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Name of Insects in Nepali and English Language
We are here with 20 descriptions of insects which will help you know about them. Check them out;
An insect is a creature that belongs to the Hemipteran order of insects, commonly known as true bugs. They are great hitchhikers, easy to transport, and found in many different types of dwellings, making them difficult to control.
They do not have lungs, most have compound eyes and are cold-blooded. Bedbugs are small, flat, brown insects that feed only on the blood of animals.
Adult bedbugs are approximately 3/16 “long. It is reddish-brown in color, with flattened, oval bodies. They are sometimes mistaken for ticks, cockroaches, carpet beetles, or other house bugs. Immature bedbugs (nymphs) resemble adults, but smaller and lighter in color.
Bedbugs do not fly, and do not jump like fleas, but can crawl quickly on floors, walls, ceilings, and other surfaces. Adult females lay their eggs in secluded places, laying 1, 2, or more eggs per day, potentially hundreds during its lifetime.
Eggs are small (about the size of a powder specification), whitish and difficult to see without magnification, especially on light-colored surfaces. Eggs are sticky for the first time, causing them to adhere to surfaces.
At room temperature, bed bug eggs hatch in about a week. The newly emerged nymphs are straw-colored and are no larger than a pinhead.
Flea, (order Siphonaptera), any of a group of blood-sucking insects that are major carriers of disease and can be serious pests. Fleas are parasites that live on the outside of the host (that is, they are ectoparasites).
Fleas are small, wingless insects with a tough cuticle that has many bristles and often flat, broad-spined combs (ctenidia). The adult flea varies from about 0.1 to 1 cm (0.039 to 0.39 inch) in length and feeds exclusively on the blood of mammals (including humans) and birds.
With around 2,000 known species and subspecies, the order remains small compared to many other groups of insects. However, it is widely distributed with some, such as the rat flea and the mouse flea, which humans have carried around the world. The native species of fleas are found in polar, temperate, and tropical regions.
Fleas are carried in rodents and other mammals and generally remain on their hosts at all times. The most common species is the cat flea, which often feeds on cats, dogs, and humans. Fleas do not fly. Instead, they jump from one place to another. In fact, fleas can jump up to 8 inches vertically, which is 150 times their own height.
Fleas, particularly Xenopsylla cheopis, are believed to be the main carriers of murine (endemic) typhus, a rickettsial disease in humans. Fleas are considered important in the maintenance and spread of many locally restricted infections among rodents and other mammals.
Earthworms are found in every soil in the world where moisture and organic content are sufficient to sustain them. The body of the earthworm is segmented, which looks like many small rings attached or fused.
The earthworm is made of approximately 100-150 segments. Segmented body parts provide important structural functions. Segmentation can assist in the movement of the earthworm.
Their food consists of decomposing plants and other organisms; however, while they eat, earthworms also ingest large amounts of soil, sand, and small stones.
Earthworms create tunnels in the soil by digging, which aerates the soil to allow air, water, and nutrients to reach the depths of the soil. Earthworms are hermaphrodites; that is, the functional reproductive organs of both sexes occur in the same individual. Earthworms generally stay close to the soil surface but are known to tunnel up to 2m deep during dry spells or in winter.
Lice / Louce जुम्रो
Lice are small insects about the size of a sesame seed (2–3 mm long. Their bodies are generally pale and gray, but their color may vary. Lice feed on blood from the scalp but in a small amount. Without a blood meal, they can usually live 1 to 2 days.
Lice lay and tie their eggs to the hair near the scalp. Eggs and their shell casings are called nits. They are oval and about the size of a knot in the thread (0.8 mm long and 0.3 mm wide) and are generally yellow to white.
Some nits can mix with some people’s hair color, making them difficult to see, and are often mistaken for dandruff or hair spray drops. Nits are attached to the hair with a sticky substance that holds them firmly in place. After the eggs hatch, the empty nits remain on the hair shaft. Lice are not known to transmit disease
Lice and nits are found almost exclusively on the scalp, particularly around and behind the ears and near the cleavage at the back of the head. Lice or nits are sometimes found on the eyelashes or eyebrows, but this is rare.
Leech has approximately 650 species. It is segmented worms (phylum Annelida) characterized by a small sucker in the mouth, at the anterior end of the body, and a large sucker which is located at the posterior end.
All leeches have 34 body segments. The body length varies from minute to about 20 cm (8 inches) or even more when it stretches.
Leeches are found mainly in freshwater and on land. Members of the order Rhynchobdellida are found in the sea and in freshwater. Some species of leeches are predators of other animals, some eat organic waste and others are parasitic.
