- Fact about Household Head of Nepalese people:
In the year 2001, in the countryfamilies having female as head haveamplified by about 11point percent from 14.87% to 25.73%.
- Fact about Caste/Ethnicity of Nepalese people:
According to census 2011, There are 126 caste/ethnic groups reported in Nepal. Among the total population, Chhetri isthe largest caste/ethnic groups with the population 16.6% (4,398,053) followedby Brahman-Hill (12.2% ; 3,226,903), Magar (7.1% ; 1,887,733), Tharu (6.6% ; 1,737,470),Tamang (5.8% ; 1,539,830), Newar (5% ; 1,321,933), Kami (4.8% ; 1,258,554), Musalman(4.4% ; 1,164,255), Yadav (4% ; 1,054,458) and Rai (2.3% ; 620,004).
- Fact about Mother Tongue of Nepalese people:
As reported in census 211, there are 123 languages spoken as mother tongue. By 44.6 percent (11,826,953) of total population speak Nepali as mother tongue. 11.7 percent (11,826,953) of total population speak Maithali as mother tongue and population followedBhojpuri (5.98%; 1,584,958), Tharu(5.77%; 1,529,875), Tamang (5.11%; 1,353,311), Newar (3.2%; 846,557), Bajjika (2.99%;793,418), Magar (2.98%; 788,530), Doteli (2.97%; 787,827), Urdu (2.61%; 691,546).
- Religion of Nepalese people
As reported in census, there are ten types of religion categories. Hindu isfollowed by 81.3 percent (21,551,492) of the population followed by Buddhism (9%;2,396,099), Islam (4.4%; 1,162,370), ,Kirat (3.1%; 807,169), Christianity (1.4%; 375,699),Prakriti (0.5%; 121,982), Bon (13,006), Jainism (3,214), Bahai (1,283) and Sikhism (609).
- Disability in Nepalese people:
In Nepal, 513,321 population of total population (2%) found with some kind ofdisability. Of total population, 36.3 percent of population constituent of physical disability which is followed by Blindness/Low Vision (18.5%), Deaf/Hard to hearing (15.4%), Speech problem(11.5%), Multiple Disability (7.5%), Mental Disability (6%), Intellectual Disability (2.9%) andDeaf-Blind (1.8%).
- Literacy Rate of Nepalese people:
According to census 2001 and 2011, overall literacy rate (for population aged 5 years and above) has increasedfrom 54.1 percent to 65.9 percent. Compared to female literacy rate of 57.4%, Male literacy rate is higher which is 75.1 percent. In Kathmandu district, the highest literacy rate is reported which is 86.3 % and in Humla, the lowest literacy rate is reported as is 47.8%.
- Poverty profile of Nepalese people: –
More than ¼ of Nepali (7.05 million) are living below the poverty line.Approximately, the same proportions indigenous peoples are living below the poverty line in hilly region, but within this group of population, there is significant disparity: The Newari people have a relatively low poverty rate, while the population of Kumal, Sunuwar, majhi and Chepang have about 40 percent of the population who are living below the poverty line. 31.7 percent of Magars are living below the poverty line, though the poverty rate for this group declined sharply by nearly 30 percentage points during the 15-year period from 1995/96 to 2010/11 (from 61.3 percent in 1995/96 to 34.4 percent in 2003/04 and 31.7 percent in 2010/11). The progress in poverty reduction is encouraging among Tamangs whose head count poverty rate declined sharply by 32 percentage points from 61.2 percent in 2003/04 to 28.34 in 2010/11. Among other indigenous peoples, Limbu, Rai and Gurung have the poverty rate of 25.3, 22.0 and 21.7 percent respectively. Among the Newar group, rate of poverty is 10.25 percent, which is somewhat less than that of Brahmins of Hilly region.Interestingly, most of the ethnic and caste groups rank differently according to these different measures. For example, the people of various castes have the third highest poverty incidence, while in poverty severity, they rank sixth in number. Comparing them to indigenous people of hilly region shows that the Terai castes have a higher risk of being in poverty, but the level of poverty of them (poverty severity) tends to be less deep or severe than that of indigenous people of hilly region.
