Kathmandu Capital of Nepal : Facts & Information about Kathmandu Nepal


This post is fully dedicated to Kathmandu capital of Nepal, wide Information about Kathmandu Nepal. Kathmandu is the capital of country Nepal. Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal is located in the center of Nepal. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is a famous place to visit.

Kathmandu Capital of Nepal : Facts & Information about Kathmandu Nepal

Nepal ‘नेपाल’ is a landlocked country located in the south centre of Asia. It is situated between two great countries of the world, The Peoples Republic of China in its north and the Republic of India to its South. It is an elongated country with India on both the narrow east, south and west ends and with Tibet on the north.

kathmandu, nepal- capital of nepal
Kathmandu capital of Nepal

Kathmandu, the capital of the Himalayan kingdom is the largest metropolitan city in Nepal and the nation’s historical centre. Kathmandu has country’s varied population and boasts a distinctive, age-old religious influence visible in the daily life of its inhabitants. The word Kathmandu is derived from ‘Kasthmandap’ (literally “Wood-Covered Shelter”) in Sanskrit, a pagoda-style temple. It is a three-storied temple situated in Maru tole of Kathmandu and one of the largest and most noted pagodas of Nepal.

Kathmandu capital of Nepal has 218 square miles (360 square kilometers) of land with three historic, artistic and cultural towns namely Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur together form known as ‘Kathmandu Valley’. Measuring 24 km east-west and 19 km north-south, the Kathmandu valley has are seven UNESCO world heritage sites in the valley. Acronym of Kathmandu is ‘KTM’. Kathmandu valley is the hub of Nepal’s political, commercial and traditional culture and arts. Kathmandu valley is an exotic and fascinating showcase of a very rich culture, art, and tradition. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is the place for rest, relaxation and easy-day sightseeing of historic and artistic temples and monuments, and mountain views.

The Kathmandu Valley consists of three historic cities: Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. The cities of the Kathmandu valley are filled with medieval temples and palaces. The Kathmandu Valley was known as the Nepal Valley during Malla Period. After the unification of Kathmandu in 1825, Prithivi Narayan Shah made Kathmandu the capital of unified kingdom. Prithivi Narayan Shah ruling from Basantapur Palace. Later he constructed the Nautale Durbar in Basantapur.

In ancient period, the designation ‘Nepal’ was largely applied only to the Kathmandu Valley. Thus up to the unification of the country, Nepal’s history is largely the history of Kathmandu Valley. We do not have any authentic records or evidences of the history of ancient period of Nepal. The term Nepal’ used to mean only the Kathmandu Valley in earlier period.

Where is the Capital of Nepal?

Nepal, a Federal Democratic Republic, is a small nation in the South Asia in between two giant nations; India and China. This small Himalayan State is about 1, 47,181 Sq. Km in area and is the 93rd largest country in the world. It has about 217 small and big municipalities, among which Kathmandu is the capital City. But where exactly is this city in the world? What are its major attractions and who made this small valley the capital of the nation? All these information can be found out in this article. From its origin to naming and to its major attraction, whatever questions you have, can be solved with this article.


Kathmandu is supposed to be one of the oldest cities in Nepal that dates back to 167 BC or 1 AD. According to archeological exploration Kathmandu could be traced back to the period of 167 BC or 1 AD making it one of the oldest cities of the world as well. Throughout the ancient times, Kathmandu was ruled by many kings like Jaya Prakash Malla, PratapMalla who made this small city a trading hub. Due to this reason, as Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered Kathmandu, he chose to stay at Kathmandu and ultimately made Kathmandu the Capital City of newly formed Nepal.

Geographically, the Capital city Kathmandu lies in the northwest part of the Valley and its area is 50.7 square km. This city lies at an elevation of 1400 Meters above the sea level and its latitude and longitudes are 28 and 84 respectively. In Nepal, it lies in the central development region and in Bagmati zone.

Talking about its highlights, Kathmandu is blessed with many temples and monuments like Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square,PatanDurba Square, Bouddhanath stupa, Swayambhunath Stupa, Pashupatinath Templeetc. that are worth visiting. This city alone has 7 UNESCO world heritage sites that are world famous for its archeological excellence and historic importance. Also, Kathmandu is the city of temples. You can find at least one temple in an area of 3-4 Kilometers. This make Kathmandu a very special place for visiting and understanding the rich culture of Nepal.


