Relation between Nepali Culture And Religion: – Since Nepal was declared Democratic Federal Republic of the Federation, Nepalese people living in various societies in Nepal have the right to establish their own religious beliefs, which is why Nepal is known as multi-religious all over the world thereafter.
Because of their very different distribution of land, people in different regions in different ethnic groups live their way in terms of religious practice, way of life, language, culture and tradition, and always have a peaceful coexistence in society.
About 80% of the total population are Hindu followers. They live throughout the east-west of Nepal to the Mahabharat area in the north. Religious Muslims and other religious live in different parts of the country.
In Nepal, Buddhism and Hinduism have traditionally never been two separate religions for societies, which they believe have been interrelated since then, sharing the faith and worshiping common deities in temples, monasteries and mostly peregrinations of both peoples.
Although there are several religious groups in Nepal, they always live in peace and harmony. Religious conflicts are still unknown in Nepal. All Nepalis have respected the national feeling of “unity in diversity”, the specialty of Nepal, and have introduced their own reorganization in the world.
The culture of Nepal is rich and unique. Nepal’s cultural heritage has evolved over the centuries, and is also part of its religion. This multidimensional heritage encompasses the diversity of ethnic, tribal and social groups in Nepal and manifests itself in music and dance.
Arts and crafts; Folklore and folk tales; Languages and literature; Philosophy and ideology; Parties and celebrations; Food and drinks that relate culture and religion. The culture of Nepal is a collection of music, architecture, religion and literature.
This mountain kingdom is multi-ethnic and multilingual. The country is rich in unique cultural groups such as Tharu, Yadav, Ahir, Newars and others.
Culture is embedded in the high peaks of Nepal, tradition flows with its rivers, culture adheres to its valleys and religion is at the heart of its population. In summary, Nepal is a country where art, culture and religion are part of the lives of the inhabitants.
People celebrate each moment with flavor, giving novelty to the tradition without compromising its essence and tradition, and preserving the religious and cultural practice and the relationship.
These are the detailed components that connect Nepalese culture with religion.
Relation between Nepali Culture And Religion
1. Art of Nepal
The art of Nepal is unique, exotic and charming. The Nepalese expressions of classical and modern art are embedded in the daily practice of religion.
Crafts are easier to find in temples, architecture, shrines, fountains and the design of religious articles. This thriving environment is what makes a visit to the Kathmandu art galleries a pleasant and rewarding perspective.
2. The architecture
The true architecture of Nepal can be found in the temples, stupas and other religious buildings and monuments of Nepal. The temples of Nepal are generally one of three types; Pagodas, shikaras or stupas.
The stupas are strictly Buddhist temples, but the pagodas and shikaras can be Hindu or Buddhist. Buddhist temples are almost always surrounded by a wall with a defined entrance path. Often a wall of prayer wheels surrounds the temple.
Whether Hindu or Buddhist, these temples are not places of religious gatherings that are popular in Christianity and Muslim religions, but places of individual worship. Nepal The Sumpada Sangha (Heritage Society of Nepal) has compiled an inventory of 1,262 significant architectural and archaeological sites in Nepal outside the Kathmandu Valley.
Pottery flowers in Patan and Thimi, a city near Bhaktapur. The common forms of pottery are the terracotta oil lamps that illuminate the Dipawali houses during the festival and the pots decorated with peacocks and elephants.
Thangkas, a predominant form of painting, are popular with Buddhists in both Nepal and Tibet and date back to the late 14th century. These cotton paintings have a rectangular shape and are usually longer than wide.
They are framed with three stripes of Chinese blue, yellow and red brocades representing the rainbow that separates the sacred objects from the material world.
The older Thangkas were made of mineral colors, while the current Thangkas are made with plant or chemical colors. The common themes of Thangkas are images of Buddhist figures, mandala designs, the design of the wheel of life or the representation of scenes or stories.
5. Bronze figures
Bronze figures, sometimes alloyed with copper, appeared in the valley around the 8th century AD. These images usually depict religious deities or legendary figures. The most used production technique is Cire Perdue, a wax form. The images often contain embedded semiprecious stones, usually coral or turquoise, or gold with gold.
