Rara National Park is situated in the North-Western high mountains of Nepal. This park was established in 2032 B.S. (1975 AD.) to conserve the unique beauty of Lake Rara and to protect the representative flora and fauna of the Humla-Jumla region. It is situated nearly at the altitude of 1800 meters to 4048 meters. This park lies in the northwest of Nepal. It is spread from Mugu to Jumla district. The total area of this park is 106 square kilometers. The main attraction of this park is Rara Tal (lake) which is the biggest lake in Nepal. It is the smallest park and protected area of the country. The park includes two villages Rara and Chhapru. The residents of these two villages were resettled in Banke district, outside the park.
The main feature of this park is Rara Lake (Mahendra Tal) located at an elevation of 2990 m. The lake is oval shaped with an east-west axis surrounded by a green forest, which adds extra beauty to this park. It is the biggest lake (10.8 sq. km) of Nepal with a depth of 167 m.
There are Chuchura peaks in the south and Rum Kandha, Mallika Knadha peaks in the north of this lake. They have made the natural sites more beautiful and attractive. Common plant species of this national park include fir, pine, and birch, rhododendron, oak, hemlock, juniper, and spruce. There are about 20 different species of mammals like Himalayan black bear, Wild dog. Yellow-throated marten, Otter, Common Langur, Jackal, Himalayan Thar, Leopard, Rhesus macaque, musk deer, Ghoral, and red panda are found in this park. There are about 214 species of birds like coots, snow cock, pheasants, grebes, mallard, common teal, red-crested pochard, and gulls etc are found in here.
Coniferous forest is all around the lake. This area is a suitable habitat for a great number of birds. Birds from Siberia and Mansarowar visit this area in winter.
The climate of this park in summer is pleasant but in winter it is quite cold. The best time for visiting this park is September/October and April to May.