Apart from visiting the places of historical and cultural importance, Kathmandu is also a place for relaxation and rest. It has many restaurants, pubs, hotels that offers wide variety of services. From almost every places, you can see many mesmerizing mountains right above your eyes in a clear day. This can make Kathmandu even more special.

Kathmandu, the major city of Kathmandu and also the capital city is endlessly fascinating and can keep you above your feet with its mesmerizing beauty, sometimes infuriating traffic and heavenly cultural exploration. While you are in Kathmandu, be sure to roam around the old places where you can see hobbit sized shops in the corner. So, if you are keen to know about Kathmandu, then you must visit this small yet naturally beautiful city by yourself.

Good Luck for your stay at Kathmandu.

Kathmandu – Capital city of Nepal

Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is the capital city of Nepal stands at an elevation of approx. 4,600 ft (1,400 metres) above the sea level in the bowl-shaped. Kathmandu valley is surrounded by four major mountains, namely: Shivapuri, Phulchowki, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri.

Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is also the headquarters of the Central Region (Madhyamanchal) among the five development regions.  It is located in the Bagmati Zone among 14 administrative zones of Nepal. It is inhabited by 17 million (2011 Census) people.

Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is not only the gateway to Nepal Tourism but also the nerve centre of the country’s economy.

Kathmandu capital of Nepal city has a rich history nearly 3000 years old as inferred from an inscription in the valley. Its religious affiliations are Hindu and Buddhism. Besides these, people of other religious beliefs also live in Kathmandu giving it a cosmopolitan culture.

Nepali is the common language of the Kathmandu, though many speak the Nepal Bhasa (Newari). English is also understood by all of the educated population of the city. The literacy rate is 98% in the city.

A remarkable legend speaks that the city of Kathmandu was built by king Gun Kamdev in 723 A.D. The Kathmandu Valley civilization is around 3000-year-old. It has been claimed that the valley was a large pond in the early geological period. Bodhisattva Manjushri raised his sword of wisdom and slashed a passage through the mountain walls (Chovar) to drain out the primordial the water and creates the first settlements. When the valley was empty from water the Swoyambhunath appear in a flaming spot.

Kopan Monastery places to visit in kathmandu Nepal picture

The valley embraces most of Nepal’s ethnic groups, but Newars are the indigenous inhabitants and the creators of the Kathmandu valley’s splendid civilization of its three cities – Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur. The skillfully built temples and palaces, delicately engraved stone and metal images, carved wooden columns and pillars, and the history-laden shrines and chaityas of these three historical cities stand testimony to the Newars’s artistic achievements.

Kathmandu capital of Nepal with its unique architectural heritage, palaces, temples, and courtyards has inspired many writers, artists, and poets both foreign and Nepalese. It boasts a unique symbiosis of Hinduism, Buddhism as well as Tantrism in its culture which is still alive today as it was hundreds of years ago. The religious influence can be openly seen in the city.

In the late 18th century, following the founding of modern Nepal within more or less the present boundaries, Kathmandu was made the capital.

The first known rulers of the Kathmandu valley were Kiratis, Yalambar, the first of their king is mentioned in the Hindu epic Mahabharata.

Kathmandu capital of Nepal has every category of accommodation facilities that range from international standard star hotels (one star to 5 stars) to budget hotels and lodges. The government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies, licensed tour guides, an authorized trekking guide or porter, registered travel and trekking agency are opened and gives their best services. There are plenty of less glamorous but decent hotels to suit everyone’s fancies and finances. Most hotels offer a choice: bed and breakfast; bed, breakfast and one other meal; or room and full board.


The only one international airport, Tribhuvan International Airport is located in Kathmandu, Nepal. Kathmandu, Nepal is connected by direct flights to several places of the world like Amsterdam, London, Moscow, Vienna, Abu Dhabi, Lhasa, Bangkok, Singapore, Paris, Frankfurt, Doha, Dubai, Karachi, Kolkata, Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Patna, Varanasi, Dhaka, Paro, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Osaka.


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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