Everything You Need To Know About Nepal Police


Everything You Need To Know About Nepal Police

Every country has got some government bodies that are responsible for the protection of laws and rules of the country. In a similar way, the Nepalese police are responsible for maintaining public order and preventing crime under the constitution of Nepal and is under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior. Sarbendra Khanal is the current IGP of the Nepalese police.

Organizational structure

There are four departments of the Police Headquarters that carry out the police activities of the Nepalese police. These departments are headed by the Inspector General of Police (AIGP) or the Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP).

In addition to the departments, there is the National Police Academy and the Metropolitan Police Office, which are supervised by the Deputy Inspector General of Police.

Central Research Office Editor-in-Chief: DIGP Niraj Bahadur Shahi.

Editorial Department of the Administrative Department: DIGP Madhav Prasad Joshi. Department of Human Resources Development Chief Editor: DIGP Kesari Raj Ghimire.

Department Department of Chief Operations: DIGP Pashupati Upadhyay.


Chief Editor of the National Police Academy: DIGP Devendra Subedi

The National Police Academy of Nepal, formerly known as Sadar Prahari Talim Kendra, is an academic wing of the Nepalese police. He is solely responsible for conducting basic and advanced training for police officers in Nepal. AIGP Rajendra Singh Bhandari is currently in the role of the executive director of this Academy.

The NPA is the main body of all Nepalese police training institutions in the country. Its objective is to develop quality human resources so that the Nepalese police achieve organizational and individual goals with a strong commitment to service and responsibility towards people.

The Academy is ready to be the ‘Center for Excellence’ and is committed to expanding its resource base through links with similar institutions inside and outside the country.

The main objectives of the NPA are:

  • To carry out the formation of the foundation (introductory courses), offering development opportunities to senior police officers and technical police officers.
  • Prepare the necessary police instructors for the entire police training system in the Nepal police and provide counseling services.
  • Offer and carry out advanced training for senior police officers in the field of leadership, administration and administration, proactive surveillance, training of local police trainers, etc.
  • Expand the prospective and substantive relationship with universities in relevant subjects and award academic degrees to students.
  • Organize workshops, seminars, symposia, conferences and short courses on police topics.
  • Perform quality research (requested by the Questura-PHQ) or act as a research faculty (qualitative research on behalf of PHQ) in relation to the police profession to develop analytical skills.
  • To provide assistance and advice, the police headquarters, or the advisory service provided to PHQ to formulate training policies.

Edition of the Metropolitan Police Responsible: DIGP Bam Bahadur Bhandari.

Directorate of the Metropolitan Police Traffic Division Manager: IGP Sarbendra Khanal.

Central modification of the polygraph.

The Nepal police started using the Polygraph system to evaluate credibility in criminal and disciplinary investigations internally since February 6, 2014. Nepalese police established the “Polygraph Central Section” in the crime investigation department at the police headquarters.

Directorate of Research and Planning of Change

The Directorate of Research and Planning (R & P) of the Nepal Police was founded in 1987 as a research and planning division. Now, R & P management is responsible for conducting research on institutional development issues and the provision of services and on the implementation of plans based on the results of investigations. The administration is responsible for conducting research and formulating plans based on research.

A total of 17 research and planning sections were established at the departmental and regional levels under the direction of research and development to build a rapid network to facilitate the research and planning activities of the Nepal police.


The uniform of the Nepalese police consists of summer and winter clothes. Regular officers wear a light blue shirt with dark blue trousers. The junior ranks wear a beret while the senior officers wear a peaked cap (with a blue band) with most of the senior officers with braids on their beaks. Riot police (Special Task Force Police) wear camouflage uniforms with a blue DPM pattern and hood. The winter uniform adds a blue jacket or sweater.

Rank Insignia

In General Inspectors (IGP) Pips of two stars, crossed Khukuri and cane within a crown of leaves.

Additional Inspector General (AIG) Pip of a star, crossed Khukuri and police baton of the leaves.

Inspector Deputy General (DIG) crossed the Khukuri staff and the police into a wreath of leaves.


Senior Superintendent (SSP) Three pips stars with the Khukuri cross police baton and the Superintendent (SP) Two pips stars with crossed Khukuri and a police baton.

Superintendent Vice President (DSP) A pip star crossed Khukuri and the police baton.

Inspector Crossed Khukuri and the police baton.

Sub Inspector. Two stars. Pips.

Sub-inspectors assistant, A star.

Police, Police officer, None. He has three chevrons on his shoulder. Police usually take a red and yellow bandolier.

The Nepal police emblem is on. Hat of all members. The emblem consists of Flag of Nepal as the Khukuri crest and the police baton Leaf crown Name of the police forces in Nepali with the slogan of the button

History of Nepal police

Before 1864 AD modify The institution of the police goes back to ancient times, as well as the history and language of the country. During the Rana regime (AD 1864-1951) modified During the Rana regime, little was done to institutionalize the police organization, establishing Milisiya, the Thana Chakki police, the office of the general manager of the police, etc.

What gradually formed the Nepalese police in this modern “Nepalese police”. During the 1951-1990 period, Nepal witnessed the dawn of democracy after the fall of the Rana regime. The police headquarters was built on Kathmandu in about 1952 with a thought to bring about a change and a revolution. Mr. Toran Shamsher J.B.Rana was appointed the first inspector general of the police. The Police Act, BS 2012 (1955 AD) came into force. The police regulations, BS 2015 (1959 AD) came into force.