6. Dance and music.
The legend says that the dances in the Indian subcontinent originated in Lord Shiva, the Himalayas and the Kingdom of the Himalayas of Nepal, where he performed the Tandava Dance.
This shows that the dance traditions of Nepal are very old. With height and ethnicity, the Nepalese dances change slightly in style as well as in costumes. Dishka, a dance performed at weddings, involves intricate arm and arm movements.
The music and accompanying musical instruments are in line with themes that revolve around topics such as the harvest, weddings, war stories, the loneliness of a lonely girl for her love and several other themes and stories of daily life in the villages.
7. Languages and literature.
According to the 2011 census, 123 languages are spoken in Nepal. Nepal’s linguistic heritage has evolved from three main linguistic groups: the Indo-Aryans, the Tibeto-Burmans, and the indigenous peoples.
The main languages of Nepal (mother tongue in percentage) are Nepalese (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri (6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%). Magar (3%) and Bajjika (3%). Nepali is written in Devanagari script, is the official national language and serves as the lingua franca among Nepalese ethnolinguistic groups.
The Maithili language, which originated in the Mithila region of Nepal, is in fact the official language of Nepal and Madhesh in general. Maithili is spoken as a second language in Nepal. The extinct languages of Nepal are Kusunda, Madhesiya and Waling.
8. Religions and philosophy.
The 2001 census showed that 80.6% of the population was Hindu. Approximately 11% of the population follow the religion Buddhism (although many Hindu or Buddhist people often practice a syncretic mixture of Hinduism, Buddhism and / or animistic traditions).
About 3.2% practice Islam and 3.6% of the population is committed to the native Christian religion. Christianity is practiced officially for less than 0.5%. Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Nepal are together from date back more than two millennia.
Buddha was born in Lumbini and the Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu, is an ancient and famous Shiva temple of the Hindus. Nepal has several other Buddhist temples and monasteries, as well as places of worship of other religious groups.
Traditionally, Nepalese philosophical thought is rooted in the Hindu and Buddhist philosophical spirit and traditions, which include elements of Kashmir Shaivism, the Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism, Karmacharyas of Bhaktapur and tantric traditions.
Tantric traditions are deeply rooted in Nepal, including the practice of animal sacrifices. Five species of animals, always males, are considered victims: water buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens and ducks. Cows are very sacred animals and are never considered acceptable to victims.
9. Celebrations and Festivals.
Some festivals in Nepal take from one to several days. Dashain is the longest and most important festival in Nepal. In general, Dashain falls from the end of September to mid-October, right after the end of the monsoon season. It is “a day of victory over demons”.
The Newars celebrate the festival as Mohani. Tihar or Swanti and Chhath are other important festivals in Nepal. The New Year’s Day of the Nepal Sambat lunar calendar takes place at this time.
Other important festivals include Buddha Jayanti (the celebration of the birth of the Buddha), Maha Shivaratri (a feast of Lord Shiva), and during the celebrations of Maha Shivaratri, some people consume excessive drinks and charas of smoke.
The Sherpas, who are mainly at higher elevations and in the Mount Everest region, celebrate Mani Rimdu for the sake of the world. Most festivals include dance and music. During festivals and on special occasions, a variety of foods are consumed.
The Sagun Ceremony is the ritualized delivery of five foods (boiled egg, smoked fish, meat, lentil cake and rice wine) to a person who brings good luck by following the Tantric tradition.
10. The Nepalese are among the most hospitable hosts. This is the reason why tourists from near and far always like to come to Nepal. The Nepalese natives are usually rural residents who greet tourists for tea, coffee or dinner in their homes. The Nepalese are culturally warm, hospitable and loving hosts who put their hearts on their heads.
11. Nepali dress
Daura suruwal, typically known as “Labeda-suruwal”, is the traditional Nepalese dress. The dress has several religious beliefs that characterize his designs and, therefore, has remained the same for years. The Daura has eight ropes that are used to tie around the body. Eight is the lucky number in Nepalese mythology.
