This is the only park surrounded by a conservation area. The park was established in 2049 B.S. (1992 A.D.) in the heart of the eastern Himalayan as the first national park and conservation area to include and adjacent inhabited conservation area as a buffer.
Its area is spread over the altitude of about 435 meters to the summit of Mt. Makalu (8463 m.). The total area of this park is 1500 sq. km. this park is spread by Sankhuwasahbaha and Solukhumbu districts of the Sagarmatha Zone.
River Arun in the Sagarmatha National Park in the west, Chomolangma Natural Reserve of china in the north, and Saune Danda (Hills) in the south lie in this region. Barun valley treasures some of the last remaining pristine forest and alpine meadows of Nepal.
This park is 435 meters above sea level, This also called the park of rare vegetation and animals. Various kinds of rhododendron flowers are found here.
Makalu Barun National Park and Conservation Area of Nepal
Most of its parks are remote and covered with snow. The park contains two small settlements and seasonal (mobile) holding in high pastures. It has steep land topography.
This park is the storehouse of various types of living creatures, rare herbs, and useful vegetation. Various kinds of religiously important juniper, perfumed shrubs, and delicate wildflowers are found here.
Gobresalla, Thingresala, Bhojpatra, rhododendron, Arkkhauli, Phirphire, Purbeli Champa are found in the coniferous forests of the hilly belt.
The area of Makalu-Barun conservation is 830 sq. Km. Various kinds of fo wildflowers and plants are found here. There are hundreds of species of Sungabha flowers, 48 species of wild rose, and 25 species of flowering vegetation out of a total of 30 species found in Nepal.
Birds and animals of different species are found here. This is the habitat of some endangered wild animals like red panda, musk deer, ghoral, Himali thar, polar leopard, etc. it is estimated that about 400 species of birds including 16 scarce species are also found here.
Communities of Rai, Sherpa, and Shingsawa (Bhotia) farmers are living around the park.