Nepal Tourism Sites: Places of Pilgrimage in Nepal by District Wise to Visit for Religious Travelers


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Nepal Tourism Sites: Places of Pilgrimage in Nepal by District Wise to Visit for Religious Travelers

Journey to a shrine or other sacred place undertook to gain divine aid, as an act of thanksgiving or penance, or to demonstrate devotion is called pilgrimage. Nepal is multi-religious country. There are more than 125 nationalities. Many of them have their own religious faiths and sites of pilgrimage. The majority of the people in Nepal worship almost everything in nature. The Mighty Himalayas are worshipped as the abode of Shiva; rocks as the residences of various Gods and Goddesses; wind., forest, rivers as possessing special spirits and so on.

The tradition of pilgrimage is important in all religions. In Buddhism, there are sites like Bodh Gaya, where the Buddha received enlightenment, and Varanasi, where he delivered his first sermon. In Islam, all members of the faith are enjoined to perform the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once in their lifetime. In Christianity, Jerusalem is the most revered pilgrimage site.

People have earmarked some places or sites as more important places of penance and reverence than the others. They visit these places to overcome their sorrows, grief, and pains and to renew their religious beliefs so that they can achieve ultimate salvation. These places are called religiously important places, or holy places of pilgrimages. There are several such places in Nepal. Kathmandu Valley is called the valley of temples. There are numerous places of pilgrimages out of Kathmandu also. Each of the districts of Nepal has a minimum of one such pilgrimage site.

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There is 5 development region in Nepal. Each of the development regions has some famous places to visit. Those are pilgrimage in Nepal.

1. Eastern Development region

There is a mountainous region in the northern part, hilly region in the central part and terai region in the southern part of this development region. The highest peak in the world-Mt Everest (8848 m) and the third highest peak Mt Kanchanjungha (8598 m) are located in the northern part of this region. In 1953 Tenzing Sherpa and Edmund Hillary and in 1955 a British and Sherpa mountaineering expedition team first reached the top of these mountains respectively. This development region is irrigated by the Koshi River. The Saptakoshi river is the biggest river in Nepal. When it reaches in India it merges into the Ganges. Despite the great possibility of generating electricity, no electricity in substantial amount has been generated till date. The mid-mountain part is well-located than the mountain region. This region is also called Mahabharata mountain range which, teems with various vegetations. The Sagarmatha and Makalu Barun National Parks are in this development regionrThis region receives sufficient rainfall by the Monsoon originating from the Bay of Bengal.

There are Ilam District ( Ilam), Jhapa District (Chandragadhi), Panchthar District (Phidim), Taplejung District (Taplejung), Bhojpur District (Bhojpur), Dhankuta District (Dhankuta), Morang District (Biratnagar), Sankhuwasabha District (Khandbari), Sunsari District (Inaruwa), Terhathum District (Manglung), Khotang District (Diktel), Okhaldhunga District (Okhaldhunga), Saptari District (Rajbiraj), Siraha District (Siraha), Solukhumbu District (Salleri) and Udayapur District (Gaighat) in this regions.

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Pilgrimage of this regions is given below.

2. Central development region of Nepal

Peaks above 7000 m like Ganesh Himal, Lamtang Himal and Gauri Shankar Himal are situated in this development region. The Bagmati River flows towards south through the Kathmandu Valley. The Kathmandu Valley which has three cities: Patan, Bhaktapur and Kathmandu is very important part of this region. Hetauda, and Chjttwan are in the inner terai. There is a good transportation and communication system in these cities with the Kathmandu Valley. Other significant parts of this region are Sindhulimadi,and Dhanusha of Janakpur zone.

There are Dhanusa District (Janakpur), Dholkha District (Charikot), Mahottari District (Jaleswor), Ramechhap District (Manthali), Sarlahi District (Malangwa), Sindhuli District (Sindhuli Gadhi), Bhaktapur District  (Bhaktapur), Dhading District (Dhading Bazaar), Kathmandu District (Kathmandu), Kavrepalanchok District (Dhulikhel),  Lalitpur District (Patan), Nuwakot District (Bidur), Rasuwa District (Dhunche), Sindhupalchok District (Chautara), Bara District (Kalaiya), Chitwan District (Bharatpur), Makwanpur District (Hetauda), Parsa District (Birgunj), and Rautahat District ( Gaur) in this region.

And at last, the pilgrimage of this region are given below.

3. Western Development region of Nepal

This development region is also characterized by geographical diversity. The northern part of this region is covered by the mountain range of Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, and Manaslu. The Kali Gandaki gorge located between Dhaulagiri and Annapurna is the deepest gorge in the world. The western, central and the eastern parts of this region are irrigated by the Kali, Seti, and the Marsyangdi rivers. The world famous lakes like, Fewa, Begnas, Tilicho, etc are also located in this region. The two valleys popularly known as Manang and Mustang are in the northern part of Annapurna mountain range. The northern environment of this region is not suitable for agriculture. The southern part of Annapurna receives sufficient rain. The southern section of Lumbini zone is plain so it is more fertile.

