Nepal Rivers – Name List of Rivers in Nepal with Information


Name List of Rivers in Nepal: Rivers Names in Nepal

Nepal is a land of rivers. There are thousands of rivers in Nepal. A river is a natural flowing watercourse, commonly freshwater, flowing in the direction of an ocean, sea, lake or some other river. In some instances, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the stop of its course without reaching some other body of water.

Small rivers can be referred to the use of names consisting of stream, creek, brook, rivulet, and rill. There are no authentic definitions for the universal time period river as carried out to geographic functions, despite the fact that in a few nations or communities a movement is described by its size. A tiny mountainous  Nepal is rich in water resources.

A number of them are the dashing torrents, tranquil lakes, splashing rivers, specific springs and underground water resources. There are numerous rivers in Nepal. The Principle Rivers are Mechi, Koshi, Bagmati, Narayani, Gandaki, Rapti, Mahakali and many others.

The most important river in Nepal is Koshi, the innermost are Narayani and the longest is Karnali. Most of the rivers in Nepal rise from mountains.

This is the truth that Nepal is the second-richest country in water resource in the world. Rivers of Nepal can be classified into three major categories in accordance with their origins. Saptagandaki, Saptakoshi, and Karnali are three most important rivers flowing across the country.

It may relates to major river basins of Nepal, major river system of Nepal, map of Nepal with major rivers, Nepal major rivers, Nepal main rivers, Nepal biggest river, Nepal largest river, Nepal Koshi river, Nepal Karnali river, Nepal seti river, Nepal Mahakali river, Nepal Bagmati river and Nepal trisuli river. 

The river system in the Nepal is comprised of numerous streams, rivulets, and rivers which are fed by glaciers and springs. Based on their source of origin and other hydrographic feature these streams have been broadly classified as “snow Ted” and “spring-fed” zonation based on the distribution and presence of predominant rheophilic species in different sections of the river, irrespective of the physical-chemical characteristics.


Nepali Rivers Water
Nepali River

Habitat and water quality changes continue to have a major impact on the fishing waters of the Himalayan foothills of Nepal. The intrinsic properties of these natural snow fed-waters and the fishes living in them are perhaps the least studied and recorded.

In major Himalayan rivers (Gandaki, Koshi, Karnali, and Mahakali) where fishermen lived, fished and settled, the original fishing waters have been lost after centuries of use.

The rivers of Nepal can be grouped into 3 classes on the premises in their foundation:

(1) Antecedent to Himalaya

(2) After the Mahabharat

(3) After the Churia range

Antecedent rivers belong to the long previous to the upward thrust of the Himalaya. These rivers delivered their tributaries throughout or after the Himalayan beginning along with the improvement of monsoon weather. After the formation of Mahabharat hills, the antecedent rivers modified their courses as Mahabharat stood as a barrier.

As a result, maximum of the rivers modified their courses either to the east or west. Most of those rivers were responsible to deposit the sediments within the Churia basin.

The foremost river structures namely the Koshi, the Karnali, and the Gandaki belong to the antecedent group. Rivers originating from the Mahabharat variety and reducing via Churia, these include Kankai, Bagmati, and Kamala etc.

  1. The Koshi:-

The Koshi flows inside the eastern part of the Nepal. It is the biggest river in the Nepal. It’s far honestly a confluence of seven rivers because of which it has been known as ‘Saptakoshi’. The seven tributaries of the Koshi are:

  1. Arun
  2. Tamur
  3. Dudhkoshi
  4. Likhu
  5. Tamakoshi
  6. Bhotekoshi
  7. Sunkoshi

While Bhotekoshi meets with Indrawati, its miles called Sunkoshi. Among these rivers, the Arun is the biggest and the Likhu is the smallest one.

