Need of Peace in Nepal : Peace Process in Nepal
The need of peace in Nepal is very important. Peace process of Nepal should not be stopped. Because Nepalese actually need of peace. So peace process of Nepal should be ongoing. But there are various challenges of the peace process of Nepal. Challenges of the peace process of Nepal should be deleted and the ongoing peace process in Nepal should be final and well done.
Peace is defined as a state of tranquility or an exit of a chaotic situation. Peace is the mark of the disorderly situation. At the same time, peace is not merely the exit of war but also the existence of mirth and merriment or else it is termed as dead silence, which is as far dangerous as violence.
Peace is needed not only in a single nation but also all over the world. Peace is world’s first need. Peace in needed for all, a person’s need, a family’s need, a school’s need, a child need. Peace is the thing that can be felt, realized and further demanded. The demand is for the sake of any kind of progress. Any kinds of violence are not liked by peace wishers because a man can’t have peace of mind and so he can’t make any decisions for progress. Provisions are possible only in a peaceful environment. The peace process in Nepal should not be violated.
United Nations secretary general Ban ki-moon has expressed UN’s readiness to provide any kind of help upon the request of the Nepali people. All parties together under UN supervision, have successfully arranged the elections for the Constituent Assembly, and also ended the monarchy system with the unanimous decision. Now they are moving ahead to prepare a new constitution. All know well that the peace process is moving in right direction. Nepal is at a crossroads after the momentous events of 2006 and the recent Peace Agreement. After decades of conflict, a chance for real peace, real social inclusion and real democracy is possible because peace is required for the nation’s integration. The peace process in Nepal should be a success.
Need of Peace for the Development in Nepal
In this modern era, peace has become a global quest. Not a single country in the world is a peaceful and secured country now. There prevail some or other ways and forms of violent activities, which threaten human rights and development. In-fact, development, and peace are synonymous with each other. They can not prosper in isolation. Development without peace and peace without development are nothing. Development projects do accelerate and flourish only through peace and harmony; and law and order situation in the country. Likewise, development is, on the other hand, a long-term continuous process, which demands the direct involvement of people with other factors. The physical infrastructures like-transportation, communication, electricity etc. lend people charismatic comfort and luxury in life, but can’t guarantee the smile, fortune, and prosperous life unless and until they feel secured or out of danger. If they do have the feel of peace and security, then they will definitely develop a new zeal and enthusiasm to join hands in hands to trail “their royal! the path to truly prosperous and dignified lives. So, we can see the peaceful countries developing miraculously within the very short time span.
While on the other hand, countries involved in the civil war where peace and harmony are destroyed, have witnessed the collapse of the foundation of sustainable development like-Afghanistan, Iraq, Sri Lanka, Somalia, Liberia, Rwanda and so on. Similarly, our country Nepal is not an exception in this matter. The escalating violence has left approximately twelve thousand dead in the last decade. The incessant decade-long conflict^ has ruined the entire economy and all development activities have come to a standstill. But now, the scenario has massively changed.^ After the government and the rebels signed the pact (comprehensive peace accord), they formed the seven-party interim government. So, the country is no longer in severe war. Moreover, the constituent assembly (CA) election has been peacefully held. It has given the verdict in favour of CPN (Maoist). The country has entered a new era of the republican state. Let us hope Nepal will be once again-‘ a land of peace, progress and prospering’.
Conflict Managment for the Peace Establishment
To Establish Peace in Nepal, We must do the conflict management. The conflict may be either internal or external. The conflict may be about casteism, gender, regional etc. Whatever the conflict, it must eradicate and solve.
Conflict may be defined as a struggle or contest between people with opposing needs, ideas, beliefs, values, or goals. Conflict on teams is inevitable; however the results of conflict are not predetermined. Conflict might increase and lead to nonproductive results. It is a serious disagreement or argument or often prolonged fighting. It might occur within and between organizations within and between groups and within and between individuals. Conflict is a serious disagreement or argument or often prolonged fighting. It is a state of disharmony or controversy between persons, ideas, or interests; a clash, a struggle or clash between opposing forces.
Causes of Conflict in Nepal
There was a conflict situation for ten years between 2052 to 2063 BS in our country. It officially ended when the Comprehensive Peace Acoord-2063 BS was signed. Due to this conflict, the country greatly suffered in its development. Many important infrastructures of development were destroyed during this time.
There can be several causes of conflict in Nepal. The main causes are:
- Opposing ideologies
- Conflict of interests
- Insensitive and irresponsible government
- Lack of political rights and social justice
- Inequality, exploitation and discriminations
- Unequal distribution of national income, means and resources
- Mass poverty and backwardness
- Lack of understanding, cooperation and tolerance Sense of revenge
Conflict management is the process of limiting the negative aspects of conflict while increasing the positive aspects of conflict. The aim of conflict management is to facilitate the peaceful ending of conflict. Conflict management involves acquiring skills related to conflict resolution, self-awareness about conflict modes, conflict communication skills and establishing a structure for management of conflict in your environment.
Conflict situation is undesirable. It fragments society and disturbs peace and harmony in the society. The longer it continues the more harm it does to the people and the country. Like a small fire not put off can soon turn into a catastrophe, so is the conflict. If minor conflict is not addressed in time it may soon become a major problem. It can destroy life and property. So, we should try to resolve any conflict as soon as possible.
All parties of Nepal involved should realize the gravity of situation and reach to logical solution at the earliest. Mutual understanding, trust, cooperation, and compromises are needed in conflict management. Building of trust and confidence among opposing parties is important in conflict management The conflict should be managed in such a way that it damages the least All opposing parties should feel comfortable with the outcome. Nobody should feel badly or unfairly treated.
The following are some important measures to prevent conflict:
- Just and equitable distribution of national income, means and resources
- Good governance
- Political stability
- Economic development and social justice
- Peaceful and amicable solution to disputes
- Respect to rules and laws
Roles of UNMIN in Nepal’s Peace Process
The United Nations Missions in Nepal (UNMIN) is one of many political missions authorized by the UNSC Resolution 1740, to support peace process in Nepal. UNMIN was deployed in our country since Jan.23, 2007 at the request of the Government of Nepal.
UNMINS’s mandate includes the following tasks:
1. Monitoring the management of arms and armed personnel of the Nepal army and Maoist army.
2. Assisting in the monitoring of ceasefire.
3. Providing technical support for the conduct of the election of a Constituent Assembly in a free and fair atmosphere.
The main distinction between a political mission and other peacekeeping mission lies in the fact that the former has a very limited political mandate to undertake. In case of peacekeeping mission, there will be armed peacekeepers whose mandate may include even use of force under certain circumstances. UN personnel deployed under a political mission as UNMIN are unarmed.
The successful ending of People’ II in April 2006 indeed opened up the avenue for launching peace process in Nepal. In accordance with the mandate, UNMIN assisted in managing and monitoring the armies along with their weapons by cantoning the members of PLA in seven main camps and 21 satellite camps. Although one of the important tasks of holding Constituent Assembly Election is over, the more crucial part of integration, supervision and rehabilitation of the Maoist Army is yet to be completed. In spite of the above mentioned activities, the UNMIN was also criticized for performing routine job only, failing in mobilizing and cooperating political parties, failing in developing contact with the ordinary people, coming in touch with the top leadership of major parties only but pressurize less on them. The UNMIN returned on 15 January 2011.
Need of Peace in Nepal : Peace Process in Nepal
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