50 Hidden Facts, Information & Truth About Map of Nepal
Nepal Map: – As we all know that Nepal is the very small country if we look at the world map it seems like a seed. So the people of Nepal are called Nepalese. Even though the country is treated as the poorest country in the world but the people of the Nepal are very rich.
They live the lifestyle of rich people. The source of Nepalese is the mostly the agriculture, private and public job. The person is engaged all day in their works.
As it is the small county it is peace too which is the main door of opening the wish of welcoming the tourist. I think that’s why the tourist comes every year in Nepal at increasing ratio.
The tourist of even America and the world comes to visit the Nepalese land and nature. Because the country is small but the heart of the Nepalese is too great.
The land of Gautam Buddha and the mt. Everest is always calling the tourist. The snow of Mount Everest is always white which represents the symbol of peace. As the person of Nepal is happy and lives the life of the high class.
The Nepal is surrounded by two big stone that is China in the north and India in the south. The map of Nepal consists the area of one lakhs forty-seven thousand and one hundred eighty-one square kilometer.
50 Hidden Facts, Information & Truth About Map of Nepal
1. If we give the lights on the past events the area of Nepal were too large before the Sugauli treaty. The area of Nepal has become small after the Sugauli treaty. The history of Nepal really starts from the Sugauli treaty in 1872.
2. THE war was in the process with the Gurkha army and the English army. The East India Company had come to rule much of north India by the time the Gurkhas attacked kingdoms in South Asia.
The Company became the de facto ruler of South Asia east of Satluj river in place of the Moghuls, Marathas, and other kings, especially after defeating the Marathas in 1803 in Second Anglo-Maratha War.
After firmly establishing its rule over Delhi in 1803, the Company attacked the Gorkhas and repulsed them from the Kumaon Kingdom and the Garhwal Kingdom in the area west of Kali river and in Sikkim and north Bengal east of Teesta river by 1815.
Then the new era starts of country integration. The peace also came and the development goes on the fast track. The Gorkhas were forced to accept a peace treaty with the British (the Sugauli Treaty) in 1816.
After the formation of new and small Nepal, the land of Nepal is famous all over the world with the voice of the country of the world peak and the Gautam Buddha.
3. The shape of Nepal’s map is like rectangular.
4. The history of Nepal starts from the time of khas and kirat reignment. Its eastern border was Kamaru Kamakshya, southern border Katur and western border was Kangda.
This has been mentioned in 81st Chapter of Skanda Puran and 1000 B.C. Nepal was a huge country even during Khas and Kirat Period old Atharva Veda, Kautilya’s Arthashastra.
It has been mentioned in the inscription of emperor Samundragupta in Allahabad that the border of Nepal was Kamaru Kamakshya in the east, Pataliputra Katur in the south and Udhampur in the West, Kamaskhya is the capital of Assam, Pataliputra is Patna, Katur is near Allahabad and Udhampur is north-west Bengal.
This inscription is 350 B.C. old. Nepal was immense then. This was the period when the Kirat rule was in its last days and the Lichhavis were emerging. When they later became weak, the country got divided into 53 pieces. And the rule of lichhabi started.
5. The East India Company, defeated Nepal in 1814–15 Anglo-Nepalese War and on 4 March 1816 Nepal signed a treaty called Sugauli Treaty under which the Nepalese kingdom ceded to East India Company the territories that their ancestors had unified.
6. Bahadur Shah and his successors won kingdoms west of Kali River after 1790 and extended Nepal’s boundaries westward to beyond Satluj River until the tide turned in 1809 and Kangra king repulsed Gorkha army eastward with help from Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
In the east, Nepal’s boundary extended to Teesta River. Bahadur shah was the great king and adventurous king of their time. He is the son of Prithvi Narayan Shah who was also the very powerful king of the Gurkhas.
7. Nepal as a nation has existed for 3000 years with old kingdoms of Kantipur, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur known as Nepal valley. Throughout history, Nepal was unified and then fragmented several times during the reign of Malla kings.