The parliamentary government under the multiparty system has been adopted for some years, followed by the Panchayat system since 1960. The establishment of the Central Police Training Center in 1963 A.D 1990-present modifies The democratic movement of the people of 1990 restored the multiparty democratic system.


The new constitution of the kingdom was promulgated on November 9, 1991. The Police Reform Commission was established in 1992 and the Modernization of the Police Organization began to tune in with the aspirations of the people and the rules of the multiparty system.

The first contingent of police personnel deployed to the United Nations mission in 1991. More than 2,000 police officers have already put themselves in the service of the international community wearing the blue helmet.

The Nepalese police are surely and certainly the main and main enforcement agency of Nepal law. The Nepalese police have a total of 67,416 police officers and have 2,344 permanent units and 507 police offices and temporary units distributed throughout the country. The current police chief of Nepal is Sarbendra Khanal.

During the initial phase of the conflict with the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-Maoist), the Nepalese government has adopted a purely public strategy to address the insurgency, relying on the Nepalese police (NPF) to restore order.

As a result, the NPF staff was among the first victims of the war, as police posts were identified as important symbols of government authority in areas where the Maoists sought to control in the face of these hostilities, the under-equipped police forces gradually withdrew from areas of Maoist influence, leaving almost 600 of the 2,000 police stations in operation. the termination of the conflict in November 2006.

Although reinforced by its efforts since 2001 by armed paramilitaries. Police (APF) and the Nepalese Royal Army (RNA) in a unified command structure, the NPF took most of the low government throughout the conflict period.

From 1996 to date, Maoist attacks and public criticism of the NPF war human rights situation over time have taken a heavy toll on the organization’s morale and its ability to also perform rudimentary tasks across the country.

Although the recent period of conflict represents a historical minimum for the NPF, police and judicial services in Nepal have varied widely in nature and quality in this diverse country. In the nineteenth century in Nepal, the local princes and governors were delegates.

Government authority on behalf of the central government. Most of them depended on village leaders and councils to dispense the Order and justice in line with local traditions and skills. Well, in the twentieth century only small contingents of central police were available in most of the country.

Only in 1950 after the anti-Rana, the central government uprising began the modernization of the police, starting to amalgamate the former combatants and militia groups into a single structure.

The Nepal Police Act 1955 the foundation document for the modern FNP – Restructured force following the contemporary lines that take India as their inspiration. In Nepal today, the FNP remains under the strict control of civil society. authority, i.e. the Ministry of the Interior at the central level, and local representatives, the powerful heads of district services (CDO). Both the local police, chowki hawaldar, and The Thana report (station inspector) to the CDO.

Over time, the NPF has been delighted with the different approaches of the police, but the model of “law and order” has been dominant. Until the restoration of multiparty democracy in 1990, the NPF, together with other security institutions, served clearly and unequivocally the interests of the king and the ruling classes.

The repression of civil and political rights was widespread and flagrant. It moves towards the most democratic forms of police that have stopped since then. They do not seem to have overcome violent conflicts, partisan policies based on the elite or guarantee adequate support within the police service.

The introduction of the chhimeki prahari surveillance system, for example, in early 1982 (essentially an adoption of the model of the Singapore neighborhood police station was patched and found varying degrees of support in the headquarters police).

Similarly, the introduction of nearly 200 police centers. The service focused on police posts, which nominally embrace a community-based surveillance model, has often been devalued by detractors within the service and the government. No national policy has been developed around these initiatives or the lessons derived from them.

More generally, the NPF has yet to define itself as an organizational development plan or an updated state of its mission, vision and management philosophy, although the interim government of Nepal has recently established a committee to examine the issues of the reform of the security, attention so far has focused on reducing Army personnel and the possible incorporation of former Maoist fighters into the army.

There has been almost no open discussion on how this could affect the two police structures in the country, the NPF and the APF.

In the current context, with the army confined to the barracks according to the terms of the peace agreement, the planned elections and the increase in crime rates, this increasingly resembles negligence. In particular, the role of NPF in the coming years will be crucial.

Your broad mandate. It includes the maintenance of public order, the prevention of crime, the protection of lives and property, criminal investigations, intelligence. arrests, traffic control, community mediation, and even emergency assistance.

Most NPF publications have been established and a new metropolitan police service introduced in Kathmandu; 8,000 new recruits are being sought and about 70,000 “tied police” are expected to be introduced to ensure security during the upcoming constituent assembly elections. However, these measures do not address the underlying problems that NPF agents, many of them dedicated to professionals, face every day.

These include public mistrust, poor preparation, and resources, low morale and psychological trauma, various degrees of corruption. and impunity, politicization, and lack of a global vision for the development of the organization. Therefore, important questions arise. on the future role of the organization and on how it develops. over time.

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All the photos are embedded from the various blog. We don’t own these photos.

Kukur Puja (with Photos) By Nepal Police in Tihar Festival of Nepal

Tihar is the Hindu festival, known as the festival of lights. Tihar is also called Deepawali or Diwali. It is celebrated for 5 days. Diwali is incomplete without kukur puja (worship of dogs) in Nepal. Kukur puja is the 2nd day of Tihar. in this day, dog (kukur: Nepali name) is respected and worshiped as god Bhairab.

Nepal police also worship the dogs in this day in its central office. Check out this photo gallery of kukur puja by Nepali police in the kukur Tihar, 2nd of a day of Tihar festival of Nepal.


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

1 thought on “Everything You Need To Know About Nepal Police

  1. I want to become police inspector. How much does time it take to complete police training to join the nepal police?

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