  1. The Gandaki:-

The Gandaki flows via the vital part of the Nepal. It’s also called ‘Saptagandaki’ because of its seven tributaries, which are as follows:

  1. Trishuli
  2. Kaligandaki
  3. Buddhi Gandaki
  4. Daraundi
  5. Seti Gandaki
  6. Madi
  7. Marshyangdi

Amongst those rivers, Kaligandaki is the biggest and the Daraudi is the smallest. On the confluence, close to Devghat where all the tributaries meet, the river takes its call as Narayani.

  1. The Trishuli

The Trishuli is named after the Trishuli or trident of Shiva, a powerful god of the Hindu pantheon, there’s a legend that asserts excessive in the Himalayas at Gosaikunda, Shiva flocks his trident in the floor to form 3 springs – the foundation of the river and subsequently its name Trishuli.

  1. The Kali Gandaki

Gandaki River lies inside the Himalayas in Nepal. via a few measures, the Kali Gandaki gorge is the innermost canyon inside the international, being five,571 m or 18,278 toes decrease than Annapurna I which bounds it at one point.

However, this definition is based on the difference in elevation on my own, and best a fraction of its consequences from erosion regularly associated with canyons. Gorge depth is difficult to outline due to the war of words over rim height so this claim is disputed.

The Kali Gandaki river supply coincides with the Tibetan border and Ganges-Brahmaputra watershed divide. The river then flows south via the historical nation of Mustang. It flows thru a sheer-sided, deep canyon at once south of the Mustang.


  1. The Bheri

The Bheri River is a primary branch of the Karnali River draining toward the western   Dhaulagiri in western Nepal. It has 3 essential top tributaries. Sani (little) Bheri drains southern slopes of this variety while Thuli (large) Bheri drains northern slopes.


Some other tributary Uttar Ganga certainly drains the Dhorpatan Valley. Downstream, the river Bheri heavily flows via Surkhet Valley earlier than becoming a member of the Karnali River within the Mahabharat Range or Lesser Himalaya.

  1. The Seti

The Seti River is an essential tributary of the Karnali device that drains western Nepal. The Seti originates from the snowfields and glaciers around the twin peaks of API and Nampa inside the south dealing with slopes of the main Himalayas.

The place is near the tri-junction of the borders of Nepal, India (Kumaon, Uttarakhand), and China (Tibet). The river first flows in a south-easterly route, then turns and flows in a south-westerly and sooner or later south-easterly once more before joining the Karnali or Ghagra River.

It has reduced a fantastic gorge across the Mahabharat variety and appears to be misplaced amongst caves and tunnels for a short distance.

  1. The Karnali:

The Karnali is the longest river in Nepal. It is one of the principal resources of water for the western part of the Nepal. The Karnali river is a perennial, torrential, turbulent and undisturbed river of the Himalayas.

It originates from the Mansarovar and Rakas lake and receives many snowfed rivers such as Mugu Karnali and Humla Karnali at the Himalayan belt. It makes a spectacular gorge near Chisapani which contains diverse kinds of trans-Himalayan and sub-Himalayan fish species.

The bottom of the Karnali river is mostly boulder-strewn at its upper reaches and sandy at its lower reaches and the river water is clean except in rainy season.

Its normal depth ranges from 10 – 100 m but in deep gorges, the depth varies from 50-100 m. DO varies from 7.0 – 13.8 ppm, water temperature from 22.8 – 31.5°C and pH from 7.0-8.5. This river carries a high sediment load.

The upland watershed of this river is sparsely populated with snow trout and has least human interference in its aquatic system. The river is very rich in fish fauna, comprising more than 74 species of fish (Shrestha, 1990). White water rafting and angling mahseer and snow trout are popular recreational activities in the river.

The length of Karnali (Ghghara) river is about 1,080 km. The six tributaries of the Karnali are:

  1. Sani Bheri
  2. Thuli Bheri
  3. Mugu Karnali
  4. Humla Karnali
  5. Ganga
  6. Seti

When the Sani Bheri meets with the Thuli Bheri it’s far referred to as the ‘Bheri’.

