What are the 5 Days of Diwali 2019?: – Diwali, the festival that spreads its brightness throughout the country, is celebrated with a crackling intensity.
However, each of Diwali’s five days has a unique meaning, which is based on different legends and traditions of the Vedic era.
What are the 5 Days of Diwali 2019? – Name of Diwali Five Days
Day 1: Dhanteras – October 25, 2019
The first day of this five-day Hindu festival begins with “Dhanteras” or “Dhantryaodashi”, which create the atmosphere of Diwali celebrations. The day pays tribute to Lord Dhanwantari, who is associated with Ayurveda and various healing practices for the good of humanity.
On this day, there is a tradition of taking a sacred bath at sunset, lighting a diya lamp around the ‘Tulsi’ plant and praying to Lord Yama for his well-being. On this day, people participate in “havan” and also sing powerful mantras.
Second day: Narak Chaturdasi – October 26, 2019
Hindus observe the second day as “Narak Chaturdashi”. The meaning of this day is based on the story of Lord Krishna’s overwhelming triumph over a fierce demon called “Narakasur,” who kidnapped the “gopis.”
On this day, people keep their homes clean and use fragrant oils and flowers to maintain high vibrations. The artistic motifs of the “rangoli” made with a mixture of rice flour and water can be seen everywhere on the threshold of each house. A ‘diya’ is placed in each room and in the courtyard throughout the night.
Day Three: Diwali – October 27, 2019
Perhaps the most festive of the five-day Diwali festival is Diwali. The Diwali celebration is based on the episode in which Lord Rama finally returned home from exile and was greeted by a bright line of lights that radiated from every home.
It also coincides with the return of the Pandavas from the forest. The word “Deepavali” means a series of lights. Diwali is without doubt one of the most lively and important festivals in Nepal. Well-lit houses, parks and public places make up the landscape on Diwali night, while colourful fireworks dot the sky. In the market, people have many options to choose from in their new purchases.
Families are full of frenetic activities around the preparation of Lakshmi puja to honour the Goddess of wealth. A pandit ceremonially performs the offer while family members participate in rituals and offers. The distribution of sweets and ‘prasad’ continues.
Entrepreneurs also perform “Chopda Pujan” on this day by opening their new account books for the following year. Starting with a good business or corporate proposal is considered a good omen on this day. In West Bengal, the night is dedicated to the worship of the Goddess Kali.
Day Four: Govardhan Puja – October 28, 2019
On the fourth day of this five-day Hindu festival, Govardhan Puja takes place. Legend has it that Lord Indra was provoked and attempted to submerge the city of Gokul.
Lord Krishna saved Gokul’s people from the wrath of Lord Indra by raising Mount Govardhan to provide help. Mount Govardhan was granted a blessing that will be honored over the centuries.
Tradition has been followed since then. Mathura and Nathadwara are also witnesses of a great gathering of crowds in the temples, where the deities bathe ritually and adorn themselves with ornaments.
This day is also seen as ‘Padwa’ since Vikram-Samvat started from this day. Most families celebrate this day by wearing new clothes and jewellery, greeting family members and even delivering candy and gifts to friends and neighbours.
People began to worship that mountain instead of Lord Indra. Indra was angry with this and it started raining heavily on Gokul. Finally, Lord Krishna lifted Govardhan Hill with his little finger and saved his life and covered the people of Gokul beneath it.
In this way, the proud Indra was defeated by Sri Krishna. Now Govardhan Puja is celebrated as a tribute to Govardhan Puja. The Govardhan Puja festival is also celebrated as Annakut.
That day is also celebrated in Maharashtra as Padu or Bali Pratipada because it is believed that the demon king Bali was defeated and Lord Vishnu pushed him to Patil Lok who introduced himself as Vamana (incarnation of Lord Vishnu).
The people of Gokul and Mathura celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm and joy. People make spheres, also known as Parikrama (which begins with the cult of Mansi Devi, Haridev and Brahma Kunda.