- Consumption Pattern of Nepalese people :-
The average yearly nominal consumption expenditure of a household is estimated to be Rs. 170,735 in Nepal, as well the average minimal per capita consumption expenditure to be Rs. 34,809. The richest 10 percent of the population are consuming more than nine-fold what the poorest 10 percent of the population are consuming. Among different castes and ethnic groups of people, there is also high variance in consumption expenditures.
- Income Patternof Nepalese people: –
Brahmins of hilly region have the highest per capita consumption among the broad caste and ethnic groups. Among the broad groups, mean consumption for Dalits is the lowest. There is wide variation among indigenous peoples. Hill and Terai Dalits, Terai castes andindigenous peoples are highly skewed towards the poorest quintile, whereas most hill Brahmins and Chhetris fall in the middle, upper middle and upper classes. These consumption patterns clearly show the disproportionate distribution of poverty among the various ethnic groups in Nepal.There is the wide variation in the distribution of income between ethnic and caste groups in Nepal. According to the income distribution chart, most of the Dalit population is focused in the lower quintiles which meanthat Dalits jointly hold only a small percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country where most of Brahmins and Chhetris, on the other hand, fall into the upper quintiles. Among the indigenous population, the distribution of income is more or less similar to distribution of income in the total population. However, certain indigenous groups experience a strikingly uneven income distribution that is masked when we examine indigenous groups in the aggregate. Particularly, the castes such as Limbus, Magars, and the Kumal, Sunuwar, Majhi, and Chepangfall disproportionately in the lower income quintiles.
- Source of income of Nepalese People:-
In the population of Newar caste, the major source of income is non-farming, whereas the population of Rai and Limbu groups heavily rely on farming. Surprisingly, for the indigenous people of terai region including Tharu, the major source of income is the non-farming sector. Remittances from relatives working abroad is the most significant source of income for Gurungs. In hilly region, Brahmins involvement is towards the non-farming sectors and Chhetri’s communityare more involve in farming. On non-farming activities, around half of all Dalit households are depended.
- Employment involvement of Nepalese People: –
The rate oflabor force participation of indigenous peoples is relatively high – more than 80 percent except for Gurung and Newar Population. This is due in part to the participation of indigenous children in the work force starting at an early age. Women’s participation in wage work and the greater ability among wealthier groups for sick or elderly people to discontinue participating in the workforce may also be contributing factors. In rural region, the Labor Force Participation Rate is typically higher in where agricultural work accompanies the much of the economic activity, than in urban areas. The unemployment rate is truly and typically higher in urban areas and lower in rural areas.
- Child labor in Nepal: –
. The Newar and Gurung children constitute a higher percentage i.e. 50 to 60 percent who are able to attend school without working compared with other indigenous children. Among the population of Rai, Magar, Limbu, Kumal, Sunuwar, Majhi and Chepang groups, only children of about 35 to 46 percent attend school without having to work.Almost working indigenous children taking two-thirdsare employed for less than 20 hours per week, whereas about one-fourth of children work 20 to 39 hours per week and 8 percent of them work more than 39 hours per week. A Rai and Limbu children of comparatively higher proportion work 40 or more hours per week.
- Agriculture involvement of Nepalese People: –
In Nepal, about three-quarters of households are families, and about one-fourth of the farm families are headed by women. Out of indigenous groups, almost all new homes are practicing agriculture whereas more than 85% of Magar families are involved in agriculture. Approximately 38% of agricultural land is cultivated by tribal families. In the mountainous areas, there are 31% functional and caste groups in Brahmin and ChhatisTerai region, which is 18% of all agricultural land. The Dalit families operate only 9% of the agricultural land. The average size of the land organized by the families of the farm in all castes and ethnic groups is 0.4 hectares between Dalite and 0.9 hectares between Terai and Terai indigenous homes. In Nepal, rice fields and vegetables are popular crops among farmers. Mecca and vegetables are generally grown in relation to indigenous people and other cultures among Dalits. This can be due to the poor quality of their land, which makes it difficult to develop more favorite crops like rice fields and wheat. On the other hand, rice and wheat are mainly grown in the Terai caste house, which are going to grow well in the fertile lowlands. The spread of agricultural mechanization in Nepal is less. Not surprisingly, the mechanization of agriculture is relatively strong in the Terai region and Tharoo farmers are more likely to use tractors, tillers and threshers than other groups. Water pumps among the lowland farmers are also more common. Almost 64 percent of the farmers increase livestock on their land and raise the goats or sheep in the same proportion as the families of the farm. Adivasi homes are very popular with homes, stems and poultices, whereas in Brahmin families, buffaloes are more popular.