There are Gorkha District(Gorkha), Kaski District (Pokhara), Lamjung District (Bensi Sahar), Manang District (Chame), Syangja District (Syangja), Tanahu District (Damauli), Arghakhanchi District (Sandhikharka), Gulmi District (Tamghas), Kapilvastu District (Taulihawa), Nawalparasi District ( Parasi), Palpa District ( Tansen), Rupandehi District (Bhairahawa), Baglung District (Baglung),  Mustang District (Jomsom), Myagdi District (Beni) and Parbat District (Kusma) in this region.

The list of pilgrimage places in this region is given below.

4. Mid-Western Development Region of Nepal

This development region has difficult geography. Unlike eastern part of the country where there are high mountain ranges, most of the part of this region is in high mountains. There are steep, uncovered rocky mountains with deep gorges in frequent intervals. There are lakes also. The land is less fertile here. There are no modern means of transportation. Walking on foot is the only way to commute from one place to the other. Therefore it takes many days to reach the places located in the northern part. It is a matter of sorrow for not having the facilities of transportation and communication. The large section of this region which is beyond the mountains receives no rainfall at all. It snows in the winter. The climate of this region is cold and dry. In such climate paddy crop does not grow substantially consequently the food stuff has to be brought from other regions to solve the scarcity of foodstuff. The literacy rate and life expectancy are low. The number of school going children is also low. Due to low-quality food, the status of people’s health is deteriorating. Due to all this unhealthy condition, epidemic diseases like diarrhea and measles are rampant in this region. Despite being the biggest in an area, this region has the low density of
population.

There are two big rivers namely the Karnali and the Bheri in this region. The enchanting and serene lakes Rara and Phoksundo have enriched the beauty of this region. Nepalgunj which is located in the southern part is the main commercial centre of this region. Nepalgunj is also a junction of transportation and shopping centre for almost all remote districts of this region. This town is connected with the capital city by road and air routes. Recently the road from Birendranagar to Jumla has been constructed. It has made the life of people living in Kamali region easier. If this road is extended to Humla through Mugu, it will prove to be a cornerstone for all round development of this region.

There are Dang Deokhuri District (Ghorahi), Pyuthan District (Pyuthan), Rolpa District (Liwang), Rukum District (Musikot), Salyan District (Salyan Khalanga), Dolpa District (Dolpa), Humla District (Simikot), Jumla District (Jumla Khalanga), Kalikot District (Kalikot), Mugu District (Gamgadhi), Banke District (Nepalgunj), Bardiya District ( Gulariya), Dailekh District (Dullu), Jajarkot District (Khalanga) and Surkhet District (Surkhet) in this region.

The tourist attraction places to visit are given below.

5. Far Western development region of Nepal

This is a small development region. This region borders on the Karnali river to the east and the Mahakali river to the west.The rainfall in summer season is caused by the monsoon in both the regions but the far western development region receives heavy rain in winter caused by westerly wind. Therefore this region receives more rainfall than the other regions. The land beyond mountain peaks is very little so the dry land is not as much as in the midwestern region.

It is very hot in the terai region due to summer heat wave blowing from the Thar Desert of India. Such winds affect Mahendra Nagar, Dhangadi, and Dipayal in the north. But not as unprivileged as the mid-western development region. In this region distantly located places from roadways are fewer than in the mid-western region. There is easy access to India so people go there to earn their livelihood. However, the status of women is extremely miserable. Tharu people live in different parts of terai. They engaged mainly in animal rearing, farming, and fishery for their livelihood. Other groups of people also live here. Millet, barley, wheat and oilseeds are the main ones. And paddy is grown only in the terai. Sukla Fanta Wildlife Reserve and the Khaptad National Park are the centres of tourist attraction. Api and Saipal peaks are also famous ones. The main reasons for the low flow of tourists in these locations are the lack of basic facilities and being located at a long distance from the capital city, Kathmandu.

There are Achham District (Mangalsen), Bajhang District (Chainpur), Bajura District (Martadi), Doti District (Dipayal), Kailali District (Dhangadhi), Baitadi District (Baitadi), Dadeldhura District (Dadeldhura), Darchula District (Darchula) and Kanchanpur District (Mahendara Nagar).

The list pilgrimage places to visit are given below.

Nepal Tourism Sites: Places of Pilgrimage in Nepal by District Wise to Visit for Religious Travelers

S.N.Name of Districts in NepalName of religious pilgrimage places
1AchhamPathivara
2ArghakanchiBouddhadham, Maisthan, Larumba
3BaglungSiddhakali, Gufhapokhari
4BaitadiChintang Devi, Nishanthan
5BajhangBiratkali
6BajuraShynboche Gumba
7BankeHalesi Mahadev
8BaraChhinnamasta Bhagawati
9BardiaBhimeswor Mahadev
10BhaktapurKusheswor Mahadev
11BhojpurLaleswor Mahadev
12ChitwanGosaikund
13DadeldhuraBhairavi Mandhir
14DailekhSinghdevi, Siloti, Gupteswor
15DangSatasi Dham, Mai Khola
16DarchulaSinghbahini,
17DhadhingSinghkali
18DhankutaBuda Subba, Barahchhttra, Pindeswor, Dantakali
19DhanusaChampadevi, Chhidichandeswori
20DolakhaChaudandi Devi
21DolpaSalahesh Mahadev
22DotiKewaleswor Mahadev
23GorkhaRamjanaki Mandhir, Dhanusa Dam
24GulmiPalanchowk Bhagawati, Chandeswori
25HumlaGupteswor Mahadev

to be continued…

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I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

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