns, prepare would be conveyed in a wicker bin or would ride a steed and the lady of the hour would be carried on a doli or wooden palanquin conveyed up high by four bearers. In the city, they pass via auto.

At the prep’s home, Vitryaune, an inviting service for the lady of the hour, is performed. His family, typically sisters and cousins, welcome the couple doing arati where wicks absorbed camphor or oil are lit and spun around them.

This is to keep away shrewdness spirits and introduce favorable luck. At that point, Pathi-Bharne is performed by the prep’s mom; this is the filling of paddy or rice in a four-kilo (one pathi) holder. The lady of the hour additionally ventures in seven heaps of paddy or rice which is accepted to bring positive energies inside the house.

Hence the service closes in a positive note among festivities. What’s more, the time has come to allow the recently marries to sit unbothered.

Traditional Hindu Wedding system,
Nepali Marriage custom,
Newari marriage in Nepal,
Gurung Marriage system in Nepal
Sherpa Marriage rituals in Nepal

Nepali Marriage Rituals, Customs, and System

After the girl has been identified, then the wedding plan begins.

Generally, wedding in Nepal has three parts. They are:

  1. Pre-marriage ceremony
  2. Marriage ceremony
  3. Post marriage ceremony

1. Pre-marriage ceremony

In this ceremony, the groom with his family (Especially Father and Mother) goes to the bride’s family and asked for their daughter’s hand. In this occasion, they talk about their son and daughter respectively related to their educations, occupations, and habits.

It was the time when if the family agreed, then the marriage was confirmed. But nowadays, after the family approval, the groom and the bride meet each other and have some talks and understanding about them. After both of them agreed, the next step begins. This is called Shubhasahit in Nepal. That means to decide the auspicious date or fixing the date.

1.1. Shubhasahit

In ShubhaSahit, Groom and bride family arrange a priest and meet at the bridge house to decide the kurachhinne (engagement day) and marriage day. The priest looks both the kundalini of groom and bride, checks their gotras, compares the matching and looks for any ancestral lineages. After matching the kundalini, the priest decides the engagement day and the wedding day.

1.2 Kura chine din (Engagement day)

In engagement day, groom with his family and the relatives visit the bride house with a gun (special gifts usually given in marriage ceremony from the groom family to bride family). The bride family accepts the Sagun as the approval of the marriage and welcome the groom family. On this event, the groom and bride offer a ring to each other. Then, the tikatalo program begins where both the family members put tikas and congratulate them.

2. Marriage ceremony

On this wedding day, the bride’s family perform some puja honoring and worshipping the ancestors. This is also meant for making all the planets peace so that the wedding will be peaceful and blissful. (Note: this event is also performed before the wedding day).

Then, the janti will get ready. It is also called barati where the friends, relatives and the close one of groom gathered and do some cheerful noise followed by the musical bands. The groom with a traditional dress is carted through a well-decorated car or horse-drawn carriage and proceed to the bride house.

When the groom with jantis dancing with the musical band all along the way reaches the bride house, they are welcomed by the bride’s family. After that, a series of religious and cultural rituals take place the whole day.

2.1. Swayambhar

marriage rituals, customs, system in Madhesh, Nepal

This is the event when the bride with water in omkhara circles the groom thrice letting the water flow. The priest chants mantra where the groom and bride offer floral garlands and rings to each other.

marriage rituals, customs, system in Madhesh, Nepal
Janati or Barati

2.2 VivahMandap

marriage rituals, customs, system in Madhesh, Nepal
marriage house decoration
marriage rituals, customs, system in Madhesh, Nepal
marriage house decoration

This is one of the special functions of the wedding where most of the rituals are performed according to Hindu. VivahMandap is the well-decorated canopy where a sacred fire is lit in the middle. The priest chants mantras in Sanskrit and the couple as per directions take their wedding vows.

Then, after groom puts sindur (a red vermilion powder) on the bride’s forehead, the lagangatho ceremony takes place where the couple is tied with a white cloth before they take seven round of the sacred fire. Sindur is the symbol of married women in Nepal. Here, Groom also ties a gold necklace called tilhari. Then, it is followed by the Kanyadan ceremony.

marriage rituals, customs, system in Madhesh, Nepal
dancing while in Janati

2.3. Kanyadan

Bride's Sindoor after marriage bibah ceromoney Madhesh Terai Mithila Nepal
Bride’s Sindoor after marriage

In this ceremony, Bride’s family especially father wash the bride’s and groom’s feet with water with a copper bowl. This is also called godhadhuwa ceremony. This is the signification of giving a daughter. At this stage, the groom’s father assures to take care of his daughter and promise to love her as her daughter.

3. Post marriage ceremony

This ceremony is also called Anmaaune or Bidai ceremony after the bride’s offer wedding party. This is a farewell full of emotion and feeling of love.

The groom’s side then returns to home with Jantis dancing with the musical band. At the entrance of the groom’s house, they are welcomed by the groom’s family. Generally, the sister of the groom do some Aarti( aarati means a fire from camphor or oil revolving around with hands) and puts Tika on their forehead. This is generally done to keep away all the evil spirits.

After that, the bride takes steps upon the mold of rice over the burning lamp which is arranged in a line while entering the house. This is the significance of entering the Goddess Laxmi in the home.

Then, all the family members welcome the new bride and introduction program starts. The whole night is celebrated with parties, dance, singing, and other fun related activities. Then, the groom and bride come home and rest in their room because it is the time to leave them alone.

Bidai a time when bride is leaving her house after marriage
Bidai time – the bride is leaving her birthplace house after marriage for the first time

After a couple of days, the new couple has to return to the bride’s house which we called DulhanFarkauney to express harmony, love, and gratitude to the newly established relation. There is also Samdhibhetkaryakam.

In this way, Marriage is conducted with a positive message, love, respect, and gratitude.

But another society, a Newari community, some of the ritual is different than above described.

Traditional Hindu Wedding system,
Nepali Marriage custom,
Newari marriage in Nepal,
Gurung Marriage system in Nepal
Sherpa Marriage rituals in Nepal


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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