Leeches breathe through the skin. Aquatic leeches can feed on the blood of fish, amphibians, birds, and mammals, or they can eat snails, insect larvae, and worms. True ground leeches feed only on the blood of mammals.
Cricket, (family Gryllidae), any of the approximately 2,400 leaping insect species (order Orthoptera) that are distributed throughout the world and are known for the male’s musical chirping sound.
Crickets vary in length from 0.12 to 2 inches or 3 to 50 mm. They have slender antennae, modified hind legs for jumping, three-joint tarsal segments (foot), and two slender abdominal sensory appendages (called cerci). The two forewings are stiff and leathery, and the two long, membranous hind wings are used for flying.
Most female crickets insert eggs into the ground or into the stems of plants with their long, slender ovipositors, sometimes causing severe damage to plants. They have somewhat flattened bodies and long antennae. There are around 900 species of crickets.
They tend to be nocturnal and are often mistaken for grasshoppers because they have a similar body structure that includes jumping in their hind legs. Crickets, like all other insects, are cold-blooded. They take the temperature of their environment.
Crickets are omnivores that feed on organic materials, as well as decomposing plant material, fungi, and some seedling plants.
Crickets have relatively powerful jaws and are known to bite humans, primarily without breaking the skin. However, the bite can be painful when inflicted on sensitive skin, such as the webbing between the fingers.
Termites are in order Isoptera). It is any of a group of cellulose-eating insects, whose social system shows remarkable parallels with those of ants and bees, although it has evolved independently. Although termites are not closely related to ants, they are sometimes referred to as white ants.
Termites, numbering about 2,750 species, are widely distributed, reaching their greatest abundance in numbers and species in tropical rainforests around the world. Termites thrive in the hot, humid lowlands and along the coasts.
Due to their ability to chew on wood, floors, and even wallpaper undetected, they are known as silent destroyers. There are around 2,000 known termite species in the world. The termite species are spread throughout the world.
Termites are important in two ways. They are destructive when they feed on, and often destroy, wooden structures or plant matter valuable to humans. They become the most serious pests, causing significant damage to houses and wooden furniture.
Some termites feed on live plant materials and can become serious pests for crops. As termite help convert plant cellulose into substances that can be recycled in the ecosystem to support new growth by which they are extremely beneficial.
Because termites have a smooth cuticle and dry out easily, they live in nests that are warm, moist, dark, and sealed from the outside environment. These nests are built by workers or old nymphs.
Butterflies are almost worldwide in their distribution. Butterflies are found all over the world and in all kinds of environments: hot and cold, dry and humid, at sea level and in the mountains. However, most butterfly species are found in tropical areas, especially in rain forests.
Many butterflies migrate to avoid adverse environmental conditions (such as cold weather). Butterflies are beautiful flying insects which have large scaly wings.
Butterflies have 3 body parts, six jointed legs, compound eyes, a pair of antennae, and an exoskeleton. The three parts of the body are the head, the thorax (the chest) and the abdomen (the end of the tail).
Butterflies are very good fliers. They have two pairs of large wings covered with colored iridescent scales in overlapping rows. The only insects that have scaly wings are Lepidoptera (Butterflies and moths).
The wings are attached to the thorax of the butterfly (middle section). The delicate wings are supported by veins that nourish them with blood.
If their body temperature is above 86 degrees then only they can fly. As butterflies age, the color of the wings fades and the wings become uneven. The speed varies between butterfly species (poisonous varieties are slower than non-poisonous).
The fastest butterflies (some patterns) can fly at about 30 miles per hour or faster. Butterflies flying slowly fly around 5 mph. Butterflies are active during the day and are generally brightly colored or showy in design.
The housefly, (Musca domestica), a common insect of the Muscidae family (order Diptera). About 90 percent of all flies found in human dwellings are house flies.
The adult housefly is dull gray in color with longitudinal lines on the thorax and with dirty, yellowish areas on the abdomen. Body size ranges from about 5 to 7 mm (0.2 to 0.3 inches), and conspicuous compound eyes have about 4,000 facets. Because it has spongy or lapped mouthparts, the house fly cannot bite but a close relative stable fly however bites.
Adults generally live 15 to 25 days but can live up to two months. Without food, they survive only two or three days. Longevity is enhanced by the availability of adequate food, especially sugar.
Access to animal manure does not extend adult life and they live longer in colder temperatures. They require food before copulating, and copulation is completed in as little as two minutes or up to 15 minutes.
The house fly is 5 to 7 mm long, and the female is usually larger than the male. Its head has reddish eyes and sponging mouthparts. The thorax has four narrow black stripes and there is a sharp upward curve in the fourth longitudinal wing vein.