8. Narayani River:

This perennial and torrential river originates from the southern slope of the Himalayas. It has seven tributaries such as the Kali Gandaki, the Budi Gandaki, the Trisuli, the Marsyangdi, the Madi and Seti rivers.

The pH ranges from 6.7 to 7.5, water temperature from 18.0 to 28.5°C, DO from 7.8 to 13.8ppm, during March to April (1990-91). The river water now contains a high pollution load added by household garbage, sewage, waster materials and biocides from paper mills and beer factories.

The fish mortality has also been observed in the month of June 1992 and January 1993. The algal growth and aquatic weeds at certain places are luxuriant, possibly owing to the slow current.

The river is very rich in fish fauna; 102 species of the fish from the Narayani river have been recorded. Many low dams and barrages put across river warrant fish migration.

There is good scope fishery management by the establishment of the fish ladder, setting fish park and enhancing disrupted habitat by dams and human activities. There are many fishing villages located along

There are many fishing villages located on the riverside of the Narayani. Fishing community of the area have good knowledge of mobility of fish. The river is navigable throughout the year for fishermen and anglers except during September and October.

9. Mahakali River:

It is a perennial, torrential river at its upper headwaters. This river originates Irom Milan glacier near Indian territory. The river bed is rocky and sandy with a poor algal growth.

The average depth at selected sites ranges from 5.0-13.0m. The pH ranges from 6.5 to 7.8, water temperature from 20.0 to 31.8°C, DO from 5.5 to 12.2ppm during 1990-1991. The water is clear throughout the year except during the rainy season.

Many small-scale water mills, industries, and power-stations are situated near the lowland catchment area with a few pollutants naturally coming into the river. The Sarada and Tanakpur barrage is located in the lower reaches of a Mahakali section.

The Mahakali (Sarada) river harbors a variety of fishes comprising 69 species (Shrestha 1990). Fishermen of the Mahakali watershed have perfected many and varied fishing methods analogically related with migratory fish runs common in waterfronts.

Some other critical rivers are the Bagmati, the Kankai, the Kamala, the Mahakali and the Rapti.

There are absolutely two rivers both of which can be regarded with the aid of the same call, the Rapti. One flows thru Rolpa, Pyuthan, and Dang and Banke districts while the opposite flows thru Makwanpur and Chitwan districts. Similarly, one Seti river flows in Seti quarter and the other Seti flows in Gandaki quarter.

Total rivers in Nepal are more than 6000. There are about 6000 rivers (small and big) in Nepal. yes, it is fact that a total number of rivers in Nepal. Among them, some the names of Rivers in Nepal are as follows:

Name List of Rivers in Nepal: Rivers Names in Nepal

1. Arun River1. Arun River
2. Tamur River
3. Likhu River
4. Sunkoshi River
5. Tamakoshi River

6. Dudh koshi River
7. Indrabati (Indravati) River
8. Trisuli River
9. Budigandaki River
10. Kaligandaki River

11. Marsyangi River
12. Madi River
13. Daraudi River
14. Sano Veri River
15. Thulo Veri River

16. Bishnumati River
17. Shalinadi River
18. Tukucha River
19. Bagmati River
20. Kankai Mai River

21. Karnali River (Ghaghara):

22. Kulekhani River
23. Lothar Khola River

24. Narayani River:

25. Mahakali River:

26. Mahananda River
27. Sharada Khola River
28. Seti River
29. Mechi River
30. Purbi Rapti River
31. Paschim Rapti River

32. Kamala River
33. Banganga River
34. Tinau River
35. Babai River
36. Balan River
37. Bakraha River
38. Ratuwa River

39. Manusmara River
40. Mainabati River
41. Bagari River
42. Keshlya River
43. Lohanda River
44. Jamuni River
45. Hardinath River

46. Bheri River
47. West Rapti River
48. Sharda River
49. Imja Khola50. Kalapani River etc

Writer: Saugat Jung Thapa, Dilip Sapkota

Name List of Rivers in Nepal: Rivers Names in Nepal


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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