The Daura also has five folds or callis, which means Pancha Buddha or Pancha Ratna. And the closed neck of the Daura implies the snake around the neck of Lord Shiva. The Nepalese women’s dress is a cotton sari (Guniu), which is becoming increasingly popular in the world of fashion.
The most important rituals that are followed in Nepal are name ceremony, rice feeding ceremony, clay ceremony, Nepalese sari surrender ceremony (Guniu), wedding ceremony and mourning ritual have different roles in these rituals.
13. Cultural sites.
Surprisingly, seven of the ten World Heritage sites in Nepal are classified by UNESCO as cultural. Therefore, stupas, monasteries, temples and architecture are representatives of Nepal’s rich cultural heritage. The following area are the cultural world heritage sites of Nepal.
- Durbar Square in Kathmandu
- Patan Durbar Square
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square
- Changu Narayan Temple
- Stupa of Swayambhunath
- Temple of Pashupatinath
- Stupa of bouddhanath
In addition to World Heritage sites, there are other pilgrimage sites in Nepal that are of great cultural importance. A tour of these places will familiarize you with the rich Nepalese culture.
Barah Chhetra, Halesi Mahadev, Janakpur, Pathibhara, Tengboche which are important place in eastern Nepal
Manakaman, Gorkha, Lumbini, Muktinath, Gosainkunda, Tansen, Kathmandu valley in central Nepal
Swargadwari, Khaptad Ashram in western Nepal are famous pilgrimage sites in Nepal.
The Nepalese are great lovers of food and their food is spicy, spicy and nutritious. The cuisine of Newari and Thakali is the original flavor of Nepal. Otherwise, the Nepalese cuisine style was influenced by Indian and Tibetan cuisine.
Dal Bhat Tarkari is the typical and staple food of Nepal. The beef curry and the lamb are favorites among tourists. The food in Nepal is as diverse as the country is. The Nepalese recipes are quick to cook and eat well. Nepali food is famous for its nutritional value and its tempting taste.
The Nepalese cuisine is a bit simple, but lacks flavor. It uses spices and aromas such as ginger, garlic, coriander, pepper, cumin, chili peppers, cilantro, mustard oil, ghee and, occasionally, yak butter. Come and try some of the famous dishes of Nepal.
15. Music of Nepal
The rhythm, rhythms and ups and downs of traditional Nepali traditional music and classical music are spiritual enough to reassure and entertain them enough to encourage them. The music is associated with every event in Nepal, be it birth, marriage, festivals or national events.
The rhythm and ups and downs of traditional Nepali traditional music and classical music are spiritual enough to reassure and entertain them enough to encourage them.
The music is associated with every event in Nepal, be it birth, marriage, festivals or national events. Several songs, musical instruments and dances are associated with various religious, social and cultural lives of the Nepalese people.
Music is the heartbeat of Nepal. Music is associated with every event in life, be it festivals, festivals, weddings, birth ceremonies or funeral processions. The main genres of Nepalese music are pop, rock, folk and classical music. There are a number of other genres that still need to be cataloged.
- Traditional Nepali music.
- Newari music
- Music of Khas and
- Gurung music
- Music kirant
- Tamang music
- Music wizard
- Sherpa music
- maithili music
- bhojpuri music
- Nepali indigenous folk music
The following genera have their roots in Nepal and, therefore, are considered native. This includes:
The Newars are known for their Newari music. It consists mainly of percussion instruments, some wind instruments and no string instruments. All castes have their musical melodies and bands.
There are melodies from certain festivals and seasons and even from certain times of the day. The god of the artist Nâsadya can be found in all the places of Newar. The presence of a Newari music group in a Guthi is considered a sign of opulence.
Khas music is part of the Khas society, where castes like Damai played a variety of instruments on occasions such as weddings, births and other celebrations.
This tradition is diminishing due to the growing popularity of television, radio and other media. The Gandarva played instruments like sarangi, but even they are losing in number.
By Sudip Babu Dhakal