The abdomen of the housefly is gray or yellowish with a dark midline. The abdomen has irregular dark markings on the sides. The lower part of the male is yellowish. The sexes can be easily separated by looking at the space between the eyes, which is almost twice as wide female as in male.
Flies are dormant at night, with roofs, beams, and overhead cables inside buildings, trees and bushes, various types of outdoor cables, and grasses reported as night resting sites.
Grasshopper is found in a variety of habitats. Grasshoppers are found in greater numbers in lowland tropical forests, semi-arid regions, and grasslands. Its color varies from green to olive or brown and may have yellow or red markings.
A grasshopper is an incredible insect that can jump 20 times the length of its own body. A grasshopper doesn’t really “jump”. What they do is use their legs as a catapult. Grasshoppers can jump and fly and can reach a speed of 8 miles per hour when they fly. There are around 18,000 different species of grasshopper.
Grasshoppers are medium to large insects. The length of the adult is 1 to 7 centimeters, depending on the species. They have mouthparts to chew on, two pairs of wings, one narrow and tough, the other wide and flexible, and long hind legs for jumping.
They have short antennae that do not reach far back in their bodies. Grasshoppers generally have large eyes and are colored to blend in with their surroundings, usually a combination of brown, gray, or green.
Males have bright colors on their wings that they use to attract females in some species. Some species of grasshopper eat toxic plants and they keep toxins in their bodies for protection. To warn predators, they are brightly colored indicating that they taste bad.
Female grasshoppers are larger than males and have sharp tips at the end of the abdomen that helps them lay eggs underground. Male grasshoppers have special structures on their wings that they rub their hind legs on or rub together to make sounds.
Grasshoppers are most active during the day, but they also feed at night. They have no nests or territories, and some species migrate long to find new food supplies. Most species are solitary and only come together to mate, but migratory species sometimes clump together in large groups of millions or even billions of individuals.
Wasps have mouthparts and antennae that bite with 12 or 13 segments. They normally have wings. Adult wasps can feed on nectar and, in some species, on secretions produced by larvae. Larvae of predatory wasp species generally feed on insects, while larvae of parasitic species feed on their hosts.
Adult wasps do not eat the prey they kill, they feed it to their young. Social species capture insects cut them, and transport parts to the nest. Some solitary species are more sinister. For example, most spider wasps paralyze spider prey with a poisonous sting. Their larvae eat the living victim. Adult wasps as both social and solitary only feed on sugars instead of eating insects and spiders.
Wasps are usually most active during the day and generally return to their nests at dusk. These pests are often seen flying in the second half of summer and early fall when colonies forage for food that will sustain their queens during winter.
Wasps use their poisonous stinger to subdue their prey and defend their nest. They also use it to defend themselves.
Scorpions are arachnids and have eight legs like spiders, mites, and ticks. They look a bit like small lobsters, equipped with a pair of claws and a thin, segmented tail that curves over its back.
Scorpion is in order Scorpiones or Scorpionida. It is any of approximately 1,500 species of elongated arachnids characterized by a segmented curved tail with a poisonous stinger on the back of the body and a pair of gripper forceps on the front.
Scorpions are relatively large among terrestrial arthropods, with an average size of approximately 6 cm (2.5 inches). Scorpions exhibit few sex differences, although males are generally slimmer and have longer tails than females.
Most species of deserts and other arid regions are yellowish or light brown; those found in wet or mountain habitats, however, are brown or black.
Scorpions have adapted to temperate, subtropical, and tropical environments such as grasslands, savannas, and forests in addition to desert habitats.
They live in all major landmasses except Greenland and Antarctica. Scorpions are opportunistic predators that eat any small animal they can catch. The common prey includes insects, as well as spiders and other arachnids, including other scorpions.
The less common but regular prey includes bedbugs, snails, and small vertebrates such as lizards, snakes, and rodents.
Scorpions are largely nocturnal and hide during the day in the confines of their burrows, in natural crevices, or under rocks and bark. Despite being poisonous predators, scorpions are valuable as prey because many are relatively large and quite abundant. Birds (mostly owls), lizards, some small snakes, mammals (some rodents and carnivores), and frogs and toads eat scorpions.
Mosquito मच्छर, लाम्खुट्रटे
Mosquitoes are known to transmit serious diseases, such as yellow fever, Zika fever, malaria, filariasis, and dengue. The adult’s slender and elongated body is covered in scales like the veins on the wings.
Mosquitoes are also characterized by long, fragile-looking legs and long, penetrating mouthparts. Males, and sometimes females, feed on nectar and other plant juices. However, in most species, females require the proteins obtained from a blood meal to mature their eggs.