During late 18th century, Nepal’s western boundary was east of Kali River when his second son, Bahadur Shah, thought of making Nepal a pan-Himalayan kingdom. The southern border was the Siwan district of Bihar.
8. Some Terai area was restored to Nepal in December 1816.
9. The country occupies an area of 56,827 square miles. Nepal is 800 kilometers long and 200 kilometers in breadth. The Terai regions are the plain regions of the country. The Indo-Gangetic plain constitutes the Terai region15 November 1860 treaty (Ratified).
10. Article 3 of the 1860 treaty stated “The boundary line surveyed by the British Commissioners appointed for the purpose extending eastward from the River Kali or Sardah to the foot of the hills north of Bagowra Tal, and marked by pillars, shall henceforth be the boundary between the British Province of Oudh and the Territories of the Maharajah of Nepal.”
11. The lands were surveyed by Commissioners appointed for the survey by the British government in presence of the Commissioners deputed by the Nepal Durbar; masonry pillars were erected to mark the agreed boundary of Nepal and British India and the territory was formally delivered over to the Nepali Durbar.
12. The other territories in British India that the Gurkha army had unified but lost in 1814–16 remained in India illegally, though some territories were returned to Nepal in 1860 as per the treaty.
13. After the Nepali army helped the British suppress the 1857 “mutiny”, the British government (that had taken control over India from East India Company in 1858) in recognition of this support returned some Terai lands lying between the Rapti and Mahakali Rivers to Nepal in 1860.
A treaty was signed between the King of Nepal (by Maharaja Jung Bahadur Rana, on behalf of Maharajah Dheraj Soorinder (sic) Vikram Sah) and the British government on 1 November 1860 to secure the agreed boundaries.
14. Rising of RAM SHAH: He were also the great kings of the their kingdom. The great sayings of ram shah was if the religions has lost then go to Kasi and if the you don’t get the rightness of the events then go to Gorkha. The uses of measuring tools like Mana and Pathi is used by then them.
15. The Gorkhaland movement in Darjeeling has clarified that there is no legitimate basis for annex Darjeeling to India.
16. In 1986 the Gorkhaland movement began in the district of Darjeeling that lies between Mechi and Tista. Many Nepalis died in the movement. Subash Ghising, the leader of the movement sent a letter to then-king of Nepal Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev pleading that Darjeeling belonged to Nepal and that they were his subjects.
17. But the king did not sent any response. In 1991, Ghising wrote to the Indian prime minister to clarify the legitimate status of Darjeeling. He also sent a letter to the then prime minister of Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala. When all went in vain.
He knocked the door of the Indian apex court. When the Gorkhaland movement was going on Ghising filed a case in the Supreme Court of India. He had filed it according to article 1-3-C of the Indian constitution.
18. Constitutionally, according to the article Darjeeling would have to be decided as belonging to Nepal. To avert this, the court said that this was a political issue. This implied that it would have to be settled politically. So practically, Nepal would never raise the issue.
19. position of Nepal government and political parties were very slowly increasing ratio.
20. However much to the disappointment of Nepalese citizens at large, much of the territories of Greater Nepal has been Indianized, some belief, to the point of no return.
21. For example, in places like Kumaon and Garhwal, there are now more Hindi-speakers than ethnic Nepali-speaking people. Furthermore, late Nepali Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala told journalists in Jalapa that the Greater Nepal idea is “a product of unstable minds”.
22. He also had said that ‘The ethnic cleansing of Nepalese-speaking people from the Indian state of Meghalaya and Bhutan’ were internal affairs of those countries and people of Nepal should not sympathize with their cause.
23. Girija is often accused by Nepalese inside and outside Nepal of being a traitor for not doing anything to end the Indian occupation of Nepalese territories like Kalapani, Susta and Tankapur which were occupied by India after 1962.
24. The argument that a nation called India in its present form or shape, never existed in history and it was only the British who created it. The former kings of Nepal, prime ministers of Kingdoms of Nepal and later prime ministers of Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal have not discussed or approved of the concept of “Greater Nepal”, though Nepalese at large view the occupation of these territories by present day Indian government as both illegal and immoral.
