50 Hidden Facts, Information & Truth About Map of Nepal
Nepal Map: – As we all know that Nepal is the very small country if we look at the world map it seems like a seed. So the people of Nepal are called Nepalese. Even though the country is treated as the poorest country in the world but the people of the Nepal are very rich. They live the lifestyle of rich people. The source of Nepalese is the mostly the agriculture, private and public job. The person is engaged all day in their works. As it is the small county it is peace too which is the main door of opening the wish of welcoming the tourist. I think that’s why the tourist comes every year in Nepal at increasing ratio.
The tourist of even America and the world comes to visit the Nepalese land and nature. Because the country is small but the heart of the Nepalese is too great. The land of Gautam Buddha and the mt. Everest is always calling the tourist. The snow of Mount Everest is always white which represents the symbol of peace. As the person of Nepal is happy and lives the life of the high class. The Nepal is surrounded by two big stone that is China in the north and India in the south. The map of Nepal consists the area of one lakhs forty-seven thousand and one hundred eighty-one square kilometer.
50 Hidden Facts, Information & Truth About Map of Nepal
1. If we give the lights on the past events the area of Nepal were too large before the Sugauli treaty. The area of Nepal has become small after the Sugauli treaty. The history of Nepal really starts from the Sugauli treaty in 1872.
2. THE war was in the process with the Gurkha army and the English army. The East India Company had come to rule much of north India by the time the Gurkhas attacked kingdoms in South Asia. The Company became the de facto ruler of South Asia east of Satluj river in place of the Moghuls, Marathas, and other kings, especially after defeating the Marathas in 1803 in Second Anglo-Maratha War.
After firmly establishing its rule over Delhi in 1803, the Company attacked the Gorkhas and repulsed them from the Kumaon Kingdom and the Garhwal Kingdom in the area west of Kali river and in Sikkim and north Bengal east of Teesta river by 1815. Then the new era starts of country integration. The peace also came and the development goes on the fast track. The Gorkhas were forced to accept a peace treaty with the British (the Sugauli Treaty) in 1816. After the formation of new and small Nepal, the land of Nepal is famous all over the world with the voice of the country of the world peak and the Gautam Buddha.
3. The shape of Nepal’s map is like rectangular.
4. The history of Nepal starts from the time of khas and kirat reignment. Its eastern border was Kamaru Kamakshya, southern border Katur and western border was Kangda. This has been mentioned in 81st Chapter of Skanda Puran and 1000 B.C. Nepal was a huge country even during Khas and Kirat Period old Atharva Veda, Kautilya’s Arthashastra.
It has been mentioned in the inscription of emperor Samundragupta in Allahabad that the border of Nepal was Kamaru Kamakshya in the east, Pataliputra Katur in the south and Udhampur in the West, Kamaskhya is the capital of Assam, Pataliputra is Patna, Katur is near Allahabad and Udhampur is north-west Bengal. This inscription is 350 B.C. old. Nepal was immense then. This was the period when the Kirat rule was in its last days and the Lichhavis were emerging. When they later became weak, the country got divided into 53 pieces. And the rule of lichhabi started.
5. The East India Company, defeated Nepal in 1814–15 Anglo-Nepalese War and on 4 March 1816 Nepal signed a treaty called Sugauli Treaty under which the Nepalese kingdom ceded to East India Company the territories that their ancestors had unified.
6. Bahadur Shah and his successors won kingdoms west of Kali River after 1790 and extended Nepal’s boundaries westward to beyond Satluj River until the tide turned in 1809 and Kangra king repulsed Gorkha army eastward with help from Maharaja Ranjit Singh. In the east, Nepal’s boundary extended to Teesta River. Bahadur shah was the great king and adventurous king of their time. He is the son of Prithvi Narayan Shah who was also the very powerful king of the Gurkhas.
7. Nepal as a nation has existed for 3000 years with old kingdoms of Kantipur, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur known as Nepal valley. Throughout history, Nepal was unified and then fragmented several times during the reign of Malla kings. During late 18th century, Nepal’s western boundary was east of Kali River when his second son, Bahadur Shah, thought of making Nepal a pan-Himalayan kingdom. The southern border was the Siwan district of Bihar.
8. Some Terai area was restored to Nepal in December 1816.
9. The country occupies an area of 56,827 square miles. Nepal is 800 kilometers long and 200 kilometers in breadth. The Terai regions are the plain regions of the country. The Indo-Gangetic plain constitutes the Terai region15 November 1860 treaty (Ratified).
10. Article 3 of the 1860 treaty stated “The boundary line surveyed by the British Commissioners appointed for the purpose extending eastward from the River Kali or Sardah to the foot of the hills north of Bagowra Tal, and marked by pillars, shall henceforth be the boundary between the British Province of Oudh and the Territories of the Maharajah of Nepal.”
11. The lands were surveyed by Commissioners appointed for the survey by the British government in presence of the Commissioners deputed by the Nepal Durbar; masonry pillars were erected to mark the agreed boundary of Nepal and British India and the territory was formally delivered over to the Nepali Durbar.
12. The other territories in British India that the Gurkha army had unified but lost in 1814–16 remained in India illegally, though some territories were returned to Nepal in 1860 as per the treaty.
13. After the Nepali army helped the British suppress the 1857 “mutiny”, the British government (that had taken control over India from East India Company in 1858) in recognition of this support returned some Terai lands lying between the Rapti and Mahakali Rivers to Nepal in 1860 A treaty was signed between the King of Nepal (by Maharaja Jung Bahadur Rana, on behalf of Maharajah Dheraj Soorinder (sic) Vikram Sah) and the British government on 1 November 1860 to secure the agreed boundaries.
14. Rising of RAM SHAH: He were also the great kings of the their kingdom. The great sayings of ram shah was if the religions has lost then go to Kasi and if the you don’t get the rightness of the events then go to Gorkha. The uses of measuring tools like Mana and Pathi is used by then them.
15. The Gorkhaland movement in Darjeeling has clarified that there is no legitimate basis for annex Darjeeling to India.
16. In 1986 the Gorkhaland movement began in the district of Darjeeling that lies between Mechi and Tista. Many Nepalis died in the movement. Subash Ghising, the leader of the movement sent a letter to then-king of Nepal Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev pleading that Darjeeling belonged to Nepal and that they were his subjects.