The eggs are deposited on a surface of water and hatch into aquatic or twisting larvae, which swim in a jerking motion. In most species, the larvae feed on algae and organic debris, although some are predatory and can even feed on other mosquitoes.
The mosquito can complete its life cycle from egg to adult in as little as 4 days, although most mosquitoes grow from egg to adult in about 2 weeks. At a time, female mosquitoes can lay up to 300 eggs.
Mosquitoes use exhaled carbon dioxide, body odors, and temperature, and travel to their victims.
Spiders are arthropods that have eight legs. They have more legs and different body parts than insects, and they also don’t move the same way as insects. There are around 40,000 known species of spiders.
All spiders are predators and feed almost entirely on other arthropods, especially insects. Some spiders are active hunters that chase and dominate their prey. These usually have a well-developed sense of touch or sight. Other spiders weave silk traps, or webs, to capture prey.
The nets are instinctively built and effectively trap flying insects. Many spiders inject venom into their prey to quickly kill it, while others first use silk wraps to immobilize their victims.
Spiders vary in body length from 0.5 to about 90 mm (0.02–3.5 inches). Female spiders are generally much larger than males, a phenomenon known to animals as sexually-sized dimorphism.
Spiders are found on all continents (except Antarctica, although spider fragments have been reported there) and at elevations of up to 5,000 meters (16,400 feet) in the Himalayas.
Many more species are found in the tropics than in temperate regions. There are some species that live along the coasts or on the surface of fresh or saltwater.
Honey bee मौरी
Honey bees are flying insects which are close relatives of ants and wasps. They are found on all the continents in the world except Antarctica. Without bees, pollination would be difficult and time-consuming: an estimated one-third of the human food supply depends on insect pollination.
Bees are also equipped with two wings, two antennas, and three segmented body parts (the head, chest, and abdomen). Bees are social insects that live in colonies. The population of hive comprises a few hundred drones, single queen, and thousands of worker bees.
Bees live off honey and pollen stored throughout the winter and are grouped into a ball to conserve heat. The larvae feed on the stores during this season and, for the spring, the hive is full of a new generation of bees.
Bees store their venom in a sac attached to their stinger, and only bees sting. Bees see all colors except red. Their sense of smell helps them find the flowers they need to collect pollen. Some of the pollen also falls in flight, resulting in cross-pollination.
The relationship between the insect and the plant is called symbiosis. Both the queen bee and worker bee are female, but only the queen bee can reproduce.
All drones are male. Worker bees clean the hive, collecting pollen and nectar to feed the colony and care for the offspring. The only job of the drone is to mate with the queen. The only job of the queen is to lay eggs.
Silkworm रेशम कीरा
The caterpillar of the Domesticated Silkworm Moth is raised by people commercially. The moth spins a silk cocoon that is processed to produce silk fiber. An adult silkworm has a wingspan of about 40 to 50 mm (about 2 inches) and has a thick, bristly body.
The adult female is larger than the adult male. It is usually blonde to light brown in color, with thin dark bands running across the body. The wings are cream-colored and have dark veins that extend to the margins.
The mouthparts in adults are reduced or absent so that in their short adulthood of two or three days, they do not eat. They can’t fly either. Females lay around 300 to 500 eggs, which hatch in about 7 to 14 days when kept at temperatures of 24 to 29 ° C (about 75 to 85 ° F).
In addition to their natural food for mulberry leaves, silkworm caterpillars also eat the foliage of the orange or Osage lettuce. Silkworms start out as worm-like larvae with three distinct parts of an insect’s body. After spending time in a cocoon, the silkworm transforms into a four-winged scaly moth.
Snail शंखे कीरा
Snail is a common name for gastropod mollusks that can be divided into three groups, land snails, sea snails, and freshwater snails. Snails can have lungs or gills depending on the species and its habitat.
Some marine snails may actually have lungs, and some land snails may have gills. The most striking physical feature of snails is their spiral shell that they carry on the back.
It is a hard structure made of calcium carbonate, which protects their soft body and internal organs. Snail-shaped animals that do not have a shell are generally called slugs.
Most snail species have a tape-shaped tongue called a radula that contains thousands of microscopic teeth. The radula works for tearing the food into small pieces.
Most snails are herbivores that eat vegetation such as leaves, stems, and flowers, some larger species, and marine species can be predatory omnivores or even carnivores. Land snails vary greatly in size. While some of them are only a few inches long and often weigh just a few ounces, there are land snails that reach nearly 12 inches.
Although snails do not have legs, they can move due to muscular foot that, according to the movements of the waves, allows the snail to go from one place to another.
