Pratap Singh Shah, the eldest son of Prithvi Narayan Shah was the second king of Nepal. Her mother name was Rajendra Rajya Laxmi Devi, who was the daughter of Abhiman Singh, a Brahmin from vanarasi. She didn’t commit sati for the sake of her son and her country. After then, her son Pratap Singh Shah become king at the very young age of 24 in 1775. Pratap Singh Shah ruled the country only for 36 months and died because of natural causes at the age of 26 on 17 November 1777.
During his time period, he couldn’t extend the incomplete unification work of his father due to his poor health condition. After his death by the disease named “tuberculosis”, he was succeeded by his two years old son “Rana Bahadur Shah”. So, because of his short lifetime period, he couldn’t do much for his country.
3. Rana Bahadur Shah–
Rana Bahadur Shah was the son of King Pratap Singh Shah. After the death of his father at a very young age of 26 he succeeded to the throne in 1777. During the time, Rana Bahadur Shah was only two and half years old. So, he ruled the country under the regency of his mother, “Queen Rajendra Rajya Laxmi Devi”. she also died from the same disease “Tuberculosis” on 1 July 1785. After then, the country was ruled by the regency of his uncle, Bahadur Shah, another son of Prithvi Narayan Shah.
Bahadur Shah was more into Royal luxuries rather than the unification campaign. In 1794 when king Rana Bahadur Shah came of age, his first act was to re-constitute so that his uncle, Bahadur Shah would have no official part to play. In 1795, he became captivated with Mithila brahman widow, kantavati Jha. Rana Bahadur Shah already had two lawful wives before marrying kantavati.
His first wife was “Rajrajeshwori Devi” with whom he had one daughter and his second wife was “subarnaprabha Devi” with whom he had two sons. Later in 1797, due to the bad relationship with his uncle, he sent his uncle, Bahadur Shah to prison who later died in jail. In the same year in 1797, “Girvan Yudha Bikram” Shah was born and he was immediately declared as the prince.
During the time period of Rana Bahadur Shah, a treaty was signed by “Gajraj Misra”, on behalf of Nepal durbar and “Charles Crawford”, on behalf of East India company for the establishment of trade and friendship between two states and on the pension for Rana Bahadur Shah. King Rana Bahadur Shah was not much into the unification campaign who always gave priority to his own need rather than the country’s need. He also borrowed a lot of money from different people and was reckless in the manner he spent the borrowed money. And was even banished in a Varanasi for four years from 1800-1804. Also was reinstatement to power later.
4. Girvan Yudha Bikram Shah-
Girvan Yudha Bikram Shah was the fourth king of Nepal who ruled the country from 1799 to 1816. Although he was not the legitimate to the throne according to rule, his father king Rana Bahadur Shah made him prince for being the son of his favorite wife, kantavati. He was given the throne at the age of 1 and ½ years old when his father resigns to be ascetic. During his time period, the anglo- Nepalese war happened. It was the war between the British East
India company and the kingdom of Nepal. Battle of makawanpur ghadi, the battle of jitgadh, the battle of hariharpur gadhi, the battle of nalapani and the battle of jaithak, all of the great battles was taken place during his ruling period. Later the war was ended with the signing of sugauli treaty. According to the treaty, a third of Nepal’s territory was ceded to British. It became a very much expensive treaty for Nepal. Now those places are the part of India where many Nepalese people live.
5. Rajendra Bikram Shah-
Rajendra Bikram Shah was the fifth king of Nepal who ruled the country from 20 November 1816 to 12 may 1847. He became king at the very early age of three on the death of his father king Girvan Yudha Bikram shah dev. In 1832, Rajendra came out of age and In 1837 he declared his motive to rule independently of the prime minister, Bhimshen Thapa and stripped him and his nephew of their military authority. Rana dynasty was raised during his ruling period. Jung Bahadur Rana came to power through the “1846 kot massacre” when 36 members of the palace court including the prime minister and relatives of the king were murdered. During that time, King Rajendra Bikram was insulted and his trusted bodyguard was beheaded.
The forces of Jung Bahadur Rana arrested the king Rajendra and brought him to Bhaktapur. Later, he was permitted to stay in Hanuman Dhoka Palace but was not permitted to leave the palace without the permission of Junga Bahadur Rana. Due to such arrangement of Junga Bahadur Rana, nobody was able to meet the ex-king Rajendra without the permission. King Surendra was given the permission to visit his father once a month. Rajendra lived under house arrest for the rest of his life. He died at the age of 67 on 10 July 1881 during the reign of his grandson.
I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.