- Health State of Nepalese: –
In these groups suffering from chronic diseases in Pahari Brahmin, Navar and Gurung groups, the highest rate of 15.5%, 14.1% and 13.5% of chronic disease respectively. On the contrary, Tharu, Lemu, Rai and Tamang groups are generally the lowest rate of low-rich and less educated, chronic disease, which ranges from 8.3% to 9.7%. Diseased and tribal groups have a nearly identical rate of chronic disease in many populations. Compared to women in other groups, there is a high proportion of Brahmin women suffering from chronic diseases. Generally, the proportion of people suffering from chronic diseases between the richest quintile (16.3%) is almost twice the poorest quintile (7.9%). More than 54% of the total cancer reporting population The report of this disease is more concentrated among the indigenous people of the mountain, who represent 34% of the total population with cancer. 20.5% of Dalits are the second most affected population. Other groups responsible for less than 10% of the total group cancer population. The total population suffering from specific diseases such as heart disease, respiratory problems, asthma, epilepsy, cancer, diabetes, kidney / liver problems, arthritis, hypertension and gastrointestinal diseases are in the order of 30 to 39%. High blood pressure, kidney and liver disease, and respiratory problems are major diseases after affecting indigenous people after cancer. 39% people with high blood pressure or low blood pressure, 37.3% of kidney and liver disease and 37.1% of respiratory problems are tribal people. The burden of this kind of disease is particularly high among tribal people, which has hampered their economic development and has also affected their health.
- Nepalese Access to education of Nepalese people: –
By reaching elementary school facilities, 94.7% of households have primary school access within 30 minutes of the house. Apart from Navar (9 0.4%), Hill Chetris (91.8%) and Dalit Hill (9 3.5%), the proportion of population in the first half of the year is more than 30 minutes. For the 17% of Kamaal, Sunuwar, Ex and Chepang families, the nearest primary school, 14% of Rai houses and 9% of Tamang families. Approximately 87 percent of the lowland caste has access to high school within 30 minutes of its home, followed by 86 percent neur house. Similarly, around 82% of the lowland Dalai has access to high school in 30 minutes. 80% of the remaining groups and 30% of the population have access to a house. Hill tracts are second only among hill and ethnic groups, and 65% of the houses have access to property. Hill Indigenous Peoples, New York, USA, USA
- Access to Nepali Public Hospitals and Primary Health Centers: –
Nearly 59 percent of families in Navarwa and 40 percent of the lower caste and Brahmin families have access to public hospitals or primary health care within 30 minutes. Access to households, primary health care and public hospitals is very different: 30% of these services can be accessed within 30 minutes of their home and 26% have to travel more than three hours. However, people of the Chhattis race have better access to health services than the Dalits and indigenous people in the hilly areas. Approximately 24% tribal mountain families have access to public hospitals or primary health care within 30 minutes, which is slightly more than this area, which includes 21% in 30 minutes. In the Terai area, indigenous people have 30% better access with public hospitals or PHCs in less than 30 minutes. In all castes and ethnic groups, the population of Magar and Lembu is the most harmful, 16% and 17% families are able to reach hospitals or primary care centers within 30 minutes of their homes.
- Nepalese access to banking service: –
Nearly 41% of all Nepalese families have access to the bank within 30 minutes of the house. The banks have the best access to the Navarro, about 69 percent of the households are able to reach a commercial bank within 30 minutes of their home. In other areas, after the Navar, the hill Brahmins have the best access to banks, 53% of families travel less than 30 minutes to reach the nearest commercial bank. Only 22 percent of Dalits have access to the bank within 30 minutes, which is the lowest rate of all groups in the Terai area. Nearly 30 percent of indigenous homes and 42 percent of the indigenous homes in the hill area have access to a bank within 30 minutes of their home in the hill area.