This action is smoother and safer for snails with the help of “mucus” than the secret snail to glide on all types of surfaces and maintain its humidity, reduce friction and prevent damage to its body. The life expectancy of snails in the wild is about 3 to 7 years, but in captivity, they can live up to 10-15 years or even longer.
Lobsters can exist in two different behavioral states (solitary and gregarious). When population density is low, lobsters behave like individuals.
However, when the density of the locust population is high, individuals experience behavioral and physiological changes, known as phase polyphenism, and form nymphal swarms or swarms of adults that behave gregariously.
In addition to behavioral changes, the phase change may be accompanied by changes in body shape and color, and infertility, physiology, and survival. These changes are so dramatic in some species that the swarm and non-swarm forms were once considered different species.
The migratory locust has all the characteristics associated with the phase change: differences in the shape and color of the body, fertility, and herd behavior both in the life stage of the nymph and in that of adults, forming dense bands and swarms.
At birth, a locust emerges wingless like a flightless nymph, which can be solitary or gregarious. A nymph can also switch between behavioral phases before becoming a flying adult after 24 to 95 days.
Locust swarms are generally on the move and can cover great distances; some species can travel 81 miles or more a day. Locust swarms devastate crops as well it causes major agricultural damage. This can lead to famine and hunger.
Beetle गाेब्रे किरा
Beetles are the most common type of insect. Beetles can be found everywhere. But beetles can be confused with other types of insects, especially some true insects.
Beetles differ from all other winged insects by having the first pair of thickened and hardened wings. These hard front wings serve as a protective shield for the fragile flying wings, which fold underneath.
Beetles (Order Coleoptera) are known to include some 350,000 species. Beetles range from species that are barely visible (especially feather-winged beetles), to large tropical species the size of a human hand.
Most beetles can fly, although they do so slowly and awkwardly. Water beetles are good swimmers, and many can also fly. Some species of beetles that live in deserts have lost the ability to fly. All beetles have jointed legs, but the shape and size of the legs vary, depending on the beetle’s lifestyle.
Beetles are such a large and diverse group that they have representatives who eat almost all kinds of food. They feed on all parts of living as well as dead land plants. Some are excellent hunters and predators. Some are scavengers and some are parasites.
Ground beetle habitats are numerous. Different types can be found in vegetation, decaying wood or plants, in carrion, fungi, and manure. Some are aquatic, living in bodies of water ranging from small puddles to cold mountain streams.
They are found in dry deserts and in the low temperatures of mountain tops. They are prominent decomposers, especially in forests. As predators, they reduce problem insect populations, especially caterpillars.
Luminous worms, sometimes known as “fireflies” or “thinning insects”, are not worms at all. They are actually adult beetles, or their larvae (worms). Both adults and larvae produce light in special organs in their abdomen in a process called bioluminescence.
Luminous worms can control whether they emit their light as flashes or as a constant glow. Colors can include red, yellow, orange, or green. There are more than 2,000 species of fireflies.
Depending on the species and stage of the life cycle, the glow is used to warn predators, attract mates, or attract prey. Glowworm often lives in damp and humid areas.
Some live in drier environments but are later found in localized areas that retain moisture. Luminous worms are omnivores. As larvae, they feed on snails, slugs, worms, and other insects.
Lightworks is the larvae (immature stage) of a small fly. The larval stage is the only stage in its life cycle that can shine. Adults are delicate flies that have no working mouthparts and as such only live a small number of days (females two days, males six days).
Because adults cannot feed, roundworms must obtain sufficient sustenance during the larval stage to pass the rest of their life cycle. Larvae are believed to live for about a year, although this largely depends on environmental conditions and food availability.
Glowworm glow to attract small insects that emerge from the leaf litter and water where the luminous glow worms reside. The glow-worm builds “traps” (like a cobweb) made of silk threads and sticky drops to catch and eat the insects attracted to their brilliance.
See also: 66 Name of animals in the Nepali language
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Name of Insects, Worms in Nepali and English Language
|S.N.||name of worms and insects in English||name of worms and insects in Nepali font||Sounds of Name of worms and insects in Nepali Language||Sounds of Name of worms and insects in Nepali Language|
|12||fly||झींगा, माछा||jhinga, macha||jhīṅgā, māchā|
|16||mosquito||मच्छर, लाम्खुट्रटे||macchara, lamkhutrate||macchara, lāmkhuṭraṭē|
|19||silk- worm||रेशम किरा||resama kira||rēśama kirā|
|21||snail||शंखे कीरा||sankhe kira||śaṅkhē kīrā|
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