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Nepalese People & Nepal Faces 7 Problems in Infrastructure Development of Nepal
At first, People participation in development is a process or an approach of carrying development work. In this, stakeholders are involved at every stage of the development: planning, construction, maintenance and so on. They influence and share control over development initiatives, and the decisions and resources which affect them. It is a fact that unless the stakeholders participate in the development designed to improve their livelihoods, they will continue to miss the benefits of such development.
Secondly, It is in a way taking ownership of the project. Ownership of a project involves ensuring the widest possible participation of those who are supposed to be the beneficiaries of the project. Its essence is that the recipients drive the process. That is, they drive the planning, the design, the implementation, the monitoring and the evaluation of the project. The community and stakeholders are collaborators in activities at every stage of development process. Thus, participative methods are meant to generate a sense of ownership of decisions and actions.
For your kind information, Infrastructure Development Bank is also opened.
Importance of People Participation
It is not the only responsibility of the government to establish infrastructures of development. People shouldn’t depend on government for carrying out every development work. Moreover, the development activities conducted by government alone won’t be sustainable unless the local people accept and support them. People participation is very important in this. The people are the direct beneficiaries. Hence, if they participate, they will understand the utilities and outcome of their sweat. They love, care, preserve and promote them. It will be just opposite to it if the people don’t participate or own them up. Participating means owning. Ownership ensures transparency, accountability and proper utilization of means and resources and sustainability of the development. So there should be active participation of the people in developing infrastructures of development.
Impacts of People Participation in Nepal in Developing Infrastructures
The following are the impacts of people participation:
- The sense of ownership and pride cultivated.
- Optimum utilization of means and resources
- The social, cultural and national feeling becomes stronger from the local level.
- Benefits reach directly to the stakeholders.
- Development works will last long.
- Cost effectiveness and project efficiency ensured.
- Development pace will be faster.
Sustainable Development in Nepal
While talking about developing infrasture of Nepal, we must discuss the sustainable development in Nepal. So, as we all know that Sustainable development refers to a mode of human development. In this concept, resources used to aim to meet human needs while ensuring the sustainability of natural systems and the environment. It focuses on not only present needs but also for the needs of generations to come. In 1987, the United Nations released the Brundtland Report, which included what is now one of the most widely recognized definitions: Sustainable development is a development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
Sustainable development means the carrying capacity of natural systems with the social challenges. The concept of sustainable development has four domains: economic development, ecological or environmental protection, social development, political and cultural sustainability. These components are interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars of sustainable development.
People concerned about sustainable development suggest that meeting the needs of the future depends on how well we balance social, economic, and environmental objectives or needs–when making decisions today. Sustainable development is about finding better ways of doing things, both for the future and the present. We might need to change the way we work and live now, but this doesn’t mean our quality of life will be reduced. A sustainable development approach can bring many benefits in the short to medium term and long term. Sustainable development can also be termed ‘Durable Development’.
An “unsustainable situation” occurs when the sum total of nature’s resources is used up faster than it can be replenished. Sustainability requires that human activity only uses nature’s resources at a rate at which they can be replenished naturally. Inherently, the concept of sustainable development is intertwined with the concept of carrying capacity. Theoretically, the long-term result of environmental degradation is the inability to sustain human life. Such degradation on a global scale should imply extinction for humanity.
Development work requires natural resources. We can’t make these resources. Only a few natural resources are perennial, rest non-renewable. While using these resources for our present needs, we have to think for the use of future generation too. Natural resources shouldn’t be overused. We should use natural resources economically and selectively. Indiscriminate and overuse of resources will have negative effects on the environment. It will make the life of present and future generations including animals difficult.
Development activities and conservation of the environment should go side by side. While planning and implementing development projects, environmental effects should be properly considered. The main objective of sustainable development is to maintain balance among population, resources, environment and development. Natural resources should be available for a long time use. Appropriate use of the agricultural area, protection and conservation of natural resources, availability of water, reduction in chemical fertilizers and insecticides, production of equipment consuming lesser natural resources come under sustainable development.
The development activities which can sustain themselves for a long time are called sustainable developments.-,’Such developments are conducted as per the carrying capacity of the mother earth. They don’t degrade the environmental heritages.
Sustainable development needs high economic growth rate. Natural resources should be used judiciously in order to achieve such a growth. We shouldn’t aim to achieve high economic growth at the cost of environmental degradation. Such a growth won’t sustain itself for a long time. At the same time, we should save and invest in productive sectors. We should curtail lavish spending.
Ways of Practicing Sustainable Development
It can be practiced in the following ways:
- By controlling the use of chemicals: fertilizers and insecticides.
- By using organic manure.
- By using alternative sources of energy.
- By preventing waste of natural resources.
- By carrying out developmental works with due consideration to the environment.
- By conserving natural sources of water.
- By planning family size.
Importance and Principles of Sustainable Development
Sustainable development is very important for both present and future generations.
- It aims to provide quality of life without degrading the environment.
- It focuses on proper use of resources- ‘Waste not, want not’.
- It instills sense of responsibility and awareness in the use of resources: preserving, protecting and
- Conserving as common property.
- It encourages people’s participation in development works.
- It fosters the sense of ownership which ensures the durability of the development.
- It aims to conduct development as per the earth bearing capacity,
- It aims conservation and eco-friendly development activities.
- It aims to develop human resources and achieve sustainable development of society,
- It aims to protect bio-diversity and cultural heritage.,
- It aims to control population.
8 Problems in Development of Infrastructures in Nepal
Infrastructures for development haven’t been developed to the desired level in our country. There are many reasons for this. The main reasons are:
- Lack of capital due to poverty.
- Lack of skilled human resource and appropriate IT technology
- Difficult terrain, and lack of appropriate equipment.
- Natural calamities prone country.
- Lack of education and awareness.
- Political instability.
- Dependent mentality.
- Some religious and cultural practices hindering local means and resources.
It is very important that the infrastructures for development are properly developed for the sustainable development of the country. For this, the government shouldn’t only expect the foreign assistance. It should try and encourage the private sector, local community and individual citizen participation in developing infrastructures of development. The problems seen in this field should be analyzed and addressed appropriately.
Infrastructure Development in health sector in Nepal
The government has given top priority to health services. Many donor countries, agencies, NGOs, INGOs, and private sectors have been actively involved in improving the health condition in Nepal. The contributions made by industrialist Golchha, Dugar, Chaudhary group, Nepal Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Lion Clubs, Rotary Clubs and Nepal Jaycees, WHO, UMN, INF etc are noteworthy.
There have been several medical colleges established. Government has been encouraging doctors, nurses and health workers to go to remote places by providing them special incentives like additional allowances, scholarship for higher studies, special consideration for next posting and promotion etc.
Nations having longer life span are considered to have healthy citizens. Proper nutrition, high rate of immunity, availability of health facilities, control of infectious diseases and epidemics are vital to ensure healthy citizens with longer life expectancy. This will bring positive changes in the overall health sector.
We are coming with
- Infrastructure Development in education
- Infrastructure Development in banking
- Infrastructure Development in industry
- Infrastructure Development in tourism
Emailed by the Writer Rahul Timilsina.