Dung Dung, through the hills of food, people take the form of Govardhan Dari ji and decorate it with flowers and worship. Annakut means that people make different types of indulgence to represent Lord Krishna. God’s idols bathe in milk and put on new clothes and ornaments. The worship is done through traditional prayers, bhag and aarti.
It is celebrated throughout India by decorating the temples of Lord Sri Krishna and organizing many events and distributing them to people at the feast of worship. People receive offerings from Lord Krishna and touch their head at the feet of God.
People worship in the Govardhan Himalayas making Annakat (various types of food) and singing and dancing. They think that the mountain is their true God to whom they provide a way of life, protect them in difficult situations and save their lives.
There are many customs and traditions that celebrate Govardhan Puja with great joy every year. On this special day, Lord Krishna is worshiped to commemorate God’s victory over the forces of evil. People worship Govardhan Mountain with the belief that people will escape from this mountain and will always have the means to survive.
People bathe their cows and bulls in the morning and decorate them with saffron and garlands. They make a lot of manure and offer it enthusiastically with cucumbers, batshees, garlands, sweet and salty food. During the worship, they make six plates (56 56 meals) or 108 meals to offer to God.
Govardhan Mountain is about the same size as Peacock; Radha turns and Shyama turns forming the eye, Dan Valley makes the neck, Mukharvind gives the mouth and Panchari makes the back and the tail. It is believed that the height of this mountain is decreasing day by day due to the curse under Pulastya.
Once, in the era of truth, under Pulastya he went to Dronakala (king of the mountains) and requested the name of Govardhan for his son. The king was very disappointed and asked Muni not to be able to disconnect from his son. His son was finally sent under the circumstances that if he went down, he would stay there.
On the way down, Muni had disappointed her as she answered nature’s call as she crossed the Mandala Braj. When he returns, he cannot get Govardhan out of that place. Then he got angry and cursed Govardhan because the size would gradually decrease. It was 64 by 64 miles long and 10 miles wide, 2 miles high and now only a few feet.
Fifth day: Bhai Dhooj – October 29, 2019
The second day after Diwali is “Bhai Dooj”, which marks the end of this five-day Hindu festival. It is unique in nature, since it is dedicated exclusively to the strong bond of love between a brother and a sister.
The festival is associated with the legendary story of brotherly love between Lord Yama and his sister Yami. It was then Yamraj went to visit her sister.
Yamraj blessed her and announced that from now on a brother who will greet his sister on this day will have a long life. Su Bhai Dooj, on the forehead of the brother a “teeka” of rice and vermilion is applied, followed by “arti” and participation of sweets.
Usually, follow a meal consisting of special dishes and sweet delicacies. The brother promises to protect his sister from unpleasant situations while his sister prays for his brother’s longevity.
This day is expected by all sisters and brothers, given its nature of lasting relationship. Therefore, the five days of the Diwali festival are accompanied by an acute religiosity.
Therefore, the five days of Diwali enrich human bonds as people defend caste and creed distinctions to embrace the divine light of unity. This year, the five-day Hindu festival will begin on October 25, 2019.
What people do in these five days?
Millions of Hindus around the world celebrate Diwali with great joy. The Diwali celebration in Nepal takes place when the monsoon season ends and the climate is mild and pleasant.
People try to pay off their old debts, make or buy new clothes and clean their homes carefully as part of the festival preparations. The exterior of the houses are whitewashed and sometimes decorated with designs drawn with white rice flour and filled with colour.
Buildings are traditionally lit with oil bowls called dipa lights, or more recently, with artificial light wires. People spend time with their friends and family.
On the first day of the festival, people pray, eat a special breakfast consisting of different foods and the statue of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi is carried in procession through the streets.
Sometimes children receive sweets or toys from the booths prepared for the occasion. In southern Nepal, children wear crowns of flowers on their heads or bell-shaped anklets.
Children in some areas build elaborate and strong mud castles and show them to guests. At dusk there are fireworks and people living near the rivers float lighted lamps in small rafts. To add to the Diwali festival, melas (fairs) are held throughout Nepal. These are found in many cities and countries.
By Ros Regmi