25. They also hold the view that lines drawn by colonial powers should not be a basis for division of brotherly people of Sikkim, Darjeeling, Kumaon, Garhwal, Nainital and Nepal who share common language, culture, history and identity. Nepalese in general hold the Sugauli Treaty as document for Partition of Nepal.
26. The landscape of Nepal is diverse. The geography of Nepal could be demarcated into three regions. The three regions are the Terai, Hill and Mountain geographical areas
27. Nepal, the fabled land of Buddha, Hindu temples, and unrivaled mountain scenery, was controlled by a myriad of factions beginning in the 4th century.
28. The history of Nepal dates back to more than nine thousand years. The first Indo-Aryan tribes entered the Himalayan region around 1500BC. Gautama Buddha was born in Nepal. He was the founder of Buddhism.
29. Nepal saw various rulers like the Gupta Emperors and Chalukya Kings from South India in its long history. The present ceremonial King belongs to the Shah Dynasty.
30. Little is known about Nepal’s early history. However, it is certain that the Kirant tribe inhabited the region more than 2,500 years ago.
31. Numerous small kingdoms laid claim to the region until 1482, when Nepal split into three separate divisions: Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur.
32. The modern Nepalese state began in the late 18th century when King Prithvi Narayan Shah successfully unified most of the individual ethnic groups and small principalities into one entity.
33. In search of additional lands, Nepal ventured into India, subsequently losing part of its own territory to British India, but retaining its independence.
34. The Mountain region of Nepal is one of the highest places in the world. Mount Everest at 8,850 meters is the world’s highest mountain.
35. Pushpa Kamal Dahal, the chairperson of Maoist party, who spent 10 years of his life in India after being declared a terrorist by the Nepalese government, after becoming PM of Nepal said in an interview with Times of India in 2005 that Greater Nepal was a “media-created stunt.
36. Nepal, at the time, was controlled by a monarch (for life and by hereditary right). In 1951, the Nepalese monarch (under great pressure) ended that system of rule, and instituted a cabinet system of government.
37. Only one year after the country’s first election in 1959, King Mahendra dismissed the cabinet, dissolved parliament and banned political parties.
38. Since 1990, turmoil in Nepal has included a bloody insurgency, a royal family massacre and assorted governmental conflicts and squabbles that have dominated the headlines.
39. In February 1996, a decade-long civil war broke out after members of the Maoist movement (Communist Party of Nepal) fought to replace Nepal’s monarchy with a democracy.
40. The Hill region is adjacent to the Mountain region. The altitude of this region varies from 1,000 to 4,000 meters above sea level. The Nepal capital city of Kathmandu is located in the Hill region of the country.
41. As a result of the conflict, more than 15,000 were killed, and an additional 150,000 were internally displaced.
42. nearly 2005 (once again), the king dissolved the government and assumed power. Little progress was made, and municipal elections held early in 2006 were widely regarded as “a backward step for democracy” by the European Union.
43. The change came in mid-2008, as the royal house was ousted by newly elected Prime Minister, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, and President Ram Bran Yadav, the first ever for Nepal.
44. In this poor country, the tourism industry was once a significant economic force, as backpackers, river rafters, mountain climbers and nature lovers trekked to Nepal in large numbers.
45. In the 2013 elections, the dominant Communist party was routed and the political atmosphere shifted sharply to the right.
46. In February of 2014, Nepal’s Parliament elected Sushil Koirala, as the new prime minister, and the country is working on issues as to the adoption of an executive presidency and how to divide the country into smaller political units.
47. The Nepal geography and history is diverse and is closely related to its two giant neighbors Republic of India and People’s Republic of China. The landlocked Himalayan country has witnessed many political upheavals in its long existence.
48. The Nepal geography and history exhibit the colorful character of the small Himalayan country.
49. The person number are increasing the size of Nepalese stomach.
50. Although the size of the Nepal is small but the people happy is large which we could see in the face of Nepalese.
Writer: Dipak Kumar Sah