- Access to Nepal’s Market Centers: –
Approximately 71% of new homes have access to the market center within 30 minutes of their homes, followed by 54% of your caste and Terai 52% of indigenous households. Hill Chhetri’s house is less, 43 percent are able to reach the market center within 30 minutes of their home. In this regard, the Dalits of the hilly region are the most vulnerable with less than 29 percent of the families who are able to reach the market center within 30 minutes of their home. In the Terai region, Dalits have a much better reach compared to Dalits in the hilly areas, which represent 44.5%. Factors such as terrestrial factors and better transport facilities can contribute to the difference between hills and thiraidalits. 33% tribal (non-navar) families in the mountain area have access to market centers within 30 minutes, which is slightly better in the hilly areas than the Dalit group. However, the proportion of large castes such as Tamang, Rai, Gurung and Lumbu families, which account for between 22 to 30 percent and about one-fifth of the total population, should take more than three hours to reach the central market. near. Only the Dalits and Chaturthi hills have a significant proportion of their population with such a long journey time to reach the nearest market.
- Nepalese access to transport: –
About half of the total population is home to 51%, it takes less than 30 minutes to reach the nearest paved road. Only 75 percent of homes and 61 percent of Newar Brahmin families live in paved roads, which take less than 30 minutes, while only 45 percent of the villages in the hilly areas can use only 45 percent. This is probably the result of the government government’s bargain in the large areas of the Midwest and West Hills, this area has limited network of roads with roads. At least 38% of the tribal families live in the plush areas within 30 minutes from the nearest paved road, and in this group, the homes Limbu, Rai and other facilities will not be accounted for only 27%, it is less than 31% only. is. Percent. There is such a reach in 31 percent households. Castes such as Sherpa, Bhujel, Bhote and Thakli families have access to the Asphalt Road within 30 minutes of their home where they represent only 38%. Dalits have access to at least paved roads in the hilly areas, only 30 percent of the households have access to the Asphalt road within 30 minutes of their home. Families say 46% are reaching for more than three hours of closest roads, but 34% of households, Limbu and Tamang 49% and 39% for families (dalits 39%) are reaching the same level Using the Road. the problems.
- Access to Nepal’s Internet Facility: –
Navarro has the highest access rate for Internet services, 72% of Newars are able to access internet facilities within 30 minutes of their home, after which Tharu houses 58%. In mountainous clusters, the Brahminic population of the mountainous area has the best access to internet facilities, in which 56% is the opportunity to reach internet facilities within 30 minutes of your home. In the 35% area tribal people report similar access, which is below the national average of 43%. One of the indigenous people of the mountainous region is inequalities and some groups have little access to the internet. Only Magraj and Lembu families represent 23%, in the Rai households, approximately 33% and 35% of the Tamang families have internet access in 30 minutes. Many caste Tarai and Chhetri hill areas also have better access to internet services that provide equal access information for indigenous people and Dalits, 44% and 41% of families. In this sense, 22% of Dalits in the hilly region are the most harmed with the Kami families who can reach internet facilities within 30 minutes.
- Summary of Nepali service facilities: –
Between reaching the facilities and rates of caste and ethnic poverty, there is a significant correlation in Nepal. The Brahmins of the mountainous area have used more and more facilities for various facilities including paved roads, dirt roads and markets, all other groups and their poverty rates are reduced in all caste and ethnic groups. Among the groups with limited access to facilities, this poverty rate is high. It is important to remember the time required to access access features, but it is important to remember that it does not guarantee the quality of the services received.
- Tribe of Nepali people: –
There are Nepali Arya tribes in the south, where people towards the Himalayas are the people of China-Tibetan tribe. Arya tribe reside in the terai region and hilly region. Mangolian tribe lives in Hilly and mountain region. Arya tribe comprises of Brahmin, Chettri, Guota, Yadav and others where China-Tibetan tribe comprises of castes like Rai, Magar, Limbu, Gurung, Newar, Thakali etc.